THE CAVES OF SCOTLAND: A BIBLIOGRPHY

 

INTRODUCTION

 

On the assumption that nobody except myself, Martin Mills and Alan Jeffreys are interested in references, they were omitted from "The New Caves of Scotland" This more or less halved the number of pages in "The New Caves of Scotland" and of course, halved the price.  The references in the old "Caves of Scotland" plus any that I have acquired over the last quarter of a century are included here.  Unlike the "The New Caves of Scotland" I have included references for Assynt, Appin, Schichallion etc etc but cannot claim that they are complete.  Corrections and additions are of course welcome.  I have not (yet) copied over Alan Jeffreys's indexes to the GSG Bulletin, so these indexes need to be consulted in conjunction with this bibliography.  I have also included a few mining references, having nowhere else to store them.

 

I have also slipped in some cave descriptions.  These are of caves which have come to light since "The New Caves of Scotland " was published.

 

To save paper the book is also available on a CD.  Now this is very clever, if you have a computer you can search by author, publisher, title, subject etc.  But of course, if you own a computer, you already know that.

 

*East - the asterisk is to assist in computer searches.  If you did a search for East Wemyss, you would find every cave listed there.  But if you search for *East Wemyss or even *East, this will take you directly to the list of East Wemysscave references.

 

Again, to assist with computer searches, cave and place names have been recorded using both old and modern spellings.  

 

INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION 2006

 

It appears that is now a forth person who is interested in Scottish cave references - Colin McLeod.  Colin confirmed his interest by send me a box of offprints etc which have now been referenced.  This has trebled the bibliography and it is still growing daily.  Alan Jeffrey's indexes to the GSG Bulletin still have not been included and probably never will, so these indexes should be consulted inconjunction with this bibliography.  I have also collected a few mining references on the way and these are listed in an unpublished book "The Mines of Scotland, a Bibliography", again, available on a CD for a modest fee.

 

INTRODUCTION TO THE THIRD EDITION 2007

 

The "New Caves of Scotland" is now out of date and has been replaced with "The Remaining Caves of Scotland".  So named as this was what was left after I had published: "Caves of Kintyre", "Caves of South Western Scotland", and "Caves of Northern Britain".  The latter covers Caithness, Orkneys, Outer Hebrides, Shetland, and Sutherland.

 

 

ABBREVIATIONS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

A                                             Altitude, or height above sea level

AA                                         Anon.  1965  AA Illustrated Road Book of Scotland... 288  36 maps, 175 plates, Automobile Association, London 4th edition.

aka                                          also known as

Anchorite Caves: PSAS 2 522 1854-57

Anderson 1863                     Anderson, George and Peter Anderson 1863 Fourth edition.  Guide to the Highlands and Western Islands of Scotland including Orkney and Zetland.  Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh.

Anderson                              Anderson, I F 1933 To Introduce the Hebrides.  307 & iii, plates.  Herbert Jenkins Ltd, London

Andrew                                  Andrew, Hubert el al 1994 Scottish Island Hoping / A Guide for the Independent Traveller.  183, 8 maps.  Polygon, Edinburgh.

Anon 1898                             Anon 1808 The Beauties of Scotland.  Constable & Co, Edinburgh.  Vol 5 caves needs searching

Anon 1830                             Anon 1830 The Scottish Tourist Board & Itinerary 3rd edition, map, illus.  Stirling & Kenney, Edinburgh

Antiquity: this is available as a website.  Articles can be downloaded for £15.00 a time:  http://antiquity.ac.uk

Arch                                       Archaeological

Atkinson 1985                      Atkinson, Tom 1985 The Lonely Lands.  Luath Press Ltd, Barr, Ayrshire.

Atkinson                               Atkinson, Tom, 1989 South-West Scotland.  188, illus, location map.

Barnett                                   Barnett, T Radcliffe, 1944 Scottish Pilgrimage in the Land of the Lost Continent.  207 plates.  John Grant, Edinburgh and London.

Barnett, T Radcliffe, 1946    Barnett, T Radcliffe, 1946 Autumn in Skye, Ross and Sutherland.  John Grant Bookseller Ltd,             Edinburgh& London. 198 pp, illus.

Baxter                                     Baxter, Evelyn V and Leonora Jeffrey Rintoul 1953 The Birds of Scotland . Their History, Distribution and Migration.  Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh and London.

Bayley                                    Bayley, H, 1919 Archaic England.  894, figs.  Chapman & Hall, London

BB                                           Belfry Bulletin - the monthly journal of the Bristol Exploration Club

BC                                                           The British Caver [Nos 1-6 were published as the Mendip Exploration Society Journal].  Published 4 times a years @ £3.00 each post free from:   Tony Oldham, Duncavin, Rest Home for Retired Cavers, Riverside Mews, Cardigan, SA43 1DH, UK     

E-mail tonyfoldham@hotmail.com

BCRA                                     British Cave Research Association

Beaumont                              Beaumont, C, [1945?] The Riddle of Prehistoric Britain.  208, 21 illus, 5 maps.  Rider & Co, London

Bede 1861                              Bede, Cuthbert pseud [ie Rev Edward Bradley] 1861 Glenncreggan or, a Highland in Cantire.  2 vols, xxviii & 370 & xiv & 356, maps, illus.  Longman Green et al London

Bede 1863                              Bede, Cuthbert pseud [ie Rev Edward Bradley] 1863 A Holiday Ramble in the Land of Scott, or a tour of Tartanland.  48 steel engravings 430  Chas Griffen, London needs searching

Bede                                       Bede, Cuthbert pseud [ie Rev Edward Bradley] 1902 Argyll: Highlands or MacCailein Mor and the Lords of Lorne.  Ed & Pub John MacKay, Glasgow .  307 illus.  Chapter 11 on caves.

Berwick NHJ                         Berwick on Tweed Natural History Journal

Bigland                                  Bigland, John, 1810 A Geographical and Historical View of the World etc, etc.  London, Longman Hurst, Ress and Orm etc, 5 vols.

Birlinn 1998                           Pennant, Thomas 1772 A Tour in Scotland and Voyage to the Hebrides 1772 with an Introduction by Charles W J Withers, Edited by Andrew Simmons.  [New Edition, Birlinn 1998]

Blacks                                    Blacks Picturesque Tourist of Scotland 17 ed.  1865 Edinburgh.

Blacks 1873                           Blacks Picturesque Tourist of Scotland 20 ed.  1873 Edinburgh.

Blake                                      Blake, Brian, 1955 The Solway Firth.  230 illus.  Robert Hale Ltd, London

Bonsall 1980                          Bonsall, Clive, 1980 The Coastal Factor in the Mesolithic Settlement of North-West England [in] Gramsch, B (ed) The Mesolithic in Europe, 451-472, Potsdam

Bonsall 1996                          Bonsall, Clive 1996  The `Obanian' Problem [in] Pollard, Tony & Morrison, Alex (eds)  The Early Prehistory of Scotland.  183-97, Edinburgh UniversityPress, Edinburgh.

Bowman                               Bowman, J E 1986 The Highlands and Island / A Nineteenth Century Tour 210 pp, illus.  HB DW  Alan Sutton, Gloucester.  In 1825 the author and a companion visited the Highlands, including Fingal's Cave.  The book includes 3 engravings by the author:  Entrance of Fingal's Cave; Bending Pillars, Staffa; View of Staffa from the south-west.

Buchanan                              Buchanan, George 1582 Rerum Scoticarum Historia.  A hypertext critical edition by Dana F Sutton, The University of Californian 2003.  http://www.philological.bham.ac.uk/scothist/

Bull                                         Bulletin

Callander et al                       Callander, J G, Cree, J E, and Ritchie, J, 1927 Preliminary Report on Caves containing Palaeolithic Relics, near Inchnadamph, Sutherland.  PSAS 61 169-72

Campbell                                Campbell, John B., 1977 The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain: A Study of  Man and Nature in the late Ice Age 2 vols xiv + 244 & xiv + [376]pp  Clarendon Press Oxford

Campbell 1986                       Campbell, D A F, 1986 New Finds in Lorn.  Lorn Ach Hist Soc.  Autumn   19, 21

Campbell & Sandeman        Campbell, M. & Sandeman, M.L.S. (1961-2) Mid Argyll: a survey of the historic and prehistoric monuments. PSAS 95: 1-125.

Carmichael                             Carmichael, Alasdair 1974 Kintyre / Best of All the Isles.  David & Charles, Newton Abbot.  187, photos, maps etc.

CBA                                       CBA Research Report (20)  Gazetteer of Mesolithic sites in England and Wales edited by J J Wyner with a Gazetteer of Upper Palaeolithic sites in England and Wales edited by C J Bonsal 511 pp 1977 Geo Abstract and Council for British Archaeology

CC                                           Campbeltown Courier

CDG                                        Cave Diving Group

cf                                             compare with

Chapman                               Chapman, R W, (ed) 1924 [1965] Johnson's Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland and Boswell's Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson.  xix & 447 [26], illus.  Oxford UniversityPress, London

Cooper                                   Cooper, Derek 1970 Skye.  Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd.  London.

Cooper 1989                          Cooper, Derek  1989 Skye.  Queen Anne Press, London.

Corbel                                    Corbel, J, 1957 Les Karst du Nord-Ouest de l'Europe ... 541, 100 plates, 162 figs.  [No 12 in the series] Revue de Géographie de Lyon

Cree                                        Cree, J e, 1909 Notice of the Excavation of Two Caves, with the Remains of Early Iron Age Occupation, on the Estate of Archerfall, Dirleton. PASA 93 243-68 [NT 51 85]

CRG                                        Cave Research Group

CSS                                         Chelsea Spelæological Society newsletter, London

Cullingford 1951                   Cullingford, C H D, 1951 Exploring Caves. 148, illus.  Oxford University Press.

Cullingford 1953                   Cullingford C H D (Ed) 1953 British Caving / An introduction to Speleology.  468 pp illus.  Pub Routledge Kegan & Paul, London.

Cullingford 1962                   Cullingford C H D (Ed) 1962 ed edition British Caving / An introduction to Speleology. 592 pp illus.  Pub Routledge Kegan & Paul, London.

Darling                                   Darling, F Fraser 1948 Island Years.  G Bell and Sons Ltd, London

Delaney                                 Delaney, Frank,  1993 A Walk to the Western Isles / After Boswell & Johnson. 308, illus.  Harper Collins, London

Dempster                               Dempster, Andrew 2003 Skye 360 Walking the coast of Skye.  Luath Press Ltd, Edinburgh.

Descent                                 Descent, The magazine of underground exploration, Cardiff.  Email: descent@wildplaces.co.uk

DGNHAS                               Transactions of the Dumfries and Galloway Natural History and Antiquary Society

Dick                                        Dick, Rev C H, 1916 Highways and Byways in Galloway & Carrick.  reprinted 1927  536, illus.  Macmillan & Co, London

Donaldson                            Donaldson, M E M [Miss] ND [1920] Wanderings in the Western Highlands and Island.  42 photos, map, line drawings, etc.  Alexander Gardner, Paisely.  £40.00 Book Barne 7.2.04

Donaldson, Mary Ethel Muir. 1921 Wanderings in the Western Highlands and Islands: recounting Highland and Clan history, traditions ecclesiology ... Illustrated etc.  Paisley  not seen

Donaldson, Mary Ethel Muir. 1923 2nd ed   Wanderings in the Western Highlands and Islands: recounting Highland and Clan history, traditions ecclesiology ... Illustrated etc.  Paisley not seen

Donaldson, Mary Ethel Muir. 1926 Further wanderings - mainly in Argyll. Recounting Highlandhistory, traditions ... Illustrated by photographs, etc.Paisley not seen

Donaldson, Mary Ethel Muir.  1927 3rd ed revised.  Wanderings in the Western Highlands and Islands: recounting Highland and Clan history, traditions ecclesiology ... 511, Illustrated etc. Paisley not seen

Donaldson, Islay M 1980 S R Crockett: The Man and the Writer.  DGNHAS 40 150-172. not seen

Donnachie & Macleod        Donnachie, Ian & Macleod, Innes 1974 Old Gallowway.  David & Charles 168 pp illus. HB DW.

Dorward                                 Dorward, David 2001 The Glens of Angus / Names, Places, People.  Pinkfoot Press, Angus.

Downie                                  Downie, R A 1948 All About Arran.  164, Blackie & Son Ltd, London.

ERT                                        ERT (Scotland) Ltd (2004).  Site condition monitoring: Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast (BNNC) littoral and sublittora; caves, June 2003.  Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No 069 (ROAME No F02AA409)

Eyre-Todd                             Eyre-Todd, George, 1895 Scotland Picturesque and Traditional.  320, illus.  Cassell & Co. London

Eyre-Todd 1931                    Eyre-Todd, George, 1931 4th edition (revised)  Scotland Picturesque and Traditional.  320, illus.  Cassell & Co. London

Explorer                                  These are the new 1:25 000 Ordnance Survey maps for the area covered by this book.  Where possible these have been used to obtain an accurate National Grid Reference.

Ford 1955                               Ford, T D, 1959 The Sutherland Caves.  CRG Trans 5 (2) 141-187, illus.

Geikie                                     Geikie, Arichibald 1887 The Scenery of Scotland viewed in connection with its physical geology.  Macmillan, London & New York.

Geikie 1908                            Geike, Archibald KCB 1908 Scottish Reminiscences.  James Maclehose, Glasgow.

Glas SS                                   GlasgowSpeleological Society

Gordon 1929                          Gordon, Seton, 1929 The Charm of Skye: The Wingèd Isle.  242, illus, map.  Cassell & Co, London

Gordon                                   Gordon, Seton, 1935 Highways and Byways in the West Highland

Gordon 1948                          Gordon, Seton, 1948 Highways and Byways in the Central Highlands.

Gordon 1949                          Gordon, Seton, 1949 [1st ed 1935]  Highways and Byways in the West Highland

Gordon 1950                          Gordon, Seton, 1950  A Foot in the Hebrides.  322, illus, map.  Country Life

Grant                                      Grant, Will 1927 2nd ed revised  1951 The Call of the Pentlands / A Land of Glamour and Romance.  Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh & London.

Green 1980                             Green, H, Stephen, 1980 The Flint Arrowheads of the British Isles.  British Arch Reports, British Series (75) Oxford

Gregory                                  Gregory, J W et al 1930 Some caves and a rock shelter at Loch Ryan and Portpatrick, Galloway.  PSAS 64 247-264

GSS                                         GloucesterSpeleological Society

GSG                                        Grampian Speleological Group or Grampian Speleological Group Bulletin

Gunn, J 1943                          Gunn, J.  1943 [1st ed 1932] Orkney / The Magnetic North.  The Nelson & Sons Ltd.  London,                                                                             Edinburgh etc.  286 pp illus.  64 caves - mentioned throughout the book

Gunn                                      Gunn, A G et al 1996 Gold mineralisation in the Dalradion of Knapdale-Kintyre, south-west highland.  British Geological Survey.  Mineral Reconnaissance Programme 143.  60, maps, figs, etc.

Hall 1912                                Hall, Rev Charles A 1912  The Isle of Arran.64 pp 12 colour plates.  Adam & Charles, London

Hall                                         Hall, Tom S, 1935  Walking Tours in Scotland.  176, maps, illus.  Moray Press, Edinburgh& London

Hannan                                  Hannan, Thomas 1926  The Beautiful Isle of Mull with Iona and the Isle of Saints.  211, 16 illus.  Robert Grant, Edinburgh

Haswell-Smith                       Haswell-Smith, Hamish, 1996 The Scottish Islands / A comprehensive guide to every Scottish Island.  xxiii+423 pp, 165+ maps of each island, showing caves, numerous line drawing by the author. Canongate Books Ltd, Edinburgh.  [A useful book with a lot of background information: Owner, Population [usually nil], Geology; History; Description and notes as to where I can anchor my "Gin Palace".]

Headley                                 Headley, Gwyn & Meulenkamp, Wim 1986 2nd edition 1999 Follies Grottoes & Garden Buildings.  Aurum Press, London.

Hibbert                                   Hibbert, Samuel second reprint 1931 A description of the Shetland Islands comprising an account of their scenery, antiquities, and superstitions.  T & J Manson, Lerwick.  Unfortunately the reprint omits much of the geological information and the pagination differs [Personal Communication Colin McLeod].  The 1st ed was 1822, Archibald Constable & Co Edinburgh and Hurst, Robinson & Co, London.  It was reprinted 1891 T & J Manson, Lerwick.

Humble                                  Humble, B H, 1947 Tramping in Skye.  145, illus.  William MacLellan, Glasgow 2nd enlarged edition

Hunt                                       Hunt, Robert 1887, reprinted 1978 A Historical Sketch of Brutish Mining. EP Publishing Company, Wakefield.

Hutchinson                           Hutchinson, Walter Victor 1924-26 Britain Beautiful / A popular and illustrated account of the magnificent historical, architectural, and picturesque wonders of the counties of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. [also includes Isle of Man and Channel Isles].  It was originally issued as a 52-part partwork for binding in four volumes.  The whole thing came to 2216 pages, illustrated with almost 200 photographs, 52 full-colour plates and 120 maps.  Almost all of the Scottish photographs, and many from elsewhere in Britain, were by Valentines of Dundee.  The Valentine Photographic archive is now held by the University of St Andrews:  http://www.archiveshub.ac.uk/news/03021901.html  [Personal Communication Colin McLeod]

illus                                         illustration

Jackson                                  Jackson, J Wilfrid, 1938 Excavations at Ballintoy Caves, Co Antrim.  Fourth Report.   The Irish Naturalists' Journal 7 December.

Jl                                             Journal

Jeffreys                                  Jeffreys, A L 1966 Scotland as an area for speleological research.  Proc BSA 4th Annual Conference,. 31-37 

Jones                                      Jones, W F, [Jug]  ND Some Caves and Mines in Scotland.  15, pub privately

JSH                                         Journal of Spelean History

Keddie                                   Keddie, William, ND [c1850] Staffa & Iona Described and Illustrated.  160, map, illus.  Blackie and Son, Glasgow

Kempe 1988                           Kempe, David 1988 Living Underground / A History of Cave and Cliff Dwelling.  256, illus.  The Herbert Press, London

Kempe                                    Kempe, David 1992 Exploring Doo Caves.  Scots Mag 137 (4) 407-412 5 photos.  July, 1992

Knox 1798                              Knox, John, 1798 A tour through the Highlands of Scotland & the Hebrides in MDCCLXXVI [1776] pp 1-clxxii + First part 1- 276 + second part 1-104.

L                                              Length

Lacaille                                   Lacaille, A D, 1954 The Stone Age of Scotland.  345, figs, plates, maps, biblio.  Oxford Univ. Press, London

Lang                                       Lang, Andrew & Lang, John, 1913 Highways and Byways in the Border.  MacMillan & Co Ltd, London.

Lang 1951                              Lang, Theo  1951 The Kingdom of Fife and Kinross-shire [in the series] The King's Scotland.  Hodder and Stoughton, London.

Laughlan                               Laughlan, William F, editor 1982 Northern Lights or a voyage in the Lighthouse Yacht to Nova Zembla and the Lord knows where in the summer of 1814 / Sir Walter Scott.  Byway Books, Hawick.

Laughlan 1982                      Laughlan, William F, 1982 A Companian and Useful Guide to The Beauties of Scotland by Sarah Murray.  Byway Books, Hawick. [a modern reprint based on the 2nd edition, omitting the section on Northern England].

Lawson                                  Lawson, Tim 2003 Some Caves of Kintyre.  GSG  Ser 4 1 5  Oct 21-28 S

Lethbridge                             Lethbridge, T C, 1950 Herdsman and Hermits.  Bowes & Bowes, Cambridge.

Leitch & Tolan-Smith          Leitch, Roger & Tolan-Smith, Christopher. 1997  Archaeology and the Ethnology of Cave Dwelling in Scotland [in] Bonsal, C, & Tolan-Smith, C, (eds) 1997  The Human Use of Caves.  British Archaeological Reports International Series (667) Oxford  122-6

Linklater 1965                        Linklater, Eric, 1965 The Prince in the Heather 150, HB, Hodder & Stoughton, London

Linklater                                 Linklater, Eric, 1976 The Prince in the Heather 150, Panther, London

Lloyd-Jones                          Lloyd-Jones, Robin 1989 Argonauts of the Western Isles / Sea Kayaking off Scotland's West Coast.  192 pp 11 colour photos.  HB DW £10.95 Diadem Books, London.

Lockhart                                Lockhart, J G, 1893 The Life of Sir Walter Scott, Bart, 1771-1832.  806, New Popular, Edition, Adam & Charles Black.

Lovelock                                Lovelock, J, 1969 Caving.  144, illus.  Batsford, London

Lübke                                     Lübke, Anton, 1958 The World of Caves, translated from Geheimnisse des Unterirdischen.  295, illus. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London

MacBride                               MacBride, M, 1910 Arran of the Bens, the Glens, and the Brave.  viii & 231 [4], 16 col plates.  T N Foulis, London and Edinburgh.

MacCulloch 1927a               MacCulloch, J A, 1927 The Misty Isle of Skye, Its Scenery, Its People, Its Story.  Eneas MacKay, Stirling

MacCulloch 1927b               MacCulloch, D B, 1927 The Island of Staffa.  64, illus.  Alex MacLaren & Sons, Glasgow

MacCulloch 1934a               MacCulloch, D B, 1934  The Wondrous Isle of Staffa.  195, illus.  Alex MacLaren & Sons, Glasgow

Macdiarmid                           Macdiarmid, Hugh, [pseud Christopher  Murray Grieve]  1939 The islands of Scotland, Hebrides, Orkneys and the Shetlands.  140, illus, map.  Batsford, London  [see Andrew 114, for Macdiarmid's Museum]

MacDonald                           MacDonald, H, [nd] Guide to Staffa, Iona & Mull.  58, illus.  16th ed Hugh MacDonald, Bookseller, Oban

    ditto                                    another ed - 40th year of publication

MacGregor 1937                   MacGregor, Alasdair Alpin 1925, reprinted 1937 Behold the Hebrides! or Wayfaring in the Western Isles.  Foreword by Lord Alness.  W & R Chambers, Ltd, London and Edinburgh.

MacGregor                            MacGregor, A A 1950 Somewhere in Scotland.  234, 54 plates, reprinted ed.  Robert Hale, London

MacGregor 1972                   MacGregor, Murray1972 2nd ed Excursion Guide to the Geology of Arran. Geological Society of Glasgow, The University, Glasgow.

MacKenzie, Compton 1961 [and other editions].  Whisky Galore.  A novel, based on a true story.  In 1941 the SS Politician ran aground on Eriskay, loosing 20,000 cases of whisky.  Some of it ended up on Barra, was stored in a cave there.  Compton MacKenzie, lived on Barra and is buried in the church yard.

Mackie                                   Mackie, Euan W 1975 Scotland: An archaeological guide from the earliest time to the 12 century AD.  309, illus.  HB DW  Faber & Faber, London.

MacLean                               MacLean, J P, 1890  An Historical, Archaeological and Geological examination of Fingal's Cave in the Island of Staffa.  49, illus.  Subscribers' edition.  Robert Clarke & Co, Cincinnati

Macleod                                Macleod, Innes, 1986 Discovering Galloway.  280 pp, illus.  Edinburgh, John Donald Publishers Ltd.  SB £7.50 [1990 ed]

MacNab                                 MacNab, P A, 1970 The Isle of Mull.  246, 31 plates, 11 figs.  David & Charles, Newton Abbot

Macnab 1997                        Macnab, Peter 1997 Highways and Byways in Mull and Iona.  Luath Press Ltd, Edinburgh. [1st ed 1986 revised 10 times]

Macpherson                         Macpherson, D, 1937 Vest Pocket Guide to Kyle of Lochalsh and the Isle of Skye.  120, map.

Maine                                     Maine, G F, (ed) 1965 A Book of Scotland.  384, illus

Mais                                       Mais, S P B, 1947 I Return to Scotland.  274 , 15 plates, 11 maps, Christopher Johnson, London

M'Arthur                               M'Arthur, J, 1873 The Antiquities of Arran.  184, 11 plates, 2nd ed.  Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh

Martin                                    Martin, Martin 1716  A Description of the Western Islands....  392, maps, 2nd ed.  A Bell et al London.  [reprinted recently for $19.95 + post].  Also a second edition by James Thin, The Mercat Press, Edinburgh, with original pagination.

Martin c1695                         Martin, Martin c 1695  A Description of the Western Islands of Scotland.  Including a voyage to St Kilda by the same author and A Description of the Western Isles of Scotland by Sir Donald Munro.  With an introduction [pub] Donald J Macleoad  1994 Birlinn Ltd, Edinburgh.  540, SB

Martin 1984                           Martin, Angus 1984 Kintyre: The Hidden Past.  232, John Donald, Edinburgh.

May & Hanson                    May, V J & J D Hanson 2003 Coastal Geomorphology of Great Britain.  Joint Nature Conservation Committee.  Geological Conservation Review Series. 446, illus, maps, photos.

MCG                                       Mendip Caving Group

McLaren                                McLaren, Moray, 1972 Bonnie Prince Charlie.  224, illus, biblio.  Robert Hale, London

McLellen                               McLellan, Robert 1970 The Isle of Arran.  269, 31 plates, 17 figs.  Praeger Publishers, New York

McNeill                                  McNeill, F Marian 4th ed 1954 Blackie & Son Ltd, London and Glasgow.

Mercer                                   Mercer, John 1978 The Investigation of the King's Cave, Isle of Jura, Argyll.  Glas Arch Jl 5 44-70.

Mem NC&MRS                    Memoirs; Northern Cavern and Mines Research Society

Merrill                                    Merrill, John N 1989 Turn Right at Land's End / The story of the first walk around the entire coastline of Britain - 6,824   AJNM Publication, Matlock, Derbyshire.

Miller 1835                             Miller, Hugh 1835 Scenes and Legends of the North of Scotland or The Traditional History of Cromarty.  caves passim.

Miller 1897                             Miller, Hugh 1897 The Cruise of the Betsy / or a summer holiday in the Hebrides / with a geologist or ten thousand miles over fossiliferous deposits of Scotland.  W P Nimmo, Hay & Mitchell, Edinburgh.

Mitchell                                 Mitchell, W R,  1990  It's a long way to Muckle Flugga.  189, 17 colour plates, 17 B7W plates.  Souvenir Press, London

Motoring                               Motoring in Scotland tenth edition 1957  reprinted from the Glasgow Herald and revised and amplified.  George Outran & Co Ltd, Glasgow.

MSG                                       Moldywarps Speleological Group

Muirhead                               Muirhead, F, (ed) 1927 The Blue Guide, Scotland.  liv & 452 & 32, maps

Muirhead 1947                      Muirhead, F, (ed) 1947 The Blue Guide, Scotland.

Mull & Iona                          MacLean, A, [1974?] The Isle of Mull & Iona.  68, illus, map. Adoon Ltd, Edinburgh

Murray 1805                          Murray, Sarah, 1805  A companion and Useful Guide to the Beauties of Scotland, and the Hebrides, to the Lakes of Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire; and to the Curiosities of Craven, in the West Riding of Yorkshire.  Also a Description of Part of Scotland, Particularly of the Highlands, and of the Isles of Mull, Ulva, Staffa I-Columbkill, Tirii, Coll, Eigg, Rum, Skye, Raza and Scalpa.  To which is Now Added, An Account of the New Roads in Scotland, and of a Beautiful Cavern Lately Discovered in the Isle of Skye London: published by the author,

Murray 1810                          Murray, Sarah, 1810  A companion and Useful Guide to the Beauties of Scotland, and the Hebrides, to the Lakes of Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire; and to the Curiosities of Craven, in the West Riding of Yorkshire.  Also a Description of Part of Scotland, Particularly of the Highlands, and of the Isles of Mull, Ulva, Staffa I-Columbkill, Tirii, Coll, Eigg, Rum, Skye, Raza and Scalpa.  To which is Now Added, An Account of the New Roads in Scotland, and of a Beautiful Cavern Lately Discovered in the Isle of Skye London: published by the author, 3rd ed, 2 vols.  [not seen]  See Laughlan 1982

Murray                                   Murray, W H, 1966 The Hebrides.  Heineman Ltd, London

Murray 1968                          Murray, W H, 1968 The Companion Guide to the West Highlands of Scotland / The Seaboard to Cape Wrath.  Collins, London.

Nat Geo                                  National Geographic Magazine

Newton                                  Newton, Norman S 1998 Kintyre  112, many colour photos.  Pevensey Press (an imprint of David & Charles), Newton Abbot.

NCMRS Mem                       Northern Cavern and Mine Research Society Memoirs

NGR                                        National Grid Reference - see  Ordnance Survey 1 inch maps for details of how it works.

Nicholas                                Nicholas, Donald, 1949 The Young Adventurer; The Wanderings of Prince Charles Edward Stuart in Scotland and England 1745-46.  228, illus, biblio.  Batchworth Press, London

N/L                                         Newsletter

NS                                           New Series

O'Brian                                  O'Brien, Robert and Rae, Ian ND [c1990] An Excursion Guide to the Geology of Grampian Region.  Grampian Regional Council Education Department.  [Extracts from loose leaf teachers' resources folder, must predate the current risk aversion culture vide Colin McLeod],  8 blowhole, 9 blowhole, 10 Cave of the Red Rocks, NGR NJ 965 028, 21 raised beach caves, 28 arch, cave, 29 Gypsies' Cave, Clashach Cove cNGR NJ 163 702, 31 arches, 33 The Needle's Eye, 35 caves, 37 caves, 38 caves, arch, blowhole, "Return to the landward end of the platform and enter a narrow fissure, The Needle's Eye, which leads through the headland to a large cave on the other side - The Devil's Dining Room, the Hell's Lum, an enormous blowhole which leads to rear of a cave named the Devil's Kitchen, 40 arch, caves, Windy Cave, 48 Clashach Cove - arches caves, 49 Aberdour arch, caves, Bullers of Buchan.

opp                                         opposite

Palmer 1947                           Palmer, William T, 1947 The Verge of the Scottish Highlands.  Robert Hale Ltd, London

Parker                                     Parker, Olive, 1971  Caves in Scottish History.  Scottish Magazine.  67 44-47, illus, Feb

PAS                                        Peakland Archaeological Society

Peach                                     Peach et al 1911 The Geology of Knapdale, Jura and North Kintyre.  Mem Geol Sur.  Scot 28 etc.

Pennant 1774                        Pennant, Thomas  1774  A Tour in Scotland [in] MDCCLXIX [1769] tros tyriusque mihi nullo discrimine agetur.  Third edition.  W Eyres, Warrington.  2 vols 400 many illus, many hand coloured.  reprinted 1979 Melven Press, Perth.

Pennant                                 Pennant, Thomas  1772  A Tour in Scotland  379

Peterkin                                  Peterkin, G A G, 1980 Scottish Dovecotes.  William Culross & Sons, Ltd, Coupar Angus, Perthshire.

Pollard                                    Pollard, Tony and Alex Morrison, edited by 1996  The Early Prehistory of Scotland  300, illus, figs etc.  Edinburgh University Press.

Price                                       Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3

PSAS                                      Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, Scotland.  The entire contents of lists, and digital copies of Archaeolgia Scotia, 1 1792 to 5 1890, the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 1 1851-54 to 129 1999 [later issues are subscription only] and out of print monographs are available on the website of Archaeology Data Service free of charge: http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/library/psas/

Pub                                         Published; publications

Pyatt                                       Pyatt, Edward C, 1966 Mountains of Britain.  216, illus.  B T Batsford, London

QJGS                                      Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society

qv                                           also mentioned

RCAHMS                              Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland  Another useful database which can be accessed via the internet: http://www.rcahms.gov.uk./index.htm

Redfern                                  Redfern, Roger A, 1966 Rambles in the Hebrides.  195, illus, map. Robert Hale, London

RHAS 1969                            Staniforth, R H A, 1969 Speleoskye.  Speleologist 3 (17) 16-17, map

RHAS 1971                            Staniforth, R H A, 1971 Spelo on Skye.  The British Caver 56 45

Ritchie                                    Ritchie, Anna & Graham 1998  Scotland / An Oxford Archaeological Guide.  Oxford UniversityPress, Oxford and New York.

Rixson                                    Rixson, Denis 2001 The Small Isles, Canna, Rum, Eigg and Muck.  213 pp 10 plates. SB Birlinn, Edinburgh.

Roberts                                  Roberts, John L 1998 The Highland Geology Trail.  Luath Press Ltd, Edinburgh

Robertson                             Robertson, James K 1973 About St Andrews - and About.  Citizen Office, St Andrews, Fife.

Rogers                                   Rogers, Pat 1993 Johnson and Boswell in Scotland / A Journey to the Hebrides Yales University Press, New Haven & London.

RRCPC                                   Red Rose Cave & Pothole Club

Ryder                                     Ryder, P F, 1974 The Caves of Beinn an Dubhaich area, Isle of Skye.  Trans BCRA 1 (2) 101-125, illus, map, S

Ryder 1995                            Ryder, Peter F and contributions from Alan L Jeffreys, 1995 Caves of Skye [pub as] The Limestone Caves of Scotland Part 5.  Occ Pub (7) GSG, Edinburgh.  73, illus, surveys.  Does not cover all the limestone caves and omits the sea caves which tend to be in igneous rocks.

S                                              Survey

St John, C 1849 A Tour of Sutherland  needs searching

Salvona & Young                Salvona, J & Young, I,  1988  Scottish Cave Guides / The Southern Highlands.  34, S

Saville & Hallén                    Saville, Alan & Hallén, Ywonne [Yvonne?] 1994  The Obanian Iron Age: human remains from Oban cave sites, Argyll, Scotland.  Antiquity 68 715-723

SC                                           Sutherland Caves, Sheffield UniversityMountaineering Club, Research Folder No 1.  20, illus.  Sheffield[1948?]

Scott-Moncrieff                    Scott-Moncrieff, George 1949 The Face of Britain, The Lowlands of Scotland, Batsford, London.  A good historical account

Shaw                                      Shaw, T[revor], R[oyal], [1967] Cave Illustrations Before 1900 / A Catalogue of Non-photographic Illustrations of Caves

Sillar                                       Sillar, Frederick C, & Mayler, Ruth M, 1973 Skye.  240, 27 plates, 5 figs.  David & Charles, Newton Abbot

Silver                                      Silver, Owen 1995 St Andrews to Largo.  A Longshore Trail of rocks and plants.  Published privately, St Andrews 1995. No page numbers.

Simpson                                 Simpson, W Douglas, 1967 Portrait of Skye and the Outer Hebrides.  188, illus.  Robert Hale, London

Simpson 1968                        Simpson, W Douglas,  1968 The Ancient Stones of Scotland. Robert Hale, London.

Sloan                                      Sloan, J M, 1908 Galloway.  311, 24 col plates, 18 B&W plates.  Adam & Charles Black, London

Smith                                      Smith, D I 1968 A study of calcium and magnesium content of waters in limestone areas.  Proc 4th ICS, Ljublijana 3 213-218 [Scotland]

Smith & Bonsall                   Smith, Christopher  & Bonsall, Clive  1991  Late Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic chronology: points of interest from recent research [in] Barton, N et al (eds) The Late Glacial in North-West Europe, 208-12.  Council British Arch Research Report (77) London

SNAB                                     Peter McNab Note books - in GSG records

Soc                                         Society

Southey                                 Southey, Robert 1929 Journal of a Tour in Scotland 1819 with introduction and notes by C H Herford.  276 pp HB DW.  John Murray, London.  In 1819, Robert Southey, the Poet Laureate, in company with Thomas Telford, the great engineer, made a comprehensive tour through Scotland, and being a true book man, kept a record of the people met and the things seen on the journey.  p 59 "And here in Arbroath I saw more prostitutes walking the street than would I think have been seen in any English town ..."

Spel                                        The Speleologist (1) - (15) published by the DRC Publishing Co, Exeter.  (16) - (20) published by Fashion Buyer Ltd, London

Statistical Account, or Stat Acc        New Statistical Account and Old Statistical Account,   these is now on the net http://www.edina.ed.ac.uk/statacc

Steers                                     Steers, J A, 1973  The Coast Line of Scotland.  University Press, Cambridge.

Steers 1969                            Steers, J A, 1969 4th ed The Sea Coast.  Collins, New Naturalist Series, No 25.  London. [1st ed was 1953]

Sutherland                             Sutherland, H, 1939 Hebridean Journey.  277.  Geoffrey Blas, London

SWETCCC                            South Wessex Essex Technical College Caving Club

Swire                                      Swire, O F, 1961 Skye: The Island and its Legends. 2nd ed, 244, illus, map.  Black & Son Ltd.  London & Glasgow.

Swire 1966                             Swire, O F, 1966 The Outer Hebrides and Their Legends

Temperley                             Temperley, Alan, 1979 Tales of Galloway.  309, illus.  Skilton & Shaw, London.  Caves, not located 217, 219

Thomson                               Thomson, A A, 1951 Highland Welcome.  318, illus.  Herbert Jenkins, London

Thornber                               Thornber, Iain 1993 A Caveman for Four Days [Jura] Scots Mag 138 (5) 452-463, 3 cave photos, location map.

Tindall                                    Tindall, Jemima, 1981 Scottish Island Hopping / A Handbook for the Independent Traveller.  Sphere Books Ltd, London

Tolan-Smith 1995                 Tolan-Smith, Chris 1996 Turning a cave into home sweet home.  Brit Archael (CBA) 44 10-11 pls

Tolan-Smith                          Tolan-Smith, Christopher 2001  The Caves of Mid Argyll / an archaeology of human use.  Society of Antiquaries of Scotland / Monograph Series (20)  184, 87 illus, 31 tables. Edinburgh

Tranter                                   Tranter, Nigel 1971 The Queen's Scotland: The Heartland, Clackmannanshire, Perthshire and Stirlingshire.  293, 50 plates, map.  Hodder and Stoughton, London

trans                                       translated

Tran                                        Transactions

Tudor                                     Tudor, J R, 1883  The Orkneys and Shetlands.

Valentine                               Valentine, EastonS 1912 Forfarshire.  Cambridge County Geographies.  University Press, Cambridge

VR                                           Vertical Range - the vertical difference between the highest and lowest point in a cave, where the highest point is not necessarily the entrance.

vc                                            very close? [next to a NGR]

vc                                            vice county

vide                                        see or look at

WCC                                      Wessex Cave Club

White                                     White, Capt T P 1873 Archaeological Sketches in Scotland, District of Kintyre.  Blackwood.  Edinburgh & London  104 plates 12, 13

Wickham-Jones                    C R Wickham-Jones, C R  Scotland's First Settlers 1994, reprinted 2000  128 pp, 98 illus, 10 colour plates.  B T Batsford, London

Wilson                                   Wilson, John H 1910 Nature study rambles round St Andrews.  W C Henderson & Sons, University Press, St Andrews.

Whittow                                Whittow, J B 1977 reprinted 1979 Geology and Scenery in Scotland.  Penguin Books.

Williamson                            Williamson, Kenneth and Boyd, J Morton, 1963 A Mosaic of Islands.  Oliver and Boyd.  Edinburgh& London

WL Oban 1936/7                  Guide to Oban, Skye, Fort William, and the Western Highland. 1936/7 9th edition.  xiv + 144 + 50  Ward Lock & Co Ltd, London.

WL Oban                               Guide to Oban ... ii & 7 & 160 & vii, maps, illus.  12 ed.  Ward Lock & Co Ltd, London.

Wordsworth                         Wordsworth, Dorothy 1997 Recollections of a Tour Made in Scotland [in 1803] Introduction, Notes and Photographs by Carol Kyros Walker.  ix + 233, 210 plates.  HB DW  Yale University Press, New Haven and London.

Yeoman                                  Yeoman, Peter    1999  Pilgrimage in Medieval Scotland 128 pp, 92 B&W illus, 12 colour illus.  B T Batsford, London

Young                                    Young, Ivan 1978 Appin Cave Guide.  Grampian Speleological Group Special Publication No 1 October.  30, maps, survey

YRC                                        YorkshireRamblers' Club Journal

Yuill                                        Yuill, Jackie 1991 Fife and Kinross - An Underground Gazetteer.  GSG Ser 3 1 (5) 20-32

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                 Volume numbers are underlined thus: 1

                                                                                                                                                                Numbered issues are given brackets: (2)

                                                                                                                                             Un-numbered pages are given square brackets: [6]

                                                                                                                                                                         Number pages are given thus: 234,

 

INDIVIDUAL CAVE REFERENCES

 

3D CAVE                        NGR NG 724 5 4445           1" OS 25                   Applecross, Ross and Cromarty

GSG Ser 3 4 (3) 15-16 S

 

ABERLADY CAVE                              NGR                                          Landranger,          East Lothian

L 50 yards.  The discovery of an old cave survey sent the author and her husband off to find this cave.  It is described as a passage "4 feet high and 3 feet wide and built of stone with two cellars cunningly built into the sides…".  This suggest a souterrain.  The entrance was filled in before 1912 but a local group is keen to open it up.  Marked `cave' on 1892 & 1894 OS maps.

Derrick, Anne 2006 Aberlady Cave.  East Lothian Life (57) Autumn 30-31, illus.

Reid, J P 1912 The Skippers' [sic] Daughters.  [ a classic adventure story of smuggling days in Aberlady] not seen

 

ACARSAID BHEAG ROCK SHELTER AND FISSURE CAVE    NGR NR 7444 9079  1" OS 52                                                                                                                                                                     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

ACH A'CHORRAIN CAVES           NGR NC 374 627    1" OS 9                                Durness, Sutherland

Brandon, R, 1981 Uamh an Eugmhais Croich, Ach a'Chorrain.  GSG Ser 2 3 (3) 12-13

Christopher, N S J, & W H, Little, 1968 Some Further Observations in Scotland.  CRG N/L (110) 14-15

Cullingford 1962  180

Ford, T D, 1959 Sutherland Caves, CRG Trans 5 (2) 141-190

Heys, B, 1959 Scottish Caves.  Northern Pennine Club Jl 2 (2) 57

Jarratt, T 1976 Wet Weather Dye Tracing at Ach a'Chorrain Cave, Durness.  GSG Ser 2 1 (4) 11

Jarratt, T, 1979 An Extension to Ach a'Chorrain Cave No 1. GSG Ser 2 2 (4) 10

Jarratt, T 1991  Knockan Field Hut Logbook 1977-1991 [1992] 136-137

Jarratt, T, 1991 Holiday Digging in Assynt.  GSG Ser 3 2 (1) 12-15

Jeffreys, A, & I, Young, 1998  A Grampian Hit on Durness. GSG Ser 3 4 (5) 49-54

Jeffreys, A, L, 2003 Ach a'Chorrain re-evaluated.  GSG  Ser 4 1 5  Oct 38-44

Mills, Martin T 1972 GSG Ser 1 5 (2) 22-23

 

ACHADH COSAN BOULDER CAVE      NGR NR 712 0 8502           1" OS 52                          Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

ACHRANCAVEsee HERMIT'S CAVE [1]

 

ACHINHOAN HEAD, CAVES OF NGR NR 760 765 etc                   1" OS 65                        Argyllshire

see Caves of Kintyre

AA  126

Anon 1934 [In] News and Views; Chronology of Scottish Caves.  Nature 134 316 [Hamilton Maxwell, Glasgow Archaeological Society in a cave at Kintyre as compared with the Oban Cave]

Bede  1861 1  191-192

Bord, J & C 1985 Sacred Waters / Holy Wells & Water Lore in Britainand Ireland. 51

British Arch Assoc Jl NS 29 1923 248ff

Brown, E, 1866 The Raised Beaches of Cantyre.  Geol Mag Ser 1 3 139-141

Campbeltown Courier 6 Jan 1894;  10 April 1926; 14th April, 28th April, 1st Sept, 8th Sept 1934

Carmichael  130, 135

Cullingford 1962 300-301

Glasgow Herald, The, 22nd December 1933; 28th Sept 1935

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

GSG 4 (1) 28, 31 S; 4 (2) 14

Hull, E, 1866 The Raised Beaches of Cantyre.  Geol Mag Ser 1 3 5-10, illus

Jones 9

Kintyre Collection, MS 133 Campbeltown Museum

Lawson, Tim 2003 Some Caves of Kintyre.  GSG  Ser 4 1 5  Oct 21-28 S

Leitch & Tolan-Smith  122

Lübke  36

Martin 1984   122

Maxwell, J H 1934  Preliminary report of excavation at Keil Caves 1933-34.  Kintyre Antiqu Soc & Glasgow Arch Soc.  pamphlet 4 pp illus.  [reprinted from The Campbeltown Courier]

Newton  54-55

Pennant  195

RCAHMS 1971 Argyll 1  Kintyre 145-7, figs, 146-148 S, plates 48A-C

Ritchie, J N G, 1966 Keil Cave, Southend, Argyll; A Late Iron Age Cave Occupation in Kintyre.  PSAS 99  104-110 illus

Shell Guide to Britain  124 reprinted BC 54 9

Statistical Account 1845 7 454

Sunday Times 29th Sept; 20th Sept 1935 reprinted BC 14 79-80

Tolan-Smith  5

White, Capt T P 1873 Archaeological Sketches in Scotland, District of Kintyre.  Blackwood.  Edinburgh & London  104 plates 12, 13

 

A'CHRANNAG ROCK SHELTER             NGR NR 7290 7597     1" OS 58                               Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  18

 

A'CROIS CAVES                              NGR                         Landranger Glen Loin

Humble, B H 1949 Davie Knows a Howff.  Scots Mag 51 (4) July 276-280, 2 photos.  277 A'Crois Caves of Glen Loin.

 

ADAM'S CAVE                                NGRNS162 800    Explorer 63                     Sandbank near Dunoon

Salvona, Jim 2005 GSG Ser 4 2 (4) 14

 

AGASSIZROCK, THE                     NGR NT 259 702    Landranger 66            Blackford Hill, Edinburgh

Anon 1951 Scientific survey of south-eastern Scotland. British Association, Edinburgh.  199  Refers to this as a cave, but it is just a rock overhang.  Named after the Swiss geologist Agassiz.

 

AILEAN MHAOIL, UAMH    NGR NR 70 8 660             1" OS 58                            Knapdale, Argyllshire

aka The Caves of the Bald Alan or of Alan the Monk.

Campbell & Sandeman 8, No 29

 

AILSA CRAIG                                  NGR NS 02 00        Explorer 317                                           Ayrshire

see GOAT CAVE, MACANALL'S CAVE, SWINE CAVE, SWINE HOLES, WATER CAVE, there is also a Dalton's Cove at NGR NX 0232 9925.

Anderson 1863 107-108

Anderson  59

Baxter 526

Haswell-Smith 3, map shows 5 caves

Lloyd-Jones  85 Water Cave by Stranny Point which leads into the heart of the island.  Goat Cave that used to shelter the goats that supplied milk to the lighthouse keepers, both on Ailsa Crag.

Steers 103

 

AIRLIE SOUTERRAIN                   NGR NO 305 515    1" OS 49                                          Airlie, Forfar

aka Airlie Caves.  Take the A926 road and 1¼ miles east of the bridge at Ruthven and turn left.  After 1 mile turn left again at the cross-roads at Kirkton of Airlie.  The souterrain is on a ridge at the west end of the second field west of the farmhouse.  The main passage is 65 feet long, but the entrance has not been excavated.

 

Stat Acc "Two caverns, formed within dry knolls, which probably served as retreats to the ancient inhabitants in time of danger, have been discovered in the parish; about one half-way between the castle and Kirktown, and the other about a mile south.  They are separated by a deep hollow, but within view of each other.  They seem to have been for to six feet in width and from twenty to thirty in length, and about 6 feet in height, and were constructed with dry stone walls on the sides, and roofed over with very large stones, with a covering earth.  The entrances have been covered with thickets of broom.  The stone covers, which are of red sandstone, have been obtained near the spot, but evidently quarried with considerable care and labour".

Marshall, William 1875  Historic Scenes in Forfarshire.  William Oliphant & Co, Edinburgh. 153 description.  297-300 general discussion on souterrains or Pict;s Houses.

Fraser, Duncan 1977 The Flower People.  Standard Press, Montrose.  91-93 with 4 plates - 74-77.

Mackie 188

Statistical Account 1845 11 679

 

ALBANNAICH, UAMH AN            NGR NG 248 490    Landranger 23                           Dunvegan, Skye

Parker  47

 

ALISTER BANES'S CAVE              NGR                         Landranger Glenalmond

Forrester, David Marshall 1944 Logiealmond.  Edinburgh, Oliver and Boyd Ltd.  223-224 Alsister Banes's Cave, Glenalmond.

 

AN CORRAN ROCK SHELTER    NGR NG 49 1 685    Landranger 23                                 Staffin, Skye

Bronk Ramsey, C., Pettitt, P.B., Hedges, R.E.M., Hodgins, G.W.L. & Owen, D.C. (2000) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 30. Archaeometry 42: 459-479.

Pollard  186, 188

Rees, T,  Kozikowski, G and Miket, R  1994  Investigation of a shell midden at An Corran, Staffin, Isle of Skye.  Unpublished report.

Saville, A. (1998) An Corran, Staffin, Skye. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1998: 126-127.

Saville, A. & Miket, R. (1994a) An Corran rock shelter, Skye: a major new Mesolithic site. Past 8: 9-10.

Saville, A. & Miket, R. (1994b) An Corran, Staffin, Skye (Kilmuir parish): rock shelter. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1994: 40-41.

Steers 128

Wildgoose, M. (1988) An Choran (Kilmuir parish), shell midden, flints. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1988: 17.

 

ANCRUM CAVES                            NGR NT 630 250    1" OS 70                    Ancrum Bridge, Roxburgh

Lang 10

Shell Guide to Scotland  74, reprinted BC 54 9

Statistical Account 1791-99  10 295  On the banks of the Ale, below the House of Ancrum, there are several caves or recesses, and not less than fifteen.  In some of them are vestiges of chimneys and fireplaces.

The Border Magazine 6 119  not seen

 

 

AN GARRADH BOULDER CAVE [1]      NGR NR 756 9 7689                       1" OS 58              Knapdale

 

AN GARRADH BOULDER CAVE [2]      NGR NR 761 0 9077                       1" OS 58              Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

AN GARRADH ROCKSHELTER      NGR NR 754 0 7665     1" OS 58                                      Knapdale

Tolan-Smith

 

ANSTRUTHER, CAVE OF              NGR NO 575 035    1"OS 56                                                  Fifeshire

aka Dunino Den, next to Bell Craig.

Anon ND Strange Tales of Bygone Fife.  Lang Syne Publishers, Glasgow, Scotland.  No page numbers.  Appears to be an edited reprint of Simpkins 1912 Tales of Bygone Fife.  Also lists a few local cave legend, including one at Bell Craig.

Fleming, D Hay 1973 Guide to St Andrews.  J & G Ines, St Andrews.  62

Shell Guide to Scotland  75, reprinted BC54 9

 

APPIN, CAVES OF see

Young, Ivan 1978 Appin Cave Guide.  30, surveys, map

Young, Ivan 2003 Apprin Cave Guide, Supplement October 2003  27, surveys, map.

McOwan, Rennie 2004 Murder Mystery Tour.  Scots Mag March 280-284.  Glen Stockdale, Salachan Glen and Gleann na h-Iola containing several caves used as refuges in the aftermath of the 1745 Jacobite Uprising.

 

APPLECROSS, CAVES OF see SAND CAVE, UAMH NAM BREAGAIRE

see also The Caves of Applecross by Tony Oldham 2004

Lindsay, Bill 1998  Some Applecross Notes.  GSG Ser 4 4 (5) 9, some small caves and sinks which need investigating.

Simpson, Richard 2006  Applecross and Kishorn Report. GSG Ser 4 3 (1) 46-48 S. Shakehole Cave S, Lime Kiln Resurgence S.

Statistical Account 1791-99 3 378 mentions several natural caves in the parish, they seem to be the habitations of the first plundering adventurers who came to the country.  Goes onto describe the remains of a subterranean house.

Warwick, Chris 2005 Some Caving Notes. GSG Ser 4 2 (4) 26 & 31  A sink near 3D Cave, a new cave Uamh an Gobha (Blacksmith's Cave) NGR NG 71 8 445.  Location map of the area.

 

APPLECROSS SANDSTONE FISSURES  NGR NG 6858 4944  1" OS 25       Applecross, Wester Ross

Sandstone Fissures on the Applecross Peninsular, Wester Ross by Steven Birch.  GSG Ser 3 5 (4) 25-27 S

 

ARBROATH, CAVES OF                                                  Landranger 54                                        Arbroath

AA  105, contraction of Aberbrothock and caves, and 109

Adam, John, 1886  Aberbrothock Illustrated ... with historical notes by George Hay.  86, 124 etchings.  T Buncle Arbroath.  pp 40-47 The Cliffs and Caves illus (72) Gaylet Pot, (76) Masons'  Cave, (78) Dickmont's Den, (81) Mermaids' Kirk, (82) Stalactite Cave (dated 1842)

Anon [attributed to James Cramb] 1846/47, Visit to Arbroath.  Dundee Literary and Scientific Institute Magazine 2 243-271  (A manuscript circulation magazine held in Dundee Libraries Local Studies Collection, Catalogue No D22022.  Contents include cliffs and caves 251-262)

Anon 1908 Illustrated Guide to Arbroath.  24 & [20], illus.   J F Hood & Sons, Arbroath.  Caves 16-18

Anon 1919 Arbroath Abbey and its Neighbourhood [2] & 62 & [12], illus.  Herald Office, Arbroath.  Caves 55-69

Anon ND [1930?]  Guide to Arbroath.  64, illus.  Town Improvement Association.  Caves 28-33

Anon 1932 Arbroath Official Guide Book [36] & 55 & [25].  T Buncle & Co for The Arbroath Town Council.  Caves 39-45

ditto 1933; ditto 1927 reprinted BC 9 8-9

Anon [Atkinson, Norman] 1995 By the cliffs to Auchmithie.  Angus and District Council Library and Museums Service.  21 pp.

Aitkin, Rev --- Old Statistical Account of Scotland 12 182-3

Atkinson, Norman [1990?] By the cliffs to Auchmithie.  Describes a cave in the north of the same bay as Forbidden Cave.  see also Anon 1995.

Ballantyne, R M ND [c1900, 1st ed was 1865] The Lighthouse / being the story of a great fight between man and the sea.  Thomas Nelson and Sons, London, Edinburgh, Dublin and New York.  [An example of a real cave, accurately described, appearing in fiction.   Walter Scott's The Antiquary 1816, is also set on this coast, and features a cave, but has considerably more artistic license, and more turgid prose!]

Birlinn 1998  495-496 Gaylet Pot, Arbroath

Broadie, J, 1904 Guide to the Cliff, Caves and coast scenery of Arbroath and District.  44 & [58]. 26 illus, map.  Arbroath Herald Office, Arbroath.  [the most important reference work, plagiarised by all later writers and never acknowledged]

Chisholm, John, (compiler) ND [1973?] Official Guide to Arbroath.  80, illus, map.  Arbroath Publicity Council.  30, illus.

Duncan, U K, 1966 A Bryophyte Flora of Angus.  Trans British Biological Society 5 (1) 1-82.  9 Masons Cove and Deil's Head.

Edward, Rev R, 1678  Edward's Description of the County of Angus, 39, reprinted in Warden, A 1881 Angus or Forfarshire, 2 234-252, reprinted by the Forfar & District Historical Society 1967, 24, translated from the Latin, 21-22 [earliest description of the caves from which most later authorities quote]

Elliott, Danny  Winter 1998-Spring 1999  Seaton Cliffs.  Scottish Wildlife (36) 16-18

Fraser, Duncan, 1967 Discovering Angus & Mearns.  Standard Press, Montrose.  Caves 131

Fraser, Duncan, 1974 Discovering East Scotland.  271.  Standard Press, Montrose.  Caves 23, 5

Fraser, Duncan 1974 Glen of the Rowan Tress and other stories.  Montrose, Standard Press. 126

Gardiner, W 1831 The Tourist No 4th.  Journal of a tour through the eastern part of Forfarshire in June 1831.  By the Editor [William Gardiner Jnr]  Botanical Repository 1 part 4 143-160.  (A manuscript circulation magazine held in Dundee Libraries Local Studies Collection.  Contents include Arbroath cliffs and caves 147-149)

Gardiner, junior, William, 1832  Remarks during a Walk on the Coast of Forfarshire Magazine of Natural History 5 573-576

Gibson, Colin, Nov 1949 Cliffs and Caves of Angus.  Scots Mag 52 (2) 85-91, illus

Gibson, Colin c1950 Folklore of Tayside.  Dundee Museum and Art Gallery Publication.  13 Dragon's Den; 14 Piper's Cave; Dark Cave; 17 Hole Field.

Gibson, 1955  [A series of articles on the caves of Arbroath] Arbroath Herald.  5th 12th 26th, August on page 9.

Gibson, Colin ND [c1956-59] Summer on Tayside.  A Dundee Museum and Art Gallery Publication.  35

Gibson, Colin ND [c1956-59] Autumn on Tayside.  A Dundee Museum and Art Gallery Publication.  30-31, 36

Gibson, Colin ND [c1956-59] Spring on Tayside.  A Dundee Museum and Art Gallery Publication.  11, 24, 37

Gibson ,1966 A wonderland of caves.  Arbroath Herald.  Christmas Edition, illus.

Colin Gibson, 1907-1998 writer artist wrote many newspaper articles in his weekly `Nature diaries' and they appeared in the Dundee Courier and Advertiser from 1954 until his death., after which selected ones continued to be reprinted.  Some early examples were collected in a series of booklets published by Dundee Museum between 1956 and 1959.  Other articles appeared in the weekly  `This is our heritage´ series in the Broughty Ferry Guide & Carnoustie Gazette 1976-84   Personal communication Colin McLeod 4 July 2005

Gibson, Colin, 1974 Tales of Lunan Bay.  Scots Mag.  101 (4) 388-395, illus, map.

Gibson, Colin 1981 The secret passage of smugglers' caves. The Courier.

Gibson, Colin 1981 This is our heritage .. Castlsea Bay, Auchmithie.  Carnoustie Gazette, Saturday, March 28.  5.  Similar series of articles, undated Around Maiden Castle, The Gaylet Pot, The castle Gate, The Landscape around us,  The Smuggling Trade, Smuggling, Local Coastal names.  etc.

Gibson, Colin 1981 Stories and legends of Arbroath's mysterious caves. The Courier June 27.  7.

Gibson, Colin 1995 Nature Diary.  Series of articles in The Courier, undated.

Geikie 57 Geary Pot

Hay, George, 1876 History of Arbroath ... 448.  Thomas Buncle, Arbroath.  Chapter 5 Cliffs and Caves 432-442 illus

Hay, George, see Adam, John

Henderson, I A N, 1990 Discovering Angus and the Mearns.  John Donald Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh.  51-52

http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~u02jpg2/arbroath/       Sea Caves of Arbroath, accessed 7.10.05

Hutchinson  2 886 The Needle Eye.  Photo by Valentine & Sons.  894 caves passim.

Lord Ocherlony of Guynd c 1682 Spottiswoode Miscellany 1 320

MacFadyen, Colin 1996 The Whitehouse Den, Gannochy Gorge and Whiting Nessto the Ethie Haven Site of Special Scientific Interest.  Earth Science Site Documentation Series.  16.

Macpherson, Euan, Feb 1997 The Golden Age of Smuggling / Euan Macpherson visits the Arbroath caves and cliffs, one coastal area historically associated with contraband.  Scots Mag NS 146 (2) Feb 1997 130-135

Miller, Hugh, 1877 The Old Red Sandstone ... xxxi & 385 & 16, illus.  William P Nimmo, London.  Caves 213-214

Muirhead 1947 280

New Stat Acc 1845  11  247, 491-492

Robertson, Dr D A (ed) 1972 (2nd ed) Arbroath Cliffs Nature Trail.  23, map, illus.  2nd ed.  Dundee and Angus Branch of the Scottish Wildlife Trust.  [1st ed May 1971, 4th ed late 1990s]

Scott-Moncrieff, Lesley 1963 Scotland's Eastern Coast.  Oliver & Boyd. Edinburgh & London.  62

Seven Valley Caving Club N/L June/July 1971

Shell Guide to Scotland 77 & 84 reprinted BC 54 9

Simpson, A Nicol, 1888 Ornithology of Arbroath (Continued) Scottish Naturalist (New Series) 3  Pagination of full paper is 289-296 & 337-344.  Item 143 Rock Pigeon. 339

Smith, J, 1894 The Geology of the Arbroath Sea Shore (from) The Arbroath Guide, December 8th

Statistical Account 1791-99  12 183 Mentions the caves at Arbroath including Maiden Castle Cave [= Mason's Cave],

Statistical Account 1845 11 492

Steers 1969 78-79

Valentine, Easton S 1912 Forfarshire.  Cambridge County Geographies.  University Press, Cambridge. 4, 35-38

Warden see Edward

Warden, A 1880-85 Angus or Forfarshire, the land and people, description and history.  Alexander, Dundee. 5 116. (nb A comprehensive index was compiled by Russell, G 1961, Arbroath Public Library).

Zealand, Gillian, 2001 Colin Gibson's Nature Diary. Selected from The Courier 1954-1998.  64, 74,75

Zealand Gillian 2004 Gibson, Colin's Nature Diary Selected from The Courier 1954-1998. 2 14, 52, 84

 

ARCHERFIELD CAVE           NGR NT 49 9 858          Landranger 66           North Berwick, East Lothian

Cree, J, 1909 Notice of the excavation of two caves, with remains of early iron age occupation, on the estate of Archerfield, Dirleton.  PSAS NS 43 243-268

Cullingford 1962  301

Curle, James. 1926-27 An inventory of objects of Roman and Provincial Roman origin found on sites in Scotland not definitely associated with Roman Constructions.  PSAS 61 353

Kempe 1988 142

Jones  7

The Antiquary 1909

 

ARD ACHADH, UAMH AN            NGR NG 594 197    1" OS 34                                        Kilbride, Skye

Anon 2006 First ever Iron Age burial on Skye.  Current Archaeology (201) Jan/Feb 456

Birch, Steven  2002  Uamh an Ard Achadh (High Pasture Cave): Deposits of Bone Breccia and Anthropological Indicators from a Limestone Cave on the Island of Skye.  GSG 4 Ser 1 (3) 12-27 S

Birch, Steven  2004  Uamh an Ard Achadh (High Pasture Cave): A window on the prehistory of Strath, Skye.  GSG Ser 4 2 (2) 39-46.  [Iron Age Pig Roast Site.]

Ryder 1995 28-29, 31 S.

Tolson, P 1997  White Rose Pothole Club Jl 17 4 70

Website http://www.high-pasture-cave.org           accessed 17/02/06

Whetton, J H & Myers, J O 1951 Geophysical Survey of Magnetite Deposits in Strath, Isle of Skye.  Transactions of the Geological Society of Glasgow. 21/2  263-77

 

ARDANTRIVE CAVE                      NGR NM 840 302   1" OS 52                                   Oban, Argyllshire

At the northern end of island of Kerrera is a small cave, excavated by T C Lethbridge (1950  7-8).  Finds included Bronze Age pottery, flints and limpet-hammers.

Lethbridge 1950  7-8

RCAHMS 1975  12

Tolan-Smith 6

 

ARD BEAG HEAD CAVE               NGR 217 612           Landranger 23                                              Skye

 

ARDESTIE SOUTERRAIN    NGR NO 512 344     Landranger 54 marked Souterrain     Dundee, Angus

About 7 miles east of Dundee just south of the A 92 road, just after the B962 turning.  Excavated in 1949-51 it is 75 feet long.  It appears to be incomplete  with several roofing slabs missing.  The foundations of contemporary huts were uncovered near by suggests that the souterrain was not a dwelling, the drain running beneath centre of the passage under paving suggests it was  a cow byre.  Finds indicate occupations during the first 3 centuries AD.  Scheduled Monument 90021.  See also Carlungie Souterrain nearby.

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 13.

Mackie 185-186

Small, Alan and Lisbeth M Thoms ND [1985?] The Picts in Tayside.  Sponsored by the Graham Hunter Foundation.  Dundee[?].  7, 22, 23, 32 illus.

 

ARDEER RECREATION CLUB    NGR NS 27 1 419    Landranger Stevenson, Ayrshire

Located behind Recreation Park off Old Quarry Road.  This scheduled monument is owned by Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd (ICI) who took over the Nobel dynamite works at Ardeer, and it consists of a subterranean passage and a cave [Scheduled Monument 3415]. 

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 9.

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3 passage and cave.

 

ARDLAIR CAVE                              NGR NG 902 755    Landranger 19          Loch Maree, Wester Ross

MacKenzie, Kenneth C. 2003 [revised edition] Loch Maree / The Jewel in the Crown by Kenneth C MacKenzie 2003  56 pp, 12 colour photos.  56 pp illus.  SB Privately printed by the author.  Ardlair Cave pp 33-42

 

ARDMORE POINT ROCK SHELTER      NGR NM 315 785     Landranger 47    Ardmore Point, Mull.

Cullingford 1962  329

 

ARDNACKAIG FISSURE CAVE      NGR NR 7410 9057       1" OS 52                                     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  20  illus 7-9

 

ARDNAHOECAVE                         NGR NS 066 574    Landranger 63                                               Bute

 

ARDNAMURCHAN POINT CAVE       NRG 410 670    Landranger 47 Sound of Mull / Lismore area

Anon 1889 Folk-lore and legends-Scotland.  W W Gibbings, 18 Burgh St, London WC.  83-84 Bay of Cells [St Columba's Cave] St Columba sheltered in this cave with a band of freebooters, he converted them.

Parker  46

Sutherland  55-68

 

ARDNOE POINT EAST ROCK SHELTER [1] AND CAVE           NGR NR 774 8 9453           1" OS 52 Tolan-Smith  22                                                                                                                                                Knapdale

 

ARDNOE POINT EAST ROCK SHELTER [2]  NGR NR 7745 9453     1" OS 58                     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

**

 

ARDNOE POINT FISSURE CAVE      NGR NR 770 0 9430       1" OS 52                                  Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

ARDNOE POINT ROCK SHELTER [1]   NGR NR 7680 9395  1" OS 52                                  Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  20

 

ARDNOE POINT ROCK SHELTER [2]   NGR NR 7662 9380  1" OS 52                                  Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  20

 

ARDNOE POINT ROCK SHELTER [3]  NGR NR 7725 9457   1" OS 52                                  Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  19

 

ARDROSSAN CASTLE CAVE       NGR NS 22 8 442    Landranger 70                                      Ardrossan

Glass 1 (1); 1 (4) 19 [detailed account]

 

ARDSHEAL'S CAVE                       NGR NN 008 563    1" OS 46                                          Duror, Appin

aka Uamh nan Eas an Con and Stewart's Cave.

[p 322]  A little over a mile from the church is a great gash in the side of Ben Vair called Lag-na-ha or Eas-nan-con.  The natural chasm has been widened by quarrying operations at a point some way up the hillside, and it is just above the quarry that Ardsheal's Cave may or may not be found.  Charles Stewart, fifth of Ardsheal, was a famous swordsman who fought with, and was the only one who ever wounded Rob Roy.  Ardsheal was tutor to young Appin and led the clan in his stand at Culloden, where the Stewarts suffered heavily.

[p 323 mentions Red Pass Cave at Sgurr Dhearg NGR NN 058 560]

[p 324 Directions] The water descends Lan-na-ha in a series of waterfalls, thus forming different "storeys" as it were, that in which the cave is to be found being in the second flight, just above the quarry.  The precise waterfall under the cave is now indicated by an iron pipe which can easily be seen, a landmark which sticks out prominently and is noticeable for its ugliness.  You have a very stiff climb for about a quarter of a mile up the shear face of the hill on the Duror side of the hollow.  Then you take, sharp left, a track that leads right to a precipitous edge of the chasm, you cautiously slip down the slope until you find yourself in the deep dark gorge through which the stream tumbles.  Right in front of you, well ahead, on the left side which pours down a thin spout of water, clearing the mouth of the big cave which yawns to you on the right.

Donaldson 322, 324-325

MacDonald, Màiri 1988  Lismore, Appin and Benderloch / an area guide for visitors.  West Highland Series (15) 13 illus.

Statistical Account 1845  7 228 Cave of Ardsheal, served as a hiding place for a man named Stewart after the battle of Cullden.

Young,  28 calls the cave Uamh nan Eas an Con.  It is also called Stewart's Cave on an 1875 OS map.  The alternative name Stewart's Cave is used in the October 2003 Supplement to the Appin Guide.

 

ARDWELLCAVE                NGR NX 070 5 4555            Explorer 309                                   Portpatrick

Donaldson, Andrew 1909 The Caves of the Western Sea-Board of Stoneykirk.  Vol XI 62-65 illus.   [in] The Gallovidian, a quarterly magazine published by J Maxwell & Son, Dumfries.  I am grateful to John Pickin for bringing this to my attention.

Irwin, Dave  2004 Two Inhabited Caves in Scotland  GSG Bull Ser 4 2 (2) 34-35, 2 photos.

Macleod 262

 

*ARRAN, CAVES OF                                                        Explorer 361

see BLACK CAVE (aka Monster Cave), BRODICK OLD QUAY CAVES,CORRIE CAVES, DIPPEN HEAD, KING'S CAVE No 9 (also known as Bruce's Cave, Doon Cave, Drumiddon Cave and Fingal's Cave), OSSIAN'S CAVE, PREACHING CAVE, ST MOLIOUS CAVE (aka St Columbia's Cave), SHEEP CAVE, SMUGGLER'S CAVE [1].

 

Anon ND [c1973?] Isle of Arran, Official Guide.  64, no author or publisher.

Craven Pothole Club Jl 5 (2) 94

Glanvill, Peter 1992 The Mines of Arran [limestone and barytes] Descent (105 34, illus

Lacaille, A D 1925 Some ancient crosses in Dumbartonshire and adjoining counties.  PSAS 59 143

Martin 219, 235 King's Cave, Corpich Cave.

Martin c1695  255

MacGregor 1972 132 old sea caves at the back of a raised beach platform. 

Statistical Account 1845 5 55-56

Steers 101 refers to caves at Brodick Old Quay and Sheep Cave.

 

ARROCHAR, CAVES OF

Borthwick, Alister  1st ed 1939 5th ed publisher Hodder & Stoughton.  Always a little further.  not seen

Brown, Dave and Mitchell, Ian 1987 Mountain Days and Bothy Nights.  Luath Press Ltd, Barr, Ayrshire.  11, 13, 14, 15, 16.

 

ARTHUR'S SEAT, CAVEOF          NGR NT275 730    Landranger 66                                      Edinburgh

Dennision, David.  1997 The Arthur's Seat Mystery.  Scots Mag 146 Aug (8) 204-205.  A tale from 1936 of 5 schoolboys and 2 dogs opening a minute cave containing 17 tiny coffins.

Jeffreys, Alan L.  2002  A Mystery on Arthur's Seat / With further consideration of various cavities there.   GSG Ser 4 1 (2) 10-12.  refers to an article in `The Scotsman' 16 July, 1836 20 (1724)

 

*ASSYNT, CAVES OF                                                       Explorer 442 etc

see Lawson, T J ed 1988 Caves of Assynt.  [pub] Grampian Speleological Group Occasional Publication (6) The Limestones and Caves of Scotland, Part 2.  89, 17 photos, figs.  7 page bibliography, not list here.  This book is at present out of print, but I am assured that a new edition is about to be published.

Anderson 1863 694

Anon 13.9.05 Geopark boost for tourism industry.  Courier.

Anon 2003 North West Seaboard. Places to visit for wildlife and landscapes.  Bilingual, English / Gaelic.  17, 18.

Anon Winter 2003-2004  Fragile Gems in Scotland's underworld.  Earth Heritage (21) 27-28, illus

Anon Winter 2003/2004 Inchnadamph Bone Caves [brochure]

Atkinson, Tom 1986 The Empty Lands.  Luath Press Ltd, Barr, Ayrshire.  127

Belshaw, Clare ND [2006?] Inchnadamph Bone Caves / Uamhan nan Cnàmhan Innis nan Damh  bilingual brochure English Gaelic A2 folded to A6

Chapman, Philip 1993 Caves and Cave Life.  New Naturalist Series No 79.  106, 210

Cree, Jame E, and Ritchie, James, 1927 Preliminary Report on caves containing Palaeolithic relics near Inchnadamph, Sutherland. PSAS 61 169-172

Cullingford 1962 148, 180-181, 297-298,

Gibson, Colin 1952 The Wonders of Assynt. Scot Mag 56 (6) Mar 460-467, illus.

Goodenough, Kathryn 2000 Sites of Special Scientific Interest in the Assynt Region.  1, Ben More, 2, Cam Loch, 3, Knochan Cliff, 4, Loch Glencoul.  Earth Science Management Brief Project.  96 Caves & Karst.

Gordon, J E, and Sutherland, D G, 1993 Quaternary of Scotland. Chapman & Hall, London etc.  127-133 Creah nan Uamh

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 10.  Creag nan Uamh NGR NC 268 170  Scheduled Monument  606

Heys, B, Myers, J O, and Packman G 1952 Hydrology of the Elphin Area, Sutherland.  CGR N/L (41) 5-6

http://www.snh.org.uk/scripts-snh/nw-displ.asp?ID=1157  accessed 18/04/2004   Press release, "Get out of your car" message from Scottish Natural Heritage's new Bone Caves leaflet.

Jeffreys, Alan, 1967 Recent work in the Knockan Region of Sutherland.  J Brit Spel Assoc 6 (41) April 30-33

Jeffreys, Alan L, 1990 Descent in Assynt.  Scots Mag Jan  132 (4) 370-377, illus.

Lawson, Tim, 1997  The Quaternary geomorphology of Inchnadamph NNR.  Scottish Natural Heritage Review (64) 46, 15 photos.  Creag nan Uamh caves.

Lawson, T J (ed)  1988  Caves of Assynt.  Occasional Publication  No 6 GSG 90, maps, photos etc.

Lawson, Tim 1999 High and Dry.  Earth Heritage (12) July, 17, illus.

Lawson, Tim 1995  The Quaternary of Assynt and Coigach Area /Field Guide.  Quaternary Research  Association.  161.  Karst Geomorphology by T C Atkinson, T J Lawson, N J Hebdon 61-103 Assynt Caves.  Excursions 132-146 Assynt Caves.  References 147-162.

Lawson, Tim 2002 Classic Landforms of the Assynt and Coigach Area.  Geographical Association.  34-45 Assynt Caves.

MacKemzie, Alexander  1989 [1st ed 1877] The Prophecies of the Brahan Seer.  Constable, London. 33, collapsed of natural arch.  91 ditto.

McKirdy, Alan, 2002 Rock of Ages.  Scots Mag Nov 456-458 Knockan Crag Visitor Centre.

McKirdy, Alan, John Gordon and Roger Crofts 2007  Land of Mountain and Flood / The Geology and Landforms of Scotland.  Birlinn   110, 175  An underground world - Assynt Bone Caves

Moore, C, 1958  A New Cave in Scotland [Cnoc Nan Uamh System] BC 30  109-110

Noble, Robin, 2003  North and West / Exploring the north and west Highlands and Islands of Scotland.  Scottish Cultural Press, Edinburgh.

Peach, B N. and Horne, J, 1917 The Bone Cave in the Valley of Allt nan Uamh, near Inchnadamph.

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3 Allt nan Uamh.

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook. Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSIs)  41-2  548 Allt nan Uamh Caves; 549 Tragill Caves; 1129 Tragill Valley (karst); 1490 Creag nan Uamh Caves and 1491 Bear Cave (Pleistocene Vertebra

Salvona, J and Jenkinson, J 1959 Caving Holidays near Inchnadamph, Sutherland BC 32 80-2

Seenan, Gerard, 13.4.05 Scottish nature reserve recognised as geopark.  Guardian

Statistical Account 1791-99  16 195  A large cave at Losty-su-il-vine, another at Knochan, also a very spacious one at Cul-kin-ach-na-karan, Go-an-dunan, otherwise called Go-na-kal-man

Statistical Account 1845  15 106  Assynt.  "There are several caves, and some natural arches, to be found, chiefly along the coast, and some in the interior.  There are two which are often visited by tourists, within two miles of the parish church, on the Stronchrubie farm.  In one of these, if you enter, you must proceed in a creeping posture for several yards, through a rugged and dark passage, when you find yourself suddenly introduced into a well-lighted and spacious apartment.  There is another cave of large dimensions near the point of Store.  NGR NC 020 358

Young, I R; Lawson, T J and Dowswell, P N F, 2005  A baseline survey of the significant cave feature in the Ben More Assynt SSI.  Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned report No 086 (ROAME No F02AC105)  66, photos, survey.  Describes 4 caves: Cnoc nan Uamh, Lower Tragill Cave, Allt nan Uamh Stream Cave and Uamh an Claonite.

Waltham, AC; Simms, MJ; Farrant, A R; and H S Goldie 1997 Karst and Caves of Great Britain.  Chapman and Hall, London etc. Chapter 8 Karst in Scotland.  301 Assynt.  302 Tragill Valley.306 Allt nan Uamh Caves.

Wilkinson, P 1953a Allt nan Uamh-the Bone Caves. Cave Res Bull (2) SUMC 9-11

Wilkinson P, 1953b Allt nan Uamh Cave. Cave Res Bull (2) SUMC 12-16

 

ATTADALE HOUSE CAVE       NGR NG 925 394       Landranger 25   Loch Carron, Ross-shire

Speleo SWECC N/L 12 (1) 22

 

AUCHENGRAY SOUTERRAIN     NGR NT 055 508    Landranger 72                                  Lanarkshire

Marked on Landranger 72 as Souterrain

Grant 168

 

AUCHTERHOUSE CAVES             NGR NO 330 375    1"OS 50                             Forfar, Auchterhouse

"At no great distance from the House of Auchterhouse, and in other parts of the parish, some of those subterraneaous abodes, called weems, have been found, one of which contained the stones of a hand-mill and some bones, and a brass ring, and another the bones of some animal, and a parcel of ashes of burned wood; and near the bottom of the south declivity of the Hill of Sidla, stands a Druidical altar in a very entire state".  [A souterrain]

Statistical Account 1845 11 651

 

AULDAME SEA CAVE                    NGR NT 599 848    Landranger 67                              North Berwick

BC 77 39

 

BADGERS DEN see TOLL NAM BROC CAVE

 

BAGH BAN CAVE                           cNGR NR 775 033   1" OS 52                          Knapdale, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 6

Tolan-Smith 9

 

BAGH NA CILLE ROCKSHELTER    cNGR NM 001 769  1" OS 52                     Knapdale, Argyllshire

On the west side of Loch Craignish, a rockshelter with a masonry wall.

Campbell & Sandeman 6

Tolan-Smith 9

 

BAGH NA H-UAMHA [1]                NGR NM 420 972   Landranger 39                                            Rhum

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 9.

Love, John A  2001  Rum: A Landscape without figures.  Birlinn, Edinburgh.  20, 30, 31, 36.

Rixson 26, 35, 43, 60, 66, 142

http://www.geograph.org.uk/view.php?id=29670

 

BAGH NA H-UAMHA [2]                NGR NF 90 55        Landranger 22                                     North Uist

(Gaelic Bay of Caves)  On the east coast between Benbecula and North Uist is the island of Ronay (Gaelic ròn and Norse øy - Seal Island)   Haswell-Smith 202 and location map 203.

 

BAINTIGNEARNA, UAHM            NGR NR 400 990    Landranger 60                                               Mull

 

BALLACHULISH, CAVE AT          NGR NN 05 0 600    Landranger 41              Ballachulish, Argyllshire

Statistical Account 1791-99  8 420.

 

BALNAKEIL GLOUP CAVE           NGR NC 381 688    1" OS 9                                                    Durness

Anderson 1863 678

Cullingford 1962  180

Ford 1955  152-3

Ford, T D, 1959 Stalactites below sea level CRG N/L (68/9) 2

 

BALNAMOON'S CAVE                  NGR NO 395 833    Landranger 44                Glen Mark, Angus Glen

aka Bonnymune's Cave, Glenmark

Dorward 23, 34, 85

Elder, David 2007 In Search of Balnamoon.  Scots Mag  166 (2) Feb 142-144, photo.  Balnamoon's Cave.

Fraser, Duncan 1974 Glen of the Rowan Tress and other stories.  Montrose, Standard Press. 19

Gibson, Colin  19??  Glen Mark's forsaken eyries.  The Courier.

Gibson, Colin 19?? The "Rebel Laird".  The Courier.

Gibson, Colin ND [c1956-59] Summer on Tayside.  A Dundee Museum and Art Gallery Publication.  21

Gibson, Colin 1984 The Balnamoon mystery.  The Courier

Gibson, Colin 2004 Nature Diary Volume 2 Selected from The Courier 1954-1998.40

GSG 4th Ser 1 (4) March 2003 pp 11-12 S      .

McGilip, Donald 2007 In Search of Balnamoon.  Scots Mag 166 (4) April 441 reader's letter refers to 2 more nearby caves as Balnamoon's Cave  NGR 3944 8327 & 369 831

Marshall, William 1875  Historic Scenes in Forfarshire.  William Oliphant & Co, Edinburgh. 256-257.

 

BALQUIDIDER CAVE                    NGR NN 516 212    Landranger 57               Balquhidder, Perthshire

 

BANKEND POT                               NGR NS 795 329    Landranger 71              near Craigend, Coalburn

Glass SS Jl 1 (4) 5;  Glass SS N/L Oct 1966

 

BARLOCCO, CAVES OF                NGR NX 788 488    Explorer 321                                      Dalbeattie

Barnett 64, Barlocco and Orroland caves

Dick reprinted BC 9 9-10  Caves in Galloway - between Auchencairn and Dundrennan on the coast ... At the end of Barlocco Bay .... Great Cave of Barlocco ... Coves or Caves of Coveland... and at Graignarget

Dick 73, reprinted BC 36 38

Dumfriess-shire & Galloway Natural History and Archaeological Society: Transactions. 1880-83  Series II 3 61

Harper, Malcom M'L 1896 Rambles in Galloway 2nd ed  59, reprinted BC 36 59

Macleod 173,

Platt, Richard 1991  Smugglers Britain.  Cassell.  full text and some pictures was available at: 

http://www.smuggling.co.uk/web/text/smug65.htm   but this has now been delete.  The author can be contacted at:

http://www.smuggling.co.uk/details.html          accessed 12.07.07

Shaw, W T, 1974  The Mines of Auchencairn Mem NC&MRS 2 (4) 163-174

Sloan, 94,  Black and White Coves both afforded settings to S R Crockett's The Raiders and Scott's Guy Mannering

Statistical Account 1845  4 356  "Two caverns upon the Barlocco shore, called the White and Black Cove".

Young, Ivan 2004 The Black and White Caves of Barlocco.  GSG Bul Ser 4 2 (2) 15-18

 

BARRA, CAVES OF

Bock, Bettina and Eric Zehmke 1987 Caving in the Outer Hebrides.  BC 101 18-20

Branigan, Ken and Foster, Patrick,  1995 BARRA / Archaeological Research on Ben Tangaval.  This is the first of a series of volumes recording the fieldwork of the University of Sheffield Environmental and Archaeological Research Campaign in the Hebrides.  These first reports focus on the wild and rocky peninsular of Tangaval in the south west of Barra.  In this seemingly inhospitable place the team discovered almost 250 sites, ranging from rock shelters dated around 4000 BC to the settlements abandoned when the inhabitants sailed to America and Australia in the mid 19th century.

 

BARRA see OUTER HEBRIDES

Bock, Bettina and Eric Zehmke 1987 Caving in the Outer Hebrides.  BC 101 18-20

Branigan, Ken and Foster, Patrick,  1995 BARRA / Archaeological Research on Ben Tangaval.

 

BARRACKAN ROCK SHELTER  NGR NM 774 036?      1" OS 52                                           Knapdale

Campbell & Sandeman 6, No 3

 

BARR CHALLTUIN, UAMH          cNGR NR 862 730  1" OS 58                          Loch Fyne, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 8

Tolan-Smith 9

White 84

 

BARR DRISEACH ROCK SHELTER     NGR NR 7040 8017 1" OS 58                                     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith 22

 

BARRIE'S see JEANIE BARRIES' CAVE

 

BARR NAM FUARAM NORTH ROCK SHELTER   NGR NR 7422 8886    1" OS 52             Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

BARR NAM FUARAM ROCK SHELTER     NR 7387 8880             1" OS 52                          Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22 No 104 KL

 

BARR NAM FUARAM SOUTH ROCK SHELTER [1]   NGR NR 7422 8885    1" OS 52       Knapdale

Tolan-Smith 18

 

BARR NAM FUARAM SOUTH ROCK SHELTER [2]      NGR NR 742 2 8885    1" OS 52     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  19

 

BASS ROCK CAVE                          NGR NT 602 873    Landranger 67                         off North Berwick

Anon ND [early 1970s] East Lothian District Council / Department of Leisure, Recreation and Tourism / The Bass Rock.  IC/9

Anon  1982 reprint.  The Bass Rock.  Largo Field Studies Society.  1-2

Baxter 528

Brazier, Paul; Davies, Jon; Holt, Rohan; and Eleanor Murray 1998 South-east Scotland and north-east England / Area summaries.  Joint Nature Conservation Committee.  17-22 sub-littoral caves.

Crie, Rev T M et al 1848 The Bass Rock, its civil and ecclesiastical history, geology, martyology, zoology, and botany.  436, illus.  Edinburgh. 84-5 part of the geology  section by Hugh Miller

Croal, D, 1904 Sketches of East Lothian.  4th ed 220.  The Courier, Haddington.  Cave 145

Dickson, John, 1899 Emeralds Chased in Gold: or The Islands of the Forth; There Story, Ancient and Modern. 323, illus.  Oliphant Anderson & Ferron, Edinburgh 154-155  Bass Rock Cave with a good description from Hugh Miller, Geology of the Bass.

Grant, Donald C; Bunyan, Stephen A; Goring, Thomas M; Long, Hamish; Martin William, R; and Monaghan, Wallace 1974 The Bass Rock / An introduction by the Visual Aids Group of The East Lothian Committee for Research in Education, with a foreword by H George Waterston.  East Lothian County  Council Education Committee.

GSG 4 (3) 4

Haswell-Smith 408-410, cave mentioned on 410

Lane, Jane 1st ed 1950, Fortress in the Forth.  Andrew Dakers Ltd, London.   183, 224-226, 261, location map.

Pennant  58 and opposite a hand coloured plate showing cave entrances.

Scots Mag 1966  526,

Steers 268

Tindall 265

Tranter, Nigel March 1966 The Bass.  Scots Mag 84 (6) 523-531  

 

BEALACH NA MOINE ROCK SHELTER [1]       NGR NR 769 8 9196     1" OS 52      Knapdale

 

BEALACH NA MOINE ROCK SHELTER [2]      NGR NR 768 0 9162       1" OS 52    Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

BEALACH NA MOINE ROCK SHELTER [3]      NGR NR 765 0 9143       1" OS 52    Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  23

 

BEALACHANUARAN GROTTO                             NGR NN 095 093         Landranger  56      Inveraray

Alternative name: Bealach Fhuarain Wellhead.

Buxbaum, Tim 1989  Scottish Garden Buildings / from Food to Folly.  Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh.  145-146, illus.

http://inverary.webbiz.co.uk/pages/content.asp?PageID=118    accessed 18.10.05

Headley 51

 

BEALACH NA MOINE ROCK SHELTER [1]       NGR NR 769 8 9196     1" OS 52                 Knapdale

 

BEALACH NA MOINE ROCK SHELTER [2]       NGR NR 768 0 9162     1" OS 52                 Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

BEALACH NA MOINE ROCK SHELTER [3]       NGR NR 765 0 9143     1" OS 52                 Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  23

 

BEARRERAIGBAYCAVE             NGR NG 515 525    Landranger 23                                               Mull

 

BEINN AN CAILLICH CAVE                                  NGR NG 600 233         Landranger 32               Skye

Speleo SWETCC N/L 12 (2) 63-4

 

BEINN AN DUBHAICH CAVE                                NGR NG 589 184         Landranger 32               Skye

Faulkner, T. 1974 Beinn an Dubaich Cave Rising.  CDG N/L NS. (32) 12

Jeffreys, A L 1980 Meet Report.  25.10.80.  GSG Logbook (3) 215-6

Pryer, Colin 2004 Cave Dives on Skye.  Bull GSG Ser 4 2 (2) 11-12 survey.  Rising is connected to Beinn an Dubhaich Cave.

 

BEINN EIBHNE CAVE                   NGR 380 905           Landranger 60                                       Colonsay

 

BEL CRAIG (OR CRAG) POTHOLE                      NGR NO 541 109         Landranger 59         Fifeshire

BC 78 40-41 sketch survey.

Yuill 21

 

BELLANOCH HILL ROCKSHELTER                   cNGR NR 797 921       1" OS 58                Knapdale

Campbell & Sandeman 6

Tolan-Smith  9, 17

 

BELLOCHANTUY CAVE                                         NGR NR 6630 3229     1" OS 65                    Kintyre

aka BELLACHAGHAOCHAM CAVE

Bede 1861 2 147 quotes Hebrides p 197,  "Dined at a tolerable house at Barr, visited the great cave of Beallachaocham, near the shore, embarked in a leaky rotten boat". [from Boswell & Johnson?]

Bede 1861 2 147;  ibid 2 185, 188, 244

Statistical Account 1845 7 378   Bealochachaochean, one of the largest caves, contains a spring of excellent water, without any visible outlet.

 

BELLOUECAVE                                                       NGR 0123 5260   Explorer 30                        Stanraer

Bond, Clare 2000 Morroch Bay, Site of Special Scientific Interest.  Earth Science Management Brief Project.

 

BENACHULLY, CAVES OF            NGR NO 070 490    Landranger 52                         Clunie, Perthshire

Statistical Account 1791-99  9 257

Statistical Account 1845 10 1025

 

BEN LOYAL CAVE                          cNGR NC 567 494  1" OS 10                                              Sutherland

Report by Jim Salvona.

 

BENNAN HEAD CAVE                   NGR NX 091 866    1" OS 72                                                     Girvan

Brotchie, T C F [1911?] Rambles in Arran.  61, illus 31

Glas SS Jl 1 (1)

GSG 3 (3) 9

Hall 1912 47

Hall, T S, 1947 Tramping in Arran.  3rd ed.  Falkirk.  112, illus.  Caves 54, 73

MacBride  33 reprinted BC 23 56;  34 55

M'Arthur  85

Robertson, Elizabeth 1993  Snib Scott, Banker to Caveman.  Scot Mag 139 (2) 141-144, illus.

Statistical Account 1845 5 55-56

 

BERNERAY, CAVES OF           NGR NL 54 9 802        Landranger 31    Outer Hebrides

Two islands with the same name about 100 km apart.  Glad I am not a postman.  

Earnshaw, K W [editor] The RAFOS Expedition to Berneray and Mingulay 10 June to 6 July 1985.  Journal The Royal Air Force Ornithological Society. (17) January 1987.  22 refers to a large cave at Sloc Greiligeo NGR NL 560 797 and Townley's Cave.

Haswell-Smith 167 location map, refers to this cave as Sloc na Beiste (Gaelic - Ravine of the Monster).

Sutherland  139

 

BERNERAY                                NGR NF 9 1 83              Landranger 18             North Uist

A small island to the north of North Uist.  Martin 68

 

BERNIE, CAVE NEAR                    NGR NJ 22 62         1" OS 29                                  Elgin, Morayshire

Statistical Account 1791-99  9 163  A cave in the middle of a steep huge rock.  Geldloch was according to tradition, inhabited 100 years ago by a band of ruffians.

 

BHEAG, UAMH                        NGR NN 70 0 119            1" OS 54                            Callender, Perthshire

David Foster, personal communication 17 Aug 2004

McOwan, Rennie 1994 The Cradle of Kidnapped.  Scots Mag 154 (12) Dec 602-609

McOwan, Rennie 2004 Bothy Ballard.  Scots Mag March 252

 

BHREACHAN'S, UAMH                 NGR NM 688 008   1" OS 52                         Baghan Muc Bay, Jura

Bede 1861 1 304

Haswell-Smith 44

Martin 237

Murray 55-57, 73, 74

Parker  46

Thornber 463

Tolan-Smith  8

 

BIG CAVE see KEIL CAVE and see also under *JURA, CAVES OF.

 

BILLY MARSHALL'S (or Mershall) CAVE       NGR NX 49 9 678     1" OS 80                           Galloway

Blackwood's Magazine 1817

Fleming, M, 1969 A Hunt for Two Caves.  The Scots Magazine, NS 90 (4) Jan 356-364, illus

MacCormick, Andrew  1906 The Tinkler-Gypsies of Galloway.  not seen

Macleod  37, 107

Holmes  49

 

BINNS, THE                                      NGR NT 050 775    Landranger                                              Bo'ness

Inland from Blackness on the Forth and once connected by an underground passage to the port is the mansion of Binns, home of General Tam Dalyell in 1630.  About 1881 Sir Robert Dalyell had the underground passage walled up as visitors entering it had been affected by bad air and a dog which venture down did not return.  The entrance is believed to be under the eastern tower.

Lang, Theo 1st ed 1952 Edinburgh and the Lothians / The Queen's Scotland.  Hodder & Stoughton, London.  157, 159.

 

BLACK CAVE                                   NGR NR 994 203    Explorer 361                       Bennan Head, Arran

aka The Monster Cave

Anderson 1863 106

Brotchie, T C F [1911?] Rambles in Arran.  61, illus 31

Glas SS Jl 1 (1)

GSG 3 (3) 9

Hall 1912 47

Hall, T S, 1947 Tramping in Arran.  3rd ed.  Falkirk.  112, illus.  Caves 54, 73

MacBride  33 reprinted BC 23 56;  34 55

MacGregor 1972 157

M'Arthur  85

Statistical Account 1845 5 55-56

 

BLACK CAVE see BARLOCCO, CAVE OF

 

BLACK CAVE                       NGR NX 0575 7091            Explorer 309                                          Stranraer

Macleod 248

 

BLACKMILLBAYCAVE              NGR NM 734 8 0822                    Explorer 359                           Oban

Haswell-Smith 60 location map.

 

BLACKNESSCASTLE                    NGR NT 055 803    Landranger

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 35  A prison pit.  See also BINNS, THE

 

BLASTER HOLE                NGR HY 622 028        Landranger 6                      Horse of Copinsay, Orkney

Haswell-Smith  289-290

 

BOAT CAVE                                     NGR NM 323 351   Landranger 46                        Staffa, Argyllshire

Anon 1833 Some Accounts of Natural Caverns and Grottos.  Saturday Magazine (42) 79 [in Platten's Notes 25]

Black's 1873 480

Donaldson 388

Keddie  51-52

MacCulloch1927b  24

MacCulloch 1934  59 and on

MacDonald  19

MacNab  218

Muirhead  351

Murray 1805 39

Murray 1810 108

Shaw 8 Item 34

 

BO DUBHA, UAMH NAM              NGR NR 6996 7222        1" OS 58                   Knapdale, Argyllshire

aka Old Tobermory's Cave.

Campbell & Sandeman 8, No 34

Tolan-Smith 9, 15-16 S

 

BOES' CAVE                                     NGR NR 688 074    1" OS 65                          Dunaverty, Argyllshire

Bede 1861 1 200

Bede  171

McKerral, A, 1948 Kintyre in the 17 century.  Oliver and Boyd, London.  61-62

Macvicar, Rev Angus J  1965  The book of Blaan/A personal history of Southend. pub privately.  48-51

Smith, Wm 1835 June Views of Campbelton & Neighbourhood.  pub by the author Edinburgh.  19 "to be sent to France with one hundred country fellows whom we had smoked out of a cave, as [20] they do foxes",

Statistical Account 1845 7 414

White 1873  110-111

 

BONNIE PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE see PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE

Andrew  13, Bonnie Prince Charlie spent a week on Skye: 29 June - 4 July 1746

Douglas, Hugh, and Stead Michael J 2000 The flight of bonnie Prince Charlie.  190 pp, illus.  Sutton, Glos.  

 

BORERY see OUTER HEBRIDES

 

BORLAND FARM CAVES             NGR NT 062 462    1" OS                                 Walston, Lanarkshire

Two caves on Borland Farm, in the vicinity of Walston Well.  One is 40 feet long, 3 feet wide and 5 feet high.  The vein of heavy spar is reputed to have been mined by Germans in 1526

Statistical Account 1845 6 850-851

 

BORNESS CAVE                              NGR NX 621 447    1" OS 80                           Borgue, Kirkcudbright

Anon 1864-65 Borness Cave, Field Meeting.  Dumfries & Galloway NH & AS Ser 11 (3) 67

Blake  59, 81

Bryson, Alexander 1850 Borness Cave [?] Edinburgh New Phil Journal. not seen

Childe, P S,  239-241

Childe, Gordon V, 1940  Prehistoric Communities of the British Isles.  245

Clarke, W B, and Johnson, R T, 1874  On the osseous remains of the Borness Bone Cave.  PSAS 10 499-507

Clarke, W.B. (1876) Notice of excavations in the Borness Cave in the summer of 1874. PSAS 11 305-309

Clarke, W.B. (1878) Final report on the Borness exploration. PSAS 12 669-681

Corrie, A.J., Clarke, W.B. & Hunt, A.R. (1875) On a cave containing bones and objects of human workmanship at Borness, Kirkcudbrightshire. PSAS 10  476-507

Corrie, Adam J, William Bruce Clarke and Arthur R Hunt 1874  On a cave containing bones and objects of human workmanship at Borness, Kirkcudbrightshire.  PSAS 10 476-499 plates xvii-xxii

Cullingford 1962  302

Curle, J. (1932) An inventory of objects of Roman and provincial Roman origin found on sites in Scotland not definitely associated with Roman constructions. PSAS 66 332-333.

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Holmes  53

Hunt, A R, 1883 The Borness Cave.  Rep Brit Assoc 53Trans Sect 561

Jones  10

Kilbride-Jones, H.E. (1938) Glass armlets in Britain. PSAS 72 374-375.

Macleod 179

McTaggart, John 1824  The Gallovididian Encylopedia. London, refers to this cave as Carlines Cove

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (1914) Fifth Report and Inventory of Monuments and Constructions in Galloway, II, County of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. RCAHMS, Edinburgh.

Robertson, A.S. (1970) Roman finds from non-Roman sites in Scotland. Britannia 1: 198-226.

Scott, J.G. (1976) The Roman occupation of South-West Scotland from the recall of Agricola to the withdrawal under Trajan. Glasgow Archaeological Journal 4: 42.

Sloan  151

Stevenson, R.B.K. (1976) Romano-British glass bangles. Glasgow Archaeological Journal 4: 46.

 

BRAEMAR, CAVES OF                  NGR NO 260 950    Landranger 44                Crathie, Aberdeenshire

Statistical Account 1845 12 650

 

BRAES OF CRASKIE CAVE      NGR NH 30 0 345        Landranger 26            Cannich, Inverness-shire

Barnett 115-116

 

BRANDARSAIGBAYCAVE[1]    NGR NG 254 392    Landranger 23                                              Skye

 

BRANDARSAIGBAYCAVE[2]    NGR NG 255 393    Landranger 23                                              Skye

 

BRANDY CAVE see under ARBROATH

 

BRANDYCAVE                   NGR NX  883 541               Explorer 313                                   Portling Bay

Macleod 132

 

BRANDY CAVE                               NGR NO 681 437    Landranger 54                                        Arbroath

 

BREACAN'S  CAVE   see BHREACHAN'S CAVE

 

BREAGAIRE, UAMH NAM           NGR NG 717 438    1" OS 25                          Applecross, Ross-shire

Mehew, B. 1977 Uamh nam Breagaire, Applecross.  Bull GSG 2nd Series. 1 (5) 35

Ryder, P. 1982.  Expedition to Skye and Applecross, 1982.  Bull GSG 2nd Series 3 (5) 30

 

BREDDOCK CAVE                         NGR                         Landranger Port Logan

Smith, Gavin D 2003 The Scottish Smuggler  74 Breddock Cave in Clanyard Bay, west coat of the Rhinns, just south of Port Logan.  Smugglers' caves in Mull Heads.

 

BRINDLE'S RIFT CAVE                 NGR NG 729 443      1" OS 25         Applecross, Ross and Cromarty

GSG Ser 3 4 (5) 9-10

 

BRUCE'S CASTLE CAVE               NGR NR 868 687    Explorer 357                                             Tarbert

A cave beneath the ruined castle.

Carmichael, Alasdair Sept 1970 Better than all the Isles.  Scots Mag 93 (6) 517-527, illus.

 

BRUCE'S CAVE [1]  NGR NY 265 705  Landranger 85 (marked),    Kirkpatrick Fleming, Dumfriesshire

AA 202

Aberdeen Press and Jl 17-2-49

Anon 1969 Bruces Cave  CSS N/L 12 (3) 26-27

BC 8 5 reprint of Mclagan 1875  The Hill Forts and Stone Circles etc

BC 60 12

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 299-300

Descent (190) 7  The Earl of Elgin proposes a Robert the Bruce Heritage Trail.

JSH 8 (3/4) 33

Kempe 1988 234

Mason, Edmund J 1977  Caves and Caving in Britain 94

MCG N/L (94) [6]

Mombasa Times, Kenya 12-4-51

Oldham T & A 1972 Discovering Caves 24-25.  Shire Press, Tring

RRCPC Jl (6) 1971-72  25

Statistical Account 1791-99  13 273.  Description of Robert the Bruce's Cave, but the cave is not named.

WCCJl 8 (94) 58-59

 

BRUCE'S CAVE [2] see KING'S CAVE, Arran

 

BRUCE'S CAVE [3] see JEDBURGHCAVE

 

BRUCE'S CAVE [4]                          NGR NN 290 060    1"OS 53                                                  Arrochar

BC 32 44

Butler ,J, 1962 Fissure Caves.  East Devon Caving Group.  Caving (1) 6

Cooper, R G 1983 Mass Movement Caves in Great Britain.  Studies in Speleology 4 40

 

BUCKHAVEN GASWORK'S CAVES        NGR NT 34 7 974  Landranger 59   East Wemyss, Fifeshire

see East Wemyss, Caves of, for references.

 

BUDDO ROCK CAVES                   NGR NO 55 30        Landranger 54                                          Dundee

Merrill 164

Scots Mag 112 (6) 666 photo.  March 1980

Silver, Section 4

Steers 261 a number of caves all associated with the 25 ft level.  The NGR puts these caves in the sea.

 

BURGHEAD AND BRANDERBURGH    NGR NJ 23 71        Landranger                                        Nain

Jones, Duncan 1998 A Wee Guide to the Picts.  Edinburgh & Musselburgh, Goblinhead. 48 Burghead Well NGR NJ 110 690.  Reach by a flight of worn steps.

Shepherd, Ian 2nd ed 1996 [1st ed was 1986] Aberdeen and North-East Scotland.  HMSO, Edinburgh.  141.

Steers 224 "The low cliffs between Burghead and Branderburgh are for the most part old cliff, now out of reach of the waves.  There is locally a path or rough road at their foot.  The contain some caves, and are also associated with the rock bench".

 

BURGHEADCASTLECELLAR    NGR NJ 10 9 691     Landranger                                                Moray

At the east end of the word is the great well chamber, cut out of solid rock, with a water-filled cistern surrounded by a platform. Despite later modifications, this well is thought to have belonged originally to the Pictish fort.

Anon 1981 Burghead Well.  Ancient Monuments of Scotland.  Scottish Development Department.  Brochure.

Anderson 1863 491, 492

Ritchie 135-136

 

BULLERS OF BUCHAN                        NGR NK 110 381        Landranger 30   Cruden Bay

AA  123, 138, plate 25

Beautiful Britain 1 69 illus

Boswell, J, 1773 The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson (reprinted BC 14 83)

Chapman 18, 222-223

Complete Scotland by Ward Lock and Co reprinted BC 31 69

Delaney  122

Douglas, Francis 1826 A General Description of East Scotland ...    274  D Chambers & Co, Aberdeen (first printed Alexandra Weir, Paisley 1782) 228

Geikie 46 engraving

Gorton, John 1831 Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland [not seen]

Hutchinson 1 44, 69 photo, Valentine &Sons Ltd.  Also shown are "Rocks in Cruden Bay" and the "Twa Een" or two eyes - rock arches.

Laughlan 25

Lockhart  259 (Sir Walter Scott's visit)

MacTaggart, Fiona 1998  Bulers of Buchan Coast. SSI.  Earth Science Site Documentation Series.  42

Maine  61 refers to Johnson's visit

May & Hanson  Bullers of Buchan, Aberdeenshire 103 - 107, map, photo.  Map shows the location of nine caves, but unfortunately they are not named..

Muirhead  320

Muirhead 1947 320

Pennant 1724  130, with a wood cut opposite.

Rogers 47 engraving, 48, 51

O'Brian 49

Statistical Account 1791-99  5  435 & 436 "Of caves there are a good number, but none of them remarkable."

Steers 234

Stuckley, E, 1956 A Hebridean Journey with Johnson & Boswell 37-38

 

BURGHEAD CAVES                    NGR NJ 18 0 710             Landranger 28           near Elgin, Morayshire

Scott-Moncrief 155

Elgin Past & Present

 

BURNTISLAND SEA CAVES         NGR NT 23 0 850    1" OS 55                              Burtisland, Fifeshire

Statistical Account 1845 9 405

 

*BUTE, CAVES OF THE ISLE OF including Great and Little Cumbrae Islands                                        

                                                                                   NGR NS 060 620       Landranger 63              Buteshire

see also Claremont Cave, King's Cave [2], Monk's Cave and Waterloo Cave.

Anon ND Nature Trail No 5.  South end of Bute.  The Bute Natural History Society.

Bryce, T H, 1904 On the cairns and tumuli of the island of Bute.  PSAS 38 17-81 ( 42-44 cave at Freeland)

Bevan, P, 1962 The Caves of Bute.  PAS N/L (18) 30-32

Buteshire Natural History Soc Trans 8 1915

Cullingford 1962  329.  Two sites on the isle of Bute revealed no artefacts; excavation at Freeland on the Isle of Great Cumbrae revealed fragments of worked limestone and 2 bone needles.  Waterloo Cave on Little Cumbrae only produced kitchen refuse.

Cunningham, Craig, E H et al 1911 Mem Geol Surv, Scotland.  The Geology of Colonsay and Oronsay.

Haswell-Smith 15 location map.

Hill, Julian 1979 Reading the landscape of Bute through its geology.  WEA West Scotland District.  57, location map.

Hutchinson  1  262, The Lion Rock.  Holes in a trap-dyke.  Photo by Valentine & Sons.

Lacaille  197 Freeland and Waterloo (or Russell) Caves.

Marshall, D, 1939 A survey of the caves of Bute and the Cumbraes. Trans Buteshire Nat His Soc 12 113-115.  Freeland Cave 115-116,; Waterloo Cave NGR NS 141 508 17-118

Statistical Account 1791-99  12 415    Cimbracs, Ayrshire, West Kilbride.  "Island of Little Cumbray.  Island are no fewer than seven caves.  Two of the are very remarkable.  One of them is a square room of 32 feet, so high in the roof, that a person may stand upright, and seems to be the work of art.  The other the largest of the whole, penetrates so far, as never by yet to have explored".  Legendary tales of superstition.

Steers 106  "there are six or more caves on Little Cumbrae, the largest is Monk's Cave...  The others are small but in Waterloo Cave three district layers of shell and bone deposits were found.  Marshall 1939".

 

BYRIPSCOVECAVE                      NGR NT 865 8 7089                      Landranger 67                Eyemouth

 

CAILLICHE PEIREAG, UAMH see ASSYNT, caves of

 

CAILLEACH, UAMH NA see NUNS' CAVE

 

CAILLEACH BHEAG RUAIVAL, UAMH-NA see ST KILDA, Caves of

 

CAIPLIE CAVE                                       NGR NO 5998 0583    Landranger 59                    Crail, Fifeshire

also known as Caplawchy, Caiple Chapel Cave and Hermits Cave and Hermit's Well  [Cailple?]

Anon 1976 What to see in East Fife / Twelve trails for walks or drives.  Standing Council of East Fife Preservation Societies.  No page numbers.

Anon ND [c1984?] Crail Heritage Trail.  [Crail Preservation Society?] 6.

Anon c1986 The Isle of May.  Wemyss Environmental Education Centre. 11

Buchanan 5 death of King Constantine in this cave.

Chapman, Alison, 2002 A String of Pearls / The Coastal Path from St Monans to Crail 38 pp.  Describe St Fillan's Cave and the caves at Crail.  The Crail caves have been lived in for over 2000 years.  In the 9th century St Adrian and his followers carved the many crosses on the wall of Chapel Cave.  Hermits cave was the abode of "Covey Jimmy Gilligan in 1910.  SB £4.95

Dickson, John 1899 Emeralds Chased in Gold; or, The Islands of the Forth: Their Story, Ancient and Modern.  Edinburgh, Oilphant, Anderson & Ferrier.

Eggeling, W J, 1960 [2nd ed was published 1985] The Isle of May / A Scottish Nature Reserve.  Oliver & Boyd, London & Edinburgh.11, 13

Geddie, John 1927 The Fringes of Fife / New and Enlarged Edition, Illus by Arthur Wall and Louis Weirter.  159, 160

Glasgow Herald  4 August 1955

Gentelmans Magazine Part 2 1865

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 9-10.

GSS 1 (4)

Fleming, D H, 1886 East Neuk of Fife.  33-35

http://www.rcahms.gov.uk    accessed 14/03/2005

Hutchinson  2  The Caves, Crail.  Photo by Valentine & Sons.

Jackson, Rev John, ND [1946] Official Guide to Crail, revised by J Gordon Dow.  illus  60

Jackson, A, 1984  The symbol stones of Scotland: a social anthropological resolution to the problems of the Picts.  Kirkwall.

Jones, Duncan 1998 A Wee Guide to the Picts.  Edinburgh & Musselburgh, Goblinhead. 49 Caiple Chapel Cave

Keay, Alex 2000 Cove Jimmy.  Scots Mag March (3) 662.  Jimmy Gilligan lived in the cave for 11 years.  B&W postcard illustration.

Lang 1951 16

Millar, A H, 1895 Fife: Pictorial and historical.  Its people, burghs, castles and mansion.  Westwood, Cupar.  2 vols. Vol 1 12-13 illus.

Murray, J E L, 1963 Rock Cut Symbols in Caiplie Caves.  PSAS 94  324-325

RCAHMS 1933  169-170 No 337.

Ritchie J N G, 1985 Pictish symbol stones: a handlist 1985.  Edinburgh 5.

Robertson 163

Simpson, J Y, 1867  British Archaic Sculpturings. 173

Stuart  -- Sculptured Stones of Scotland. ii 89, 139-90

Sutherland, Ian, April 1998  Our Pictish Past / Ian Sutherland traces the history and heritage of the Picts in Fife.  Scots Mag 148 (4) 377-381

Thirkell, Alison 1976 Auld Anster [=Anstruther].  Buckie House Gallery, Anstruther.  4-5 illus.

Thomas, C, 1963  The interpretation of the Pictish symbols.  Arch Jl 120 1963 95.

Wace, A J B, et al 1915 Cave Excavation in East Fife.  PSAS 49 242-224

Watson, Harry D 1986 Kilrenny and Cellardyke / 800 Years of History.  Edinburgh 1896.  10-12 Caiplie Caves, 3 photos.

Wynton, J ND Cronykil of Scotland. b VI C8 [from rcahms]

Yuill 21

 

CAIRD'S CAVE [1]                NGR NH 74 0 580                  Landranger 27          Rosemarkie, Ross-shire

M'Lean, Mrs, 1931 [donation of an archaeological collection from Caird's Cave, Rosemarkie, Ross-shire collected by Dr William M'Lean]  PSAS 65 412

 

CAIRD'S CAVE [2]                          NGR NK 0550 3065 Landranger 30         Collieston, Aberdeenshire

Young, Ivan, 1996  The Lost Cave GSG Ser 3 4 (1) The Lost Cave of Slains 27-30,

 

CAIRN HOLY CHAMBERED CAIRNS                         NGR NX 518 540 & NX 517 538     Landranger                                                 Gatehouse of Fleet

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 36

 

CAIRNS HILL, CAVES OF             NGR NT 07 48        Landranger 72                                         Dunsyre

Grant 18 "Th wild glens, recesses, and cave around the Cairn Hills and the Garval Syke, as around Dunsyre, were sheltering places for the persecuted Presbyterians in the Covenant times ..."

 

CAIRN O'GET                                  NGR NH 313 441    Landranger                                               Lybster

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 34.  Chambered Cain.

 

CAIRNPAPPLE                                 NGR NS 917 787    Landranger

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 36.  Chambered Cairn.

 

CAITLOCHCAVE                            NGR NX 766 5 9199                      Explorer 320 and 328      Moniaive

Marked Caitloch Cave on Explorer 320 and 328.  nb the NGR is the `C' of Caitloch.  Min (dis) and Pit (dis) noted nearby.  Moniaive is a little village lying among the hills in the upper part of the Cairn Valley.  James Rens Renwick, the martyred Covenanter, was born here in 1662.

Hutchinson  1  Caitloch Cave.  Photo by Valentine & Sons.

 

CALCITE CAVE see ASSYNT, Caves of

 

CALAMAN CAVE                            NGR NG 587 159    Landranger 32                                              Skye

 

CALAN, UAMH NAM                     NGR NR 8391 5215        1" OS 65                                        Grogport

 

CALCANAUS CAVE                        NGR NG 612 9 2469                     Landranger 32                         Skye

 

CALLERCOVE POINT CAVE        NGR 932 652           Landranger 67                               St Aub's Head

 

CALMAN, NA UAI                           NGR NC 90 03        Explorer 441                              Brora, Caithness

Pennant 1774  173, 357, 336

Jeffreys, Alan 2001 Richard Pococke's Tours of Scotland-Some Extracts.  GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 12

 

CALMAN, UAMH NAN                  NGR NM 40 5 294                        Landranger 38                         Mull

 

CALUMAN, NAM UAMH see ASSYNT, CAVES of

 

CAMAS NA H-UAMHA                  NGR 253 376           Landranger 23                                              Skye

 

CAMPBELLTOWN COAL MINES

see The Caves of Kintyre and Mid-Argyll by Tony Oldham

 

CAMUSFEARNACAVE                  NGR NG 70 01        Explorer       413                                    Knoydart

Landranger 33.  The real name of Maxwell's Camusfearna is Sandaig; a memorial marks the site of his cottage.  There are several caves mapped on the coast to the north and south of Sandaig.

Joe & Jeannie Wilson lived in this cave as described in Gavin Maxwell's - Ring of Bright Water.

 

CANDLESTICK CAVE              NGR NG 24 8 363            Landranger 23                     Idrigill Point, Skye

MacCulloch 1927a 88-89

 

CANNA CAVE                                        NGR NG 240 055        Landranger 23                       Isle of Canna

Anderson  245

Baxter 526

Ritchie, Graham and Mary Harman  ND Exploring Scotland's Heritage / Argyll and the Western Isles.  Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland.  HMSO, Edinburgh.  158 mentions two short souterrains at NGR NG 244 062

 

CANTIRE (archaic) see KINTYRE, MULL OF

 

CAPTAIN IVY'S CAVE                     NGR NC 842 660            1" OS 10              Strathy Bay, Sutherland

Cordiner, Rev Charles 1760 "Antiquities and Scenery of the North of Scotland. In a Series of Letters to Thomas Pennant Esq. By the Rev. Charles Cordiner of St. Andrews Chapel, Banff. MDCCXXX".

Grindley, D 2001 Captain Ivy's Cave. GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 29-31 S

GSG Ser 4 1 (5) 48-50  Detail account describes how Captain Ivy spent over a year hiding in the cave.  The Laird of Strathy sent his servant Sutherland MacKay daily to the cave with fresh food and victuals.

Temperley, A, 1977 Tales of the North Coast.  Research Publishing Co, reprinted Luath Press 1999.

http://www.mackaycountry.com/start.htm   accessed 14.10.05

 

CAPUILL, UAMH                                   NGR NS 093 523        Explorer 361                              see BUTE

 

CAPULL, UAMH NA                       NGR                         1"                                                                    Jura

RCAHMSS 1984  19

Tolan-Smith  8

 

CARA see GIGHA

 

CARDING MILL BAY CAVES           cNGR NM 846 294        1" OS                            Oban, Argyllshire

Bonsall, C. & Smith, C.  1992  New AMS dates for antler and bone artefacts from Great Britain. Mesolithic Miscellany 13 28-34.

Bonsall, C. & Sutherland, D G  1992  The Oban caves. In Walker, M J C. et al. (eds) The South-West Scottish Highlands. Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 115-121.

Bronk Ramsey, C., Pettitt, P B, Hedges, R E M., Hodgins, G W L. & Owen, D C  2000  Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 30. Archaeometry 42: 459-479.

Connock, K D. (1988) Carding Mill Bay (Kilmore and Kilbride parish) shell midden and later inhumation. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1988: 23.

Connock, K D. 1990  A shell midden at Carding Mill Bay, Oban. Scottish Archaeological Review 7: 74-76.

Connock, K D,  Finlayson, B,  & Mills, C M, 1992 Excavation of a shell midden site at Carding Mill Bay near Oban, Scotland Glasgow Arch Jl 17 25-38

Hedges, R E M. 1993  Radiocarbon dates form the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 17. Archaeometry 35:           305-326.

Macklin, M G & Rumsby, B T 1991  Geomorphological survey of caves and rockshelters in the Oban District, Scotland. Unpublished report, Historic Scotland, Edinburgh.

Pollard  187, 241, 242, 247, 248, 283

Saville & Hallén  716

Tolan-Smith 6

Wickham-Jones  72, 81

 

CARLINES COVE

aka as Borness Cave.

McTaggart, John 1824  The Gallovididian Encylopedia. London, describes a Covenanter called Dixon who hid in this cave.

 

CARLUNGIE SOUTERRAIN        NGR NO 51 1 359   Landr 54 marked Souterrain    Dundee, Angus

About 7 miles east of Dundee just north of the A 92 road.  Take the B962 turning, northern and a mile, at the cross road, turn east, the souterrain is one mile further on and is marked on the 1" OS map.  Excavated in 1949-51 it is 140 feet long and has a main entrance and three subsidiary ones and eight huts were found on the surface, nearby.  Scheduled Monument 90059.  See also Ardestie Souterrain which is nearby. 

Gibson, Colin  Courier 1983 and Broughty Ferry Guide and Comastie Gazette.

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 13.

Mackie 186

Small, Alan and Lisbeth M Thoms ND [1985?] The Picts in Tayside.  Sponsored by the Graham Hunter Foundation.  Dundee[?].  32

 

CARN CAVE                          cNGR NR 68 0 935                      Explorer 355                                        Jura

Mercer  55, 62, 67

RCAHMS 1984 19, 302

 

CARN MHIC T-SRONAICH          NGR NF 881 890    Landranger 18                                           Pabbay

Haswell-Smith 222

 

CAROL'S CRAWL      NGR NO 63 7 709            Landranger        FifeNess

L 4.6 m.  This small sea cave penetrates a large red calciferous sandstone block, and the entrance, although facing inland, appears to be within the limit of high spring tides.  The entrance is 1.1m high by 0.9 m wide, narrowing slightly towards the roof.  The cave is a short natural tunnel, gradually narrowing and lowering over its length until, at 4.6 m long it is only 0.5 m high, 0.6 m wide at the base, and 0.2 m wide at roof level.  First surveyed by C Morrison, April 1982.

Access: Park at Golf Course Fee 30p [2006] and walk south-east along track (Danes' Dyke) to the coast.

Yuill  22

 

CARRA see GIGHA

 

CARSAIG ARCHES                               NGR NM 495 186       Landranger 48                                     Mull

AA  128

Anderson 1863 177

Beautiful Britain 1 129

Campbell, Barbara 1994  Mulling around.  The Countryman 99 (3) 39-44

Haswell-Smith 79

Hutchinson  1  Photo by Valentine & Sons.

Keddie, 27, 130-133, illus 131

MacDonald 14, 38, 55

MacLean  34-36 illus

MacNab 26

MacNab P A 1969 Secrets of Carsaig.  The Scots Magazine. New Series 91 (3) 212-214

Muirhead 354

Mull & Iona 37, 49

Murray 1805 27

W L Oban 92

 

CARSAIG BAY FISSURE CAVE          NGR NR 7353 8811    1" OS 52         Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  2

 

CARSAIG ISLAND CAVE              NGR NR 731 5 8908          1" OS 52                                      Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

CARSAIG SOUND BOULDER CAVES        NGR NR 735 0 8923    1" OS 52                             Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

CASTLE SWEEN CAVE                  NGR NR 7122 7883       1" OS 58                                         Knapdale

Campbell & Sandeman 6

RCAHMS 1988 208

Tolan-Smith  9, 17

 

CASTLE SWEEN SOUTH CAVE       NGR NR 712 7 7857    1" OS 58                                         Knapdale

Campbell & Sandeman 6, No 6

Tolan-Smith  21

 

CATERAN'S CAVE                          NGR NO 236 792    Landranger 44                         Cortachy & Clova

Dorward 131, 132

Gibson, Colin 19?? A Highland Refuge.  The Courier

Gibson, Colin, 1977 Highland Deer Stalker.  William Culross & Son Ltd, Coupar Angus, Perthshire.  122-123 [1st edition was published in 1958 by Seely, Service & Co, London.]

 

CAT'S CAVE                                     NGR NO 13 5  226  Landranger 58                                      Perthshire

To the west of Windy Ghoul, in the steep face of Kinnoull Hill.

 

CATHAN-AODAICH, UAMH NAN see WEB CAVE

 

CATHEDRAL CAVE                              NGR NM 473 835       Landranger 39                          Isle of Eigg

Donaldson  257

Lockhart 286 Sir Walter Scott's visit 26 August 1814

MacGregor 1937 177

Murray 138

Parker 46

Redfern, R A, 1973 A mountaineer on Eigg.  Climber and Rambler.  12 (9) 371

Redfern  85

Simpson  102

Snab (Devotion Cave) 102

Statistical Account 1791-99   17 287-288  Uamba Chrabhuidh (the Cave of Devotion) in which Roman Catholics attend mass. 

Sutherland 172

Urquhart, Judy and Ellington, Eric 1987 Eigg.  Canongate Publishing Ltd, Edinburgh.  42 Cathedral Cave and photo.

W L Oban  97

 

CAVE(S) OF  ... look up under Proper noun /Place name.

 

CAVES OF SKYE see Ryder, P.F. 1995. Caves of Skye. Edinburgh, Grampian Speleological Group, Occasional Publication No. 7.

 

CAVE OF THE ARROWS               NGR NG 450 245    Landranger 32                                              Skye

 

CEANN, UAMH-NA-                             NGR NM 477 585       Landranger 47                                     Mull

Gordon 1950 177

Hannan  42

MacDonald  46

 

CHAOL, UAMH see STRATHY CAVES

 

CHLOINNDIRIDM, UAMH see EIGG

 

CHAPEL BAY FISSURE CAVE           NGR NR 7506 7678       1" OS 58                                     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

CHAPEL BAY ROCKSHELTER         NGR NR 7500 7677       1" OS 58                                     Knapdale

Log entry 28 No 190304

Tolan-Smith  21

 

CHLUNANAIDH, UAMH see CLUNY'S CAVE

 

CHLOINN IAIN, UAIMH                 NGR NM 5 0 70                  Landranger 47                 Ardnamurchan

aka Cave of the MacIains

Gordon 245-246

 

CHRABHUIDH, UAMBA (THE CAVE OF DEVOTION) see CATHEDRAL CAVE

 

CHRAIDH-AT BAILEGRUNAIL, UAMH-     NGR NM 84 5 395      Landranger 80                   Lismore

Marked on 1" OS map as Uamh nan Cradh.  A story is told of a piper and his dog having entered this cave - Uamb-Chraidh-at Bailegrunail, intending to come out at Uamh-an-duine, which is at Creaganaich.  It is alleged that the piper was heard playing right across the island, the music ascending through earth-holes - talamh-tuill - on the way the burden of his lament being:-

 

Mis air airin baidh 'us burrail

Measg nan glumag eagalaich

Uamh Chraidh am Baile-ghrunail

Uamh-an-Duin' an Creaganaich.

 

I drowning and howling

Amongst the horrid pools

The Pain Cave in Bailegrunail

The Man Cave in Creaganaich.

 

The dog came out at Uamb-an-Duine hairless and sightless, but the playing ceased and the piper never emerged.  The conclusion is that the cave contained impassable pools, in one of which the piper was drowned.

 

Similar stories are told of many other places from Ireland to India and from Britain to Japan, and probably with as much foundation in fact.

 

Carmichael, Alexander LLD. 1909  The Barons Of Bachuill.  The Celtic Review April 15.  356-375

 

CHRISTIE HOLE                                   NGR HU 160 610        1" OS 2                               see Papa Stour

see Papa Stour, Caves of, in Caves of Northern Britain.

 

CHROM, UAIMH                                  NGR NM 821 254       Explorer 359                                       Oban

Gordon 1949 234

 

CHURCH CAVE see RONA

 

CLACH NA EASBUIG                    cNGR NR 861 760   1" OS 58       Loch Fyne, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 6

Tolan-Smith  9

 

CLACHTOLL SEA CAVE                      NGR NC 039 267        1" OS 13                                    Sutherland

 

CLAIGIONN, UAMH NAN see SKULLS, CAVE OF

 

CLAIGIONN, UAMH NAN                   NGR NM 982 513       Landranger                         Bealach, Appin

see CAVES OF APPIN GUIDE BOOK

Thomason, Alan 1977  Down Under in Appin / Alan Thomson Scotland's deepest pothole.  Scots Mag 108 (1) 12-29, 9 photos.

 

CLAIGIONN, UAMH NAN             NGR: NM 848 294 1" OS                                                            Oban

Ordnance Survey Name Book (1870) 19: 60-61.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland(1975) Argyll, an Inventory of the Ancient Monuments, volume 1: Lorn. RCAHMS, Edinburgh.

Saville, A. & Hallén, Y. (1994) The `Obanian Iron Age': human remains from the Oban cave sites, Argyll, Scotland. Antiquity 68: 715-723.

Sinclair, J. ed (1794) The Statistical Account of Scotland Volume 11: 126-127.

 

CLAMSHELL CAVE                              NGR NM 325 353       Landranger 46   Staffa, Argyllshire

Black's 1873 480

Donaldson 389

Murray 1805 42, 170-171, 182.

Shaw 11 Items 47-51

Steers 143

Whittow 251

 

CLAN RANALDS' CAVE see MACDONALDS' CAVE

 

CLAREMONT CAVE         NGR NS 17 3 545    Landranger 63                Millport, Great Cumbrae Island

GSG 3 (1) 6 S

 

CLAONAITE, UAMH AN                NGR                                                                                            Assynt

see CAVES OF ASSYNT BOOK

Ackland, E & C Shepherd 1967 Cave at the Claonaite Sink.  KCC Jl (5) 35

Jeffreys, Alan L, 1979 Uamh an Claonaite.  BC 75 Christmas.  1-5, survey, illus.

Stephen, Kenneth 2006 Underground Treasures.   Scots Mag 165 (5) 466-8

 

CLATTO CAVE                                NGR NO 358 072    1" OS 56                                     Cupar, Fifeshire

Statistical Account 1791-99  1 382,  Kettle, Fife, Kings Kettle.  On the old road from Cupar to Kinghorne.  The grounds of Clatto Den are still deserted.  In the face of the brae is a cave, said to communicate with the old castle of Cupar.  Used by robbers, but the cave has now been obliterated.

 

CLAVA CAIRNS                              NGR NH 752 439-NH 760 445    Landranger                      Inverness

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 36.  Chambered cairns.

 

CLEAVES COVE CAVE                        NGR NS 317 474        Landranger 63   Dalry, Ayrshire

BC 12 73; 30 109-110; 32 80-92

Birchley, S L 1943 Cleave's Cove. BC 10 64-65S

Cullingford 1962 148

Forsyth's 1805 Beauties of Scotland

Gieke  Prehistoric Man in Scotland

Glas SS  1 (1); 1 (4) 65 S.  Glas SS N/L July 1967

Jones 10

Kempe 1988 196

Knibbs A J 1955 Dusk Valley, Ayrshire.  Personal Diary, 1 51 S MSS

New Statistical Account, Ayrshire, Dalry Parish.  211, 287-305

Pont, Timothy,  1604-1608  Cunninghame Topographized

Robertson, George, 1820  Topographical Description of Ayrshire

Smith, J 1889 Cleaves Cove, Dalry, Ayrshire.  Archaeological and Historical Collections relating to Ayrshire & Galloway.  6 1-16, 3 plates inc S.  [condensed from Trans Geol Soc Glasgow 1885, 7 part 2, ref BC 10 65]

Smith, J 1894 Monograph of the Stalactites and Stalagmites of the Cleave Cove, near Dalry, Ayrshire.  34 pp 36 plates.  Elliot Stock, London

Smith, J, 1895 Prehistoric Man in Ayrshire  $89.11 3/12/03  .  248, 281 figs.   Cleeves Cove 62-68 illus.

Statistical Account 1791-99  12 105 to 108.  A good description, but cave is not named.

Statistical Account 1845 5 211  A good description, but cave is not named.

 

CLONEFARMCAVE                      NGR                         Landranger Port William

Smith, Gavin D 2003 The Scottish Smuggler  74 Breddock Cave in Clanyard Bay, west coat of the Rhinns,just south of Port Logan.  Smugglers' caves in Mull Heads.

 

CLUNY'S CAVE or CAGE                NGR NN 675 961        Landranger 35             Ben Alder, Perthshire

Barnett  119

BC 14 78 reprinted from Statistical of Scotland by Sir John Sinclair

Brown, Dave and Mitchell, Ian 1987 Mountain Days and Bothy Nights.  Luath Press Ltd, Barr, Ayrshire.  54-55 Clunie's Cage

Drummond, Robert, J, 1947 All Around Scotland.  Edinburgh, London.  The Ettrick Press, Ltd. 75 Cluny Macpherson's Cave.

Eyre-Todd  202

Forster, Margaret  1973  The Rash Adventurer.  The Rise and Fall of Charles Edward Stuart.  331, illus, map.  Sekar and Warburg, London.  176 Cluny's Cage

Gordon 1948 162-163 reprinted BC 29 6 suggest that the `Cage' was a two storey shanty, made of wood. 216-220 a small cave and not easy to find.

Gray, Affleck 1987 Legends of the Cairngorms. Edinburgh, Mainstream Publishing.  43- 47 Clun's Cave,  48- 54 Cluny's Cage

Linklater 120-122

Mais  45

McLaren  164 refers to `Cluny's Cage´ where Bonnie Prince Charlie hid for a time with Cluny Macpherson

Motoring 191

Murray 1968 238

Shaw 14 Item 65

Trainer, David 2005 March.  Cluny Macpherson's Cage.  Scots Mag 162 (3) 253-256 illus.  Gives the correct location.

 

CNOC MOINE BOULDER CAVE       NGR NR 711 0 7335     1" OS 58                                     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

COBBLER'S CAVE      NGR NN 262 059   Landranger 56     Ramshead Ridge, Ben Arthur, Argyllshire

BC 32 44; 33 pt 1 26-27

Cooper, R G 1983 Mass Movement Caves in Great Britain.  Studies in Speleology 4 40

Glas SS 1 (1); 1 (4)

Scottish Mountaineering Club Jl 22 (130) Nov 1940

 

COCKBURN'S CAVE                      NGRNT205 675    Landranger 66                                         Colinton

A cave in the hills above Torduff Reservoir.

Grant 177

 

COIRE MULROONEY, CAVES OF see CAVES OF APPIN GUIDE BOOK

 

COIRE SHEILEACH, UAMH               NGR NN 030 496        Landranger                        Sheilach, Appin

see CAVES OF APPIN GUIDE BOOK

Thomason, Alan 1977  Down Under in Appin / Alan Thomson Scotland's deepest pothole.  Scots Mag 108 (1) 12-29, 9 photos.

 

COLLY CAMB'S CAVE                  NGR                         Landranger                                         Blackwater

Colly Camb was a giant who lived in a cave on the south slope of Mount Blair.  Colly had a giant wife, her name was Smoutachanty and her cave was further up the Isla at Auchintaple.  Cooly was stoned to death for robbing a corn mill.  Nobody went near the cave for years, then two brave men ventured in to explore it.  A while later someone heard their voices from underground near the Alrick Burn almost two miles away.  The two men were never seen again.

Fleming, Maurice, 1995 The Ghost o'Mause and other tales and traditions of East Perthshire. With a forward by Sir William Macphersson of Cluny.  Edinburgh, The Mercat Press.  21-22

 

COLDBACKIESSEACAVES      cNGR NC 610 605        Explorer 447                               Kyle of Tongue

Steers 59

 

COLM'S HOLE                                NGR NT 659 993    Landranger 59                                   Isle of May

 

COLONEL'S CAVE                                NGR NO 087 887        Landranger 43                                Inverey

Eyre-Todd 207

 

COLONEL NAIRNE'S GROTTO         NGR NO 5 1x 16x        1" OS 56                 St Andrew's, Fifeshire

aka Queen Mary's Grotto and St Leonard's Grotto.  It may have been a surface-built summer house rather than an underground feature.  Personal communication, Colin McLeod July 2005.

Anon 2003 A sense of place- discovering St Andrews.  St Andrews Preservation Trust leaflet for St Andrews Week describes St Leonard's Grotto in the grounds of St Leonard's School.

Fleming, D Hay 1924 [one of many]  Handbook to St Andrews.  J & G Innes, St Andrews.  52

Delaney  85  In Queen Mary House, St Andrews

Rogers 28, 30

 

*COLONSAY, CAVES OF                     NGR NR 370 940        Landranger 61                          Argyllshire

There are at least 4 islands in Scotland called Colonsay.  Expect some confusion.

Donaldson, M, 1926  Further Wanderings, Mainly in Argyll.  reprinted BC 32 26-27

Glass SS Jl 1 (4)

Gordon 1949 301

Gordon 1950  192-193

Grieve, Symington 1880 Preliminary note on the discovery of a bone cave at the Island of Colonsay.  PSAS 14  318-324  [Crystal Spring Cave]

Grieve, S 1883 On the Crystal Spring Cavern, Colonsay.  (second communication) PSAS NS 5 365

Haswell-Smith 46 Uamh Uir (gaelic - The Cave of Gravedust); 47 Piper's Cave

Jardine, D C, J Clarke, P M Clarke 1986 The Birds of Colonsay and Oransay / Their History and Distribution.  41 Rock Dove in Piper's Cave and other caves. [ref Murray, F 1887 Summer in the Hebrides, Glasgow]

Kempe 407

MacGregor, A A, 1952 Skye and the Inner Hebrides reprinted BC 29 5

Murky  43

PSAS 14 381; 15 140; 17 351, 363

RCAHMS 1984  18-19

Steers 146, 155  Oronsay.  There are four caves at Port Eaasdail, eight more are listed in the Memoir.

Stevenson, William, communicated by Dr Arthur Mitchell. 1881 Notes on the Antiquities of the islands of Colonsay and Oransay.  PSAS 15 (181) 113-147.  New Cave [Crystal Spring Cavern] 140-141.  Bonnie Cave 141.

 

CONDYLE CAVE                             NGR NG 617 4 2430                     Landranger 32                         Skye

 

CONSTANTINE'S CAVE      NGR NO 633 101   Landranger 59       under Craighead Farm, St Andrews

Anon 1976 What to see in East Fife / Twelve trails for walks or drives.  Standing Council of East Fife Preservation Societies.  No page numbers.

Anon 1981 Fife Coastal Walk / Walk No 5 Kingsbarns to Crail.  Wemyss Environmental Education Centre.  no page nos, Walk No 5

Anon ND [c1984?] Crail Heritage Trail.  [Crail Preservation Society?] 6.

Bayley  780

Childe, V Gordon, 1935 The Prehistory of Scotland.  Kegan Paul Trubner, London.  226

Cullingford 1962  301

Geddie, John 1927 The Fringes of Fife / New and Enlarged Edition, Illus by Arthur Wall and Louis Weirter.  172-173

Glasgow Herald 4 August 1955

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 10.

Irish Naturalists' Jl 7 (4) Dec 1938  109

Hunter, Fraser,  1996 Recent Roman Iron Age metalwork from Fife and Tayside. Tayside and Fife Arch Jl 2

Jackson 109

Jackson, J, ND [1946] Official Guide to Crail revised by J Gordon Dow  55

Jones  36

Lang 1951 51

Lübke  36

PSAS 3 208; 49 241

Ritchie, James, 1918  Cave Hunting in Scotland.  Scottish Naturalist 77  97-102

Robertson 162

Wace, A J B, et al 1915 Cave Excavation in East Fife.  PSAS 49 233-255

Yuill  22

 

CORMAC'S CAVE see FEAR, UAMH NA

 

CORMORANTS' CAVE                        NGR NM 324 352       Landranger 46   Staffa, Argyllshire

Adams, W H D, Beneath the Surface reprinted BC 32 21

Black's 1873 480

Lockhart  287

MacCulloch 1927b  27-28

MacCulloch 1934  64

MacNab  218

Muirhead  351

Murray  108

Shaw 12 Items 54 to 57

 

CORPACH CAVES                           cNGR NR 57091 5   Explorer 355                                                  Jura

Martin c1695  269

RCAHMS 1984  19, 332, 450

Statistical Account

Tolan-Smith  8

 

CORR EILEAN CAVE               cNGR NR 675 7561" OS 58                            Corr Eilean, Sound of Jura

Campbell & Sandeman 7, No 8

Tolan-Smith  10

 

CORRIE CAVES                                    NGR NS 024 437        1" OS 66            Corrie, Arran

Anon ND Isle of Arran, Official Guide.  64.  Caves 34,36

Downie  60

Glas SS Jl 1 (1); 1 (4) 36

GSG 3 (3) 8

Hanley, Cliff ND [1950?] Arran, A Tourist's Guide Book.  36, illus.  John Menzies and Co, Glasgow.  25

McLellan  155, 176

NCMRS Mem 1968  75

 

CORRIEDOE CAVE see PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [6]

 

CORRIES CAVE                     NGR NH 406 104        Landranger 34              Loch Ness, Inverness-shire

 

CORRIE CAVES                              NGR NS 024 437    Explorer 361                                                  Jura

 

COUPAR ANGUS TUNNELS         NGR NO 223 5 3975                     Landranger 53         Coupar Angus

Tradition has it that a tunnel under Coupar Angus Abbey goes all the way to the ruined castle at Pitcur.

Fleming, Maurice, 1995 The Ghost o'Mause and other tales and traditions of East Perthshire. With a forward by Sir William Macphersson of Cluny.  Edinburgh, The Mercat Press.  19-20

 

COURT CAVE                                  NGR NT 343 969    Landranger 59               East Wemyss, Fifeshire

See also East Wemyss, Caves of

Buckley et al 1974

Kempe 408

Scot Moncrieff, M C, 1985 The Court Cave / A Scottish Tale of the Sixteenth Century.  Albyn Press, Edinburgh. 

Spel 1 (2) 33

Sutherland, E 1994 In search of the Picts.  Constable, London.  231

 

COVE CAVE [1]                                NGR NG 816 895.  Landranger 19                      Cove, Wester Ross

References:

Barnett, T Radcliffe, 1946, Cove, 145

Chadwick, Steve 1992 Poolewe to Gruinard, Selected Walks and Caves with Historical Narrative. p 1

Grindley, Anne and Dick. 2002  Meet Report, Cove Cave, Cove Wester Ross.  GSG 4th Ser  (3) 30 

Jermy, A Clive 1994 The Distribution of Gametophyte of the Killarney Bristle-Fern Trichomanes speciosum  in North-West Scotland with notes on its Ecology.  Prepared for Ro Scott, Scottish Natural Heritage.

Shaw, Donald 2002 100 Years in Wester Ross 1900-2000 p15. 

Rough Guide to Scottish Highlands and Islands p 264.

 

COVE, CAVES OF [2]       NGR NT 783 718  1" Landranger 67         near Cockburnspath, Berwickshire

Baxter 525

Drummond, Robert, J, 1947 All Around Scotland.  Edinburgh, London.  The Ettrick Press, Ltd.  21-22

Geikie 50

GSG 2 (5) 2

Kempe 407

Weir, Tom, Nov 1978 On Top of the Bass.  Scots Mag 110 (2) 177-183

 

COVE, CAVES OF [3]       NGR NT 784 718  Landranger 67 near Cockburnspath, Berwickshire

GSG 2 (5) 2

 

COVE, CAVES OF [4]       NGR NT 788 716  Landranger 67 near Cockburnspath, Berwickshire

Anon  ND Views of Dunbar and Vicinity.  no publisher.  illus of Cave harbour and cave.

Geikie 51

 

COVENANTER'S CAVE        NGR NO 41 7 148        Landranger                                                Dura Den

This cave is situated in the picturesque Dura Den, once famous for its fossil fish beds which were extensively quarried by British Museum expeditions.  Just south of the telephone box, the cliffs east of the road are formed from thick beds of yellow or creamy soft sandstones of the Upper Old Red Sandstone age.  The cave can be seen below a prominent pine tree, approximately 15 m above the road, opposite the former Yoolfield Mill.  It is most easily approached from above, and then can be entered by traversing a narrow ledge from the south.  The cave consists of a simple chamber. It is thought to have been a refuge or hide during covenanting times.

Yuill 22  [same as Covenanter's Cave [2]?

 

COVENANTERS' CAVE [1]       NGR NS 7798 6436      Landranger 64        Airdrie, North Calder Water

Correspondence with Monklands Heritage Society.

Statistical Account 1791-99   7 280 described as artificial

Statistical Account 1791-99  16 325  Three miles higher on the north bank of the Calder, in the middle of the steep rock upon which the house of Clelands stands, is a large natural cave, which has been improved by art, capable of holding 40 to 50 men, of difficult access.  The entry was secured by a door and an iron gate, fixed in the solid rock: the fore-place and part of the chimney and floor still remain.  The tradition is, that it had been used as a place of concealment in the troublesome times of the country as far back as Sir William Wallace; perhaps the hero himself, and his trusty band.  Also during violent feuds between the house of Cleland and Lauchope: especially in the convolutions of the country under Charlie's

Statistical Account 1845 6 784

Knox, John  ND Airdrie a Historical Sketch p 12

 

COVENANTERS' CAVE [2]            NGR NO 42 5 160                  Landranger 59       Kemback, Fifeshire

Statistical Account 1845 9 721

 

COVENANTERS' CAVE [3]            NGR NS 715 795                   Landranger 64     Kilsyth, Stirlingshire

Nimmo, William,  1880 The History of Stirlingshire. Third edition, revised, enlarged, and brought down to the present time, in two volumes. Hamilton, Adams & Co, London & Thomas D. Morrison, Glasgow

 

COVENANTERS' CAVE [4]             NGR NX 94 5 913                 Explorer 321                    Dumfriesshire

Sampson, The late Rev Robert of Sanquar, DD,  ND Traditions of the Covenanters or Gleaning among the Mountains. 

Wilson's Tales of the Border, Gleanings of the Covenant,  No 12 The Cairny Cave at Gavin Muir

 

COVENANTERS' CAVE [5]             NGR NT 374 593                Landranger 66             Currie Wood, Midlothian

 

COVENANTERS' CAVE [6]            NGR NS 51 28        Explorer 327                                         Mauchline

Mororing 66

 

COVE BAY SEA CAVES                  NGR NJ 956 0 0035           Landranger 38                             Aberdeen

South of Aberdeen, noted for type site of Dickie's bladder-fern

BSBI News [n/l of the Botanical Society of the British Isles] (101) January 2006 55.

Green, I P 2006 Filed meeting reports: Aberdeen City, Aberdeenshire and Kincardineshire (v c 91-93) 9-10th July 2005

Marren, Peter, 1984 The History of Dickies Fern in Kincardineshire.  Trans Bot Soc Edinburgh 44 157-164

Marren, Peter, 1984 The History of Dickies Fern in Kincardineshire.  Pteridologist 1 27-32

PSAS 10 630

Page, Christopher N, 1988 Ferns / Their Habitats in the British and Irish Landscapes.  The New Naturalist Series No 74.  Collins, London.  100, 101-102  More on Dickie's bladder-fern in the sea caves of Kincardineshire.

Wiggington, M J 1999 British Red Data Books 1 Vascular plants.  Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.  Cystopteris dickieana  Dickie's bladder-fern in the sea caves of Kincardineshire.

 

COVES, THE                                     NGR NO 599 058    Landranger 59                                    St Andrews

A series of sea-excavated rock arches.  The larger cave contains incised crosses high up on the east side and several slots and ledges witness to human habitation, perhaps over several thousand years.

Solver, Section 11

 

COVESEA CAVES                                  NGR NJ 180 710         1" OS 29                                  Morayshire

Statistical Account 1791-99   21 208  Extensive sea caves of the coast, also an abundance of freestone quarries.  And in these rocks are some very extensive grand caverns, reaching underground farther than can be searched: some 100 yards, others more, in breaths, and from 60 to 100 yards in height; others smaller, frequently scooped out by the sea.

Black's 1873 391

Jones, Duncan 1998 A Wee Guide to the Picts.  Edinburgh & Musselburgh, Goblinhead.  51

Quarrell, W H, 1907 Covesea Caves Notes and Queries s/o viii 368 [available on the net, $16/day]

Ward Lock ND [c 1950] 7th ed. Guide to Inverness, Strathpeffer, Nairn, Forres, Elgin and Northern Scotland. 90

 

COWSHAVEN CAVE                             NGR NJ 913 662         Landranger 30       Rosehearty, Aberdeen

AA  243

Muirhead 391

Scots Mag 1980 May 173

Statistical Account 1791-99  12 577  Caves in Pistil parish called Cow-haven, which runs up through the country - nobody knows how far.  There are two in the bay of Aberdour, near the church, through which the tide shows.  the end of the this cave is dry at low water, covered with fine sand and affords a pleasant retreat in a warm summer's day.  It is 90 feet long, 22 feet broad and 11 feet high.  The other cave is 42 feet long and never quite dry at low water.  It is 100 feet long, 24 feet broad and 13 feet high.

Statistical Account 1845  12 259 Lord Pitsligo hid here after the battle of Culloden.

 

CRAIGEND CAVE see WALLACE'S CAVE

 

CRAIGHALL CAVE                         NGR                         Landranger                                         Blairgowrie

Birlinn 1998  769 Craighall Cave, two miles north of Blairgowrie

 

CRAIGIEHOWE CAVE          NGR NH 685 523        1" OS 28                     Munlochy, Ross & Cromarty

see also Feinns, Cave of the

Anon ND [c1986] Walks in the Black Isle. Ross and Cromarty Tourist Board.  Brochure.

Marshal;, Elizabeth 1973 [revised ed pub 1986]  The Black Isle a portrait of the past.  42-43

Statistical Account 1791-99  12 274-5.  Kilmuir.  "There is a large cove in this parish, at a place called Craig-a-chow (name given to it for its famous echo) at the entrance to the bay of Munlochy, it is very large and reaches far into the rock, so far indeed that the farmers of the district we obliged to shut it up towards the hill with rubbish; for, when their sheep and goats strayed into it, they were never seen or heard of again.  The mouth of was made up with stone and lime several years ago by traders who secured and secreted goods in it; but since that contraband has been abolished on this coast, the mason work is fallen into decay.  The cave could easily contain, I an told, a whole ship's cargo".  Goes onto explain the medicinally properties of water from this cave which will cure earache. 

Ward Lock ND [c 1950] 7th ed. Guide to Inverness, Strathpeffer, Nairn, Forres, Elgin and Northern Scotland. 123

Willis, Douglas P, 1989 Discovering The Black Isle.  John Donald Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh.  154, 156.

 

CRAG [CRAIG] OF THE CAVES   NGR NM 822 175   1" OS 52                                           Oban, Argyll

Coles, J M, 1984 Excavations at Kilmelfort Cave, Argyll.  PSAS 113 1983 (1984) 11-21 5 illus 1 table.

 

CRAIG AN STAIC ROCKSHELTER      NGR NR 767 0 7785            1" OS 58                          Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  18

 

CRAIGMILLAR CASTLE TUNNEL   NGR NT 283 705-NT 291 710 Landranger                   Edinburgh

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 32

 

CRAIG RUADH CAVE                    NGR NH                  Landranger                                       Tarbat Ness

May & Hanson  Tarbat Ness, Ross and Cromarty 90-94, map, photo.  Map shows the location of the cave.

 

CRAILING CAVES                            NGR NT 686 239        Landranger 74         Crailing, Roxburghshire

Berwick NHJ 1861 316 illus. not seen

Lang 126

 

CRAWLEY TUNNEL                       NGR 260 725-NT 265 738            Landranger                     Edinburgh

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 32

 

CRAWTON SEA CAVES                 NGR NO 87 79        Landranger 45                                 Crawton Bay

 

CREAN AN EIG, CAVE OF            cNGR NM 908 372 1" OS 52                                   Oban, Argyllshire

About 8 km north of Oban, a small cave at the foot of the crag.

RCAHMS 1975  12

 

CREANUN'S CAVE see GARTNAGERACH CAVES

 

CREAGAN AIRIGHE ROCK SHELTER       NGR NR 795 5 8208     1" OS 58                          Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

CREAG A'CHATHALAN CAVE    NGR                         Landranger                                      Coire Dheirg

Gray, Affleck 1987 Legends of the Cairngorms. Edinburgh, Mainstream Publishing.  55 Creag a'Chathalan Cave, in Coire Dheirg (Corryarrick), named after one of Cluny's daughters who sheltered there in a snow storm.

 

CREAG AN EIG, CAVE OF            cNGR NM 908 372 1" OS 52       Oban, Argyllshire

RCAHMS 1975  12

Tolan-Smith  6

 

CREAG MHOR ROCK SHELTER         NGR NR 7700 9410     1" OS 52                                  Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  20 No 123 KL

 

CREAG NAN UAHM BONE CAVE see ASSYNT, CAVES OF for 150 references

Callendar, J G, Cree, J E, & Richie, J 1927 Preliminary report on caves containing Palaeolithic relics, near Inchnadamph, Sutherland. PSAS 61 169-172

Cree, J E 1927 Palaeolithic man in Scotland.  Antiquity 1 218-221

Darling, F Fraser and J Morton Boyd 1969 The Highlands and Islands.  37, 75.

Delair, J B 1969 North of the Hippopotamus Belt:  A Brief Review of Scottish Fossil Mammals.  The Mammal Society Bulletin (31) 16-21, map.

Lambert, Robert, A, 1998  Species History in Scotland.  Scottish Cultural Press, Edinburgh.

Lawson, T J 1981 The 1926-7 excavations of the Creag nan Uamh bone cave, near Inchnadamph, Sutherland.  PSAS 111 7-20

Lawson, T J 1993 Creag nan Uamh.[in] Quaternary of Scotland, edited by J E Gordon and D G Sutherland.  Joint Nature Conservation Committee / Chapman & Hall.  127-133

Murray 1968 334-335

Murray, NA; Bonsall, C; Sutherland, D G; Lawson, T J; and Kitchener, AC, 1993 Further Radiocarbon determinations on reindeer remains of Middle and Late Devensian Age from the Creag nan Uamh Caves, Assynt, NW Scotland.  Quaternary N/L (70) June 1-10, location map.

Simpson 1968 36

 

CREANUN'S see GARTNAGERACH CAVES

 

CREICHE, UAMH NA                     NGR NR 708 659         1" OS 58                                           Knapdale

[=The Cave of Plunder].

Campbell & Sandeman 8, No 33

RCAHMS1988  209

Tolan-Smith  9

 

CRICHTON MAINS SOUTERRAIN   NGR NT 400 619  Landr 66 marked Souterrain    Midlothian

This souterrain is unusual because the masonry of which it is built incorporates dressed blocks  that have apparently been taken from a Roman building.  Some of these blocks cab be seen in the upper courses, on the right-hand side of the passage.  In addition to these dressed blocks, one of the lintels of the souterrain has a small carving of a Pegasus.  The winged horse, Pegasus was the emblem of one of the Roman Legions: the Legio II Augusta.  This also helps date the building of the souterrain to some time in the Antonine period in the second century AD.  The souterrain is entered via a 'creep` that leads to a curving passage 15 m long and 2 m wide.  It was re-roofed in the 19th century. 

GSG Ser 3 5 (5) 14

Wickham-Jones, C R 2001 The Landscape of Scotland / A Hidden History  Tempus, Stroud.  69

 

CRINAN FERRY ROCKSHELTER      NGR NR 79 5 936   1" OS 52                  Crinan Bay, Argyllshire

Butter, Rachel 1999 Kilmartin Scotland's richest prehistoric landscape / An Introduction and Guide.  Kilmartin House Trust.

Campbell & Sandeman 7, No 18

PSAS 15 103

RCAHMS1988 3, 10, 21, 208

Tolan-Smith  9

 

CRIPPLE'S CANYON see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

 

CROMARTY SUTORS, CAVES OF     NGR NH 80 5 674        Explorer 432      Cromarty

Baxter 525

Brown, P Hume 1893 Scotland before 1700 from contemporary documents  368  David Douglas, Edinburgh  76, 145

Bond, Miss, ND Letters of a Village Governess, illus

Kempe 407 Doocot or Pigeon (sometimes Dowcate ) Cave.  150 feet long along a fault line and accessible only by boat - and then with some effort.  It has the remains of a wall built by some entrepreneur to guard for himself the - probably wild - birds.

Marshal;, Elizabeth 1973 [revised ed pub 1986]  The Black Isle a portrait of the past.  42-43

Miller 1835 48 Cave at Sutors, 69 Morial's Den, 81-82 Witch's Hole, 172-127 cave, 202 Smugglers Cave, 280, 283, 314-324, Dropping Cave, 325 Fiddlers Well.

Miller, Hugh 1877 The Old Red Sandstone... 385 & 16, illus.  William P Nimmo, London.  Cave 131 footnote.

Miller, Hugh 1891 My Schools and Schoolmasters or the Story of my Education.  562.  William P Nimmo, Hay & Mitchell, Edinburgh.  71-84

Muirhead 1947 395 Eathie Burn Caves, best seen from the sea.

Pennant 1774  183-4  Sutters of Cromartie

Scots Mag 97 (6) Sept 1972 590-592.Dropping Cave and MacFarquhar.

Southey  121

St John, Charles 1980 [reprint, 1st ed 1919] Wild Sport & Natural History of the Highlands.  James Thin, The Mercat Press, Edinburgh.  196-198

St John, Charles 1982 A Scottish Naturalist / The Sketches and Notes of Charles St John 1809-1856.  [compiled from the 3 published books by St John + unpublished illustrations].  Andre Deutsch, London.  107-109

Statistical Account 1791-99   12 246  "Cromarty      Ross and Cromarty, Cromarty.  A large rock arch - M'Farquhar's Bed, natural arch which allows the sea to pass in and out.  Nearby is a cave close by the sea, with a man-sized entrance.  Inside there are numerous stalactites.  "The cave is quite accessible and is truly a curious phenomenon".

Willis, Douglas P, 1989 Discovering The Black Isle.  John Donald Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh.  153,

 

CRÒCAN CAVE see LOCH BRITTLE SEA CAVES

 

CRUACH NAN DOIR CHOILLTEAN ROCKSHELTER       NGR NR 761 3 7865  1" OS 58  Knapdale

 

CRUGGLETON CLIFFS CAVES    NGR NX 486 436    Explorer 311                                        Garlieston

from a postcard on Ebay 9¼ miles se of Wigtown

 

CRUCIFIXION CAVE    NGR NR 76 2 200  1" OS 65               Isle of Davaar, Campbeltown, Argyllshire

AA  126

Atkinson 1985 122, 123

Beautiful Britain 1 121, illus

Bede 1861 1 67

The Bulletin [a Glasgow newspaper] 11/4/56  8

Campbeltown Courier 20 Aug, 3 Sept, 10 Sept 1887; 19 May 1934

Campbeltown Guide ND [1971] Mearns Publications, Aberdeen.  27

Carmichael  129, 153

Carmichael, Alasdair Nov 1970 Through the Gap - then down, down, down to the lighthouse.  Scots Mag 94 (2) 130-140, illus.

GSG 4 (1) 29; 4 (2) 13

Haswell-Smith 2

Haynes, James P 2000  Davaar Island, Campbeltown, Argyll, Scotland.  25, illus.  pub privately by the author, Mold, Flintshire

Hutcheson, Archie S 1900 May  Rock Art Scots Mag (111) (2) 

Hutchinson Vol 1  Picture Cave, Davaar.  Photo by Valentine & Sons.

Innes, Agnes W S 1954  Campbeltown - That's only half the story.  Scots Mag 62 (1) 1-6 October.

Lawson, Tim 2003 Some Caves of Kintyre.  GSG  Ser 4 1 5  Oct 21-28 S

The Listener  26th April 1956

MacGregor  48-49, illus & opp 64.  Reprinted BC 23 55

Martin 1984 193

Martin, Angus 1994 Sixteen walks in South Kintyre.  pub Kintyre Civic Society  13-15

Muirhead  156

Murray 1968 109

News Chronicle  18 Oct 1933

Newton  13, 49-50, illus.

Scots Mag  1970 Nov 135

Shand, Willie 2003 Kintyre: Almost an Island.  Scots Mag Aug 136-139, colour photo.

Shell Guide to Scotland  124 reprinted BC 54 9

Smith, W, 1835 Views of Campbelton and Neighbourhood

Statistical Account 1845 7 454

 

CULSH SOUTERRAIN                    NGR 504 054           Landranger Tarland, Aberdeen

Seven km north of Aboyne, on B 9199 (torch at farm).  The souterrain is curved in plan, 14.3 m long and 1.8 m wide.  There is a cup-mark near the base of the north wall.

GSG Ser 3 5 (5) 14

Shepherd, Ian 2nd ed 1996 [1st ed was 1986] Aberdeen and North-East Scotland.  HMSO, Edinburgh.  140.

 

CRUSIE, THE see under ARBROATH

 

CULROSS SUBTERREAN PASSAGES                          NGR             Landranger                         Culross

A blind piper and his dog enters these tunnels and only the dog returns.

Cook, Helen 1983 A Haunting of Ghosts and an Unsolved Mystery of St Andrews.  Dundee, David Winter & Sons Ltd.  76

 

CURVED CAVE see CHROM, UAIMH

 

CRYSTAL SPRING CAVERN              NGR NR 390 980        Landranger 61                 Isle of Colonsay

Grieve, S, 1880 Preliminary note on the discovery of a bone at the island of Colonsay, PSAS NS 2 318-324

Grieve, S, 1884 On the Crystal Spring Cave. (second comm). PSAS NS 5 351-364

Jones  5

Knight, Rev G A F, 1913 Archaeological notes from Perthshire and Argyllshire.  Trans Perth Nat Sci.  157-158

Murray  7

Parker  44

 

CULLEN CAVE                                NGR NJ 54 677       Landranger 29                                  Moray Firth

This is a little crevice in the rock, too small to be called a cave, but Charlie Marioni, a deserter from the French navy, lived here for 13 year after World War one. 

Millar, T A 2000 Visiting Cullen's Caveman.  Scots Magazine 152 (6) 661.  Reader's letter following a visit with B&W photo.

Saunders, Andrew, 2000 The Cullen Caveman.  Scots Mag 152 (3) March 316-317, photo.

 

CULZEAN CASTLE CAVES        NGR NS 23 3 103    1" OS 72 Culzean Country Park, Ayrshire

Anon 2005 2000 year old find at Culzean. Scotland in Trust 22 (3) 10 Autumn/Winter.

AA  139

Atkinson 90  Culzean, pron Cullane

Beautiful Britain 1 154

BC 8 5-6 (from Maclagan, C, 1875 The Hill Forts, Stone Circles etc).  BC 14 78

Dick  391-392

Glas SS 1 (4) 56-7, S 67; N/L Oct 1966; Dec 1966; Feb 1967; April 1967; July 1967; Oct 1967; Jan 1968; May 1968

Jones  6

Muirhead 1947 173

Paterson's Ayrshire 2 269

Shell Guide to Britain  152 reprinted BC 54 9

 

CUMBRAE, LITTLE AND GREAT ISLAND OF see BUTE, CAVES OF THE ISLAND OF

 

CUNDY MOLE CAVE           NGR NN 5192 2661    Landranger 51                  Creag Ghlas, Stirlingshire

Salvona, Jim 2005 Cundy Mole Hole.  GSG Ser 4 2 (4) 41-42 S

 

CUNNDAL CAVE               NGR NB 51 2 657           Landranger 8            Bute of Lewis, Outer Hebrides

MacGregor 1937 184, 193

 

DALKEITH CAVES                         NGR NT 336 680    Landranger 66                        south of Edinburgh

Anon ND [1970s] Dalkeith Park / Nature Trails / Guide book

 

DALRY'S HOLE see CLEAVE COVE

 

DARK CAVE                                           NGR NO 673 428        Landranger 54                 Arbroath, Angus

 

DAOINE, UAMH NAN, see RAASAY, CAVES OF

 

DASHER'S DEN                                     NGR NX 000 537        1" OS 79                                   Portpatrick

Statistical Account 1791-99 1 27

 

DAVAAR ISLAND CAVES see CRUCIFIXION CAVE

see Caves of Kintyre

Steers 94

Whitehead, G Kenneth 1972 The Wild Goats of Great Britain and Ireland. David & Charles, Newton Abbot. 116

 

DEIL'S [colloquial] = DEVIL'S CAVE see KINCRAIG CAVES

 

DEVIL'S DINING ROOM  O'Brian 38

 

DEVOTION CAVE see CATHEDRAL CAVE

 

DHONN, UAMH          NGR 7510 6575        Explorer 448                                    Kirtomy Point, Sutherland

Pennant 1774 326

 

DHUBH, UAMH                      vcNGR NR 776 768         1" OS 58                          Achahoish, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 8, No 31

Tolan-Smith   9

 

DIAMOND CAVE   Mull of Galloway

BC 36 58

 

DICKMONT'S DEN CAVE                   NGR NO 660 417        Landranger 54                 Arbroath, Angus

Anon ND [1950] Guide to Arbroath and its Abbey.  36 pp J F Hood & Son, Arbroath.  23

Fraser, Duncan 1971  The Smugglers.  236, illus.  The Standard Press, Montrose.  15, illus

Steers 255

 

DILLYMAENAN CAVES                NGR NJ c680 648   1" OS 30                                                       Banff

Cullingford 1962  299

Hunter, J, 1868 Description of pit dwellings at Dilly-Moenanand the Miaave Craig, Tarlair, near MacDudd, Banffshire    PSAS 7  465-471

Statistical Account 1791-99  

 

DIPPEN HEAD CAVE                            NGR NS 050 224        Explorer 361      Arran

Brotchie, T C F ND [1911?]  Rambles in Arran.  61, illus.  30

Hall 1912  49

 

DIRK HATTERAICK'S CAVE       NGR NX 51 8 527        1" OS 73,80                   Ravenshall, Galloway

aka Torr's or Torrs Cave.

AA  18, 136, 143, 169

Anon 1853 Dirk Hatteraick in the cave, a painting by Charles H Weigall.  Illustrated London News April 23 p 305

Anon ND [c1972] Guide to Gatehouse of Fleet and District.  36, 16 pl

Anon 1914 Fifth Report of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, County of Stewarty and Kirkcudbright 298

Atkinson 86

Barnett  64

BC 64 3

Blake, B, ND The Solway Firth 177 reprinted BC 8 6; 9 10; 34 54

CRG Trans 3 (2) 118

Cullingford 1962  302

Dick  135, 1`43-146, illus reprinted BC 9 10; 43 10, 45 & 47

Dick, Rev C H, ND Galloway Glimpses reprinted BC 36 38

Donnachie & Macleod 120

Drummond, Robert, J, 1947 All Around Scotland.  Edinburgh London.  The Ettrick Press, Ltd.  42

Fleming, M, 1969 A Hunt for Two Caves.  Scot Mag. NS 90 (4) Jan 356-364, illus.  ditto Oct 4 a letter.

Gazetteer of Scotland reprinted BC 36 59 describes the entrance as a narrow crawl which opens up to 12 feet high inside

Glas SS Jl 1 (2), (3)

Graves, Charles Oct 1970 A Galloway Coaster.  18-24, photos.  Roger Quin lived in Dirk Hatteraick's Cave.

Irving, G, 1971 The Solway Smugglers' 72, illus.  R Dinwiddie & Co Ltd, Dumfries 26

Jefferson, J, 1938 The Compleat Smuggler reprinted BC 8 6

Jones  10

Kempe 407

Macleod, I F, 1969 Gatehouse of Fleet and Ferrytown of Cree.  Ancient Monuments and Historic Sites.  Studies in Galloway (2)  20.  see 18 item 206 and 19 item 208

Macleod 189

McCormick, Andrew.  1932  Galloway / The Spell of its Hills and Glens.  John Smith & Son (Glasgow) Ltd.  283 pp, illus, 122 Dirk Hatteraich's Cave.

Morris, S.V. 1937 Excavation of Torrs Cave, Kirkcudbright. PSAS 71 415-430, illus, figs S.

Nat Geo 112 (4) Oct 1957 464

Robertson, A.S. 1970 Roman finds from non-Roman sites in Scotland. Britannia 1: 198-226.

Scott, J.G. 1976 The Roman occupation of South-West Scotland from the recall of Agricola to the withdrawal under Trajan. Glasgow Archaeological Journal 4: 42, 44.

Scott, Sir Walter ND Guy Mannering (cave at Kirkdale or at Torrs = Dirk Hatteraick's Cave) mentioned  BC 36 58

Shaw 14 Item 67

Sloan  149, 208

Smith, Gavin D 2003 The Scottish Smuggler 71

Old Statistical Account 11 25 cited by Morris ibid

Statistical Account 1791-99 11 25

Statistical Account 1845  4 6 similar account to the above.

Statistical Account 1845 4 315 short description

Temperley  19, 272, 277,

 

DISTILLERY CAVE                         NGR NM 860 302   1" OS 46                                                       Oban

Ashmore, P J 1996 reprinted 2000  Neolithic Bronze Age Scotland.  128 pp, 85 B&W illus, 12 colour illus.  B T Batsford Ltd, London.  76

Cullingford 1962 300

Hallén, Y. 1994 Re-evaluation of the Human Skeletal Remains from MacKay Cave, Distillery Cave, and MacArthur Cave, Oban. Unpublished archive report, National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. 1995 Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system.  Archaeometry datelist 20. Archaeometry 37: 417-430.

Lacaille  208-209

Newell, R.R. et al. 1979 The skeletal remains of Mesolithic man in Western Europe: an evaluative catalogue. Journal of Human Evolution 8: 1-228.

RCAHMS 1975 5

Saville, A. & Hallén, Y. 1994 The 'Obanian Iron Age': human remains from the Oban cave sites, Argyll, Scotland. Antiquity 68: 715-723.

Tolan-Smith  6

Turner, W. 1895 On human and animal remains found in caves at Oban, Argyllshire. PSAS 29 410-438.

 

DOG KENNEL COTTAGE ROCKSHELTER       NGR NR 749 5 7675     1" OS 58                   Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  18

 

DOMHNUIL NAN ORD'S CAVE           NGR                                Landranger                       Loch Creran

see Caves of Appin

Weir, Ian 2005 A Life on the Land.  Part Fifteen: The Dog Star.  Scots Mag September 316-319

 

DONAL MOR'S CAVE              NGR                     Landranger                                                    Kindrogan

Donal, a poacher, hid in a cave in Kindrogan Rock.  Rather than face capture he hanged himself on Doal Mor's Knowe.

Fleming, Maurice, 1995 The Ghost o'Mause and other tales and traditions of East Perthshire. With a forward by Sir William Macphersson of Cluny.  Edinburgh, The Mercat Press.  80

 

DOO CAVE [1]                                        NGR NO 670 419        Landranger 54                 Arbroath, Angus

G[ardener], D A, ND [1973?] The Cliffs [in] Arbroath Official Guide  30

Kempe 407

Peterkin 54

 

DOO CAVE [2]                                  NGR NT 343 970    Landranger 59               East Wemyss, Fifeshire

Buckley et al 1974

Kempe 408 and photo on 409

Peterkin 45

Spel 1 (2) 33

 

DOO CAVE, LARGE see under Arbroath

 

DOOCOT CAVE see CROMARTY SUTORS, CAVES OF

 

DOON CAVE see KING'S CAVE, ARRAN

 

DOONAL, CAVE OF                        NGR ND 2432 7365     Explorer 451                                    Caithness

Marked Cave of Doonal on Explorer 451

 

DOUGLAS CAVE see LINTALEE CAVE

 

DOWALLY  CAVE                           NGR NO 000 470    Landranger 53                     Dunkeld, Perthshire

Caves in the back hills of Dowally.  Tenanted for months after the battle of Culloden.

Statistical Account 1845 10 997-998

 

DOVE CAVE see SUNLAWS CAVES

 

DOVE CAVES                       NGR NX 03 6 703                Explorer 30                                        Stranraer

Gregory, J W et al 1930 PSAS 64 247-264

Personal communication, John Picken, 15 March, 2005

 

DOVES CAVE                                         NGR NR 390 980        Landranger 61                             Colonsay

Grieve, S 1883 On the Crystal Spring Cavern, Colonsay.  (second communication) PSAS NS 5 351-352

 

DOWF HOLE                                    NGR NO 453 625    Landranger 44                                      Tannadice

Dorward 47, 110

 

DRAGON'S DEN or HOLE             NGR NO 135 226      Landranger 53            Kinnoull Hill, Perthshire

Fleming, Maurice 2000 The Sidlaws / Tales, Traditions and Ballards.  Mercat Press, Edinburgh.  74-76

Gibson, Colin c1950 Folklore of Tayside.  Dundee Museum and Art Gallery Publication.  13

Gibson, Colin Feb 1978 Up on Kinnoull.  Scots Mag 108 (5) 525-531.

Dorward, David 2004 The Sidlaw Hills.  Pinkfoot Press, Angus.  77, 118

New Stat Acc 10 935-936, 1207-1208

Old Stat Acc 18 560

Palmer 1947 182

Penny, George, 1836 Traditions of Perth, containing sketches of the manners and customs of the inhabitants, and notices of public occurrences, during the last century: interesting extracts from old records: notices of the neighbouring localities of historical interest: topographical sketch of the county;: brief history of Perth etc.  Perth, Messers Dewar, Sidel, Morison, Peat and Drummond.  270, 321-322.  [Colin McLeod comments "I think probably every later account of the traditional festivities at Kinnoull's Dragon's Hole is largely based on Penny's book - or more specifically Andrew Buist's appendix describing local tradition's]

Salvona, Jim 2002 Dragon's Hole, Kinnoull Hill, Perth.  GG Ser 4 1 (2) 12-13

Tranter  117

 

DRAINIE CAVE  this is Sculptor's Cave

Pennant 1774 271

 

DREADED HENDERSONS, CAVE OF     NGR NT 146 547  1" OS 62                  Carlops, Peeblesshire

GSG Bull 4th Ser 2 (1) 37 March 2004

 

DREEL CASTLE CAVE                   NGR                     Landranger

Stevenson, David  2001THE BEGGARS'S BENISON / Sex clubs of Enlightenment Scotland and their Rituals  265 pp, 16 plates and illus in text.  East Lothian, Tuckwell Press.  139 Dreel Castle, back entrance leading to the sea.

 

DRIFTWOOD CAVE see under ARBROATH

 

DROCHAID A'GHLINNE EAST ROCK SHELTER     NGR NR 7960 8230   1" OS 58           Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

DROCHAID A'GHLINNE WEST ROCK SHELTER    NGR NR 7960 8230   1" OS 58           Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

DROPPING CAVE see CROMARTY SUTORS, CAVES OF

 

DROPPING CAVE                        NGR NX 076 421       Explorer 309                                       Portpatrick

Macleod 267

Walker, J Russel 1883 "Holy Wells" in Scotland. PSAS 17  152-208

 

DRUIMNANRAMHCAVE     NGR NG 47 0 226          Landranger 32                                              Skye

 

DRUIMVARGIE CAVE                         NGR NM 856 296       1" OS 52                                 Oban, Argyll

Anderson, J, 1895 Notice of a cave recently discovered at Oban, containing human remains, and a refuse heap of shells and bones of animals, and stone and bone implements. PSAS 39 numbering seems odd 29 ? 211-30

Anderson, J, 1897-8 Notes on the Contents of a small Cave or Rock Shelter at Druimargie, Oban; and of three shell mounds in Oronsay.  PSAS 32 or 33 298-313 illus

Bonsall 1996  186-7

Cullingford 1962  299

Garrod, D A E, 1927 The Upper Palaeolithic Age in Britain,  181-182.  Oxford Clarendon Press.

Jones  4

Lacaille  206-207

MacGregor 179 W L Oban 135

Pollard  184, 186, 190

RCAHMS 1975  60, No 98 (4)

Simpson 1968 37

Tolan-Smith  6, 7, 10

WL Oban 1936/7 Drimvargie Cave

 

DRUMIDOON CAVE see KING'S CAVE, Arran

 

DUGLAS CAVE see LINTALEE CAVE

 

DUKE'S OR EARL'S BED           vcNGR NN 140 130    1" OS 53                          Glen Shira, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 7, No 22

Records of Argyle: Lord Archibald Campbell.  Edinburgh  1985  42, 57, 72

Tolan-Smith  9

 

DUIN, UAMH AN        NGR NF 69 6 080     Landranger 31                  Eoligarry, Barra, Outer Hebrides

also known as Scurrival Cave

Branigan, K., ed. 1998 The Western Isles Project. 11th Interim Report. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield.

Branigan, K. 1998 Scurrival Cave, Barra. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1998: 98-99.

Haswell-Smith 178

Young, A. 1958 Excavations at Dun Cuier, Isle of Barra. PSAS 89 291.

 

DUNAGOIL CAVE                                 NGR NS 085 535        Landranger 63                                    Bute,

Baxter 526

Bevan, P, 1962  The Caves of Bute.  PAS N/L (18) 30-32

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 10.

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3

Richie, James, 1918 Cave Hunting in Scotland.  Scottish Naturalist 77 97-102

Steers 96

 

DUN ARNAL CAVE                               cNGR NM 819 040  1" OS 52                  Knapdale, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 6 No 9

Tolan-Smith  9

 

DUNAVERTY CAVE see BOES' CAVE

 

DUNBAR CAVE                               NGR NT 677 7  794       Landranger 67                                     Dunbar

Geikie 51

Pennat 1774 45

 

DUN BHCALAICH ROCK SHELTER          NGR NR 7393 8714      1" OS 52                          Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

DUNBURY SEA CAVE                    cNGR NK 110 381       Landranger 30             south of Cruden Bay

Steers 234

 

DUNCANSBY HEAD CAVE           NGR ND 40 4 729           Explorer 451                                  Caithness

Everett, Nick 2001 Duncansby Head SSI.  Earth Science Management Brief Project.  SNH  23.

May & Hanson  Duncansby and Skirza, Caithness 86-90, map, photo.  Map shows the location of one cave.

Polson, Alexander 1926 Our Highland Folklore Heritage.  George Souter, Dingwall. 77

Sellers, Robin M 2007 Common Starlings roosting in sea caves.  British Birds (100) 124. February.  Many caving areas sited including Duncansby Head and Castle of Old Wick.

 

DUN, CAVES OF see ST KILDA, CAVES OF

 

DUNDONALD CASTLE                  NGR NS 36 3 345                          Landranger                   Kilmarnock

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 35.  A pit prison.

 

DUNFERMLINE SUBTERRANEOUS PASSAGE                               NGR Landranger       Dunfermline

Cook, Helen 1983 A Haunting of Ghosts and an Unsolved Mystery of St Andrews.  Dundee, David Winter & Sons Ltd.  73-74

 

DUNIMO POT see BEL CRAIG (OR CRAG) POTHOLE

 

*DUNKELD, CAVES OF                 NGR NO 020 439    Landranger 53                     Dunkeld, Perthshire

see also Duwally Cave, Ossian's Cave, Queen Margaret's Cave.

Marked Caves of the 1" OS map.  On the side of Craig-y-barns, overlooking the King's pass are two cave, - one is called the Hermit's Cave, the other, Duncan Hogg's Hole.  Neither of them are of any size.  Duncan, who was a lawless character, was shot, on his return from the well of St Columba, on the east side of the King's Seat.  The Duchess's Cave is on the east side of Craig-y-barns.  It is partly artificial.  At one time, it was very neatly fitted up, but is now much destroyed.

Buxbaum, Tim 1989  Scottish Garden Buildings / from Food to Folly.  Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh.  147-148, illus.

Mackay, Sheila 2001 Early Scottish Gardens.  A Writer's Odyssey.  198 Hermit's Cave, The Hermitage, Dunkeld.

Statistical Account 1845 10 988

 

DUN NA DOIDE BOULDER CAVE      NGR NR 7047 7697  1" OS 58                                      Knapdale

Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1975 15

 

DUNNET'S HEAD, CAVES OF     NGR ND 200 765   Explorer 451                                           Caithness

Statistical Account 1791-99   11 257

Naylor, Robert N & Naylor J N 1916 From John O'Groats to Land's End or 1372 miles on foot.  A book of day and chronicles of adventure by two pedestrians on tour.  Caxton Publishing Co, London.  25. 29

 

DUN NA DOIDE BOULDER CAVE      NGR NR 7047 7697  1" OS 58                                      Knapdale

Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1975 15

 

DUNNET HEAD, CAVES OF        NGR ND 20 0 765   Explorer 451                   Caithness

Most northerly point on the British mainland

Kempe 142 refers to caves on the coast at Ham, NGR ND 24 4 738, used by Tinkers.

Statistical Account 1791-99   11 257   "2 or 3 caves in Dunnet Head and one at Ham, access difficult".

Naylor, Robert N & Naylor J N 1916 From John O'Groats to Land's End or 1372 miles on foot.  A book of day and chronicles of adventure by two pedestrians on tour.  Caxton Publishing Co, London.  25.  On p 29 a sea cave between Murkle and Castlehill.  A local lad chatted up a mermaid and she gave him treasure from her cave which in turn came from all the ships wrecked in the Pentland Firth.  But he was unfaithful so she enticed him to the cave and secured him there with a chain of gold.

See also : http://www.caithness.org/history/historyofcaithness/chapter1/pagetwo.htm     accessed 17.5.06

Extract from History of Caithness by J.T. Calder.  Mentions the story of the mermaid.

Smiles, LLD, Samuel 1878 Robert Dick [1811 Jan - 1866 Dec] Baker of Thurso, Geologist and Botanist.  London, John Murray.  81, 85,

 

DUNOLLIE CAVE                                  NGR NM 851 321       1" OS 46                         Oban, Argyllshire

Gentleman's Magazine; Archaeology pt 1 1828 reprinted BC 13 12

Gordon 1949 234

MacDougall, A J, 1907 Notice of the Excavation of a Rock Shelter at Duncliffe, Oban.  PSAS 41 181-182

Murray 1805 26

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland 1975 Argyll, an Inventory of the Ancient Monuments, volume 1: Lorn. RCAHMS, Edinburgh.  58-9

Tolan-Smith  5

 

DUNSINANE HILL CAVE              NGR                         Landranger Dunsinane Hill

Heyde, D M 1954 Is it is Scotland? The Stone of Destiny.  Scot Mag 1 (2) May.  166  Cave in Dunsinane Hill was original resting place of The Stone of Destiny.

 

DUNSKEY CASTLE CAVE          NGR NX 003 533       Explorer 309                                     Portpatrick

Macleod 258

Holmes p 48 records the story of a piper who died in a cave beneath the castle.  His ghost is said to be heard playing the pipes, even as late at 1973.

Wood, J M 1911 Witchcraft and Superstitious Record in the South-Western District of Scotland.  Maxwell. [quoted by Holmes]

 

DUNSTAFINAGE CAVE                       NGR NM 879 342       1" OS 46                                             Oban

 

DUNTROON CAVE [Duntrune?]    NGR NR 800 959    Landranger 63              Loch Crinan, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 6, No 10

Corrie et al 1875 PSAS 10 466 ff

Cullingford 1962 300

Jones  4

Lacaille  197-198 S

M'Arthur  87  Cave at Knapdale containing an altar, a font and a cross cut in the solid rock.  from Chambers' Caledonia 1 New Statistical Account [same caves as above?]

Mapleton, R.J. 1870 Report on prehistoric remains in the neighbourhood of the Crinan Canal, Argyllshire. Journal of the Ethnological Society of London 2: 153-154.

Mapleton, R.J. 1874 Note of a bone cave at Duntroon. PSAS 10: 306-308.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (1988) Argyll, an Inventory of the Monuments: Mid Argyll and Cowal, Prehistoric and Early Historic Monuments. RCAHMS, Edinburgh  3,

Saville, A. & Hallén, Y. 1994 The 'Obanian Iron Age': human remains from the Oban cave sites, Argyll, Scotland. Antiquity 68: 715-723.

Tolan-Smith  8, 10

 

DURNESS, CAVES OF                          NGR NC 400 680        1" OS 9                                      Sutherland

CRG N/L (110)  14

CRG Trans 5 (2) 151

 

THE DWARFIE STONE                  NGR HY 244 005    Landranger 7                                    Hoy

Anderson 1863 765-766

Bailey, Patrick 1971 Orkney [The Island Series]. David & Charles, Newton Abbot.  214-215

Black 1873 593

Cope, John 1998 The Modern Antiquarian.  A Pre-Millennial Odessey Through Megalithic Britain, including a gazetteer to over 300 Prehistoric sites.  Glasgow, Thorsons.  405 The Dwarfie Stone.

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 37

Gunn, J 1932 Orkney / The Magnetic North.  Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd. London etc. 184-186

Haswell-Smith 283-284 Dwarfie Stone

Laughlan 72

Miller 1897  470-475  Dwarfie Stone of Hoy.

Ritchie 194-195

Simpson 1968 53 Dwarfie Stone

Tindall 126 Dwafie Stane

Some nice photos are to be found on:.http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/post/8624   

                                                                                accessed 17.5.06

 

DYNAMITE CAVE see under ARBROATH

 

DYSART CAVE                       NGR NT 30 2 929             Landranger 59                      Kirkcaldy, Fifeshire

aka St Serf's  Cave

Anon ND The Kingdom of Fife in Days Gone By.  Lang Syne Publishers, Glasgow, Scotland.  No page numbers.

Black's 1873 160

Cunningham, A S ?? Dysart, Past and Present

Dickson, John 1899 Emeralds Chased in Gold or, Islands of the Forth; Their Story Ancient and Modern.  323, illus.  Oliphant Anderson & Farrar, Edinburgh  107

Evening Telegraph 30.1.60

Fife Free Press 13.9.52

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Gray, Tom, Spring/Summer 1999 Coastal Caves: A Record of Fife Ancestry. Forthsight [N/L of the Forth Estuary Forum] (3) 8

Guthrie, W 1904 Dysart Inscriptions

Lamont-Brown, Raymond 1988 Discovering Fife.  John Donald Publishers Ltd. Edinburgh.67 

Millar, A H, 1895 Fife: Pictorial and historical.  Its people, burghs, castles and mansion.  Westwood, Cupar.  2 vols. Vol 1 12-13 PSAS 2 522

St Serf's Cave

Yuill 29

 

EARL'S CAVE see DUKE'S CAVE

 

EARLSFERRY CAVE see KINCRAIG CAVE

 

EAS AN CON, UAMH NAN

also known as Stewart's Cave, see under Ardsheal's Cave

 

*EAST WEMYSS, CAVES OF               NGR NT 350 970        Landranger 59                              Fifeshire

AA  154, 269

Anon  --- Early Christian Monuments of Scotland  370-373

Anon [=Davidson, W, ?] 1968 The Caves of East Wemyss, Fife.  Harper Caver (4) 28-29

Anon ND The Kingdom of Fife in Days Gone By.  Lang Syne Publishers, Glasgow, Scotland.  No page numbers.

Anon ND Strange Tales of Bygone Fife.  Lang Syne Publishers, Glasgow, Scotland.  No page numbers.  Appears to be an edited reprint of Simpkins 1912 Tales of Bygone Fife.  Also lists a few local cave legend.

Anon  June 1981 Unique Fife caves are in danger. Courier

Anon 1989 Fife's Early Archaeological Heritage - A Guide.  Fife Regional Council, Glenrothes.  58 Chapter 13 Wemyss Caves

Anon 1999 Pictish Symbol Stones / an illustrated guide.  RCAHMS, Edinburgh 24.

Anon 03.06.2004  Project to excavate Wemyss caves.  Courier.

Anderson, Joseph 1881 Scotland in Early Christain Times.  236  illus.  184-185 Caves in Fife, Jonathan's Cave, Doo Cave etc finds illus.

Ballantyne, G H, 1982 The Wildlife and Antiquities of Kirkcaldy District.  Kirkvaldt Naturalists' Society, Centenary Publication 1882-1982.  Chapter Twelve, Antiquities by J L B Thomsom 190-191, illus.

Baxter 525

Bease, J B Jan 1978 Letters to the Editor, "Treasures of Wemyss". Scots Mag 108 (4) 432

Brown, Hamish. 2007 Doocots of the Fife Coast.  Scots Mag 166 (3) March, 250-251.  Wemyss Caves.

Childe, V Gordon, 1935 The Prehistory of Scotland.  Kegan Paul Trubner & Co Ltd, London  116, reprinted BC 14 80

Corrie et al 1875 PSAS 10 466 ff

Cullingford 1962  301

Davidson see Anon 1968

Davidson, W, 1972 (Oct) Caves of East Wemyss.  Darwen Magnet (8) (mentions Mr A Wilson, postmaster of East Wemyss who has done much work in the caves).

Dickson, John 1899 Emeralds Chased in Gold or, Islands of the Forth; Their Story Ancient and Modern.  323, illus.  Oliphant Anderson & Farrar, Edinburgh  254

Duckeck, Jochen 2002 Wemyss Caves.  http://www.showcaves.com/english/caves/Wemyss.html   accessed 20/12/2005

Fox, Selana 1996 Wemyss Caves.  4.  This page is no longer on the web (the host site being taken over by an American website), although extracts are quoted in other blogs.  Personal communication Colin McLeod July 2005.

Fraser, Sir William, 1888 Notes on the Family of Wemyss from Memoirs of the Family of Wemyss.  (not seen, mentions 9 caves and synonyms).

Fraser, Duncan, 1982 Historic Fife. Melven Press, Perth.  33-36, illus.

Geddie, John 1927 The Fringes of Fife / New and Enlarged Edition, Illus by Arthur Wall and Louis Weirter.  110, 113-115

Geikie 56

Gentleman Magazine Part 4 August 1949

Gifford, John 1988 Fife.  Penguin Books, London. 28, 205.

Glasgow Herald 4 August 1955

Graham-Campbell, David 1979 Portrait of Perth, Angus and Fife.  Robert Hale, London. 218-219

Gray, Tom, Spring/Summer 1999 Coastal Caves: A Record of Fife Ancestry. Forthsight [N/L of the Forth Estuary Forum] (3) 8

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 12-13.

Guttman, Erika B  2002. Tayside and Fife Arch Jl 8

Halliday, W R, 1971 Scots seek preservation of bronze age cave carvings.  NSS News 29 (8) 103-104

Henderson, T F, & Watt, F, 1907 Scotland of Today.  Methuen & Co, London.  136

Hidalgo, Alexander 1974 The Wemyss Caves.  Kirkcaldy Art Gallery.  no page numbers.

Hutcheson, Alexander 1916 Early Underground Dwellings in Scotland.  Proc Trans Dundee Naturalists' Society 1 (2) 34

Jones  4

Jones, Duncan 1998 A Wee Guide to the Picts.  Edinburgh & Musselburgh, Goblinhead.  Item 53

Kelly, Charlene 2004 Fife's Famous Wemyss caves are to benefit from a much-needed £20,000 boost. 

                                                  http://www.the courier.co.uk/output/2004/06/01/nesstory6026287t0.asp  accessed 10/05/2005

Kühn, H, 1956 The Rock Pictures of Europe.  230, illus.  Sedgwick & Jackson, London.

Lacaille, A D  1925  Some ancient crosses in Dumbartonshire and adjoining counties.  PSAS 59 143

Lamont-Brown, Raymond 1988 Discovering Fife.  John Donald Publishers Ltd. Edinburgh.67-68

Lang 1951 215-218

Leighton, John M, 1860 History of the County of Fife 3 163-171.  Joseph Swan, Glasgow.  mentions 7 caves

Lewis, Carenza 2004 My Time [Time Team at Wemyss]  Current Archaeology (193) Aug/Sept 17-19 illus.

Lindenmayr, Franz ND Mensch und Höhle.  Die Wemyss Caves, Fife, Schottland.  6, illus. 

                                                http://www.lochstein.de.hoehlen/Gb/wemyss/weymss.htm

Lindsay, Maurice 1953 The Lowlands of Scotland / Glasgow and the North.  Robert Hale Ltd, London.  182

MacLagan, Miss C, 1876 Notes on the sculptured caves near Dysart in Fife.  PSAS 11 107-120

Manson, Tommy ND The origins and history of Wemyss Caves.  http://www.thefifepost.com/wemyssscaves.html  accessed 10/02/2005

McIntosh, Donald R P, 1975 The Mysteries of the Wemyss Caves.  Scotland's Magazine April 14-16 , 5 photos

McKerracher, A C Nov 1977 The Treasures of Wemyss.  Scot Mag 108  (2) 154-162

McKinlay, Shelagh 2000  The Scottish Parliament, 25th Meeting, Session 1 (2000) Wednesday 1 November 2000.  Petition PE23 from by Save Wemyss Ancient Caves Society calling for action to be taken to repair storm damage to the access of the caves.

McKirdy, Alan, John Gordon and Roger Crofts 2007  Land of Mountain and Flood / The Geology and Landforms of Scotland.  Birlinn 13, 15 East Wemyss Caves.

Mortimer, Nigel 1995 Pipistrelles in a sea cave. Scottish Bats (3) 17.  No location given, sounds lick Court Cave.

O[ldham] A D, & Court, A, 1965 The Sculptured Caves of East Wemyss.  Speleologist 1 (2) 33-34

Patrick, John, 1905 The Sculptured Caves of East Wemyss.  The Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist.  10 73-78, 249 et seq.  11 37; 12 189

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3

Proc Royal Soc of Edinburgh 1866 5 521 et seq

Rankin, Frank 1984 The Wemyss Caves.  Published privately?  33, illus.

Rankin, Frank 1988, revised and reprinted 2001  Guide to the Wemyss Caves.  Save Wemyss Ancient Caves Society.  45, illus.

Rhiannon, posted by 3 June 2004 Wemyss Caves Carvings Laser Scanned.  http://www.themodernantiquarian.com  accessed 10/05/2005

Ritchie 107-109

Royal Commission on Ancient & Historical Monuments of Scotland 11th Report

Scots Mag 1977 Nov 154-162; 1978 Jan 432

Shell Guide to Britain 189 reprinted BC 54 9

Simpson, J Y, 1866 On ancient sculpturings of cups and concentric rings etc.  PSAS 6 appendix 1-146

Simpson, J F, 1867 Account of some ancient sculptures on walls of caves of Fife.  22, illus.  4to Edinburgh

Smith, Alexander 1952 The County of Fife.  The Third Statistical Account of Scotland.  543-544.  Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh and London.

Smith,  (Mrs) Margaret I MacPhee, 10.01.92 Displaying the cave findings.  [Reader's letter] Courier.

Statistical Account 1791-99  16 531-532  There are seven caves.  Four of them were fitted up and still are pigeon-houses.  Jonathan's Cave mention etc.  Court Cave and the King being uncovered are also mentioned.

Stuart's Sculpture Stones of Scotland, appendix to preface, p lxxxvii  not seen

Sutherland, Ian, April 1998  Our Pictish Past / Ian Sutherland traces the history and heritage of the Picts in Fife.  Scots Mag 148 (4) 377-381

Wace A J B and Prof Jehu 1915 Cave Excavations in East Fife.  Proc Soc Antiq Scot 49 233-255

Weekly Scotsman 18/12/58

Weir, Tom,  May 1987 Going Forth.  Scots Mag 127 (2) 190-195

 

EAVAL, CAVE ON                           NGR NF 905 7 5967                      1" OS 23                                                                                                      North Uist

Harris, Dan 2004 Caves on North and South Uist.  GSG Bul 4 Ser 2 (2)10

 

EDINBURGH CASTLE, Fire access Tunnel   NT 249-734-NT 254 736   Landranger                Edinburgh

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 33

 

*EIGG, CAVES OF (pron egg)               NGR NM 480 900       Landranger 39   Inverness-shire

Clanronald's Cave.  Donaldson 233

Frances Cave:  NGR NM 452 841  L 90 feet.

Pigeon Cave:  MacGregor, A A, 1963 Isle of Singing Sand. Country Life.  132 (3416) 394-396, illus.

Kempe 407

Uamh Mhic-il Ailein nan Eilean: vide MacGregor above

Uamh Chloinndiridm or Chloinn Diridh: Donaldson, M E M, 1927 Wandering in the Western Highlands & Islands 3rd ed reprinted BC 32 28

Baxter 526

Donaldson 234

Haswell-Smith 110 location map, 3 caves; 111 Cathedral Cave

Martin 276 Cave on south west coast, capable of holding several hundred people, 278-279 possibly a souterrain

Martin c1695 302

There are six caves at Tolm Point.  The first two are insignificant, the third is a fairly large raised beach sea cave.  then one with a low entrance.  Another with a high entrance, but only 40 feet deep.  The next is 90 feet deep with an equally large `Y' branch.  The last one is fairly large and unusual in that a `Puffer' steamboat has unsuccessfully tried to go caving!  Report by Jim Salvona.

Baxter 459  The Shag .... breeding in a cave at the south end of the island.

Murray 1805 94 caves of South Coast. 393-395 Massacre Cave

 

EILEACH AN NAOIMH ORATORY         NGR NM 64 1 097          Explorer 359           The Garvellachs

Haswell-Smith  59  One of the cells of the Clochainm which could have been an oratory has an underground cell beside it, looks a Pictish souterrain, which could have been a wine cellar.

 

EILEAN A'CHLEIRICH, CAVES OF         NGR NB 9 2 02               Landranger 15      Ross & Cromarty

or Priest Island.  The most westerly of the Summer Isles.

Darling 29, 30, 44, 45, 46, 56, 58, 59 sea cave 134 yards long, 60 Geodha [sea cave] 61 Toll an Chleirich - the priest's hole.  A sea cave with a karst fenster, 303 map.

Haswell-Smith  154 location map, 5 caves.  Moll na h-Uamh or Cave Point is the highest part of the island.  The cave is on the coast at NGR NB 930 017.  155   A cave, NB 927 026, on a little boulder beach has signs of human habitation and was probably used by smugglers.  Toll Eilean a'Chleirich (Priest's Hole) NB 927 029

 

EILEAN DUBH MÓR, CAVES OF             NGR NM 6995 1045      Explorer 359                              Oban

Haswell-Smith 62 location map shows two caves:  Cave  NGR NM 6995 1045 & Uamh an Sgiathain NGR NM 6880 10 28.  Both caves appear to be on the raised beach.

 

EILEAN MÓR, caves of                         NGR NG 69 6 354             Landranger 32       Crowlin Islands

Haswell-Smith 129 a rock shelter has provided storage for visiting fisherman NGR NG 690 353 and on the east coast there is an interesting cave NGR NG 693 352.  130 location map, cave and rock shelter.

 

EILEAN NA CILLE CAVE        cvNGR  NR 750 970     1" OS 52               Eilean na Cille, Sound of Jura

Campbell & Sandeman 6

Tolan-Smith  10

 

EILEAN NA CILLE CAVE        NGR  NR 751 971         1" OS 52               Eilean na Cille, Sound of Jura

Campbell & Sandeman 6, No 11

Tolan-Smith  10

 

EILEAN NAN RÒN, CAVES OF                  NGR NC 64 65                Explorer 448     Tongue, Sutherland

aka Island of Seals.

Haswell-Smith 162 Uamh nan Ròn, 163 location map, 4 caves.

 

EILEAN TRAIGHE ANCHORAGE CAVE         NGR NR 720 8 7396     1" OS 58                      Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

ELFIE HOLE see CLEAVES COVE

 

ELLARY BOULDER CAVE            NGR NR 7392 7650    1" OS 58                        Knapdale, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman  6, No 12

RCAHMS 1988  208, No 359

Tolan-Smith  8, 15, 73-148

 

ELLARY ROCK SHELTER            NGR NR 7392 7650    1" OS 58                        Knapdale, Argyllshire

Tolan-Smith 15, 73-148

 

ELPHIN HOLE see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

 

ELF HOUSE CAVE                           NGR NJ 298 293     Landranger 37                                        Dufftown

 

ELLERY BOULDER CAVE            NGR NR 7392 7650    1" OS 58                        Knapdale, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman  6,

RCAHMS 1988  208,

Tolan-Smith

 

ELLERY ROCKSHELTER              NGR NR 7392 7650    1" OS 58                        Knapdale, Argyllshire

A 390 feet.  A small rock shelter 10 by 6 feet with a maximum height of 5 feet and a south easterly aspect.

Tolan-Smith

 

ERIBOLL LOCH

Pennant 1774 327

 

ERIBOLL SEA CAVES     NGR NC 455 645 to NGR NC 50 0 680          1" OS 9                      Sutherland

BB (154) 3  A series of caves on the east shore of Loch Eriboll ... also refers to The Scottish Clans and Tartans pub W A K Johnson, Edinburgh 80

Corbel 269, 274

CRG N/L (12) reprinted BC 18 38

CRG Trans 5 (2)

ERT 18-

Ford 1959  154

Glas SS Jl 1 (4) 67; Glas SS N/L Oct 1967

GSG 3 (4) 26; GSG 4 (2) 26, 32 S, 33-35 S

Laughlan 82-83

Motoring 226

Murray 1968 357

 

ERICSTANE CAVES                       NGR NT 079 112    1" OS 68                           Moffat, Dumfriesshire

A group of man-made caves in sandstone and varying in depth from 6 to 15 feet with similar widths. Report by Jim Salvona

Statistical Account 1791-99   2 288.  Brief mention of a cave at Moffat water

 

EYEMOUTH AND DISTRICT, CAVES OF      NGR NT 945 640 (town)    Landranger 67  Berwickshire

AA  161     GSG 4 (2) S     Shell Guide to Britain reprinted BC 54 9

Brazier, Paul; Davies, Jon; Holt, Rohan; and Eleanor Murray 1998 South-east Scotland and north-east England / Area summaries.  Joint Nature Conservation Committee.  47-55 sub-littoral caves.

Clark, Mike, Jan 2004 The Silent Partner.  Diver [magazine] 49 (1) 35-38, illus.  Sub-litorial caves at St Abb's Head, Burnmouth Cave etc.

Crockett, W S 1926 Berwickshire and Roxburghshire.  Cambridge County Geographies. 54, 56

ERT 31-54

Statistical Account 1845 2 279-280

Steers 1969 87

 

EYNHALLOW, CAVES OF             NGR HY 35 29        Landranger 6                                     near Rousay

Haswell-Smith 316 location map, Cave of the Twenty Men Hole HY 355 296, and Cave Geo HY 360 295.

 

FACTOR'S CAVE                             NGR NT 344 966    Landranger 59               East Wemyss, Fifeshire

Kempe 409

Patrick, John, 1906  The sculptured caves of East Wemyss.  The Reliquary & Illustrated Archaeologist  part 3 37

Spel 1 (2) 33-34

 

FAIR ISLE                                         NGR HZ 2 1 72              Landranger 4                                                  

Haswell-Smith 337-340

Howson, Christine 1999 Shetland / Area summaries.  Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sector 1. JNCC.  Coast and seas of the United Kingdom.  249, 250, 253,  fig 32.1

Laughlan 50, 52,

Steers 284

 

FAIRY CAVE                                    NGR NR                      Explorer 359                                            Luing

GSG Ser 4 2 (3) 7

 

FAIRY LOCHAN CAVES                NGR NS 336 995    1" OS 53                      Lock Lomond, Perthshire

 

FALL OF FYRES CAVES                NGR NH 489 189    Landranger 34                                    Stratherrich

aka Foyers. 

Laughlan 1982 74-75

 

FALL OF TUMMEL CAVE             NGR NN 910 590    Landranger 52                     Pitlochry, Perthshire

Cave near the Fall of the Tummel.  Members of clan Alpin sought asylum here.

Statistical Account 1845 10 754

 

FASKADALE BAY CAVES               NGR NM 5 0 70                  Landranger 47                 Ardnamurchan

or Fascadale

Steers 80

 

FAST CASTLE HEAD CAVES              NGR NT 8615 7107    Landranger 67                       Berwickshire

Brazier, Paul; Davies, Jon; Holt, Rohan; and Eleanor Murray 1998 South-east Scotland and north-east England / Area summaries.  Joint Nature Conservation Committee.  47-55 sub-littoral caves.

BC 33 pt 1 24-26

Douglas, Fred, 1971 Gold at Wolf's Crag?  An inquiry into the treasure of Fast Castle.  222, illus.  Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh.

ERT 22

Graham. Angus 1968-69 Archaeological Notes on some Harbours in Eastern Scotland.  PSAS 101 206

Pyatt 1960  202

Scots Mag 1967 April 67-76

Scotsman June 23 1969 (refers to buried treasure)

Thomson, A, 1908 Coldringham Parish and Priory.  pub Craghead Bros, Galashields.  184 and illus opp 183

Weir, Tom, Nov 1978 On Top of the Bass.  Scots Mag 110 (2) 177-183

 

FEAR, UAMH NA                NGR NR 751 666         Explorer 358                    Eilean Mór, Sound of Jura

[=The Cave of the Man].  Also called Cormac's Cave and St Cormac's Cave.  Now owned by the Trustees of the Scottish Nationalist Party, 6 Charlotte Street, Edinburgh.  It is in the guardianship of Historic Scotland.

Campbell & Sandeman 66, No 431

Currie, 2nd St Acc 1846 8

Gordon 1949 341

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 12.  Scheduled Monument 901139

Macintyre, Lorn 1986 June  Scots Mag 125 (3) 274-278 illus.

McOwan, Rennie. 1997 Eilean Mor - Island of Saints. 

RCAHMS 1988  3-5, 8, 68-69, 74,

Tolan-Smith  10

 

FEINNS, CAVE OF                  NGR NH 6 8x 52x        1" OS 28                     Munlochy, Ross & Cromarty

See also Craigiehowe Cave.  This is where a band of warriors lie wrapped in slumber awaiting the call on the silver trumpet of their chivalrous leader, Fin Mac-Col.  According to the legend, the water of a well trickling through the roof were said to be a cure for deafness.  On the top of the 400 ft high Craigiehowe is Taindore, the former home of Donald Fraser.

http://members.roger.com/tripperary/g1974trip.html

 

FERN CAVE see ARBROATH, CAVES OF

 

FERRIDE'S or FERUDEN DEN     NGR ?                      Landranger Angus

Kempe 1988  194  "Late in the reign of James ll another brigand is said to have lived with his wife and family in a den called Feruiden or Ferride's Den, in Angus.  They too practised cannibalism, for which they were burned, apart from the youngest daughter of twelve months.  However-strange to relate-she was condemned to death for the same crime when she grew up". 

 

FEUR LOCH BOULDER CAVES AND ROCK SHELTER      NR 7865 8233   1" OS 58          Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

FIDRA ISLAND CAVE                    NGR NT 51 5   867  Landranger 66                              North Berwick

Craig, G Y, and Duff, P McL D, 1975 The Geology of the Lothians and south east Scotland.  Scottish Academic Press, Edinburgh.  88 Natural arch and raised beach with a cave.

 

*FINGAL'S CAVE                                  NGR NM 3237 3505   Landranger 46              Staffa, Argyllshire

nb, to avoid duplication, the Staffa references are listed here under Fingal's Cave.

AA  9, 164, 181, Staffa 254, 267

Adams see Davenport Adams

Adams see Figuier, L,

Addy, David, 2000 A voyage round Great Britain, 3 The Highlands and Islands of Scotland.  Staplehurst: Spellmount Ltd.

Allan, Paul M and Joan deRis Allen 1999  Fingal's Cave, the Poems of Ossian and Celtic Christianity.  198 pp 99 B&W &  8 colour illus.  Continuum Publishing Co, New York.

Anderson  95-96

[Anderson?] 1835 Anderson's Guide Book to the Highlands & Islands of Scotland

Anderson 1863 194-1997

Andrew  49,

Anon ND Beautiful Britain 1 125, illus

Anon ND Grand Photographic view album of Iona and Staffa (landscape views, no text) 8° Valentine & Son, Series of Collotype View Book

Anon ND Our Own Country 39-42, illus

Anon ND Wonders of the World.  Odhams Press.  London  597, 598, 608, illus

Anon ND The Wonder and Beauties of Creation.  Gill and Ingles, London.  frontispiece, 247-253 includes Scott's poem and unacknowledged translation of Lanoye

Anon 1808  476

Anon 1822 The Cave of Fingal.  The Youth's Instructor and Guardian 6 (62) 37-41, illus

Anon 1823 Gallery of Nature and Art Anon 1823 Gallery of Nature and Art 1 illus opp [5] (Shaw 97)

Anon ND [1825?] The Caves of the Earth ...  192.  The Religious Tract Society.  48-54

Anon 1830  282-288 with illus of Fingal's Cave 4" x 2½" approx, entrance looking out, 3 men in a boat on a rock.

Anon 1832 Fingal's Cave.  The Penny Magazine 1 (29) Sept 15, 236-238, illus

Anon 1833 Some Accounts of Natural Caverns & Grottoes.  Saturday Magazine (42) 73, 78, 79, illus.  [in Platten's MSS Notes 25 ]

Anon 1834 Itineraire et Souvenirs d'Angleterre et Ecosse 1814-1826 3 Paris illus opp 284

Anon 1845 The Tour of the Duke of Somerset and the Rev J H Michell through parts of England, Wales and Scotland, in the year 1795.  London

Anon 1853 Caverns.  Home Friend 2 525-527

Anon 1900 (numerous editions) Half Hours Underground ... 369, illus.  James Nisbet & Co, London 134 & illus 135 (Shaw 121)

Anon ND [c 1950?] Oban, Official Guide.  136, 43 plate

Anon 1950 Scottish Daily Express, Glasgow 18th April

Anon 1951 The Colonnades of Staffa  70 ff, illus Oct 13

Anon 1951 Staffa.  Scots Mag NS LIV [54]  5 Feb 394-399 illus.

Anon 1965 The Island of Staffa and Fingal's Cave.  Hunting Group Review (2) 23-24.  A description of the cave and historical notes.

Anon  1972 US Author may buy Fingal's Cave Island.  Time 28th Feb

Anon 1972 American bids to buy Staffa.  Scottish Sunday Express 19th Feb

Anon 1972 Bid for Staffa denied.  Guardian 28th Feb

Anon 1972 Staffa deal denied on both sides.  Scotsman 28th Feb

Anon 1972 The Fingal's Cave Saga.  [sale of Staffa] BC 59 80

Anon 1972 Sea Cave Wonders of the World.  Peshchery (12-13) 192

Anon 1990 Staffa - a lost opportunity?  Earth science conservation (28) September 26 photo.

Anon, 1994  Descent 116 33

Anon 2001 Land Lines - An illustrated journey through the landscape and literature of Scotland.  The Scottish Literary Tour Company Ltd.   119

Anon 2005 Fatalities at Fingals.  Descent (183) 28 April/May.

Badin, Adolphe, 1870 Grottes et Caverns 328 & iv, 55 figs.  Paris 2nd ed. 159-163, illus.  Hatchette & Cie

Badin, Adolphe, 1876 3rd ed. Grottes et Caverns 362 & iv,  175-181, illus.  [cf Davenport Adams]

Ballingall, William 1874  Scenes of Scottish Story.  Edmonston & Douglas, Edinburgh. 88 pp illus.  £80.00 Book Barne, 8.7.06  55 Fingal's Cave / Nature herself it seemed would raise a minister to her maker's praise.  [engraving 4" x 3" drawn & Engr Wm Ballingall - looking out - a sailing boat in the entrance.  scale exaggerated, boat v small, cave v big.]  55 Fingal's Cave by Scott and 56 Fingal's Cave by Wordsworth.

Bauer, Ernst, 1971 The Mysterious World of Caves.  129, illus.  Collins, London & Franklin Watts, New York.  71, 120

Bauer, Ernst 1971 Höhlen Welt ohne Sonne.  128, illus.  Union Verlag, Stuttgart et al 72.  See also editions in other languages.

Baumgartner, Alexander.  1895   Reisebilder aus Schottland. 2nd. improved edition. Freiburg i.B., Herder, 1895. XII, 1 Bl. 325 S., 3 Bl. (Verl.Anz.). With colour frontis, 19 xylogr. Abb. auf Tafeln und 23 Abb. im Text.  Aus dem Inhalt: Von Stonhurst nach Glasgow. Iona. Staffa.

BC 59 80 Fingal's for sale; 60 35; 62 75-78; 64 2

Beaumont  illus opp 97, 135, 173-175

Bell, J H B, et al 1944 British Hills and Mountains.  illus opp 40 (Shaw 106)

Bigland 2 32-33

Birlinn 1998  255-268, 6 plates.  Account of Staffa by Joseph Banks Esq.

Blacks  450-451

Black's 1873 478-480 illus

Blunt, W 1974 On the Wings of a Song - A biography of Felix Mendelssohn.  Hamish Hamilton, London 107 wood engraving.

Bolton, G. Douglas; [1953] Scotland's Western Seaboard, Edinburgh, Oliver and Boyd,  First edition 8vo [21.5 x 16.5 cm]; xvi, 176 pp, 84 illus from photos, plates and maps, index. Original cloth, this copy with a contemporary foldout illustrated pamphlet on The Sacred Isle Tour, Oban to Staffa and Iona, covering an area similar to part of the book. The author's travels in this area include Carlisle, Porpatrick, Greenock, Dunoon, Coal, Bute, Arran, Kintyre, Knapdale, Oban, Loch Awe, Glencoe, Nether Lorne, Corrievreckan, Mull, Staffa, Iona, Oban, Appin, Morven, Moidart, Fort William, Kyle of Lochalsh, Isle of Skye, Loch Alsh, Loch Torridon, Loch Maree, Ullapool, Unapool, Kylesku, Kinlochbervie, Cape Wrath. The photographic table gives the camera settings of each photo.

Botfield, Beriah 1830 Journal of a Tour through the Highlands of Scotland during the Summer of 1829.  North Hall.  376 pp 23 Appendix. [Book dealer's catalogue 15.8.04 £100]

Bowman, The book includes 3 engravings by the author:  Entrance of Fingal's Cave 108; Bending Pillars, Staffa 114; View of Staffa from the south-west 120. 107-115, 121 lengthy descriptions of the caves.

Boyd, J M, & Boyd, I L, 1996 The Hebrides - A Habitable Land? 124 pp, illus, maps etc.  Description of Staffa, (103) which is owned the National Trust and is an SSSI, and the photo of Fingal's Cave (94).  SB

Bref, Rörande.  1777 Reisen und Ansichtenwerke Troil, Uno von. en Resa tal Island. Upsala, Swederus. "8°. gest. Titel m. Titelkupfer, 20 (2), 376 S., 1 Bl. Mit 1 mehrf. gefalt. Kupferkarte, 12 (11 gefalt.) Kupfertaf.; zusätzlich die Darstellung der Insel v. Titelbl. v. d. ersten Kapitel montiert. Marmor. Erste Ausgabe. - Chavanne 2176. Fiske 609. - Joseph Banks bereiste 1772 mit Solander u. Troil Island u. d. Basaltinsel Staffa, die er als erster wissenschaftlich beschrieb

Bridges, T C, 1937 Adventures Under Ground.  212, illus.  T Nelson & Sons, London 49

Brison, David.  1997 juin.  Les Grottes dans la Musique et la Chanson Enregistrèes, in: Grottes & Gouffres,  (144), S.19

British Museum, King's Top. Coll XLIX, 39a  Drawing in Indian Ink by Antonio de Bittio (Shaw 88)

Brooks, John, 1984 Welcome to the Isles of Mull, Iona, Staffa  32 pp, about one colour photo a page.  Nicely produced guide book to Staffa with photos and descriptions of Fingal's Cave etc.  SB

Brooks, J A, 1998 Mull Iona & Staffa 32 pp colour illus.  The only book in print that describes Fingal's Cave.  SB

Brown, R, (ed) 1887 Our Earth and its Story.  93, fig 48

Brown, Hamish 1999 To Fingal's isle / Hamish Brown visits the little known island of Staffa.  The Countryman Feb 5-March 25 104 (1) 15-19, illus.

Campbell, Barbara 1994  Mulling around.  The Countryman 99 (3) 39-44

Chapman, Philip 1993 Caves and Cave Life.  New Naturalist Series No 79.  13

Charnley, Bob 1994 Iona and Staff via Oban 1994  96 pp, over 130 illus.  The Staffa section pp 76-95 has quite a few photos of Fingal's Cave, many new to me.  Also advertised is a label on a whisky bottle showing Fingal's Cave, another must have, [glug, glug].  SB  Clan Books, Perthshire.

Clarke, Rev C C, 1825 The Hundred Wonders of the World ... 18th ed.  G B Whittaker, London 121-124, illus

Cooper, Derek, 1979 Road to the Isles / Travellers in the Hebrides 1770-1914.  198, 29 figs, 8 plates, biblio, index.  Routledge Kegan Paul, London.  25-26, 53-54, 64, 86, 100, + engravings on front and rear ep.

Cope see Whitehouse

Crae, John 2006  Ossianic Endeavours / Exploring caves on Staffa.  GSG Ser 4 2 (5) 38-51 S.   Very detailed report.

Crae, John, Updating Ossian.  GSG Ser 4 3 (2) 43-52, photos, S.

CRG Trans 3 (2) 109

CSS 4 (12) 194

Cullingford 1962  20

Daniell, William, 1818  Illustrations of the Island of Staffa (a series of 9 aquatints) Longmans, London

Daniell, William, 1818  A voyage round Great Britain ...; 3 Longmans, London

Daniell, William and Ayton, Richard 1977 A Voyage around Great Britain.  London: Tate Gallery Publications Dept 2 volumes.

Davenport Adam, W H, 1876 Beneath the Surface or, the Wonders of the Underworld.  x & 560.  T Nelson & Sons, London.  241-246, illus.  reprinted BC 32 20

Davenport Adams, W H, 1890 Famous Caverns and Grottoes.  xii & 185 & ii, 40 illus. T Nelson & Sons, London.  9-15

Dawkins, William Boyd, 1874 Cave Hunting.  455, illus.   MacMillan & Co, London.  reprinted 1973.  E P Publishing Co.  24

Dawlins, William Boyd, 1874 Die Höhlen und die Ureinwohner Europas. 360, illus.  C F Winter'sch, Leipzig.  19

de Lancye see Lancye

Delaney  250

Deny see Reed, J St Deny

Descent (189) 7 in a review of The Palaeogene volcanic districts of Scotland.

Donaldson  388, 390

Edinburgh Evening News 14/5/55

Engelhart, A, 1833  Prachtwerke der Unterwelt ... 2 284-290,  2nd ed.  Mayer & Co, Wien

Eyre-Todd  263, 264-5, illus

Eyre-Todd 1931 310-311 footnotes.

Faujas, B de St Fond, 1797 Voyage en Angleterre, en Écosse et aux Îles Hébrides, Paris.  (An English edition was published in Glasgow 1907)

Faujas-Saint Fond, B.  1799 Reise durch England, Schottland und die Hebriden, in Rücksicht auf Wissenschaften, Künsten, Naturgeschichte und Sitten, nebst einer mineralogischen Beschreibung von Newcastle... und der Fingalshöhle. 2 parts in one. Translated from the French by J. Macdonald and augmented by C. Wiedemann. Göttingen, Dieterich,  XVI, 278p., 1 l., 285p., 1 l., 7 engravings. *First German edition. Cox: "His visit was made in 1784. While not romantically inclined, he was sympathetic and tried to understand the life, manners, and culture of the Scotch. But the geologist usually takes the place of the picturesque traveller".

Fells, Richard, 1989  A Visitor's Guide to Underground Britain.  Michael Joseph, London.134

Ferguson, Malcolm 1894 A trip from Callander to Staffa and Iona with brief descriptive sketches of the route by sea and land, and the sacred rock-bound Isle of I-Colm-Kill.  164+iv pp, frontis of the author.  John Leng & Co, Edinburgh.  78-89.

Fidler, K, 1947 Fingal's Ghost.  pub J Crowther, London.  mentioned in BC 18 23

Figuier, L, & Adams, W H D, 1874 Earth & Sea.  712, illus.  T Nelson & Sons, London.  108-109, illus

Figuier, L, 1884 Les Terre et les mers.  561 (Shaw 120)

Fontane, Theodor 1860, first English translation 1965, this edition 1998  Beyond the Tweed, a tour of Scotland in 1858 translated by Brian Battershaw. 173-176, illus.

Forti, Paolo Fingal (Scozia) La Grotta Più Famosa E Rappresentata Al Mondo, Speleologia 42-2000, S. 68f.

Forti, Paolo La Grotta di Fingal, SSI, 1990 6 pp.

Garnett, Thomas 1800 Observations:   OBSERVATIONS ON A TOUR THROUGH THE HIGHLANDS AND PART OF THE  WESTERN ISLES OF SCOTLAND, >  1800. particularly Staffa and Icolmkill: to which are added, A Description of the Falls of Clyde, of the country round Moffat, and an Analysis of its Mineral Waters. In Two Volumes .. Illustrated by a Map, And Fifty-two Plates, engraved in the Manner of Aquatinta, from Drawings taken on the Spot by W. H. Watts, Miniature and Landscape Painter, who accompanied the Author in his Tour. Vol. I [-II]. London: Printed by Luke Hansard, Great Turnstile, Lincoln's Inn Fields, for T. Cadell, Junior, & W. Davies, in the Strand. 1800. FIRST EDITION. Two volumes. 4to, ix, [i] errata, 338; [ii], 275, [1] blank, [10] 'Index', [2] directions to binder; folding engraved map with route in red, a map of Loch Lomand and 52 aquatint plates by William Green after Walter Henry Watts; text discoloured as usual due to paper quality; contemporary mottled calf, sympathetically rebacked, the spines with raised bands with labels lettered and numbered in gilt. The tour undertaken over the summer of 1798 started from Glasgow and continued north-west past Loch Lomond to Oban via Inverary taking in a circuit of Mull that included the famous caves of Staffa before heading north-east along the Great Glen to Inverness. From this, his most northerly point, Garnett travelled south to Perth and thence onto Stirling, and the Trashcans before returning to Glasgow. A short southern excretion following the Clyde to it source in the Moffat Hills is also included as a coda. - From our standpoint, Garnett's tour is most interesting for its scientific observations. Prior to Garnett the greater number of excursions were antiquarian and although there is no shortage of anecdotal and historical reference in Garnett's sojourn he does give a remarkable first-hand scientific description of minerals, industries and agriculture in the Highlands with special reference to mineral springs and the ever abject poverty and miserable conditions affecting great numbers of the population before the 'clearances' were got under way. Garnett also took with him Walter Henry Watts (1776-1842) as his artist companion, whose careful illustrations permeate this work. - Thomas Garnett, M.D. (1766-1802) hailed from Casterton in Westmoreland; he matriculated at the university of Edinburgh in 1785 and zealously attended the lectures of Dr. Joseph Black and Dr. John Brown and acquired a solid knowledge of chemistry and physics. Garnett graduated M.D. in 1788 and continued his studies in London. His hopes of attaining a good position waned and he contemplated emigration. It was while in Liverpool to arrange for a passage to America that a casual invitation to deliver lectures on natural philosophy changed the current of his life 'The success of the course, which was repeated at Manchester and other places, brought him an invitation to become professor at Anderson's Institution at Glasgow. He obtained great success at Glasgow, both as lecturer and physician' (DNB) Immediately after the tour Garnett's wife died and he was forced to leave his position at Glasgow due to a depression and 'the incurred dislike of Count Rumford, the presiding genius at the institution' (DNB) although the dedication to Rumford in these volumes seem to confute this account. Poor Garnett did not live long after the publication of his tour, succumbing to typhus fever contracted at the Marylebone Dispensary in 1802. Abbey, Scenery, 482; Cox III p. 47; Mitchell, A. List of Travels and Tours in Scotland 251. Bookseller Inventory #123341  Price: US$ 550.75   Bookseller: Pickering & Chatto, London, LON, United Kingdom. John Stockdale, London. Fingal 219-223 & illus.  [16.8.04 two copies for sale at £300 and £434.  If you see one for a fiver, please let me know]

Gauchon, Christophe 1999 Speleology and Caves in Jules Verne's Works, Slovensky Kras (Acta Carsologica Slovaca) XXXVII, 71-80, Liptovsky Mikulas,  71.

Gendrero Curiel, O, 1932 Geológia ... 283.  Santander

Gilbert, L, ND [c1840] The Beauties & Wonders of Nature and Science.  opp 44

Goldsmith, O, 1862 A History of the Earth and Animals Nature.  33-34, illus.

Gordon 1929  191

Gordon 1949 273-280

Halliday, W R, 1973 Fingal's Cave Past and Present.  JSH 6 (2) April/June.  Abstract of Program 30th NSS Annual Convention.  June 1973.

Hamilton, Elizabeth 1964 The First Book of Caves.  64, illus.  Edmund Ward, London.  8, 22, both illus & 23

Hartwig, Georg, 1864 Underverdenen med dens Skatteong Vidundere.  opp 166 plate

Hartwig, Georg, 1871 Die Unterwelt mit ihren Schatzen und Wundern.  159 plate

Hartwig, Georg, 1875 The Subterranean World.  143  reprinted BC 32 20

Hartwig, Georg, 1892 The Sea and its Living Wonders. 47 plate, 45-48

Haswell-Smith 68, 102-104

Helps, Arthur 1868 2nd Ed  Leaves from the Journal of our life in the Highlands from 1848 to 1861.  Smith, Elder and Co, London.  84-85 Queen Victoria, Prince Albert and children, visit the cave, Thursday August 19, 1847 from the Royal Yacht Victoria & Albert

Helps, Arthur 1868 Leaves from the Journal of Our Life in the Highlands from 1848 to 1861.  London.  Smith, Elder and Co.  reprinted as Scottish Diaries of Queen Victoria 1980 by Lang Syne Publishes Ltd, Newtowngrange, Midlothian.

Henderson, T F, & Watt, F, 1907 Scotland of Today.  Meuthen & Co, London 316

Heywood, J. 1871 Fingal's Cave, Heywood, Manchester

Hitchcock 1845 Elementary Geology 25th ed.  149, 150, 158

Holmes, A, (ND) Volcanoes - 1 in Williams, G, (ed) Wonders of Land and Sea.  Waverly Book, Co Ltd, London.  1 55

Homer, P B ND Observations on a Short Tour in Scotland; made in the summer of 1803

Howitt, William, 1856  3rd ed.  Visits to Remarkable Places: Old Halls, Battefields and scenes illustrative of striking passages in English History.  Longman, Brown, Green Longmanns and Roberts.  London.  Vol 1 358-360

Howitt, William, 1890  Visits to Remarkable Places.  143-152 Visit to Staffa and Iona.  [Bookshop Wooler, £70 2000]

Howitt, David and Derek McAdam 1989 The Guide to Mull Iona and Staffa with a Foreword by The Lord MacLean of Duart & Morvern, 27th Chief of Clan MacLean.  1989  106 pp, numerous photos.  Plenty of caves mentioned, Mackinnon's, Fingal's, Oban caves etc.  SB

Hughes, T M, 1888 On Caves.  Trans Victoria Institute 21 78

Hutchinson  1  Photo by Valentine & Sons.  127-128  Clamshell Cave.

Hutton and Playfair.  1815  Explication de Playfair sur la theorie de la terre par Hutton, et examen comparatif des systemes geologiques, fondes sur le feu et sur l'eau, par M. Murray en reponse a l'explication de Playfair. Translated from the English by C. Basset. 2 parts in one. Paris, Mossange et Masson and Londres. XXXIV, 1 l., 424p., III, 196p., 1 engraved frontispiece and one engraved double plate depicting the famous Columns of basalt at Staffa. *Ward and Cartozzi, 1632 under Murray and only referring to the first English edition of 1802 with only 256p. and no plates! This translation" by Basset is highly enlarged and it is most probably very rare in the literature on and about Hutton's theory of the earth! At the end of part 1 it reads: "l'Ouvrage que je traduis a ete imprime a Edinbourg pour la premiere fois en 1802 et je demande si depuis 13 ans la prediction de l'auteur est accomplie (note du traducteur) and his niece: Epitre dedicatoire a les Eleves de l'Ecole normale!

Ince, H c1836 The Wonders of the World opp 197 (Shaw 104)

Jarratt, Tony 2005 On Surveying the World's Most Famous Cave.  BB (523) 8-15, 7 illus.

Jeffreys, Alan, 1990 Fingal's Cave facelift.  Descent 94 14

Jenkins, David and Visocchi, Mark 1978 Mendelssohn in Scotland.  London: Chappell & Co.  116 pp, 41 B&W illus.  This tour in 1829 by Felix Mendelssohn and his companion Karl Klingemann was the inspiration for Mendelssohn's "Scottish Symphony" which includes the overture "Fingal's Cave".

Jerman, L, 1972 American offers to buy Staffa.  Scotsman 4 March

Jones, Keith 2004 Fingal's Cave.  The British Caver 126 24-28

Jones, Rosalind 1997 Mull in the Making.  Published by the author.

JSH 10 (2) 31-35, illus.  Reprint of Scottish Field, June 1975

Judd, Prof J W 1881  Volcanoes.

Keddie 44-50 includes Dr M'Culloch description.  illus 48, 56.  Staffa 34-57, 154-158

Keddie, W, 1850 Staffa and Iona.  illus 45, 56 (Shaw 107, 108)

Kempe 1988 238

Klonk, C 1997 From picturesque travel to scientific observation: artists' and geologists' voyages to Staffa [in] Prospect for the nation: recent essays in British landscape, 1750-1880, ed by M Rosenthal, C Payne & S Wilcox, pp 205-229.  Paul Mellon Centre & Yale University Press, New Haven (Studies in British Art, No 4).

Knebel, Walter von, 1906 Höhlenkunde ...  222, illus.  F Vieweg & Son, Braunschweig.  175 & illus fig 33 & 34

Knox 1787 p 19 Staffa, p 20 Account of Staffa communicated to Mr Pennant by Joseph Banks.  p 26 Dimensions of Fingal's Cave.

Kraus, Franz, 1894 Höhlenkunde ... 288, 155 illus.  Carl Gerold's Sohn, Wein.  88-91

Kupherberg, Herbert 1972 The Mendelssohns / Three Generations of Genius  271 pp, illus.  The Mendelssohns were the Rothschilds of culture.  Felix is venerated for his Fingal's Cave Overture.  For good measure facing p 51, is Fingal's Cave from an old engraving, p 141 Fingal's Cave Overture..  A lot of interesting background information about one of the early visitors to this cave.  HB DW.  W H Allen, London & New York

Lach-Szyrma, Krystyn 2005 From Charlotte Square to Fingals Cave: Reminiscenes of a Journey through Scotland 1820-1824.  Tuckwell Press [from a review Scots Mag 162 (2) 183]

Laidlaw, Douglas 2001 Island Trilogy: Staffa  Scots Mag Sept 264-265

Lanoye de, 1878 Les Grand Scènes de la Nature ... 4th ed.  Libraire Hachette et Cie, Paris.  281-286, illus

Laughlan 102-105, 2 engravings of Fingal's Cave

Laughlan 1982 130-141, 5 engravings.  Sarah Murry's visit in 1800

Lehane, Brendan, 1973 The Companion Guide to Ireland.  480, illus.  Collins, London.  396-7

Lindenmayr, F 1979 Ein Reise nach Staffa [A journey to Staffa] Der Schlaz (27) 14-17, München

Lindsay, M, 1964 The Discovery of Scotland based on Accounts of foreign travellers from the thirteenth to eighteenth centuries. 8vo, 222, illus, index.  Robert Hales, London.  201-204 & opp 161.  reprint of Faujas, St Fond c 1784

Livragh, T, 1980 "La gruta de Fingal" - Atlas, (Madrid).  20, 57, 3 fot.  Castellano

Lloyd-Jones 88, Staffa 74 ff

Lockhart  197, 201, 287-288

Lübke  167, 174

MacCulloch, Dr J, 1819 Description of the Western Isles of Scotland including the Isle of Man

MacCulloch, Dr J, 1824 Highlands and Western Islands of Scotland

MacCulloch, 1927b  30-46, illus, S

MacCulloch 1934 74-96, illus, S

MacCulloch 1934a

MacCulloch, D B, [1951] The Island of Staffa.  The Moray Press, Edinburgh.  60 pp 9 photos, yellow card cover, with a picture of Fingal's Cave looking out on the cover.

MacCulloch, Donald B 1957 The Wondrous Isle of Staffa  257 pp., illustrated. Third Edition pub Oliver and Boyd

MacCulloch, D B, 1976 4th ed, 201, 26 pl.  David & Charles, Newton Abbot

MacDiarmid  plate 5

MacDonald  17-19, illus.  Staffa 16-20

Macdonald's Guide to Staffa, Iona and the Island of Mull ND [1920?]  42 pp  illus.  Numerous caves are described including Fingals: Nun's Cave, Odin's Cave , Mackinnion Caves [on Staffa and Mull], Cave of Skulls, Clamshell Cave etc.  SB

Macintyre, E M, 1975 June.  Famous Travellers to Staffa. Scottish Field.

Macintyre, Lorn 1985  Island of Pillars.  Scots Mag 122 (6) 580-586

MacNab, P A 1966 Through "The Wildness" to MacCulloch's Tree Scots Mag 84 (6) 511-518.  Clamshell Cave 518

MacNab, P A, 1969 Secrets of Carsaig.  Scot Mag NS 91 (3) 214

MacNab  28-29, 203, 218.  Staffa 218-219

MacLean, reprinted BC 9 7-8

McAdam, Derek see Howitt, David

McKirdy, Alan, John Gordon and Roger Crofts 2007  Land of Mountain and Flood / The Geology and Landforms of Scotland.  Birlinn  32-33 Fingal's Cave

Maine  page 73 refers to Lord of the Isles

Mais  15, 78, 92-3

Mangin, A, 1875 Earth and Its Treasures.  159, plate

Marnham, P, & Woolfit, A, 1973  In the great doctor's footsteps [=Samuel Johnson].  Daily Telegraph Magazine (430) 24-30, map, illus.

Martyni-Laguna, J. A. et al.  1784  Sammlung der Besten und Neuesten Reisebeschreibungen in einem ausführlichen Auszuge ... Aus verschiedenen Sprachen zusammen getragen und übersetzt, Berlin, Mylius. mit 2 ausfaltbaren Kupfertafeln - Engelmann, Geogr. 113 - Enthält: Fortsetzung der neuen Reisen in Spanien (Neukastilien, Andalusien, Estremadura, Leon, Galizien, Biscaya, Aragonien); Neuere Reisen in Portugal; Pennants Reisen durch Schottland und die hebridischen Inseln; Personen- und Sachregister zu Bd. 13-24. Tafeln mit Ansicht von Fingals Höhle und der gekrümmten Pfeiler auf der Insel Staffa.

Martel, E A, 1890 Les Cévennes et la Région des Causses ... 407, 148 illus.  Libraire Ch Delagrove, Paris.  144 & illus 145 (Shaw 124)

Mason, E J 1977 Caves and Caving in Britain.  Robert Hale, London.  101, 104

McKerracher, Archie 2022 [First ed 1988] Perthshire in History and Legend.  Edinburgh, John Donald Publishers Ltd.  109, 110. Fingal's Cave.

McLeod, Mona XXXX From Charlotte Square to Fingal's Cave.  Pub Tuckwell Pr Ltd.

McNeill, F M ND Iona; A History of the Island.  Blackie & Son Ltd, London and Glasgow.  Staffa 64-95, illus

McNeill 94-95

Mehew, Bob 2005  The sea caves of Staffa.  Descent (186) 26 2 photos.

Meyer's Volksbibl.f. Länder-,Völker-u. Naturkunde, Bi Hildburghausen O.J. Naturwissenschaft. Ln. 33.-35. Bd. in 1 Band 12°, 33.: 221 S., mit Abb. des Tigers u. des Elefanten (in Supplement); 34.: 222 S., with an engraving of Fingalshöhle (in Supplement);

M[ills], M T, 1993  A visit to the most famous but least visited cave in the world.  SMCC N/L 30 (5&6) 45-47 (Xmas).  Also in Ser 3 GSG 3 (1) 9-12 (March 1994)

Mills, Martin 2006 Scotland's First Cave Book [Daniell Island of Staffa, a collection of 9 aquatints] GSG Ser 4 2 (5) 10-12

Miller, James W, ND [1850?] Miller's Royal Tourist Handbook to the Highlands and Islands.  304-309

Milner, Rev Thomas, 1860 The Gallery of Nature; a pictorial & descriptive tour through creation.  241 (Shaw 113)

Mitchell  20, 46-50

Moncrieff, A R Hope 2nd ed 1925 [1st ed 1906] Highlands and Islands of Scotland painted by William Smith Jnr.  A & C Black Ltd, London  70-72

Muirhead  350-351

Muirhead 1947 349-350

Mull & Iona  43, 51, 69

Murray 1805 38, 39, 155, 161-169, 171-174, 178, 180, 182. Shell Cave 161, Thunder Cave 184

Murray 1810 88, 89, 108, 235

Murray 1968 189

Olafsen, E.  1802 Atlas du voyage en Islande fait par ordre de S.M. Danoise. Paris, Levrault. 4to with 59 engravings depicting mostly birds and fishes of Iceland. "A description of Iceland written by Olafsen chiefly on the basis of diaries written during travels in that country and especially important for the description of its avifauna". It depicts the fossils, geysers and the famous Staffa Grotto and several nice costumes.

Oldham, J E A. 1974 Fingal's Cave, Staffa - By Air.  BC 62 75-78 July.

Orman-Cooper, Line, 1897 The Cathedral Cave and Then and Now.  93 & 95.  Hodder & Stoughton, London.  illus, frontispiece

Panckoucke, C L F, 1831 l'Île de Staffa et sa Grotte Basaltique.  32, 10 & 2 plates, folio 18" x 12", Paris

Park, J, ND A text book of Geology.  Charles Griffin & Co Ltd.  illus.  reprinted BC 4 77

Parker  46

Pearman, H, 1965 Staffa CSS N/L 7 (9) 89, 92.  Lists 8 caves & a map.  (cave No 8 probably does not exist)

Pennant's Tour in Scotland, or a Voyage to the Hebrides in 1772.  2 Dublin 1775  (contains Sir Joseph Bank's description) reprinted in MacCulloch 1927b  9, 18-19, 21, 78 etc.  Pl  XXVII Fingal's Cave in Staffa [used as a front cover in New Caves of Scotland].

Perthshire Advertiser 15/2/55

Picquenot, M, 1816 Vues Pittoresque de l'Île de Staffa et de la Grotte de Fingal aux l'Île de Hebrides.  11, folio.  225" x 18," Paris

Piehler, H A 1934, [revised 9 times] 1967 Scotland for everyman.  152-153

Pinkerton's Voyage 3 (1809)

Polehampton & Goad, 1821 Gallery of Nature and Art 2 illus opp 96 (Shaw 97)

Pole, L & G, Deep in Caves & Caverns.  158, illus.  4th ed, USA 30-31

Pound, Alonzo W, 1969 Caverns of the World.  178, illus.  W W Norton, & Co New York.  124

Pullar, Polly 2005  Turus Mara is Gaelic for sea journey, as Polly Pullar discovers on a trip to the isles.  Scots Magazine 163 (3) 238-242 September

Ramsey, A, 1972 American cancels bid to buy Staffa;  Island of Mystery.  Scottish Daily Express.  29th March

Reed, J St Denys, ND The World of Wonders.  Associated Newspapers Ltd.  191

Roberts 96-97

Rogers 262 engraving of Staffa.

St Denys Reed see Reed St Denys

Saussure, L A Necker de, 1822 Voyages en Écosse at aux l'Île Hebrides.  illus opp 32

Schlingmann, R. 1866. Die Erde und das Meer. Illustrirte physische Geographie. Berlin,  3 Bl., 410 S. Mit 1 Aquatinta-Radierung (Fingalshöhle), 3 Holzschnitt-Tafeln u. einigen Textabbildungen.

Scots Mag 1957 Aug, 388.  Review of books on Staffa.

Scots Mag 1961 July, 295-298 description by Campbell K Finlay on the caves of Staffa

Scots Mag 94 (2) Nov 1970 reader's letters; 94 (4) Jan 1971 reader's letters.  Fingal's Stamps.

Scott, Terry, 1962 Fingal's Cave.  illus by Rigby Graham, Leicester, Pandora Press.  48, illus.  Private Press, 150 copies.

Scott, Sir Walter, 1834 Poetical Works 12 vols.  Plate by Turner of Staffa in 11

Shaw 18-25   Items 87 to 124

Shaw, T R, 1992 History of Cave Science: The exploration and study of limestone caves, to 1900.  Sydney Speleological Society. 112-113

Singleton, E, 1906 Great Wonders of the World.  Christian Herald, 366, illus

Skinner, J, 21 Sept 1825 MS Jl 55 f210a, f211a, f213a, Brit Mus Add MS 33687  (Shaw 100-102)

Small, J, 1891 Hundred Wonders of the World.  illus 119 (Shaw 120)

Sped, M, 1972 The Battle for Staffa. Daily Record 22nd April illus 14,

Statistical Account 1845  7 351. A description of the island.  Mentions Clamshell Cave, Mackinnon's Cave [352] Boat Cave, Fingal's Cave [ 353]

Steers 143

Steers 1969 64, Plate IV Staffa

Sterling, Dorothy, 1956 The Story of Caves.  128, illus.  Scholastic Book Services, New York. 59

Stoddard, John L ND Portfolio of Photographs of Famous Cities, Scenes & Paintings ... published weekly by the Werner Company, Chicago, published by the Western Mail, Cardiff.  no pagination, plate of cave

Strahlheim, C.(d.i.J.K.Friederich) 1836.Die Wundermappe oder sämmtliche Kunst- und Natur-Wunder des ganzen Erdballs. Treu nach der Natur abgebildet und topographisch-historisch beschrieben. Bd 3: Großbritannien. Frankf.M., Comptoir f. Literatur u. Kunst, 8, 416 S., 72 Kpf.-Taf.   "Enthält meist Ansichten von London sowie einige von Edinburgh, Brighton, Stonehenge, Liverpool, Dublin, Oxford, Cambridge und eine Tafel von der Fingalshöhle.

Sommer, Johann Gottfried 1821 Gemälde de physischen Welt [Paintings of the physical world] Prague.  Engraving of Fingals Caves, looking in, 3 men on a boat, two men on rocks to the right of the picture. [reprinted in} Atlantis, Mitteilungen des Landesvereins für Höhlenkunder Salzburg 25 (3-4) 2003

Sunday Times Magazine Aug 5 1990.  Lord Gowrie arranged the sale of Turner's painting of Staffa: Fingal's Cave to Paul Mellon for £800,000

Sutherland  63-64

Tell, Leander, 1955 Underjordens vacka värld.  155, 100 illus.  C E Fritzes, Bokförlags Aktebolag, Stockholm.  142

Tell, Leander, 1959 La Bela Subtera Mondo Libro pri Grotoj.  95, illus.  J Régulo, La Laguna, Tenerife

Thomson  145-146

Thornbury, alter, 1970 (reprint) The Life of J M W Turner RA.  Ward Lock Reprints, London. refers to a picture of Fingal's Cave by Turner exhibited at the London Academy (Exhibition No 64) Item 176

Tindall 214

Usill, H & Thomson, H D, (ed) 1934 The Story of the World in Pictures.  Odhams Press, London.  19

Verne, Jules 1885 (reprinted 2003) The Green Ray.  Wildside Press.

Wageningen, Gerton van, 1973 Wonderen van de Aarde.  175. illus.  Amsterdam Boek Bv  68

Watteville, Alastair de, 1993 STAFFA - Home of the world-renowned FINGAL'S CAVE,  42, many illus.  Romsey Fine Art, Romsey

Whitehouse, F Cope, 1882  Is Fingal's Cave Artificial? Pop Science Mon.  illus.  Suppl 1 xiii, 8, 11, (Shaw 116-119)

Whitehouse, F Cope, 1886 Fingal's Face.  Jl Brit Arch Assoc. 42 247-250, illus.

Whitehouse, F Cope, 1887 The Caves of Staffa.  Royal Scot Geogr Soc Oct.  (an amusing account, calling the caves man-made)

Whittow 251

Williamson  43, 95

WL Oban 1936/7 78, plate opp 80, 82, 83

W L Oban  82, 86, plate opp 89

Wood, J D, & Co, [1972] For sale privately; Inner Hebrides, The Island of Staffa with world famous Fingal's Cave.  John Wood & Co, Edinburgh.  3, map.

Wordworth - poem reprinted BC 19 48; 30 47

Zwack, D.C.F. 1806 Magazin von Natur- und Ländermerkwürdigkeiten, von merkwürdigen und wunderbaren Ereignissen und schrecklichen Geschichten zur angenehmen und nützlichen Unterhaltung für alle Menschen ohne Unterschied des Alters und der Religion. Stadtamhof, J.M. Daisenberger,  3 Bde. 8°. Mit 13 (3 gefalt. u. 3 kol.) Kupfertafeln. HLdr.d.Zt. m. RSchild., Mit zahlreichen Berichten über naturwissenschaftliche Phänomene, Tiere, Pflanzen und merkwürdige Erscheinungen. - Die Kupfertafeln mit Darstellungen der Fingalshöhle auf Staffa, einer kol. Darstellung eines Nachtpfauenauges u. eines Drachens, von Wasserhosen, dem Ausbruch des Vesuv, eines Pestdoktors usw.

 

FINGAL'S CAVE see KING'S CAVE, ARRAN

 

FISKAVIAG SEA CAVE                  NGR NG 316 341    Landranger 32                                         Oronsay

 

FISSURE CAVE see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

 

FISSURE CAVES                              NGR NG 596 378    Landranger 32                    Isle of Raasay, Skye

BC 56 45

Cooper, R G 1983 Mass Movement Caves in Great Britain.  Studies in Speleology 4 40

GSG 3 (1) 5; 4 (5) 21-25 S; Ser 2 3 31-34

Lee, G W, 1920 Memoir of the Geol Survey Scotland.  The Mesozoic rocks of Applecross, Raasay & North East Skye

Redfern  187

 

FISSURE CAVES see BRUCES CAVE [3]. COBBLER'S CAVE, JACOBITE'S CAVE

 

FLADDA, CAVES OF                       NGR NM  720 123                       Explorer 359               Firth of Lorn

Steers 1969 67

 

FLOAT CAVE                                   NGR NM 323 356   Landranger  46                                            Staffa

 

FORBIDDEN CAVE                              NGR NO 672 429        1" OS 50                           Arbroath, Angus

Arbroath Herald  5 October 1951

Dundee Courier 12 August 1949; 30 June 1950

Dundee Evening Telegraph 14 June 1948; 13 February 1951

Gardener, D A, ND [1973?] The Cliffs in the Arbroath Official Guide.  30-31

Overseas Daily Mail, London 3 May 1952

Mason, Edmund J 1977  Caves and Caving in Britain 94

Scotsman 29 Sept 1951

Scottish Daily Mail 21 April 1952

 

FORTINGALL, CAVES OF             NGR NN 740 470    1" OS 48                              Fortingal, Perthshire

There are several unexplored caves in the parish.  The following took shelter in them: Gillie-Bride, or Bredus of the cave, Sir William Wallace, King Robert the Bruce, Ranald Og, chief of Keppoch.  The last was a firm supporter of the royal cause under Montrose, was, after the defeat at Philiphaugh in 1645, and the butchery at Dunaverty in 1647, obliged to seek shelter in the caves of Rannoch, several of which bear his name today.

 

There is a very remarkable cave near the south-west angle of Sith-chaillinn, at the "Shealing", called Tom-a-mhorair, or the Earl's eminence [NGR NN 710 534 marked on 1" OS].  Some miles to the east, there is an opening in the face of the rock, which is believed to be the termination thereof.  Several stories are told and believed by the incredulous, relating to this cave: that the inside thereof is full of chambers or separate apartments, and that, as soon as a person advances a few yards, he comes to a door, which the moment he enters, closes, as it opened, of its own accord, and prevents his returning.

 

Also rock shelters like Leaba Dhonnacha Dhuibh-a-mhonaidh ie Bed of Black Duncan of the Mountains, at Rannoch, on the north side of Glencomrie.

[536] Another rock shelter on the farm of Invervar, Glenlyon were Jain Buidhe ruadh, ie John of the Yellow Hair hid.

MacGregor's Cave marked on the 1" OS NGR NN 71 5 585

Statistical Account 1845 10 534-536

Fraser, Duncan 1976 Highland Perthshire. Standard Press, Montrose.  72 McGregor's Cave, 73 photos of entrance, 75 another McGregor's Cave.  103 Uamh Tom a' Mhòr-fhir where every few yards a door opens and lets one through, and then closes after you have passed through it.

 

 

FOSS CAVE/RISING see SCHICHALLION

FRAISGALL CAVE see FREISGILL, UAMH

FRAING, UAMH see MACDONALDS' CAVE [1]

FHRAING, UAMH see MACDONALDS' CAVE [1]

FRANCES CAVE see MACDONALDS' CAVE [1]

FREELAND CAVE see BUTE, ISLAND OF

 

FREISGILL, UAMH                               NGR NC 487 657        1" OS 9                                     Loch Eribol

BB (154) 3

Bigland 2 14

CRG Trans 5 (2) 154

GSG 4 (2) 35

Lockhart  279 Sir Walter Scott's visit 19th August 1814 - Friskin's Cave

Robertson, R M ND Angling in Wildest Scotland  168-176

Statistical Account 1791-99  3 519

Statistical Account 1845 15 84-85   Extensive caves at Fresgill on the eastern side eof Loch Eriboll.  Sir Walter Scott visited these caves in 1814.

 

FRISKIN'S CAVES see FREISGILL UAMH

 

GABHAR, UAMH NAN                   NGR NG 742 775    Landranger 19                                            Longa

(Gaelic - Cave of the Nanny Goats).  Haswell-Smith Uamh nan Gabhar, 148 location map.

 

GABHAR see GOAT(S)

 

GAISGEACH, NA UAMH See RONA

 

GALLAN HEAD SEA CAVE           NGR NB 053 393    Landranger  13                                 Isle of Lewis

Anon 2005 Hebridean Adventure. Diver [magazine] 50 (10) 40-44

 

GARBH RUBHA CAVE                   NGR NM 538 710   Landranger 47                              Ardnamurchan

Found on Landranger 47

 

GARHEUGH, CAVES OF             NGR NX 27 0 500           1" OS 79                           Luce Bay, Galloway

Dick  263

 

GARTNAGERACH CAVES   NGR NR 750 105 1" OS 65                       Gartnagerach Point, Argyllshire

 

GASWORKS CAVE                         NGR NM 860 300   1" OS 46                                                       Oban

Cullingford 1962  300

Lacaille  210

Newell, R.R. et al. 1979 The skeletal remains of Mesolithic man in Western Europe: an evaluative catalogue. Journal of Human Evolution 8: 1-228.

Tolan-Smith  6

Turner, W. 1895 On human and animal remains found in caves at Oban, Argyllshire. PSAS 29 410-438.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (1975) Argyll, an Inventory of the Ancient Monuments, volume 1: Lorn. RCAHMS, Edinburgh.  60

 

GAYLET POT                                          NGR NO 679 434        Landranger 54                 Arbroath, Angus

Anon  ND [1960s] Montrose / A Royal Burgh. 63 & 65

Miller, Hugh, 1877  The Old Red sandstone ...  xxxi & 385 & 16.  William Nimmo, London.  214

Steers 253

 

GENTLEMAN'S CAVE [1]                    NGR HY 398 488        1" OS 5                            Orkney-Westray

AA  232 refers to a hiding place to the south of the cave

BC 14 80 from Tudor

Haswell-Smith 327 location map, Gentlemen's Cave; 328 description.

Muirhead  419, 426

 

GENTLEMAN'S CAVE [2] see TIGHEARNAN, UAMH NAN

GEO NAN RÓIN, UAMH see ST KILDA, CAVES OF

GOB NA H-AIRE UAMH see ST KILDA, CAVES SOF

 

GHOST, CAVE OF THE         NGR NG 48 0 210        Landranger  32     Coire nan Uraisg, Coruisk, Skye

MacCulloch 1927a  147

Parker 46

Swire 24 reprinted in BC 34 57

 

GHUAIDHRE, UAMH                           NGR NM 610 230       Landranger 49                  Loch Buie, Mull

Hannan  181

 

GIANT'S CAVE see RONA

 

GIANT'S DOME              NGR NJ 17 5 706                   Landranger 28                     Covesea, Morayshire

Zemhmeke, Eric 1990 Covesea Caving: A Step into the Past, translated from the German by Uwe Strauss.  BC 110 1-22 S

 

GIGHA, ISLE OF, AND CARA             NGR NR 640 490        Explorer 356                             Argyllshire

Bede 1861 61 1 289, 290

BC 36 60

Dick reprinted BC 36 38

Haswell-Smith 29  "At the south end, [Cara] below the Mull of Cara, there are two interconnecting caves each about 12 m deep which show signs of human, and goat, habitation.  The strata have also created a number of rock shelters under overhangs, such as Poll an Aba.  30 location map 1 cave near Mull of Cara; 32 Sloc an Leim (Gaelic, Squirting pit);  33 location map Gigha, 4 caves and Sloc an Leim; 35 "Uamh Mhor NR 633 495 is on the coast to the west of Tarr an Tairbh and difficult to approach from the land.  It was probably occupied in prehistoric times and was also a favourite hide for smugglers.  It has the same well-worn legend as other Hebridean islands; that a dog disappeared sown it and reappeared, not as usual on the other side of the island, but on the mainland."

Statistical Account 1791-99  8 53-54   mentions:

Steers 92-93

Uaigh Mhor, or the large cave  [probably Uamh an Tuil NGR NR 6370 5060]

Uaigh-nan Calaman, or Pigeon's Cave [NGR NR 633 0 4945]. 

Kempe 407

Sloc'-an-Leim or Squirting Cave, literary jumping cave. [Slocan Léim NGR NR 6329 4565]

Uamh Mhór [not to be confused with the above] at NGR NR 6365 4587

On Cara there is: Mull of Cara Cave NGR NR 637 5 4343

Statistical Account 1845 7 395  Mentions 3 caves, Great Cave, Pigeon's Cave and Sloc an leim or the squirting cave.

 

GILDEROY'S CAVE   NGR NO 42 0 995  Landranger 42     Burn o'Vat, Culblean Hill, Aberdeenshire

Gordon 1948 95 The outlaw MacGregor hid hear.

Macdonald, A and Philip, J B, 1925 The Deeside Field / Second Number.  Issued under the auspices of the Deeside Field Club.   The Rosemount Press, Aberdeen.  40-45 The Vat by Alexander Bremner.

MacTaggart, Fiona 1997  Muir of Dinnet SSI.  Earth Science Site Documentation Series.  35, 4 photos.

Muirhead 1947 297

Pearson, Joan 1980 Tales of the Tay.  Famedram Publishers Ltd Gartocharn Alexandria. 

Scots Mag 94 (1)  reader's letter.

Scots Mag 94 (3)  reader's letter.

Scots Mag 94 (6)  reader's letter. 

Scots Mag 95 (3)  reader's letter. 

 

GILLANDERS CAVE see GOLSPIE FISSURE CAVES

 

GILMERTON CAVE                NGR NT 29 2 686           Landranger 66 Edinburgh, East Lothian

Anon 1745 Gilmerton Cave, Edinburgh, Scotland.  The London Magazine, April 1745 [found on Ebay  for US $ 29.99]

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 265-271 4 figs.  Gilmerton Cave

Kempe 1988 142

The Scotsman 15 August 1906

Statistical Account 1845 1 6

Whyte, Rev Thos 1782  Account of the Parish of Liberton, in Archæologicia Scotica 1 313.

 

GIPISIES' CAVE                                NGR NT 33 4 958                Landranger 59                          Cromarty

 

GIRNIGOE CASTLE CAVE            NGR ND 37 8 549              Explorer 450                                        Wick

Bramman, John; Butler, Ken; Miller, David; Myatt, Leslie; Saxon, Jack and Watson George 1982 Visits to Ancient Caithness.  Caithness Field Club, Thurso. 16.

Girnigoe Cave, descriptions to be found on:

http://www.castle-sg.org/castle.html, http://www.britishexpat.com/index.phphttp://sinclair.quarterman.org/archive/1999/doc00008.docall accessed 17.5.06.

Sinclair, The Rt. Hon. Malcolm Ian Sinclair, Chief of the Clan Sinclair, Niven Sinclair and Ian Sinclair 1999 Castles Sinclair and Girnigoe and the Origin of the Clan Sinclair.  Caithness Field Club Bulletin 1999

 

GLANDERS HOLE          NGR NJ 84 50           Landranger 29                     Monquhitter, Aberdeenshire

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 301

Old Stat Acc 6 123

 

GLASS CAVE                                    NGR NT 334 958    Landranger 59               East Wemyss, Fifeshire

Allen,  J Romilly 1930  The Early Christian Monuments of Scotland, 2 vols, Spalding Society, Edinburgh. 370

Anon 1993 Kinghorn Industries Since 1790.  Wemyss Environmental Education Centre. 2. 

MacLaglan, C 1875 Notes on the sculptured caves near Dysart in Fife ..., PSAS (1874-5) 107-120

Simpson, J Y  1867 Archaic sculpturings of cup and circles ... Edmonston & Douglas, Edinburgh. 165

 

GLASSCNOCK CAVE           NGR NG 860 444         Landranger 24                 Loch Kishorn, Ross-shire

References:

Lindsay, Bill 1998  Some Applecross Notes.  GSG Ser 4 4 (5) 9, some small caves and sinks above Glasscnock Cave which need investigating.

Faulkner, T 1973 The Exploration of Glasscnock Cave, Ross-shire.  Speleo SWTCCC N/L Vol 12 (1) 19-33

BCRA Bull (2) p 33

GSG Ser 4 3 (2) 9-10 S forty feet of new passage.

 

GLEANN DHU HOLE see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

 

GLEN CRAE/CROE                         NGR                         Landranger Arrochar

Mills, Martin 2006 More about the cavern in Glen Crae/Croe.  GSG Ser 4 2 (5) 25-26 illus.

 

GLENN BAIN CAVE see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

 

GLEN CREGAN CAVES                       NGR NN 030 47          1" OS 46                                            Appin

GSG 5 (5) 28-31 S

Canadian Caver 6 (1) 48-51 S

 

GLENDRIAN CAVE                              NGR NM 463 708       Landranger 47                    Ardnamurchan

Descent (189) 7 in a review of The Palaeogene volcanic districts of Scotland.

Murray 1968 203-204

 

GLEN DUROR, CAVES OF

Caves and Caving Summer 1993 2

see under Appin, Caves of

 

GLEN LOIN CAVES                        NGR cNM 305 065            Landranger   56                          Arrochar

Borthwick, Alastair 1939 Always a little further.  Describes using the caves as bothies.  not seen  .

McOwan, Rennie 1996 The Glen Loin Cavemen.   The Scots Magazine 144 (3) 263-268, 5 photos.  Describes the search for historic caves in Arrochar, mentioned in Alastair Borthwick's book "Always a Little Further", first published in 1939.  Four colour photos of caves.

McOwan, Rennie 2001 Sleeping Rough.  The Scots Magazine 154 (3) 250

Scots Mag March 1996

 

GLOUP HOLE                                         NGR HY 400 000        1" OS 6                                     Scapa Flow

GSG 4 (3) 4

 

GOAT CAVE                                                                                                                                    Ailsa Crag

 

GOAT'S CAVE                                  NGR NG 843 900    Landranger 19           Isle of Ewe,  Wester Ross.

Chisholm, Mairi 2003 Welcome to our Area. p 13.  [pub] Aultbea Community Council.

Haswell-Smith 149 location map, two caves Uamhag nan Gobhar and Uamhag na Creige-streap (Climbing Cliff Rock Shelter).  150 Uamhag nan Gobhar.

 

GOAT CAVE                                     NGR NM 327 356   Landranger 46                                     Ailsa Crag

 

GOBERN CAVE see LOCH MORE, CAVES OF

 

GOBLIN'S CAVE                       NGR NN 488 077     Landranger 57                  Trossachs, Loch Lomond

BC 52 61 reprinted Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Blacks  218-219

Eyre-Todd  291

GSG Jl 1 (4); GSG Ser 2 2 (4) 31 S

Jones  13

McOwan, Rennie.  2001 The Goblin's Corrie.  Scots Mag  April (4) 372-378.  The folk lore of the long gone world and vanished people at Coire na Uruisgeaqn on the north side of Ben Venue alongside Loch Katrine.  The Goblin's Cave is most probably a shelter crevice amongst boulders, illustrated by 2 colour photos of a possible cave.

Muirhead between 214-215

WL Oban 1936/7 65

 

GOLD, CAVE OF see OIR, UAMH AN

 

GOLSPIE FISSURE CAVES                  NGR NC 837 031        1" OS 22                                    Sutherland

Royal Commission of Ancient and Historic Monuments in Scotland.  Inventory of Monuments in the county of Sutherland 1911.  103, 303

Statistical Account 1791-99  21 225

 

GORTON, CAVES OF see WALLACE'S CAVE [2]

 

GOSFORD GROTTO                       NGR NT 455 790    Landranger Aberlady, Lothian

Headley 39  An ice house.

 

GRAHAM CASTLE CAVE            NGR NN 9 3 13                   Landranger 58                        Auchterarder

Laughlan 1982

 

GRAHAMSLAW CAVES      NGR NT 72 1 272                 Landranger 74              Eckford, Roxburgshire

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 299-300

Douglas, G, 1899 County Histories of Scotland

Forsyth, J, 1961  Grahamslaw Caves.  Scot Mag NS 75 (6) Sept.  485-488, illus

Somervill, Dr  1791  Account of the Parish of Jedburgh

Veitch's Border History 1 29

 

GRAIN EARTH-HOUSE                 NGR NY 442 117    Landranger Kirkwall, Orkney

The souterrain is located in an industrial estate about one mile north-west of Kirkwall.  Follow the A 965 westward and turn right just after the harbour; the site is on Scott's Road, second on the right.  The Orkney souterrains are deeper than those in the south.  The Grain souterrain is 2 m below ground level with a low passage that has been heighten in recent times by digging into the rock floor.

GSG Ser 3 5 (5) 14

 

GREY CAIRNS OF CAMSTER      NGR ND 26 0 441    Landranger Wick

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 37

 

GREAT CAVE see MHOR, AN UAIMH, KEIL CAVE, GIGHA, ISLE OF

GREAT SMOO see SMOO CAVE

 

GREAT STEEP                                       NGR ND 010 280        Landranger 17                               Morven

aka Somerled's Cave

Gordon 1935 reprinted BC 29 5

Gordan 1949 240

Lorne, Marquis of, 1898 Adventure in Legend

MacGregor  176

 

GREEP'S ARCHWAY CAVE          NGR 264 420           Landranger 23                     Meall Greepa, Skye

RHAS 1969, RHAS 1971

Swire  157, 167

 

GREEN CRAIG CAVE                    NGR 22 66               Landranger 66                                Howden Glen

In 1886 about three hundred bones were found in a rock fissure in Green Craig.  They were identified as deer, wolf, fox, horse and reindeer.  The later was considered conclusive evidence prehistoric origin.  [Trans Edinburgh Geological Society].

Grant 147

 

GROGPORT CAVE                          NGR NR 811 8 4483                     1" OS 65                           Grogport

Tranter, Nigel 1977 The Queen's Scotland / Argyll & Bute.  396 pp illus.  Hodder & Stoughton  115

 

GRUINARD ISLAND CAVE          NGR NG 945 940 (centre of island)    Landr 19       WESTER ROSS

In 1942 Gruinard Island was the curious location for an anthrax experiment.  The resulting dead sheep were buried in a cave on the island.  A storm washed one of the sheep out to sea wear they infected cattle on the mainland.  The island has since been `cleaned' in 1986 and in 1990 was reopened to the public, but I would not go there.

Fogle, Ben 2006 Offshore In search of an island of my own.  259, illus.  HB DW Michael Joseph an imprint of Penguin Books, London.  £18.99 [Cardigan library] 136.

 

GRYP'S CHAMBER                        NGR NO 396 794    Landranger 44                                            Angus

Dorward 52

Gibson, Colin ND [c1956-59] Summer on Tayside.  A Dundee Museum and Art Gallery Publication.  12

Gibson, Colin ND [c1956-59] Winter on Tayside.  A Dundee Museum and Art Gallery Publication.  31

Gibson, Colin 19?? Two hidden tarns.  The Courier.

Gibson, Colin 1984 Jewel of turquoise.  The Courier.

 

GUILLEMOT CAVE                        NGR NO 681 434    Landranger 54                                        Arbroath

 

GUNNA, CAVES OF                        NGR NM 100 515. Landranger 46                               North of Tiree

South of Coll.  Haswell-Smith 96 Location map showing Uamh Mór.

 

GUNNA MOR                                   NGR NM 323 354   Landranger 46                                             Staffa

 

GYPSIES' CAVE              cNGR NJ 163 702       Landranger 54                          Troup Head, Banffshire

Clashach Cove.  .  O'Brian 29

 

HAIRY NESS CAVE                         NGR NT                  Landranger 67                                      Eyemouth

 

HARELAWHILL STONE MINES     NGR NY 427 788 Landranger Dumfriesshire

Log Entry Vol 27 No 090903

Wickham-Jones, C R 2001 The Landscape of Scotland / A Hidden History  Tempus, Stroud.  142-143 and colour plate 23

 

HARTFIELD CAVE                   NGR NG 723 469     1" OS 25                   Applecross, Ross & Cromarty

GSG Ser 3 4 (1) 6; 5 (4) 5

 

HARVIESTOUN CASTLE GROTTO                              NGR             Landranger

Swan, Adam 1987 Clackmannan and the Ochils / An illustrated architectural guide. Scottish Academic Press / RAIS  85-86

 

HAWK NEB CAVE                           NGR NS 113 534    Landranger 63                                               Bute

 

HAWTHORNDEN CASTLE CAVES   NGR NT 286 637        Landranger 66                           Midlothian

Bede 1863  374, 411, 418

Birlinn 1998  599-600

Buxbaum, Tim  1st ed 1987 Scottish Doocots.  Shire Publications Ltd. (Shire Album No 190).  31 "doocot in natural cavern" [sic]

Bowman, 188.

Coe, Graham S, 2006 Castle Touring Guides / Edinburgh and the Lothians.  Tavistock, Coecast. 164

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 278-291, 1 figs.  Hawthornden Caves

Finlay, Ian, 1960 The Lothians. Collins, London.  111.  reprinted BB (154) 5

Grant, Will ND [late 1940s] Rosslyn / the Chapel, Castle and Scenic Lore.  Dysart & Rosslyn Estates, Kirkcaldy.  82, 84

Grant, Will 1947 Rosslyn / the Chapel, Castle and Scenic Lore.  Macniven and Wallace, Edinburgh.  82

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 11.

Guild, Curtis, 1882 Over the Ocean, or Sights & Scenes in Foreign Lands.  62-63

Helps, Arthur 1868 Leaves from the Journal of Our Life in the Highlands from 1848 to 1861.  London.  Smith, Elder and Co.  reprinted as Scottish Diaries of Queen Victoria 1980 by Lang Syne Publishes Ltd, Newtowngrange, Midlothian.  

Kempe 410

Lang, Theo 1st ed 1952 Edinburgh and the Lothians / The Queen's Scotland.  Hodder & Stoughton, London.  196.

Linsay, Maurice 1986 The Castle of Scotland.  Constable, London.  274

Masson 1873 [reprinted 1969]  Drummond of Hawthornden 5.  not seen

McCallum, Alex, 1912 Midlothian / Cambridge County Geographies.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 149

Muirhead 1947 76

Peterkin 29

Pococke 1760 Tour through Scotland 314  not seen

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3

Rogers 316

Statistical Account 1791-99  10 284.   Description and names of some of the caves: King's Bed Chamber etc. 

Statistical Account 1845 1 331-332

Stukeley Itiner Curiosum 1. not seen

Thompson, Rev John, 18xx Guide to Roslin and Hawthornden  not seen

Tranter, Nigel (1982) 2000 Tales and Traditions of Scottish Castles. Neil Wilson Publishing, Glasgow. 84-87.

 

HEADS OF AYR SEA CAVES         NGR NS 28 0 180    Landranger 70                Bracken Bay, Ayrshire

Black, B J ed 1973 Excursion guide to the geology of the Glasgow district.  Geological Society of Glasgow. 95, Fig 20

 

HEBRIDES, General

Mills, Martin, 2006 Early Accounts of Hebridean Caves. GSG Ser 4 3 (1) 37-43 [extracts from Martin]

 

HELG'S HOLE                                  NGR NJ 180 707     Landranger 28                near Elgin, Morayshire

Zemhmeke, Eric 1990 Covesea Caving - A Step into the Past, translated from the German by Uwe Strauss.  BC 110 1-22 

 

HELLISAY, CAVES OF                   NGR NF 765 032    Landranger 31                                 east of Barra

Hellisay - Old Norse for Island of Caves.  Rubha na h-Uamh (Gaelic - Cave of the Headland) NGR NF 75 04

Haswell-Smith 182, 183 location map.

 

HELL'S LUM                                    NGR NJ 836 664     Landranger 54               Troup Head, Banffshire

Hutchinson  1  166. also refers to another cave called the Needle's Eye, through which a man can just creep.  158 another Needle's Ee at Tarlair, Macduff.

O'Brian 38

Peck, Sir Edward 1981 North-East Scotland.  John Bartholomew and Son Ltd.  Edinburgh.  71

Smiles, Samuel 1877 3rd ed Life of a Scotch Naturalist.  Thomas Edward, associate of the Linnean Society.  John Murray, London.  132-133, 196-197, 200-201, 250.

Smiles, Samuel 1901 [1st ed 1876] Life of a Scotch Naturalist.  Thomas Edward, associate of the Linnean Society.  John Murray, London.  132-133

Statistical Account 1791-99  1 472-473  

Steers 230

Steers 1969 92

 

HEORREDH, UAMH                NGR 400 900                   Landranger 60                            Colonsay

 

*HERMIT'S CAVE see ARBROATH, CAVES OF, CAIPLIE CAVE, DUNKELD, CAVES OF and OSSIAN'S CAVE

 

HERMIT'S CAVE                            NGR NO 671 427    Landranger 54                                        Arbroath

 

HERMIT'S CAVE [1]                       NGR NN 758 432    Landranger 51                    Kenmore, Perthshire

aka Acharn Cave

Anderson 1863 381

Buxbaum, Tim 1989  Scottish Garden Buildings / from Food to Folly.  Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh.  148 illus.

Dingwall, Christopher,  June 1990  The Folly at the Falls.  Scots Mag 133 (3) 304-309 illus.

Headley 63, 66.

Salvona and Young 12 S, 16

Scots Mag 93 (5) Aug 1970 reader's letter; 94 (2) Nov 1970 reader's letter Hermit's Cave [1] aka Acharn Cave

Smith, Roger 1994 Highland Perthshire.  Edinburgh, HMSO

WL Oban 1936/7 61

Wordsworth  161, Plate 124

 

HESTON, CAVES OF THE ISLE OF    NGR NX 839 502        1" OS 74,81                                  Galloway

Blake  185

Dick  66

Crocket, S R, 1894 The Raiders.  99 reprinted BC 36 59

 

HEUGH OF CORRYNAKEIGH            NGR NN 160 580        Landranger 41                             Glen Coe

Anderson 1863 149 describes a souterrain at Glen Shiel

Quigley, H, 1936 The Highlands of Scotland (The Face of Britain series)  96.  Batsford, London

 

HEWETSONS' CAVE                      NGR NX not known          Explorer 321                               Dumfriess

Berwick NHJ 1861 318 not seen

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 299-300

Lockhart's Life of Scot 4 360 "the Souter's Chair".

http://freepages.genealogy.roorsweb.com/~maggiesirishkin/hewet2.html

 

HECLA GROTTO                    NGR NT 400 757     Landranger        Cockenzie and Port Seton, Lothian

Headley 40-41

 

HIGH PASTURE CAVE see ARD ACHADH, UAMH AN

 

HOBBIE KERRS CAVE        NGR NT 73 7 243       Landranger 74                     Cessford, Roxburghshire

Lang 126

J Salvona - notes

Trans Berwick NHS Vol 1882-84 140  not seen

 

HIBERNIAN HOLE                         NGR                         Landranger  Glen Duror, Argyll

Dennis, Peter, 2006 Hibernian Hole Extension, Glen Duror, Argyll. GSG Ser 4 3 (1) 30-35 S.

 

HOLBORN HEAD SEA CAVES AND BLOW HOLES                  NGR ND 1088 7145 & ND 1076 1008                                                                                                                     Explorer 451       Thurso

Marked caves on Explorer 451

Bramman, John; Butler, Ken; Miller, David; Myatt, Leslie; Saxon, Jack and Watson George 1982 Visits to Ancient Caithness.  Caithness Field Club, Thurso. 15.

Omand, Donald 1972 The Caithness Book.  Highland Printer Ltd, Inverness, Scotland. 38

Smiles, LLD, Samuel 1878 Robert Dick [1811 Jan - 1866 Dec] Baker of Thurso, Geologist and Botanist.  London, John Murray.  125, 145

Steers 195

Notes on caves on the eastern side of Holborn head are to be found on:                           http://www.scotland-index.co.uk/caithness/clubs/diving/divewreck.htm    accessed 17.5.06.Photo of Deil's Brig, Holborn Head to be found on:                 http://www.fettes.com/Caithness/geo.htm      accessed 17.5.06

 

HOLES OF SCRAADA                    NGR HU 210 795   1" OS 2                   St Magnus Bay, Easha Ness

 

HOLE O'WEEMS                             NGR NO 295 755    Landranger 44                                            Angus

Dorward 53

Gibson, Colin 19?? A Highland refuge.  The Courier

Gibson, Colin, 1958 Highland Deer Stalker.  William Culross & Son Ltd, Coupar Angus, Perthshire.  122. [1st edition was published in 1958 by Seely, Service & Co, London.]

Salvona, Jim 2007 Glen Clova, Angus, Meet Report.  GSG Ser 4 3 (2) 8

 

HOLM CAVE                                          NGR NG 520 510        Landranger 24                         Holm, Skye

Swire  41

Martin, M  151  reprinted BC 8 2-3

 

HORSECASTLE BAY CAVES        NGR NT 92 0 663    Landranger 67                            St Aub's Head

May & Hanson  St Abb's Head, Berwickshire 110 -113, map.  Unfortunately the map does not show the location of any caves

Steers 275

 

HORSE CAVE see SUNLAWS CAVES

 

HORSES' CAVE                               NGR NM 324 350   Landranger 46                                             Staffa

 

HUNTER'S HOLE                       NGR NS 17 5 495           Landranger 63             West Kilbride, Ayrshire

Cleland, J 1880  Account of Osseous remains from Rock Shelter at Hunterston. Archaeological & Historical Collections relating to the Counties of Ayr and Wigton 2 91-100

Cochran-Patrick, R W, 1880 Note on some excavations in a rock shelter on the Ayrshire Coast.  ibid 2 89-90

 

HUNTLY'S CAVE                                   NGR NJ 025 328         Landranger 27                         Morayshire

Beautiful Britain 3 1491 illus

Erye-Todd  218

Eyre-Todd 1931 264

 

HURLEY GROTTO                          NGR NT 224 586    Landranger Penicuil, Lothian

Headley 47-48

 

HURLY COVE                                  NGR NT 215 586    Landranger 66                                     Midlothian

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 299

Buxbaum, Tim 1989  Scottish Garden Buildings / from Food to Folly.  Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh.  147

Mackay, Sheila 2001 Early Scottish Gardens.  A Writer's Odyssey. 178, 185-186

 

IDRIGILL POINT CAVE see CANDLESTICK CAVE, LADY GRANGE'S CAVE

 

INCLINED RIFT see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

 

INCHCOLM                                      NGR NT 177 0 8255                      Landranger 66           Firth of Forth

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 32-33

Morris, Ron 2003  The Wildlife of Inchcolm.  Hillside, Scotland. not paginated.

 

INCHMARNOCH, CAVES OF       NGR NS 020 580    Landranger 63                                               Bute

Baxter 526

Haswell-Smith 19, location map.

 

INNOCENT RAILWAY TUNNEL   NGR NT 270 735-NT 275 725   Landranger                      Edinburgh

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 34

 

INSH CAVE                                       NGR NM 7360 1969                    Explorer 359                           Oban

The island is reputed to be owned by a Londoner who occasionally sleeps in the cave.

Haswell-Smith 65, 66 a raised beach cave.

 

INVERARARY CAVE                      NGR NN 114 0 0890                     1" OS 53                        Inverarary

 

INVERBERVIE CAVES                 NGR NO 832 710      1" OS 43                       Inverbervie, Kincardine

AA  187

Baxter 525

Statistical Account 1845 11 52 refers to a sea cave at Benholme

 

*IONA, CAVES OF                                 NGR NM 263 231       Landranger 48                          Argyllshire

AA  191

Anderson 1863 177-178 Spouting Cave.

Anderson  94

Andrew 48, Spouting Cave

Channley, Bob 1994 Iona and Staff via Oban 1994  96 pp, over 130 illus.  Spouting Cave p 69.  SB  Clan Books, Perthshire.

Donaldson  344 a lost cave, 347 Spouting Cave

Gordon 1949 295 Spouting Cave

Haswell-Smith 69 location map; 71 Spouting Cave.

Keddie  138

MacDonald  21

Mais  96

McNeill  80 Spouting Cave, 83 Pigeons' Cave etc

Morrison, J, 1946  Behold Iona, Glasgow  21

Muirhead 1947 352 Spouting Cave

Murray  85

WL Oban 1936/7 87 Spouting and other caves.

W L Oban  91

 

*ISLAY, CAVES OF THE ISLE OF      NGR NR 24 0 710        Landranger 60                          Argyllshire

Over 6 caves are listed on Islay:

MacArthur's Head Cave cNGR NR 462 597 contains shell middens with animal bones

Port a'Chotain Cave cNGR NR 400 788 contains shell middens with animal bones

Kildalton Cave cNGR NR 440 472 produced artefacts which include a small iron, pot, Bronze Age or later pottery and a stone axe. Green 1980  296

Uamh Mhor cNGR NR 264 728  contains a corn drying kiln

Dun Athad cNGR NR 283 408  At the base of the promontory there are a number of caves and rock shelters, some of which have masonry walls in the entrances.

Uah Vearnag, the cave is on the south-west side of the island.  It contains the celebrated well of Toubir-in-Knahar, where the sick come to drink and leave an offering such as a pin, needle, or farthing etc. PSAS 17 208

 

AA 225 cave near Sanigmore & 247 cave near Mull of Oa

Anderson 1863 163 refers to several large caves at Saneg, one especially with a labyrinth of passages.  Another cave in the Mull of Oe and a cave on Stoc Mhaol Doraidh on the farm of Grastle.  169 A cave at Sanegmore.  171  The cave on Stoc Mhaol Doraidh on the farm of Grastle is only accessible by boat.

Baxter 526

BC 101 14-15 S

Booth, C Gordon  1975 Birds in Islay.  17 Shags in Bholsa Cave. 36 Rock Dove resident in all marine caves.

MacTaggart, Fiona 1998  Rubha a'Mhail to Uamhannan Donna Coast SSI.  Earth Science Documentation Series.  Geological Conservation Interest: Quaternary of Scotland and Coastal Geomorphology.  Scottish Natural Heritage.  34 caves and sea arches, 50 caves in Main Rock Platform used as animal and possibly human shelters with small enclosing walls.

Martin 241  reprinted 8 2-3  At the northern end - the large cave is called Vah Vearnag and will hold 200 men.  Used for habitation.

Martin c1695  lead mine near Portescock

Martin c1695  [second part of the book] 273 as Martin  241 ibid

Martin c1695  [second part of the book] 273 near Dunnivac Fort with several caves.  [is this Islay?]

Mitchell, Sir Arthur 1897  Notice of a Polished Stone Axe, and a well-shaped Flint Arrow-head, found in a cave in Islay.  Uamh phort luinge Mhic-Ruaridh (the of the port of the ship of the son of Rodger).

Murray   31 sea cave at Port nan Gallan

Salvona, Jim 1987 Cave Hunting on Islay.  BC 107 14-15 S

Statistical Account 1845 7 600  sea caves at Kildalton, Islay NGR  NR 438 475

Steers 161-163

Tolan-Smith  7

 

ISLE OF MAY CAVES see MAY, ISLE OF

 

ISLE OF WIAY see WIAY, ISLE OF

 

JACOBITES CAVE                          NGR NN 295 075    1" OS 53                                  A'Crois, Arrochar

BC 32 44

Butler, J, 1962 Fissure Caves.  East Devon Caving Group, Caving (1) 6

Cooper, R G 1983 Mass Movement Caves in Great Britain.  Studies in Speleology 4 40

GSG 5 (3) 4; 5 (4) 9

The Climber 2 (1) 5 and  (1) 5 and 2 (2) 35

 

JEANIE BARRIES' CAVE              NGR NT 153 553    Landranger 65                                                                                                       Carlops, Peeblesshire

change A 950 feet

BC 32 17; 33 27; 44 46

Cameron, I B, & D Stevenson 1985  The Midland Valley of Scotland.  British Regional Geology, 3rd Ed, Chapter 4.

Caseby, R R 1993 Going with god / A biography of Rev Alexander Caseby, 1898-1991, chapter 78

CDG N/L (35) 11

GSG Ser 1 [1] (3) 7 S; Ser 1 [1] (4) 3 S; Ser 1 5 (2) 18-19; & Ser 2 2 (2) 1; Ser 2 2 (5) 2 & 14; 3 (1) 2; 3 (4) 4; 4th Ser 2 (1) 36-43, 8 photos, survey.  March 2004

Pennecuik, A  1815 The Works of Alexander Pennecuil Esq, of New-hall, cont.  The Description of Tweeddale and Poems.  80 and footnote.  Leith.

Reith, George M 1920 The Breezy Pentlands.  Foulis, Edinburg and London.  53-54 refers to Jenny Barry's Cove, a little grotto from whence issues Carlops Burn.  Also mentioned is Hell's Hole and some craggy passages known as the Carlops Snabs.  The latter could just be clefts in the rock.

Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (1967) Peebleshire 2 item 657 pp 353-4

Salvona, Jim  1959 Jeanie Barrie's Cave. BC 32 17-18

Salvona, Jim 1961 Jeannie Barrie's Caves BC 33 27-28

Williams, Graham 1965 Cavemen have fun in very odd places!  (photo and most of text of JB's Cave) Scottish Daily Express 14 Feb

Student's body in Pentland cave a mystery. (Death of Norman Kennedy cf GSG 2 (2)) Edinburgh News 29 June.  (Cave description and reference contributed by Alan Jeffreys)

 

JEDBURGH CAVE           NGR NT 646 185        Landranger  80                       Jedburgh, Roxburghshire

GSG 4 (4) 4

http://www.a2jpl.co.uk/photo/brucescave01.html     accessed 7.10.05

Lang 126, 134

RRCPC Jl (6) 25

Statistical Account 1791-99  1 5 Vestiges of caves appear on the banks of the River Jed

 

JOCK'S CAVE                                  NGR NO 070 115    Landranger 58                                      Pathstruie

Pebble Jock was an old-type tinker who frequented a cave in the Ochils near Path of Condie, on the Milnathort-Dunning Road.

Gibson, Colin 1987 Nature Diary. Courier not dated.

Gibson Colin 1984 Rock hounds' delight. Courier undated

 

JOE WILSON'S CAVE                    NGR NH 770 137    Landranger 33                          Arnisdale, Kintail

Maxwell gave a fictional name to his house Sandaig.  He called it Camusfeàrna.  He refers to a series of caves on the coast near his home.  The NGR I have give is for Port na h-Uamha - Bay of Caves, but Joe's cave could be anywhere on the coast.  Joe's real name was Andrew Tait, but as he was an army deserter, he changed it to Joe Wilson.  He lived in the cave with his girl-friend Jeannie.  Their troglodyte life was a neat an orderly affair, with a clean white tablecloth laid over the fish-box table for meals.  They were both alcoholics and when they got drunk they quarrelled.  No one except Joe knows the truth, but one morning he appeared in the village proclaiming that Jeannie was "Killt and droont".  Although was never proved guilty, he was driven from his cave by the villagers.  The is another series of caves further down the coast called Uamh Rarsaidh.

Tolan-Smith 1999 7

Maxwell, Gavin  1960 1st edition, numerous editions since then.   Ring of Bright Water  pp?

Maxwell, Gavin 1961 4th impression Ring of Bright Water.  London.  Longmans.  17-19

 

JOHN KNOX'S PULPIT                  NGR NO 189 058    Landranger 58                                        Glenvale

marked Cave on Landranger.   A nice dry rock shelter, with a peephole at one end giving a good view of the valley below.

Snoddy, T G, 1950 Afoot in Fife.  Serif Books, Edinburgh.  82 and photo.

Yuill 24

 

JOHN LIAR'S CAVE                             NGR NM 840 230       Explorer 359                  Oban, Argyllshire

Anderson  115

 

JOHNNY KIDD'S HOLE                 NGR NO 395 833    Landranger 44               Glen Mark, Angus Glen

Named after a fugitive who hid there.  But the cave is difficult to find and may be hidden by fallen rocks.  "... there is a cave with a roof of stone, from the chinks of which there drops some water, which petrifies into a substance resembling crystal, of the form of diamonds, with three, four, and six sides".  Warden, A 1881.

Gibson, Colin 1983 The Courier

Illsley, William Allen 1977 The County of Angus.  The Third Statistical Account of Scotland.  The Herald Press, Arbroath.  171

Warden, A 1881 Angus or Forfarshire, 2 234-252

 

JOHNNY LOGIE'S CAVE         NGR NX 375 0 3895      Explorer 311                                          Monreith

Through the Lens: Glimpses of Old Characters of Dumfries and Galloway.  D & G Libraries 1999

Through the Lens: Glimpses of Old South Machars.  D & G Libraries 1997

 

JOHNSON'S CAVE                          NGR HY 250 090    Landranger 6                                             Orkney

Pottinger, Johnny 2006 The Black Craig and the tales of  'Charlie's Hole'.  Orkney Toady, page 11, Thursday, July 20.  With a reproduction of a post of the entrance by the Dundee publisher J Valentine.

 

JONATHAN'S CAVE                  NGR NT 34 6 972           Landranger 59             East Wemyss, Fifeshire

Bon, Elizabeth le 1992 The Jonathan's Cave boat carving: a question of authenticity.  Internat J Naut Arch 21 (4) 337-342

MacKie, E.W. 1986 Iron age and early historic occupation of Jonathan's Cave, East Wemyss. Glasgow Archaeological Journal 13: 74-77.

Patrick, John, 1906  The sculptured caves of East Wemyss.  The Reliquary & Illustrated Archaeologist  part 3 37

Proudfoot, E. 1991 W of Jonathan's Cave (Wemyss parish) skeleton. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1991: 21.

Provan, D. 1988 W of Jonathan's Cave (Wemyss parish) skeleton. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1988: 12.

Spel 1 (2) 33

Yeoman, P. & Provan, D. 1993 Wemyss Caves: skeleton. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1993: 29.

 

*JURA, CAVES OF             NGR NR 650 900         Explorer 355                                               Argyllshire

Atkinson 1985 138, 139

Brown, Hamish 2004  Roughing it.  Scots Mag December  614-617 Brecan's Cave etc.

Campbell, John Gregorson, 1900 Superstitions of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland.  318.  John MacLehose & Sons, Glasgow.  (109-122 Macphie's Black Dog, a similar story to Hannah)

Geike 1908 256-257

Gordon 1949 316

Hannah  107  [Macphie's dog]

Haswell-Smith 41-45 with a location map showing the caves on 42.

Jenkins, D W, 1954 The History and Folklore of British Caves.  CRG Trans 3 (2) 108 [Macphie's dog]

MacTaggart, Fiona 1997  West Coast of Jura SSI.  Earth Science Documentation Series.  Geological Conservation Interest: Quaternary of Scotland and Coastal Geomorphology.  Scottish Natural Heritage.  21, 84 sea caves, 81 Corpach Cave?, 107 cave in Main Rock Platform.

McOwan, Rennie 2006 The Boiling Sea / Rennie McOwan recalls his visit to the Gulf of Corrievreckan.  The Scots Magazine 164 (1) January 70-74, photo.

Martin  235

Murray  53  sea caves on the west coast

North Wales Caving Club N/L (116) Aug 1982

Redfern  41-42 caves around Loch Tarbert etc

Steers 158-159

Thornber 452-463  Glentrosdale Cave, MacLean's Skull Cave, Uamh Bhreacain etc.

Tindall 229

Tolan-Smith  7

Whitehead, G Kenneth 1972 The Wild Goats of Great Britain and Ireland. David & Charles, Newton Abbot. 116

W L Oban  95

 

BIG CAVE, Jura

Macfie's Black Dog:

http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/MCAFEE/2003-01/1044055932

accessed 14.7.07

Source: J. G. Campbell, Superstitions of the Scottish Highlands Narrator: Donald Cameron, Ruaig, Tiree, 1863 Mac-vic-Allan of Arasaig, lord of Moidart, went out hunting in his own forest when young and unmarried.  He saw a royal stag before him, as beautiful an animal as he had ever .... see under Jura Caves of

 

KEARVAIG SEA CAVES                cNGR NC 292 732  Explorer 446               Cape Wrath

Steers 61

 

KEIL CAVE                                    NGR NR 671 077         1" OS 65                            Kintyre, Argyllshire

Includes all the caves at Keil Point

AA  126

Anon 1934 [In] News and Views; Chronology of Scottish Caves.  Nature 134 316 [Hamilton Maxwell, Glasgow Archaeological Society in a cave at Kintyre as compared with the Oban Cave]

Bede  1861 1  191-192

Bord, J & C 1985 Sacred Waters / Holy Wells & Water Lore in Britain and Ireland. 51

British Arch Assoc Jl NS 29 1923 248ff

Brown, E, 1866 The Raised Beaches of Cantyre.  Geol Mag Ser 1 3 139-141

Campbeltown Courier 10 April 1926; 14th April, 28th April, 1st Sept, 8th Sept 1934

Carmichael  130, 135

Cullingford 1962 300-301

Glasgow Herald, The, 22nd December 1933; 28th Sept 1935

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

GSG 4 (1) 28, 31 S; 4 (2) 14. GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 10.   Scheduled Monument 3747

Hull, E, 1866 The Raised Beaches of Cantyre.  Geol Mag Ser 1 3 5-10, illus

Jones 9

Kintyre Collection, MS 133 Campbeltown Museum

Lawson, Tim 2003 Some Caves of Kintyre.  GSG  Ser 4 1 5  Oct 21-28 S

Leitch & Tolan-Smith  122

Lübke  36

Martin 1984   122

Macvicar, Rev Angus J  1965  The book of Blaan/A personal history of Southend. pub privately.  48-51 he uses the spelling Kiel

McCallien, W J & Lacaille A D 1941 The Campbeltown Raised Beach and its contained stone industry.  PSAS LXXV (Vol 3 7th Ser) 1940-41  55-92 illus.  Mainly Albin Distillery site but relevant to local caves with raised beach deposits.

Maxwell, J H 1934  Preliminary report of excavation at Keil Caves 1933-34.  Kintyre Antiqu Soc & Glasgow Arch Soc.  pamphlet 4 pp illus.  [reprinted from The Campbeltown Courier]

Murray 1968 114

Newton  54-55

Pennant  195

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3

RCAHMS 1971 Argyll 1  Kintyre 145-7, figs, 146-148 S, plates 48A-C

Ritchie, J N G, 1966 Keil Cave, Southend, Argyll; A Late Iron Age Cave Occupation in Kintyre.  PSAS 99  104-110 illus

Shell Guide to Britain  124 reprinted BC 54 9

Steers 94

Smith, Wm 1835 June Views of Campbelton & Neighbourhood.  pub by the author Edinburgh.  43 Caves at Keel [steel engraving] "These caves are now chiefly used as folds for cattle, for which they are admirably adapted, being quite dry inside; and occasionally, even yet they resound with the parties and jollity of a ragged crew of Irish wanderers".

Statistical Account 1845 7 454

Sunday Times 29th Sept; 20th Sept 1935 reprinted BC 14 79-80

Tolan-Smith 1995 6

Tolan-Smith  5

White, Capt T P 1873 Archaeological Sketches in Scotland, District of Kintyre.  Blackwood.  Edinburgh & London  104 plates 12, 13

Wilson, Barbara Ker 1954 Scottish Folk-Tales and Legends.  Oxford University Press.  London.  28-32, illus.  The Piper of Keil.

 

KELTON CAVE see ST RINGAN'S CAVE

 

KENNOWAY DEN   NGR NO 347 023                                          Kennoway

In a wooded valley, beside a stream.

Yuill 24 no text.

 

KERRERA ISLAND, CAVES OF   NGR NM 8 0XX 26XX                 Explorer 359                           Oban

Haswell-Smith 72 location map; 73  3 caves.

 

KETTINS CAVE                               NGR NO 230 380    1" OS 49                                       Kettins, Forfar,

 "A cave or weem, about 50 feet in length, was discovered about three years ago on the highest part of a field east of Lintrose.  The breadth at the inner end was about seven or eight feet and the height five feet: it gradually narrowed to 3 feet at the entrance, which winded half round.  The floor was paved and the [p 644] walls built with large rude stones, the upper course projecting inwards.  These caves were used by the ancient inhabitants of the country, either as hiding holes, as Chalmers thinks, or, as other suppose, winter quarters". [A souterrain]     Statistical Account 1845 11 643

 

KILBERRY HEAD SEA CAVES     NGR NR 703 646    1" OS 58                            Knapdale, Argyllshire

 

KILBERRY'S HIDEYHOLE       vcNGR NR 70 2 6390  1" OS 58                            Knapdale, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 7, No 27

Tolan-Smith  9

 

KILHERN CAVES OF         NGR NX 196 3 6435            Explorer 310                                       New Luce

Macleod 241

 

KILMAHUMAIG CAVE                  NGR NR 7911 9346       1" OS 58                     Knapdale, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 6, No 13

Tolan-Smith  9, 17

 

KILMANANSHENACHAN CAVE       NGR NR 718 7 0759               1" OS 65                           Southend

Macvicar, Rev Angus J  1965  The book of Blaan/A personal history of Southend. pub privately.  49

 

KILMELFORT CAVE                      NGR NM 840 148   1" OS 52                                           Oban, Argyll

Coles, John M, 1984 Excavations at Kilmelfort Cave, Argyll.  PSAS 113 1983 (1984) 11-21 5 illus 1 table.

Tolan-Smith  7, 10

 

KILMORY BAY ROCKSHELTER       NGR NR 697 2 7480    1" OS 58                                      Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  17

 

KILRENNY                                       NGR NO 570 050    1" OS 56                                 Kilrenny, Fifeshire

Statistical Account 1845 9 971 Old sea caves, may have been inhabited.

 

KILPHEDIR SOUTERRAIN           NGR NC 991 190    Explorer 444 marked Souterrain     Helmsdale

In Strath of Kildonan.  A 897 to bridge over Kilphedir burn, 6.5 km from Helmsdale; park in quarry, then follow the sheep track up the hill.   Just below the broch is a good path along the side of the hill; follow it west to find three hut circles on the edge of the ravine above the burn.  One hut circle has thicker walls than the other two, and this one has a souterrain leading out of it beneath its wall.  The far end has been broken into, so light comes in, but it may be full of water.  It has drystone walls and lintelled roof and is about 9.5 m long.

Close-Brooks, Joanna 1986 Exploring Scotland's Heritage / The Highlands. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland.  HMSO, Edinburgh  Item 84.

 

KINCARDINE CAVE          NGR NO 740 640        Landranger 45               Lower Warburton, Montrose

aka Nether Warbutton cave and Lower Warburton Cave

Brit Assoc Report, Aberdeen 1859 p 99       Corrie, A J, et al 1875 PSAS 10 476 ff

Cullingford 1962  299

 

KINCRAIG CAVES        NGR NT 466 998 TO 462 998       Landranger 59                Earlsferry, Fifeshire

Baxter 525

BC 39 52-53

Fraser, Duncan 1974 Discovering East Scotland.  271, illus.  Standard Press, Montrose.

Gray, Tom, Spring/Summer 1999 Coastal Caves: A Record of Fife Ancestry. Forthsight [N/L of the Forth Estuary Forum] (3) 8

Kempe 408 and photo on 411

Lang 1951 88

MacGregor, A R  1968, reprinted 1973 Fife and Angus geology: an excursion guide.  University of St Andrews & Scottish Academic Press.  Edinburgh & London.  228 MacDuff's Cave, 229, 230 Devil's Cave.

Muirhead 1947 265

Robertson 174

Scots Mag 1968 June 300; 1968 Oct 96

Silver, Section 19 refers the caves as:  MacDuff's Cave, Hall Cave and Devil's Cave.

Statistical Account 1791-99   9 294.  On the west of Earl's Ferry is Kincraig rock, remarkable for caves, which, though some of them resemble the works of art, are excavations, caused by the influx of the sea.  In one of them, MacDuff's Cave, are the remains of a wall.  Built by MacDuff, Earl of Fife, to defend him from Macbeth.  Cave is 200 feet long.  The rock is of excellent quality taking a polish like granite. 

Steers 263

Yuill 24

 

KING ROBERT'S CAVE                 NGR NN 348 029    1" OS 53                   Loch Lomond, Stirlingshire

Statistical Account 1791-99  9 14.  "In Craigrostan there are several caves in which lawless people used to skulk and hide themselves; those are known by the name of the most remarkably persons who used to frequent them.  There is one commonly known as King Robert's Cave.  What gave it that name was that King Robert Bruce, after his defeat at Dalrec, in the west end of Strathfillan, passed that day, with very few with him, down the strath, crossed the water of Faloch, and came down and came down the north side of Loch Lomond to Craigrostan.  Night coming on, when he arrived at this cave, he slept there; next day he came to the laird Buchan, who conducted him to the Earl of Lenox, by whom he was preserved for some time, till he got to a place of safety.  The report is, that the night in which King Robert slept in the cave, he surrounded with goats that used to lie there in the night, and he himself so comfortable, he was so well pleased with the goats as his bed-fellows, that, when , he became King, he made a law that all goats should be grass-mail (or gras-rent) free.

 

KING'S CAVE [1]                    NGR NR 88 4 310              Explorer 361                    Blackwaterfoot, Arran

AA  219

Anon 1997  Arran and the Clyde Islands / a landscape fashioned by geology.  British Geological Survey. 19.

Anderson 1863 105

Anderson  53 says that James, Lord of Douglas hid here, followed by Robert the Bruce, who is reputed to have seen the spider here (amongst other places, cf Bruce's Cave)

Andrew  180,

Balfour, J, ND The Book of Arran 1

Bede 1861  1 54-56

Blacks  432

Brotchie, T C F [1911?]  Rambles in Arran  38

Craven Pothole Club Jl 5 (2) 94

Downie  66, 70-71

Drummond, Robert, J, 1947 All Around Scotland.  Edinburgh London.  The Ettrick Press, Ltd. 53

Fordon, I, ND Highways & Byways in West Highlands.  reprinted BC 28 95, 97

Eyre & Todd  313

Eyre & Todd 1931 354-355

GSG 3 (3) 8; GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 11.

Gordon 1949 375 illus, 381-384.

Hall 1912 29, 31-32

Hall, T S, 1947 Tramping in Arran 3rd ed Falkirk.  112, illus.  Caves 21, 22, 23, 97

Hall  148

Hanley, Cliff, ND [1950?] Arran, a Tourist Guide Book.  36, illus.  John Menzies & Co, Glasgow.  20-21, 31

Haslett, J 1999 King's Cave.  Scots Mag 149 Nov (11) [505].  A poem about a cave on Arran.

Haswell-Smith 11, 13

Humble, B H 1949 Davie Knows a Howff.  Scots Mag 51 (4) July 276-280, 2 photos.  Bruce's Cave, Arran.

MacBride  14, 31 reprinted BC 13 13 and 23 56

MacGregor 1972 161

M'Arthur  83-85

Martin  235,  219 reprinted BC 8 3-4

McKerrow, W S, & Atkins, F B, 1989 2nd ed Isle of Arran / A field guide for students of geology.  The Geologists Association.  71

McKirdy, Alan, John Gordon and Roger Crofts 2007  Land of Mountain and Flood / The Geology and Landforms of Scotland.  Birlinn  13, 15, 301

McLellan  44,54 (illus), 94 (illus), 95, 116

Mercer, John 1978 The Investigation of the King's Cave, Isle of Jura, Argyll.  Glas Arch Jl 5 44-70.  Mercer's excavations in 1971 revealed a sequence of occupation deposits overlying those of a raised beach.  Finds included, in addition to animal, bird and fish bones, 250 worked flints, Iron Age pottery, part of a shale armlet, several bone pins and a 14th century coin.  Mercer proposed that the cave had initially been occupied towards the end of the Mesolithic period and again in the Iron Age, with further intermittent occupation during the Middle Ages and later.  Indicative of the later is a group of between 100 and 150 Latin Crosses carved on the wall of the cave, which Mercer attributes to the activity of a clandestine Franciscan mission during the first half of the 17th century (ibid 67-68)

Mitchell  37

Mitchell, Sir Arthur 1897 James Robertson's Tour through some of the Western Islands, etc of Scotland in 1768.  PSAS 32 18

Muirhead  154

Muirhead 1947 156

NCMRS Mem 1968 75

Pennant  181

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3  King's Caves and Caves to the south of.

Robertson 1768 Tour of Scotland

Scots Mag 1976 Jan 401

Scott's Tales of a Grandfather  56 quotes Statistical Account of Scotland [see below]

Statistical Account 1791-99  9 167

Statistical Account of Scotland 5 167 reprinted BC 8 1

Statistical Account 1845 5 55-56

Steers 102

Temperley  182 claims Bruce stayed here in February, 1307.

Thomson  205, 300

Tindall 255-256

Tolan-Smith  7-8

 

KING'S CAVE [2]              NGR NS 145 503       Landranger 63             Little Cumbrae Island, Buteshire

Blacks  429

Haswell-Smith 15 location map.

 

KING'S CAVE [3]                                   NGR NR 517 826        Explorer 355                                        Jura

MacGregor, A A, 1952  Skye & the Inner Hebrides.  reprinted in BC 29 6

Martin  235 reprinted BC 8 4

Martin c1695  269

 

KING'S CAVE [4]                             NGR NH 850 720    Landranger 21                                       Cromarty

Miller 1835  39

 

KINKELL CAVE              NGR NO 53 3 157            Landranger 59                           St Andrews, Fifeshire

Anon 1983 Fife Coastal Walk / Walk No 1 St Andrews to Kingsbarns.  Wemyss Environmental Education Centre.  no page nos, Walk No 4 and location map.

Fleming, D Hay 1973 Guide to St Andrews.  J & G Ines, St Andrews.  62

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Hunter, Fraser,  1996 Recent Roman Iron Age metalwork from Fife and Tayside. Tayside and Fife Arch Jl 2

Jehu, T J B, & Wace, J B, 1913 Excavations at Kinkell Cave.  Rep Brit Assoc. 83 Trans Sect 649

Millar, A H, 1895 Fife: Pictorial and historical.  Its people, burghs, castles and mansion.  Westwood, Cupar.  2 vols. Vol 1 12-13 illus.

Pictureque Europe - the British Isles.  Casee, Potter & Gapin, London.

Ritchie, J, 1918 Cave Hunting in Scotland.  Scottish Naturalist.  77 97-102

Scott-Moncrieff, Lesley 1963 Scotland's Eastern Coast.  Oliver & Boyd. Edinburgh & London.  61-62

Silver, Section 2

Statistical Account 1845 9 451 Kinkell Cave and mention of sea caves

Wace, A J B, et al 1915 Cave excavations in East Fife...  PSAS 49 233-255, illus.  fig 5

Wilson 187, Plate XI, fig 4.

Yuill 25

 

*KINTYRE, CAVES OF

Brown, E, 1866 The Raised Beach of Cantyre.  Geol Mag III 139-141

Hull, E, 1866 The Raised Beach of Cantyre.  Geol Mag  III 5-10

Oldham, Tony 2004 The Caves of Kintyre and Mid-Argyll together with a supplement on the mines of the area.  42, illus.

MacIntyre, D 1952 Wild Goats in Scotland.  Letter to the Oban Times, 22 March.

Whitehead, G Kenneth 1972 The Wild Goats of Great Britain and Ireland. David & Charles, Newton Abbot. 116

 

KINTYRE OF MULL, CAVE [1]           NGR NR 673 388        1" OS 65                            Kintyre of Mull

 

KINTYRE OF MULL, CAVE [2]           NGR NR 682 410        1" OS 65                            Kintyre of Mull

 

KIRRIEMUIR CAVE                       NGR NO 380 540    1" OS                                             Forfar, Angus.

Statistical Account 1845 11 177  "Weems Hole" on the top of the hill of the Mearns.  Artificial.  Another at Auchlishie, the "Weems Park" [souterrains]

 

KISHORN CAVE see GLASSCNOCK CAVE                Landranger 24

see also Simpson, R 2005  Caves of Kishorn.  GSG Ser 4 2 (4) 18-24, 4 photos, location map, surveys.  The following are described [enough here for another book]:

Cave of Kings                                                                         NG 85446 43755

Cave of Kings Resurgence                                                   NG 85318 44064

Glasnoch Cave                                                                       NG 86182 44175

Wee Beastie Cave                                                                  NG 86202 44195

Triangle Cave and Coked Cave                                           NG 86178 44154

High Glasnock Cave                                                              NG 86400 43900

Dig 1 (flood resurgence)                                                       NG 87831 44950

Dig 2 (sound of running water; appears diggable)           NG 87850 44946

Dig 3 (sound of water and a pool, but solid rock)            NG 87946 44972

Gravel Coffin Cave                                                                 NG 87988 45004

Pot                                                                                            NG 87875 44971

Very large shakehole and Frog Cave                                  NG 87771 44758

Rasberry Pot                                                                           NG 88000 44800

Tadpole Resurgence                                                             NG 88000 44830

Resurgence for Cave of Queens                                          NG 88274 45176

Cave of Queens                                                                      NG 88264 45144

Slab Resurgence                                                                    NG 88244 45069

Slab Resurgence Pot                                                             NG 88258 45055

Triple Arch Cave                                                                    NG 88245 44933

Heretic's Cave                                                                        NG 88236 44900

Aten's Chamber                                                                     NG 88235 44873

Cnoc na Creige Cave                                                             NG 88724 45068

Simpson, Richard 2006  Applecross and Kishorn Report. GSG Ser 4 3 (1) 46-48 S. Higher Glasnock Cave, Brindles's Rift, Frog Cave, Tadpole Resurgence, Gravel Scoop Cave, Cave of the Queens etc.

Brooks, Simon 2006 Cave Diving on Skye and in the Kishorn Area May/June 2006   GSG Ser 4 3 (1) 52-54 S. Uamh an Righ.

 

KNIVES, CAVE OF see SGEINNE, UAMH in SKYE, CAVES OF

KNOCKAN POT see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

 

LADDER CAVE                                      NGR NM 440 320       Landranger 48                       Gribun, Mull

Hannan  97-98

Statistical Account 1791-99  14 186  Brief description

Statistical Account 1845 7 299    Descriptions of Ladder Cave

 

LADY BUCHAN'S CAVE see ST RULE'S CAVE

 

LADY'S CAVE see DOO CAVE, Arbroath

 

LADY CHARLOTTE'S CAVE         NGR NG 24 6 363    Landranger 23                                         Dunkeld

Smith, Roger 1994 Highland Perthshire.  Edinburgh, HMSO

 

LADY GRANGE'S CAVE             NGR NG 246 363      Landranger 23                        Idrigill Point, Skye

Anderson 1863 233-234

Gordon 1929  106, 148

Macculloch 1927a 88-89

Murray 1968 269

Swire 101, 148

 

LAG NA CARPULL, UAMH           cNGR NR 505 805 Explorer 355                                                  Jura

RCAHMS 1984  19

 

LAKE SIDE BOULDER CAVE           NGR NR 729 9 7520          1" OS 58                                  Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22  No 98 KM

 

LAID SOUTERRAIN                 NGR NO 4284 6128      Explorer 447 marked Souterrain            Eriboll

The local name id An Leabaidh-fholaich means "The Hiding Place".  Beside the A 838 west of Loch Eriboll, about 600 m north of Portnancon.  There are parking places both sides of the burn on the west side of the road.  On the opposite side of the road there are two small cairns of stones which mark the entrance to the souterrain.  The souterrain once lead out of a hut circle, but this has been destroyed in road works.  A flight of twelve steps leads steeply downwards into the souterrain proper, which is 8.5 m long and up to 1.65 m high and 1.5 m wide.  The drystone walls are built roughly into courses with larger boulders at the bottom and far end rounded off, the roof is lintelled over the large slabs and the floor is of earth.  Unfortunately altered drainage patterns, perhaps to do with the road works, mean the souterrain is now usually flooded with water too deep for wellies.  Originally this would have been a perfectly dry storage cellar for the house above.  Dated as 1st millennium BC.

Close-Brooks, Joanna 1986 Exploring Scotland's Heritage / The Highlands. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland.  HMSO, Edinburgh 155

O'Reilly, Kevin and Ashley Crockford ND [2002?] no page numbers.  What to see around Durness.  Published privately.  Location 21 Iron Age Souterrain.

 

LAIRD'S CHAMBER, THE            NGR NO 320 741    Landranger 44                         Cortachy & Clova

Dorward 129

Salvona, Jim 2007 Glen Clova, Angus, Meet Report.  GSG Ser 4 3 (2) 8

 

LAIRD'S HIDING HOLE    NGR NJ 5 3 11    Landranger 37              Leochel-Cushnie, Aberdeenshire

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 301

Old Stat Acc 6 221

 

LAIRD'S STABLE CAVE                NGR NJ 176 708     Landranger 28                                        Covesea

Zemhmeke, Eric 1990 Covesea Caving: A Step into the Past, translated from the German by Uwe Strauss.  BC 110 1-22 S

Ward Lock ND [c 1950] 7th ed. Guide to Inverness, Strathpeffer, Nairn, Forres, Elgin and Northern Scotland. 90

 

LAITH, UAMH                                 NGR NM 515 195   Landranger 48                                               Mull

 

LARGE DOO CAVE  under Arbroath

 

LARGIEBAAN CAVES                          NGR NR 595 150        1" OS 65                            Mull of Kintyre

AA  219, 253

Campbeltown, Southend and Machrahanish.  Official Guide c 1930

GSG 4 (2) 14

Innes, Agnes W S 1954  Campbeltown - That's only half the story.  Scots Mag 62 (1) 1-6 October.

Kay, Margaret, MA A Visit to Largiebaan Caves.  The Kintyre Magazine (10 Oct 1997 5.  This can also be read on the web: http://www.kintyremag.co.uk/1997/10/10page5.html        accessed 23.07.07

Martin 1984  154, 163

Murray 1968 114

Whitehead, G Kenneth 1972 The Wild Goats of Great Britain and Ireland. David & Charles, Newton Abbot. 116

 

LASSINTULLICH CAVE                 NGR NN 699 565        1" OS 48                     Scheihallion, Perthshire

GSG 6 (4) 10-15S

 

LATHERON, CAVES OF                 NGR ND 210 330    Explorer 450                        Latheron, Caithness

Statistical Account 1791-99  17 31. "A great many caves…"  mentions seal hunting

Pennant 1774  202 seal hunting by boat in sea caves.

 

LEABAIDH AN IARLA see DUKE'S BED

 

LEAC BHUIDHE BOULDER CAVE     NGR NR 758 0 7700              1" OS 58                          Knapdale

 

LEIRINMORE SEA CAVES [1] NGR NC 42 4 675  Explorer 446                                                  Durness

LEIRINMORE SEA CAVES [2] NGR NC 424 675 Explorer 446                                                   Durness

Ser 3 GSG 4 (5) 53-54 S

 

LENNOX CASTLE or TOWER       NGR NS 5 9X 75X     Landranger 64            Lennox Forest, Glasgow

Grant 11 subterranean Passage.

 

LETTERBOX TUNNEL                   NGR NT 904 3 6912                      Landranger 67                Eyemouth

 

LIAR'S CAVE see JOHN LIAR'S CAVE

 

LIFF CAVE                                        NGR 330 330           1" OS 49                                              Liff, Forfar

near Lundie House now Camperdown.  Artificial cave found in a field by ploughing.  [A souterrain]

Statistical Account 1845 11 581

 

LIGHT CAVE                                                NGR NO 673 428  Landranger 54                 Arbroath, Angus

 

LIME KILN CAVE               NGR NG 726 448        1" OS 25                   Applecross, Ross and Cromarty

GSG Ser 2 3 (1) 34-35 S

 

LINDSAY'S CAVE              cNGR NJ 175 707       Landranger 28                  Covesea, Elgin, Morayshire

Postcard on Ebay £2.95, 24 Mar 2006,  showing a group of people around a fire.

 

LINN CAVES                        NGR NS 59 0 755                   Landranger 64            Lennox Forest, Glasgow

BC 52 61 reprint of Glas SS Jl

Glas SS Jl 1 (4) 16, 17, 43; Glas SS N/L Sept 1964, Dec 1966

 

LINNE MHUIRICH CAVE             NGR NR 7235 8467    1" OS 58                        Knapdale, Argyllshire

RCAHMS 1988 208 No 360

Tolan-Smith  9, 17

 

LINNE MHUIRICH ROCK SHELTER [1]      NGR NR 723 7 8470    1" OS 58                          Knapdale

Campbell & Sandeman 6, No 14

RCAHMS 1988 208  No 360

Tolan-Smith 17

 

LINNE MHUIRICH ROCK SHELTERS [2]   NGR NR 7355 8598  1" OS 58                            Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

LINTALEE CAVE                             NGR NT 645 184    Landranger 80                              Roxburghshire

aka Douglas Cave

Berwick NHJ 1907 Pt 2 202 by J Linsay Hilson

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45

Jeffrey's History of Roxburghshire  not seen

Lang 125-126

New Stat Acc 3 12  not seen

Veitch's Border History 1 29, 204  not seen

 

LISMORE ISLAND                               NGR NM 830 380       Landranger 49                          Argyllshire

seer CHRAIDH-AT BAILEGRUNAIL, UAMH-

Baxter 527

Corbel  276-277 & 278

Gray, J M 1993 Isle of Lismore, the Dog Stone and Clach Tholl. [in] Quaternary of Scotland, edited by J E Gordon and D G Sutherland.  Joint Nature Conservation Committee / Chapman & Hall.  316-319, map.  Spelethem dating.

GSG Ser 2 1 37

MacTaggart, Fiona 1997  Isle of Lismore cSSSI, Dog Stone cSSI and Clach Tholl SSI.  Earth Science Documentation Series.  Geological Conservation Interest: Quaternary Geomorphology.  Scottish Natural Heritage.  24  4 cave photos, sea caves and Uamh na Caithaig.

Steers 86

Statistical Account 1845  7 227  "In the face of the hill of Glensanda, and not far from its base, there is a small cave which I am told, has been lately used as a schoolhouse.

Statistical Account 1845  7 228  Several small caves on the island of Lismore, one is used by a boat maker as a workshop.

 

LITTER NESS CAVES                     NGR ND 078 711    Explorer 451                                         Caithness

 

LITTLE BERNERA, CAVES OF    NGR NB 152 409    Landranger 13                                             Lewis

Haswell-Smith 257 location map, one cave.  258 large sea caves

 

LITTLE CUMBRAE see BUTE, CAVES OF THE ISLES OF

 

LITTLE SAND CAVE                      NGR NG 750 780    Landranger 19                                         Gairloch

Murray 1968 307

 

LOCH AN FHIR MHAOIL ROCK SHELTER   NGR NR 7450 9900 1" OS 52                                                                                 Knapdale

Tolan-Smith 19

 

LOCHAN TAYNISH ROCK SHELTERS        NGR NR 745 1 8578        1" OS 52                      Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  20

 

LOCH A SGUIRR CAVE                 NGR 6084 5286                    Landranger 24                   Raasay, Skye

 

LOCH BRACADALE SEA CAVES       NGR NR 40 0 190        Landranger 23                                    Skye

Gordon 1949 93 "unusual sea caves"

Hamilton-Murphy, N D 1956 Report on the Skye Expedition 1955.  CRG N/L  (55) Jan/Feb 5

 

LOCH BRITTLE SEA CAVES              NGR NG 400 190        Landranger 32                                    Skye

BC 34 64 reprint of CRG N/L (55)

Demster 85

Gordon  41

Gordon 1929 39-40, 45

Hamilton-Murphy, N D 1956 Report on the Skye Expedition 1955.  CRG N/L  (55) Jan/Feb 6-7, 5-8 S & map + ibid 9-10 comment by Dr Warwick

RHAS personal communication 6/7/74

Staniforth, R H A, 1977 Brittle Caves.  BC 67 Christmas. 46-47, map, 2 illus. 

Woollatt, E C, 1956 Crocan Cave, Glenbrittle, Skye.  CRG N/L (60/61) 5-6

 

LOCH ERIBOLL see ERIBOLL LOCH

 

LOCH GILLE-GHOID CAVES       NGR NF 957 714    Landranger North Uist

A cave settlement to the north of Loch Gille-ghoid, with signs of human habitation in the post-medieval period and perhaps as early as the Iron Age.  Two sections of cave owned by the Scottish Ministers under the control of the Scottish Office Agriculture and Fisheries Department.  The loch is located between Beinn Grota, Ben Hacklett, Beinn na Bile and Beinn an Fhareachaich on North Uist.  A long hike is necessary uphill off a minor road off the A 865 north of Lochmaddy.  Scheduled Monument 5856.

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 11.

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3

 

LOCHGOILHEAD, CAVES OF      NGR NN 200 010    1" OS 53                     Lochgoilhead, Argyllshire

see also Uamh na Plunderain.  and Uamh mhei Sain Reoich

Statistical Account 1791-1799 3 167

 

LOCH MELFORT CAVES              NGR NM 800 130   1" OS 52                                    Kilmelford, Lorn

Statistical Account 1845  7 63    Lochmelfort - cave on the northern shore, used by smugglers and illegal distillers.

 

LOCH MORE AREA, CAVES OF        NGR NC 32 1 419        1" OS                                         Sutherland

North of Loch More

GSG 4 (4) 30; GSG Occ Pub (2) 37

Speleo SWETCCC N/L 9 (1) 3-7 S; 12 (2) 43-47 (speleogenisis)

South of Loch More

Faulkner, T & White, B 1970 Notes on the Investigations in Sutherland CRG N/L (124) 20-25 S

 

LOCH NA H-UAMHAIDH ROCK SHELTER     NGR NR 7658 8360   1" OS 58                       Knapdale

(= Loch of the Caves)

Tolan-Smith  9, 21

 

LOCH NA H-UAMHAIDH UPPER BOULDER CAVE [1]      NGR NR 7679 8373       1" OS 58                                                                                                                                                                     Knapdale

Campbell & Sandeman 7, No 16

Tolan-Smith  17

 

LOCH NA H-UAMHAIDH UPPER BOULDER CAVE [2]     NGR NR 7679 8373       1" OS 58                                                                                                                                                                     Knapdale

Campbell & Sandeman 7

 

LOCH NAN EILTHIREACH ROCK SHELTERS          NGR NR 7760 8143     1" OS 58          Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

LOCH NAN UAMH (Gaelic - Loch of the Caves)  NGR NG 63 5 085    Landranger 32                                Skye

WL Oban 1936/7 121

 

LOCH NAN UAMH (Gaelic - Loch of the Caves)  NGR NM 7 0 83       Landranger 40                   South Morar

Possibly so called as Prince Charlie's Cave [1] is nearby.

Haswell-Smith 106

 

LOCH RYAN CAVE                               NGR NX 050 660        1" OS 79                                        Stanraer

Cullingford 1962 303

Gregory, J W et al 1930 PSAS 64 247-264

Jones  14

Statistical Account 1845 4 103

Steers 114

 

LORD LOVAT'S CAVE see ODIN'S CAVE

 

LORD PITSLIGO'S see COWSHAVEN CAVE

 

LOCHOLE CAVE          NGR NN 701 565     1" OS 48                     Lassintullich, Schichallion, Perthshire

GSG 5 10-15 S

 

LOCH NA H-UAMHAIDH UPPER BOULDER CAVE

                                                            NGR NR 7679 8373        1" OS 58                   Knapdale, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 7

 

LOCH NA H-UAMHAIDH UPPER BOULDER CAVE

                                                            NGR NR 7679 8373        1" OS 58                   Knapdale, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 7

 

LONAVEY'S CAVE                          NGR NO 028 772 (Carn an Righ)    Landranger 43      Glen Ferante

Just below Carn an Righ - the King's Cairn is a poacher's cave.  Lonavery only had one hand, the other was cut off for poaching deer.  However, he had overcame his disability by learning to shoot with one as well as he had done with two.  Continuing to poach deer in Felar Forest was his undoing.  Hunted by keepers on one of his trips to Carn an Righ he hid his gun and dirk in a cave.  He was later captured and died in Perth prison.  A fellow prisoner found the cave with the gun and dirk still there and took them home.

Fleming, Maurice, 1995 The Ghost o'Mause and other tales and traditions of East Perthshire. With a forward by Sir William Macphersson of Cluny.  Edinburgh, The Mercat Press. 53-56

Weir, Tom 1983 To Perthshire with Pat.  Scots Mag 118 (4) January 1983 416-421, illus.

 

LONGAY, CAVES OF                      NGR NG 660 314    Landranger 32                              east of Scalpay

Haswell-Smith 127 location map, 1 cave, 128 "a small cave with fresh water trickling down the back, ... a useful pirates' den."

 

LOURDES GROTTO                      NGR NS 77 4 588          Landranger 64                Carfin, near Glasgow

AA 127 plate

Muirhead  108

 

LOWER OTTER HOLE see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

LOWER TRALIGILL CAVE see ASSYNT CAVES OF

 

LUGAR, CAVE OF                        NGR NS 59 0 215          Landranger 71            near Cumnock, Ayrshire

AA  218 plate 118

Brister, Charles, 1965 The Scots Magazine Nov  115-122 & 100

 

LUING STALACTITE CAVE          NGR NM 7520 1269     1" OS 52    Oban

Cullingford  1962 300

 

LUNGA HOUSE CAVE                          cNGR NM 792 066  1" OS 52                     Knapdale, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 7, No 17

Tolan-Smith  9

 

LUM CAVE [2]                                  NGR NK 0570 3065 Landranger 30         Collieston, Aberdeenshire

Young, Ivan, 1996  The Lost Cave GSG Ser 3 4 (1) The Lost Cave of Slains 27-30,

Statistical Account 1845 12 589-590 refers to the 200 feet long smugglers' cave called Hell-lam Cave

 

MACALISTER'S CAVE see SPAR CAVE, Skye

 

MACALLISTER'S CAVE see SMOO CAVE

 

MACANALL'S CAVE                      NGR NX 0162 9942                      Explorer 317                 Ailsa Craig

Atkinson  38

Haswell-Smith 3

Lawson, R. 1895. Ailsa Craig. Paisley.

 

MACARTHUR CAVE                      NGR NM 859 304   1" OS 46                                   Oban, Argyllshire

Anderson, J. 1895 Notice of a cave recently discovered at Oban, containing human remains and a refuse heap of shells and bones of animals, and stone and bone implements. PSAS 29 211-230, illus, figs, S.

Bonsall, C. & Sutherland, D.G. 1992 The Oban Caves. In Walker, M.J. et al. (eds) The Southwest Scottish Highlands: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 115-121.

Cullingford 1962 299, 553

Garrod, D A E, 1926 The Upper Palaeolithic Age in Britain.  181-182, Oxford, Clarendon Press

Hallén, Y. 1994 Re-evaluation of the Human Skeletal Remains from MacKay Cave, Distillery Cave, and MacArthur Cave, Oban. Unpublished archive report, National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. 1995 Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 19. Archaeometry 37: 195-214.

Jones  4

Lacaille, A.D. 1954 The Stone Age in Scotland. London.  200-206, illus, S

MacGregor  179

Murray 1968 140

Newell, R.R. et al. 1979 The skeletal remains of Mesolithic man in Western Europe: an evaluative catalogue. Journal of Human Evolution 8: 1-228.

Pollard  184, 186, 190, 191, 201, 202

RCAHMS 1975 5, 60

Saville, A. & Hallén, Y. 1994 The 'Obanian Iron Age': human remains from the Oban cave sites, Argyll, Scotland. Antiquity 68:  (261)  715-723.

Simpson 1968 37

Smith & Bonsal

Tell, Leander, 1955 Underjordens Vacka Värld.  155, 100 illus.  C E Fritzes, Bokförlags Aktebolog, Stokholm  142

Tell;. Leander, 1959 La Bela Subtera Mondo Libro pri Grotoj.  95, illus. J. Régulo, La Laguna, Tenerife. 35,

Tolan-Smith  5-6, 10

Turner, W. 1895 On human and animal remains found in caves at Oban, Argyllshire. PSAS 29 410-438.

 

MACCLAVE'S PANTRY     NGR NX 493 660     Explorer 319              Cairnsmore of Fleet, Galloway

Temperley  248, the cave is named after a Covenanter who had hidden here from the Dragoons forty years earlier, [about 1683]

 

MACCOITIR'S CAVE                           NGR NG 495 438        Landranger 23                      Portree, Skye

BC 34 65; 56 45

Cooper 1989 87

CRG N/L (55) 9

Dipper, F A & Johnston C M 2005 Marine Nature Conservation Review Sectors 15 and 3.  Sealochs in north-west Scotland: area summaries.  Peterborough, Joint Nature Conservation Committee.  (Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom.  MNRC Series.), 135, 138.

Humble  25, 61

MacCulloch 1927a 22 MacCoitar's Cave [sic]

Martin  151, reprinted BC 8 2-3

Old Statistical Account 1791-99 16 146

RHAS 1969, RHAS 1971

Sillar  183

Swire  30, reprinted BC 34 57;  167

Parker  46

 

MACDONALDS' CAVE [1]             NGR NM 476 835   Landranger 39                           Galmisdale, Eigg

also known as Massacre Cave, St Francis or France's Cave, Clan Ranald Cave, Uamh Fhraing and marked on 1" OS as Uamh Fraing. 

Anderson 1863  218-219

Anderson  234-235

Anon 1833 Some Accounts of Natural Caverns and Grottos.  Saturday Magazine (42) 79 (in Platten's Notes 25)

Anon 1863 Donations to and purchases for the Museum and Library with exhibits. PSAS 4 396-400 et seq.

Anon 1966 Lord Runiman and brother sell Eigg.  Daily Telegraph, 10th Sept, 15,

Behold the Hebrides: A Hebridean Tragedy: A Tale of an Eigg Cave.  Electronic Scotland Website.     http://www.electricscotland.com/book/hrbrides27.htm    accessed 10/31/2003

BC 19 47

Chapman  40, 61, 115

CRG Trans 3 (2) 115-116

Cullingford 1951 26

Davidson, Dee ND Papa Stour / Rocky reefs and sea cave.  Scottish Natural Heritage.  A3 leaflet folded 3 times.  Describes France's Hole

Donaldson  234, 253, 254, 257, 433

Doria, Rosemary F, 1970  Eigg For the islanders, life here has its problems.  But for the holiday-maker it offers sheer pleasure.  Scots Mag 93 (3) 217-223, map, illus.

Fogle, Ben 2006 Offshore In search of an island of my own.  259, illus.  HB DW Michael Joseph an imprint of Penguin Books, London.  £18.99 [Cardigan library] 133.

Geike 1908 254

Gordon 1929 144-145

Gordon 1949 177-179

Gordon 1950  111, 201-202

Harden, G. 1985 Eigg (Small Isles), stray finds. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1985: 21.

Henderson, T F, & Watt, F, 1907 Scotland of Today.  Methuen & Co, London 317,

Haswell-Smith 109, 111

Isle of Eigg History.  Isle of Eigg Website.  http://www.isleofeigg.org./nature/geology.htm    accessed 10/31/2003

Kempe 1988 196-197

Laughlan 97-98 Sir Walter Scott takes home the skull of a young woman. 125-126 the skull causes bad weather, 134, 152

Laughlan 1982 182-183

Laughlan, Edited by William F, 1983 A Summer in Skye by Alexander Smith.  136

Lockhart's Life of Sir Walter Scott 3 239

Lockhart  285-286, 295

Love, John A. 2001 Rum: A Land Without Figures.  Birlinn Ltd, Edinburgh

MacDiarmid  125

MacEwen, L, 1973 A Guide to Eigg & Muck.  24, map, 3rd ed pub by the author, Muck 12,

MacGregor 1937 177-183

MacGregor, A A, 1952 Skye and the Inner Hebrides reprinted BC 29 18; 36 60

Martin  276, reprinted BC 8 1

Mcllwraith, Euan 1989 The First MacDonald Massacre.  Euan Mcllwraith recalls a grim chapter in clan history.  The Scots Magazine / A Celebration of 250 years.  Pelham Books / Stephen Green Press.  126-129, illus

Miller 1897 22-29

Muirhead 1947 394

Murray  136-138, 156, 235

Parker  46

Redfern, R A, 1973 A Mountaineer on Eigg.  Climber & Rambler 12 (9) 371

Redfern  84-85

Riddoch, Lesley 5.9.05 A lynx in the glen.  Guardian

Rixson 9, 67, 114-118

Simpson  100-102

Smith, A, 1907 A Summer on Skye.  W P Nimmo, Hay & Mitchel.  Edinburgh.  347-348,

Statistical Account 1791-99   17  p 288- 289  Uamba Ffraine (the Cave of Francis)   detailed account of the massacre

Steward, Paul Jay, 2005  True tales of terror in the caves of the world.  Cave Books, Dayton, Ohio.  24-27.

Tindall 195

Urquhart, Judy and Ellington, Eric 1987 Eigg.  Canongate Publishing Ltd, Edinburgh.  36-38 Massacre Cave, 37 photo of Massacre Cave entrance

Walter. Sir ND Tales of a Grandfather [from Miller 1897]

Warner, Gerald 1982 Tales of Scottish Highlands collected and retold by, Illustrations by pupils of the Lochgilphead High School under the guidance of John Leckie.  Shepheard-Walwyn [publishers] London.  65-68 Massacre in St Francis Cave, Eigg, illus.

Wilson 1841 Voyage round the Coasts of Scotland [from Miller 1897]

WL Oban 1936/7 95

W L Oban  96-97

 

MACDONALDS' CAVE [2]                                              Landranger 46                                             Rhum

AA  244

 

MACDONALDS' CAVE [3]             NGR NR 671 077    1" OS 65                               Kintyre, Argyllshire

Bede  171

Bede 1861  1  122

Gordon 1949 353

Johnson, K ND [1995?] Southend through the ages. Martin 14 High Street.  12 puts the cave under Moile Headland which suggests one of the Largiebaan Caves.  A more likely place to hid.

Snab

 

MACDUFF'S CAVE                                                                         Earlsferry, Kingcraig Point, Fifeshire

AA 160

Millar, A H, 1895 Fife: Pictorial and historical.  Its people, burghs, castles and mansion.  Westwood, Cupar.  2 vols. Vol 1 12-13 illus.

Muirhead  264

The Glasgow Herald 4 Aug 1955

 

MACEACHAN'S CAVE                   NGR NS 691 993    Landranger 58                                            Dollar

The NGR given is that of Castle Campbell also called the Castle of Gloom.  Caldron Linn is a waterfall on the nearby River Devon.  The cave has not been located.

Eyre-Todd 1931 98. 99  The cave is near Castle Campbell in Caldron Linn.  The scene has been rendered classic by Burns in his song, "The Banks of the Devon".

 

MACFARQUHAR'S CAVE             NGR NH 800 653    Landranger  27                                      Cromarty

aka McFarquhar's and Marquis's Cave see Cromarty Sutors for Statistical Account 1791-99 reference.  There are several caves in the vicinity.

 

MACFIE'S see COLONSAY, CAVES OF

MACFEE'S see COLONSAY, CAVES OF

 

MACGILLENAOIMH'S CAVE see MHÓR, AN UAIMH

 

MACKAY CAVE                               NGR NM 859 306   1" OS 46                                   Oban, Argyllshire

Cullingford 1962 300

Hallén, Y. (1994) Re-evaluation of the Human Skeletal Remains from MacKay Cave, Distillery Cave, and MacArthur Cave, Oban. Unpublished archive report, National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh.

Lacaille  210

Newell, R.R. et al. (1979) The skeletal remains of Mesolithic man in Western Europe: an evaluative catalogue. Journal of Human Evolution 8: 1-228.

RCAHMS 1975  5

Saville, A. & Hallén, Y. (1994) The 'Obanian Iron Age': human remains from the Oban cave sites, Argyll, Scotland. Antiquity 68: 715-723.

Tolan-Smith  5

Turner, W. (1872) On human and animal bones and flints from a cave at Oban, Argyllshire. Reports of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 160-161.

Turner, W. (1895) On human and animal remains found in caves at Oban, Argyllshire. PSAS 29: 410-438.

 

MACKINNON'S CAVE [1]             NGR NM 440 322   Landranger 48                                 Gribun, Mull

Anderson  98-99

Anon 1830 281

BC 46 64 reprinted from Swire 1966; 83 48-50 S

Beaumont  96-97, 99, 174

Chapman  132, 383

Delaney  253

Ferguson, Malcolm 1894 A trip from Callander to Staffa and Iona with brief descriptive sketches of the route by sea and land, and the sacred rock-bound Isle of I-Colm-Kill.  164+iv pp, frontis of the author.  John Leng & Co, Edinburgh. 160 Mckinnon's Cave.

Gordon  146

Hannan  51, 98

Howitt, David and Derek McAdam 1989 The Guide to Mull Iona and Staffa with a Foreword by The Lord MacLean of Duart & Morvern, 27th Chief of Clan MacLean.  1989  106 pp, numerous photos.  Plenty of caves mentioned, Mackinnon's, Fingal's, Oban caves etc.  SB

Haswell-Smith 78

Keddie  27

MacCulloch 1934 61-62, 135

MacDonald  38, 48-49, 50

MacLean  34 reprinted BC 19 47 refers to the disappearance of the piper and 12 men

MacNab  218

Macnab 1997 68-69

Mais

Mull & Iona  34-35

Murray 1805 45, 48

Murray 1810 31, 103-104

Murray 1968 181-182

Redfern  87

Rogers 260, 261, 262, 263, 265

Statistical Account 1791-99  14 186  McKinnan went in and was never heard of again + brief description

Statistical Account 1845 7 299  MacKinnon's Cave, the later visited by Dr Johnson in 1773.

Stuckley, E  1956  A Hebridean Journey with Boswell and Johnson 138-9

Tindall 210

Whittow 241

WL Oban 1936/7 90

W L Oban  80

 

MACKINNON'S CAVE [2]             NGR NM 323 352   Landranger 46                        Staffa, Argyllshire

Blacks  451

Black's 1873 480

Donaldson  391

Keddie  51

Lloyd-Jones 81

MacCulloch 1927b  25-27

MacCulloch 1934  59-63

MacDonald  20

MacNab  218

Muirhead  351

Scots Mag 1979 Aug 507

 

MACLAIN CAVE                             NGR NM 54 0 710          Landranger 47           Ockle, Ardnamurchan

BC 50 36 reprint of Glas SS Jl  Feb 1968 & N/L May 1968

Glas SS Jl 1 (1); 1 (4) 2,67;  Glas SS N/L Oct 1967; May 1968; June 1969

Gordon, S, ND Highways and Byways in the West Highlands (quoted by Glas SS N/L May 1968)

Gordon 1935 reprinted BC 29 5

GSG 3 (4) 12

MacGregor  99 reprinted BC 23 56 reprinted 50 57

Murray 1968 205

 

MACLEAN'S SKULL CAVE           NGR NR 647 970    Explorer 355                                                  Jura

Until about 30 years ago [1975] MacLean's skull was mounted on a pile of human bone, a top a cairn.  This gruesome relic was alleged to be the remains of a MacLean who was slain  when Jura was attacked by Campbell of Craignish in 1647 during the Wars of the Covenant.

Haswell-Smith 43

Thornber 452-463

 

MACLEOD'S CAVE see MACDONALD'S CAVE [1]

 

MACLEOD'S COVE            NGR NM 720 830     Landranger 40                                                                                                    Loch nam Uamh, South Morar

Donaldson 55-58  Prince Charlies visit

Nicholas  185

 

MACNALL'S CAVE                         NGR NX 015 9 9951                      Explorer 317                  Ailsa Crag

Just before Goose Crags. L 113 feet, width 12 feet and the highest point the passage is 21 feet high.  Its entrance is not easily noticed as it is at the top of an immense bank of debris.  Some years ago when the floor was being cleared of guano, the labourers came across two stone coffins containing bones.  MacNall was a smuggler.

Smith, Gavin D 2003 The Scottish Smuggler  78 McNall's Cave, Ailsa Craig

 

MACNIVEN'S CAVE see MHÓR, AN UAIMH

 

MACPHEE'S CAVE see COLONSAY, CAVES OF

 

MACPHAIDAN CAVE                     NGR                         Landranger Loch Etive

Birlinn 1998  385 MacPhaidan Cave, [between Dalmalie to Bunaw road, Loch Etive area]

 

MACPHIE see JURA, CAVES OF

 

MAIDEN'S BOWER                        NGR NO 190 060    Landranger 58                                West Lomond

The Maidens Bower is a cave in the same rocks as the Bannet Stone where a young girl lived the live of a hermit after her lover was killed by her father's servants.

Pearson, John M, 1992 Around North East Fife.  privately printed? 44

Snoddy, T G, 1950 Afoot in Fife.  Serif Books, Edinburgh.  79

 

MAIN STREAM CAVE see COIRE MULROONEY, CAVES OF

 

MARINERS' GRAVE CAVE                NGR NO 665 414        Landranger 54                 Arbroath, Angus

Severn Valley Caving Club N/L June/July 1971

 

MARQUIS'S CAVE                          NGR NH 799 653    EXPLORER 432                                   Cromarty

 

MARRY GEO CAVES                 NGR ND 2270 7398    Explorer 451                                           Caithness

 

MARSHALL see BILLY MARSHALL'S CAVE

 

MASONS' CAVE             NGR NO 669 421      Landranger 54           Carlinheugh Bay, Arbroath, Angus

Anon ND [1950] Guide to Arbroath and its Abbey.  36 pp illus.  J F Hood & Son, Arbroath  23-25

Colin Gibson, 1907-1998 writer artist wrote many newspaper articles in his weekly `Nature diaries' and they appeared in the Dundee Courier and Advertiser from 1954 until his death., after which selected ones continued to be reprinted.  Some early examples were collected in a series of booklets published by Dundee Museum between 1956 and 1959.  Other articles appeared in the weekly  `This is our heritage' series in the Broughty Ferry Guide & Carnoustie Gazette 1976-84. Colin McLeod 4 July 2005

Dakers, Colin D,  1999 This is our heritage / an illustrated journey around Angus from the writings and illustrations of Colin Gibson.  [articles originally published in Broughty Ferry Guide & Carnoustie Gazette between 1976-84].  Angus District Libraries and Museum Service.  30

Dundee Courier & Advertiser 11/2/56

Fraser, Duncan, 1971 The Smugglers.  236, illus.  Standard Press, Montrose.  99, illus 101.

Gibson, Colin 1982 This is our heritage ... The Mason's Cave.  Carnoustie Gazette Saturday, January 23, 1982.  5

Kempe 408

Mason, Edmund J 1977  Caves and Caving in Britain 108

 

MASPIE GLEN TUNNEL                NGR NO 26 07        Landranger 59                Falkland, East Lomond

Hutchinson  2  Maspie Glen Tunnel.  Photo by Valentine & Sons.

 

MASSACRE CAVE see MACDONALDS' CAVE

Massacres - general, see: Cave of the Skulls, MacLean Cave, Mhor, an Uaimh, Sawney Beane's Cave

 

MATTERICK COVE                        NGR                         Landranger Galloway

McCormick, Andrew.  1932  Galloway / The Spell of its Hills and Glens.  John Smith & Son (Glasgow) Ltd.  283 pp, illus, 25, 51, 271 Matterick Cove [a cave now fallen in]

MAY, CAVES OF THE ISLE OF           NGR NT 660 950        Landranger 59                              Fifeshire

Anon c1986 The Isle of May.  Wemyss Environmental Education Centre.  3 Mill Door - Natural Arch. 13  The main caves around the island also afford excellent hiding places for contraband and the May, at that time, was described as the `Elysium of Smugglers'.  Map shows Lady's Cave.

Bennett, T L, 1989 Littoral and sublittoral survey of the Isle of May, Fife.  Marine Nature Conservation Review report.  MNCR/SR/002/89.  Peterborough, Nature Conservancy Council.  3 location map, 6 No 6 -Cave entrance SE of Cornerstone NT 656 990; No 23 Cornerstone Cave NT 657 799.  19-20 Surge Cave habitat. 20 Habitat of the floor of Surge Cave.  21, 27, 110  Habitat 48 Walls of Surge Cave.

Dickson, John 1899 Emeralds Chased in Gold; or, The Island of the Forth; Their story ancient and modern.  323, illus.  Oliphant Anderson & Ferrar, Edinburgh.  294-296, Isle of May caves and wells:  The Lady's Well in a cave called the Lady's Bed.  Pilgrims' Well, St John's Well, St Andrew's Well, Sheep Well.

Eggeling, W J, 1960 [2nd ed was published 1985] The Isle of May / A Scottish Nature Reserve.  Oliver & Boyd, London & Edinburgh.  7 Mill Door, 27, 29 Lady's Cave no longer exists, the name has now been transferred to the sea cave below.  245  Bishop's Cave, Black Hall Cove, 247 Fair Helen's Cave, 248 Lady's Cave, 249 Maiden's Bed, Press Cave, 251 Shag Cave.

Haswell-Smith 406 location map, Press Cave, Shag Cave, Willie's Hole.  407 Cave near South Ness (Willie's Hole?) was used for smuggling.  The excisemen were told it was inhabited by kelpies.  Press Cave was used by the Fife fishermen to avoid the press-gangs.

Smith, Gavin D 2003 The Scottish Smuggler  113 Isle of May, smugglers' caves

Steers 1969 67

Stevenson, David  2001THE BEGGARS'S BENISON / Sex clubs of Enlightenment Scotland and their Rituals  265 pp, 16 plates and illus in text.  East Lothian, Tuckwell Press.  127 Isles of May caves used by smugglers.

Watson, Harry D 1986 Kilrenny and Cellardyke / 800 Years of History.  Edinburgh 1896.  9-10 Isle of May caves and wells:  The Lady's Well, The Lady's Bed.

 

MCFARQUHAR'S CAVE see  MACFARQUHAR'S CAVE

 

MCGREGOR'S CAVE                     NGR NN 715 585    Landranger 51                          Kinloch Rannoch

Marked on Landranger 51

 

MEEKONS CAVE                            NGR NG 666 5 1944                     Landranger 32                         Skye

 

MEGGINCH CASTLE CAVES       NGR NO 24 1 246    Landranger 53                                              Errol

As the castle stands on a low rise surrounded by clay carselands, this cannot be a natural cave.  It might be some sort of tunnel connected with the Castle as Tranter suggest, but I suspect the most likely explanation is an unreported souterrain.  Personal Communication, Colin McLeod 3 Feb 2006.

Tranter, Nigel (1982) 2000 Tales and Traditions of Scottish Castles. Neil Wilson Publishing, Glasgow. 119-123.

 

MELLON CHARLES SEA CAVES                                  NGR 84 91   Landranger 19                   Gairloch

Mackenzie, Osgood Hanbury 1949 A Hundred Years in the Highlands. Geoffrey Bles, London.  68

 

MEN OF GLEN MORISTON, CAVE OF THE, see PRINCE CHALIE'S CAVE [6]

 

MERLIN'S CAVE see SUNLAWS CAVES

 

MERMAIDS CAVE see WATER CAVE

 

MERMAIDS' KIRK CAVE                   NGR NO 665 414        Landranger 54                 Arbroath, Angus

Severn Valley Caving Club N/L June/July 1971

Steers 255

 

MEYS, CAVES Of                        NGR ND 299 748        Explorer 451                                           Caithness

 

MHOR, AN UAIMH                 NGR NH 77 6 019            Landranger 35                                        Lynchat

aka Mhór, Mor, The Great Cave, Raitts Cave and MacNiven's Cave.  Marked on 1" OS as Earth House.  Marked on Landranger as a `Souterrain'

 

The following is taken from pp 407-418 of Alexander Macpherson's Glimpses. Macpherson's pen name is 'Old Biallid', after the farm house where he lived.

 

[Chapter] II -- THE OLD CAVE OF RAITTS, IN BADENOCH.

 

The distinguished philosopher, Sir David Brewster (the son-in-law of the translator of Ossian's poems), while resident at Belleville [now called Balavil] in 1835, made a careful exploration of this remarkable cave, and in a communication to the Society of Antiquaries in 1863 (when he was Principal of the University of Edinburgh) he thus describes it: --

 

"This cave is situated on the brow of a rising ground in the village of Raitts, on the estate of Belleville. It is about two miles from Kingussie, and about half a mile to the north of the great road from Perth to Inverness. In 1835, when it was first pointed out to me, it was filled with stones and rubbish taken from the neighbouring grounds.  Upon removing the rubbish I was surprised to find a long subterraneous building, with its sides faced with stones, and roofed in by gradually contracting the side walls and joining them with very large flattish stones.  The form of the cave was that of a horse-shoe.  Its convex side was turned to the south, and the entrance to it was at the middle of this side by means of two stone steps, and a passage of some length.  The part of the cave to the left hand was a separate apartment with a door.  A lock of an unusual form, almost destroyed by rust, was found among the rubbish.  The formation of the roof by the gradual contraction of the side walls is shown in the drawing.  There is no tradition among the people respecting the history of this cave, and, so far as I know, it had not been previously noticed."

 

In stating that there was no tradition among the people at the time regarding the cave, Sir David must have been misinformed. "Old Biallid's" account of it appears to have been written prior to 1835, and in a quaint diary in my possession, which belonged to the Rev. William Blair, who was minister of Kingussie from 1724 to 1786, there is the following reference to the cave in a description of a journey from Edinburgh to Inverness:--

---------------------------------------------------------407-------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------408-------------------------------------------------

"We visited the Cave of Clan Ichilnew, which is not far from the side of the highroad.  We descended into it, and found the greater part of it fallen in, and could only perceive a dark hole through which we could not see the farther end.  The stones that support the roof are of an enormous size -- in length about twelve feet.  The accounts given of this subterranean mansion are various.  The people there give this account: That in primitive ages, when anarchy prevailed throughout the island, the country was infested with men of a gigantic stature who had often made fruitless attempts to conquer the island.  Being repulsed at a time when they made their last and most formidable attack, such as were not either killed in the flight or escaped by sea fled into the mountains, and being closely pursued by the enemy until night stopt [sic] the pursuit, they advanced so far as the Spay [sic], and in a night's time finished the said cave, and lived there for some time, till, by the continual searches of the conquerors, they were at last discovered and every man killed."

 

Here is "Old Biallid's" account of the cave, under the title of The Macnivens' Cave:-- "This artificial cave is on the farm of Raitts in Badenoch, and is still nearly entire.  Its history is as follows: When the Clan Chattan lost their patrimony in Lochaber by the marriage of the heiress of the clan to the son of the Thane of Fife, the Macphersons, who opposed the pretensions of the husband to the chieftainship, were gradually expelled their possessions, and found an asylum in Badenoch, then occupied by the Macnivens, as vassals of Comyn Earl of Badenoch.  The emigration from Lochaber continued for several years, but it was not until the restoration of Robert Bruce and the downfall of the Comyns that the Chief of the Macphersons made a purchase of the lands of Cluny, &c., and came to reside there.  In consequence of that event the Macnivens became alarmed, and took every opportunity of insulting Cluny, who was not then sufficiently strong to resent or punish their conduct.

 

An occurrence, however, happened which brought matters to a crisis. The Chief of the Macnivens, who resided at Breakachy, and was Cluny's next neighbour [across the Spey -- Ed.], pounded Cluny's cattle, and as there was much bad blood between the parties, it was considered dangerous that the men should come in contact. It was therefore resolved to send Cluny's daughter to relieve the cattle; but instead of paying that deference due to the rank and sex of the young lady, she was treated in the most brutal manner: her petticoats were cut off, and in that state she was sent home to her family.

---------------------------------------------------------408-------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------409-------------------------------------------------

The cattle were also sent home, but the bull's tongue was cut out, which in these times was considered as a direct challenge. Such a gross outrage could not but inflame the Macphersons to the highest pitch, and as they were not equal to their adversaries in point of numbers, one called Allaster Caint [from the Gaelic cainnt meaning 'talk' or conversation --- Ed.] collected a band of one hundred resolute men, with whom he set out at night, and before the sun rose next morning there was not a living male Macniven in the lordship of Badenoch except eighteen that contrived to conceal themselves in the woods of Raitts.

 

These men managed to elude the vengeance of Allaster Caint until they constructed a cave under the floor of their dwelling-house, and which they did with such skill and secrecy that they were enabled to keep possession of the place for several years.  They slept securely in the cave at night, and in the daytime they kept so good a look-out that their enemies could never get them into their power until the cave was discovered by the following stratagem: Allaster Caint concealed himself under pretence of sickness until his beard grew to a great length.  He then disguised himself in the habit of a beggar, and came in that character to the house of the Macnivens late of an evening, when he was kindly treated by the women, but refused lodgings for the night.  He begged hard to be allowed to remain, and when they attempted to remove him by force, he pretended to be afflicted with gravel, and uttered such piercing shrieks that they had pity on him, and allowed him to lie at the fireside, where, after a great deal of mock moaning, he pretended to fall sound asleep, and by this artifice discovered the cave; for, believing him to be really asleep, the door was opened to give the men their supper.  He left the house early in the morning, and in a few days thereafter he returned with a strong party, and beheaded every one of the unfortunate Macnivens upon the stump of a tree before the door.  The most singular circumstance connected with this tragic affair is, that every one of the descendants of Allaster Caint to this very day has been afflicted with gravel."

 

The cave was well known to the old natives of Badenoch under the name of An Uaimh MhÚir -- i.e., The Great Cave.  It is now generally known in the district as The Robbers' Cave, but it is evidently of a much older date than common tradition assigns to it. I am indebted to Mr David MacGibbon, architect, Edinburgh, one of the accomplished authors of The Castellated Architecture of Scotland, for the following particulars and for the plan of the cave [shown below].

---------------------------------------------------------409-------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------410-------------------------------------------------

It is curved as shown on the plan; The side walls are built with large stones, those towards the top being pushed inwards so as to diminish the space [the technique is known as corbeling --- Ed.], and the top covered in with a long stone, as shown in section. The entrance is very narrow, and has apparently sloped down from the surface to the doorway, which is composed of massive stones, the jambs of which incline inwards towards the top.  This doorway has been defended either by a stone or wooden door strengthened by a strong sliding bar on the inside, the holes or slots for which are still visible.  The portion of the roof next the entrance has fallen in, but the greater part of the stone roof still exists. 

 

A cave or earth-house most closely resembling the one at Raitts was found in 1869 at Crichton Mains, in Mid-Lothian, as described by Lord Rosehill in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, vol. viii. p. 105, of which sketches are given by Dr Joseph Anderson in his learned and able work on Scotland in Pagan Times.  "Whatever," says Dr Anderson, "may have been the actual purpose or purposes to which they were applied, the fact which is of importance in our investigation is that these earth-houses, though ranging in area from Berwickshire to the north coast of Sutherland, are all of one special character, long, low, narrow galleries, always possessing a certain amount of curvature, sometimes greatly and at other times doubly curved, always widening and increasing in height from the low and narrow entrance inwards, usually built with convergent walls and roofed with heavy lintels, which are always lower than the surrounding level of the ground, so that the whole structure is subterranean.  Occasionally they present variations in structure, as in the case of one at Murroes in Forfarshire, which, instead of being built, has its walls constructed entirely of flagstones set on edge.  Similarly, the example at Kinord, in Aberdeenshire, has its walls constructed of single boulders set on edge or on end; and it presents the further peculiarity of the chamber being divided into two branches at the farther end.  One at Pirnie, in the parish of Wemyss, in Fife, and another at Elie, had steps leading down to the entrance.

 

"Like the Scottish examples, the earth-houses of Cornwall are long narrow galleries of dry-built masonry, but they are not so strongly marked by the peculiar feature of single or double curvature which distinguishes the Scottish group.  They are comparatively few in number, and any indications of the period of their occupation that have been observed point also to a time not far distant from the close of the Roman occupation of the country.  No other group of such underground structures is known in any other part of Europe, or indeed anywhere else in the world.  These excavated chambers, possessing the characteristics which have been described, are peculiar to the Celtic area, and the specially typical form with the strongly marked curvature is found only in Scotland.

---------------------------------------------------------410-------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------411-------------------------------------------------

"Of the culture and civilisation of the people who constructed these strange subterranean cells it may be impossible, in the present condition of our knowledge, to form an adequate estimate; but we can say this of them with certainty, that whatever may have been the special motives and circumstances that induced them to give this peculiar expression to their architectural efforts, they exhibit in other respects evidences of culture which, though it may be held to be inferior in range and quality to the culture of the Christian time, compares not unfavourably (so far as it goes) with that which is exhibited in connection with the superior architecture of the brochs.

 

"And while on all these lines of investigation we have traced the manifestations of these early forms of culture and civilisation up to points at which they seem to touch the culture and civilisation of the Roman empire, it is to be observed that they do no more than touch it--they are not merged in it.  In all their distinctive features they are still Celtic, and Celtic exclusively.  There is nothing Roman in the forms of the prevailing types; there is nothing Roman in the art that decorates these forms; there is nothing Roman in the typical character of the structures in which they are found.  The forms, the art, and the architecture are those of Scotland's iron age -- the Pagan period of the Celtic people."

?  18?    Historical and Traditional Sketches of Highland Families and of the Highlands.  Macintishes of Borlum &c Part II

Brewster, Sir David 1863 Communication to the Society of Antiquaries.

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Gordon, S, 1948

Gray, Affleck 1987 Legends of the Cairngorms. Edinburgh, Mainstream Publishing. 59-63 The Cave of Raitts

http://www.sonasmor.net/biallid1.html

Log 28 (220704)

MacPherson 1893  Glimpses of Church and Social Life in the Highlands in Olden Times.  Part 8 Selections from the MSS of the late Baiallid or Capt MacPherson [Old Biallid from Biallid Farm, where he lived.  Gaelic Bial = mouth ].  Blackwood & Sons.  Raitts Cave 407-411

Pennant 1774 Appendix 2  71 Raits Cave.

Statistical Account 1845 10 349-350 Uamh Mor or Great Cave; 10 1225

Tranter  111

 

MHOR, UAMH                         NGR NN 68 5 111            Landranger 57                  Callender, Perthshire

Bennet, Donald 1972 Southern Highlands.  Scottish Mountaineering Trust.

David Foster, personal communication 17 Aug 2004

Demster, Andrew 2003 The Grahams. Mainsteam Publishing.

McOwan, Rennie 1994 The Cradle of Kidnapped.  Scots Mag 152 (12) Dec 602-609

McOwan, Rennie 2004 Bothy Ballard.  Scots Mag March 252

McOwan, Rennie 2005 Discovering Dumyat / tracing the footsteps of Robert Louis Stevenson.  Scots Magazine 163 (3) 289-294

 

MHOR, UAMH                         NGR NC 8275 6928        Explorer 449               Strathy Point, Sutherland

 

MHOR, UAMH see RAASAY, CAVES OF

 

MICHAEL COLLIERY CAVE           NGR NT 334 959       Landranger 59          East Wemyss, Fifeshire

Childe, Gordan, V, 1935  115

Cullingford 1962 301

 

MICHI, UAMH NA                          NGR NR 716 612    1" OS 58                      East Tarbert, Argyllshire

aka Uamh Mhic Chuari.

Campbell & Sandeman 8, No 25

Milton, N J, Kilberry Head Sea Caves. GSG 1974-1988  4 (2) 13  [the title is a misnomer as the caves are some distance from Kilberry head]

Statistical Account 1791-99  6 426  Unreadable footnote.  "There are five caves on the coast …"

Tolan-Smith  9

 

MILLHOLE

Dorward, David 2004 The Sidlaw Hills.  Pinkfoot Press, Angus.  137 Not a cave.

 

MINE, UAMH NA                            NGR NR 380 982    Landranger 60                                               Mull

 

MINGULAY, CAVES OF                 NGR NL 546 825    Landranger 31                             Outer Hebrides

Earnshaw, K W [editor] The RAFOS Expedition to Berneray and Mingulay 10 June to 6 July 1985.  Journal The Royal Air Force Ornithological Society. (17) January 1987. 36 refers to a cave in the south east face of Dun Mingulay at NGR NL 546 820

Haswell-Smith 168 location map, 170 sea cave at Lianamul  NGR NL 547 837 marked Cave on Landranger 31

Tindall 168

Williamson  51 Mingulay.

 

M'NALL'S CAVE see MACANALL'S CAVE

 

MONCRIEFF HILL, CAVES OF    NGR NN 130 190    Landranger 58                           Perth, Perthshire

Statistical Account 1845 10 3 insignificant

 

MONKLAND CAVE                  NGR NS 76 63        Landranger 64                  New Monkland, Glasgow

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 301

Old Stat Acc 7 280

 

MONY'S CAVE                                NGR NH 3735 2815                     Landranger 26         Glen Urquhart

On north bank of the River Enrick just by the Corrimony Falls waterfall.  A large cave in which Jacobites hid after Culloden. 

Scots Mag 97 (6) Sept 1972 reader's letter 618.

 

MONK'S CAVE                                NGR NG 48 69        Landranger 63                              Little Cumbrae

L 100 feet, but only 3 feet wide.

Steers 106

 

MONSTER CAVE see BLACK CAVE, ARRAN

 

MONSTER, CAVE OF THE         NGR NF 57 0 850           1" OS 32                Mingulay, Outer Hebrides

BC 46 75

Swire 1966

 

MÓR see MHÒR  Gaelic for big or large

 

MOY CASTLE DUNGEON             NGR NN 421 827    Landranger 42                                               Moy

Laughlan 1982 165

 

MUCHALL'S CAVE                         NGR NO 902 916    Landranger  38                                      Aberdeen

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 300

Hutchinson  2 1200  Grim Brigs, natural arches by the coast.  Photo by Valentine & Sons.  Adjacent page not numbered Dunnyfell, rock arch looking out to sea.  Photo by Valentine & Sons.

MacGregor, A R  1968, reprinted 1973 Fife and Angus geology / an excursion guide.  University of St Andrews & Scottish Academic Press.  Edinburgh & London.  70, 71.

Merrill 159

Scot Notes & Queries, July 1896 30  not seen

Steers 246-247 the tunnel

 

MUIC, UAMH etc see EIGG, ISLE OF

 

MUINNTIR, UAMH                              cNGR NR 555 817      Explorer 355                                     JURA

aka `Cave of the Iona People' which suggests it may have been used as a corpach [cf Corpach Caves].  Two caves made into a shooting bothy.

Mercer  68

Tolan-Smith  8

 

*MULL, CAVES OF                               NGR NM 620 340       1" OS 45, 51                              Argyllshire

See: ARDMORE POINT; CARSIAG ARCHES; GHUAIDHRE, UAMH; LORD LOVAT'S CAVE,  ODIN'S CAVE; MACKINNON'S CAVE; NUNS' CAVE; ODIN'S CAVE; PIPER'S CAVE [8]; PORT UAMH BRIDE, NGR NM 405 295 (no entry); TRESHNISH CAVES  NGR NM 352 457  UAMH NAN CALMAN, NGR NM 405 294 (no entry); RUBHA NAH-UAMHA NGR NM 402 280 (fossil tree in a cave at Ardmeannach promontory).  ref Mull & Iona 49)

UAMH LAITH, NGR NM 513 195 (no entry); UAMH NA CEANN; UAMH NAN TAILLEARAN, NGR NM 583 233 (no entry); UABHACHALEACHDASTAVIN; WHISKEY CAVE, THE NGR NM 343 462

see also under: ONE, ISLE OF

Andrew 29, illicit still in a cave

Baxter 527

Haswell-Smith 75 location map; 78 Abhainn na h-Uamha (Gaelic - River of Caves).

Macnab 1997 29 Rudha nan Uamha (Point of the Caves).  32-33 sea caves.

Whitehead, G Kenneth 1972 The Wild Goats of Great Britain and Ireland. David & Charles, Newton Abbot. 116

 

 

MULL OF GALLOWAY, CAVES OF        NGR NX 090 372 Explorer 309                                  Galloway

Dick, p 372

Dr Maxwell Wood's 'Smuggling in the Solway'

Macleod 268

NGR NX 058 474 Ref: Macleod 262

Dick  372

 

MULL OF KINTYRE see KINTRYE, MULL OF

 

MULROONEY RIVER CAVES see MULROONEY, CAVES OF

 

MURDER HOLE                              NGR                         Landranger

Described as an 80 feet deep natural shaft on the moor between Ayrshire and Galloway.  A local inn keeper killed and robbed traveller and through their bodies down this shaft.

Mackay, John 2004 The Cannibal Family of Sawney Bean and stories of south-west Scotland.  Glasgow, Lang Syne Publishers, Ltd 7-12, illus.

 

NAOMH SEORAS, UAMH NAN   NGR NC 3117 3 25945         Explorer 445                                 Assynt

(St George's Cave)

GSG Ser 4 2 (3) 31 S

 

NARROWS OF RAASAY CAVES             NGR NG 53 4 354                 Landranger 32                       Skye

 

NEI, UAMH                NGR NC 8281 6972       Explorer 449                                Strathy Head, Sutherland

Pennant 1774 327

 

NIG-NAG-NEWAN CAVE               NGR NX 4 0x 81x    Explorer 319                                        Glen Trool

Macleod 203

McCormick, A 1932 Galloway:  The Spell of its Hills and Glens. not seen

 

NEEDLE E'E see under ARBROATH

 

THE NEEDLE'S EYE                       NGR NJ 836 664     Landranger 54               Troup Head, Banffshire

O'Brian 33 The Needle's Eye, 35 caves, 37 caves, 38 caves, arch, blowhole, "Return to the landward end of the platform and enter a narrow fissure, The Needle's Eye, which leads through the headland to a large cave on the other side - The Devil's Dining Room, the Hell's Lum, an enormous blowhole which leads to rear of a cave named the Devil's Kitchen

                                                                               

NEI, UAMH                                       NGR NC 8281 6972    Explorer 449                         Strathy Head

Pennant 1774 327

 

NEILL, UAMH                             vcNGR NR 732 605    1" OS 58                            Knapdale, Argyllshire

Campbell & Sandeman 8 No 35 [or 34]

Tolan-Smith  9

 

NETHER LARGIE CAIRNS           NGR NR 826 979    Landranger Kilmartin

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 37

 

NETHER WARBURTON CAVE    NGR NO 736 633    Landranger 45              St Cyrus, Aberdeenshire

Excavated 1847   Finds include: shellfish, deer, cattle, sheep, pig and some pottery.  Iron age dwelling

Beattie, W. 1860. Notice of a bone cave near Montrose. Report of the Twenty-Ninth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 99-100.

Bryson, A. 1850 Remarks on a bone cave near the mouth of the North Esk. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 49:           253-255.

Fraser, Duncan 1964 East Coast Oil Town.  Standard Press, Montrose.  21-23

RCAHMS 1982   The Archaeological Sites and Monuments of South Kincardine, Kincardine and Deeside District, Grampian Region, Edinburgh.



NEWBATTLE CAVES                     NGR NT 33 2 656                Landranger 66                  Midlothian

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 291-293, 1 figs.  Newbattle Cave

Copy of Newbattle Abbey sewers in GSG records. not seen

Pennant 1774 63

 

NEW CAVE see CRYSTAL SPRING CAVE

 

NEWHAILES SHELL GROTTO   between Edinburgh and Musselburgh

Anon 2002 Archaeology Bulletin (18) Summer / Spring 2002 Newhailes Special Edition.

 

NEWTYLE NORTH QUARRY CAVE         NGR NO 04 5 413        Landranger                            Dunkeld

A cave near the top bench of the quarry.  A slate mine?

Walsh 2000 Scottish Slate Quarries.  Edinburgh, Historic Scotland. 77

 

NORTH CRUBASDALE CAVE      NGR NR 682 3 4100     1" OS 65                             North Crubasdale

 

NORTH MAUSDALE CAVE          NGR NR 6809 4049                     1" OS 65               North Mausdale

 

NORTH RONE see RONA

 

NOSS HEAD CAVES                       NGR ND 388 547    Explorer 450                                           Caithness

 

NUNS' CAVE                                    NGR 525 205           Landranger 48             Carsaig, Innismore, Mull

AA  128

Anderson  85

BC 29 7 from Gordon; 36 8 reprinted from Finlay, Campbell, K 1959  We go to the Western Isles;   83 49

Campbell, Barbara 1994  Mulling around.  The Countryman 99 (3) 39-44

Chapman  134

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45  301

Cullingford 1962  300

Gordon 1949 258

Hannan  119

Haswell-Smith 79

Jones 4

Judd, J W, 1874 Notes on some ancient chapels and other remains in the Island of Mull.  PSAS 10 597

Keddie  133

Laughlan 1982 163.  The cave was filled with cattle and the filth deterred Sarah Murray from going to the end.

MacNab, P A  1969 The Secrets of Carsaig.  The Scots Mag NS 91 (3) 208-216, illus;  ditto Aug 1969 408, a letter

MacNab  26, 37, 39, 77, 78 illus

Macnab 1997 73

MacDonald  14-15, 38 54

MacLean  34

Muirhead  354

Muirhead 1947 353

Mull & Iona  37, 49

Murray 1805 262-263

Murray, J E L, 1963 Rock-cut symbols in Caiple Caves.  PSAS 94 324-325, illus

Murray 1968 183

PSAS 10 597

RCAHMS 1980  159

Smith, J A, 1878 Notes on medieval `kitchen middens' ... PSAS 12 103-117 (104-105 Nuns' Cave)

Statistical Account 1791-99  14 187  Brief description

Statistical Account 1845 7 300 description of Nuns' Cave.  There are several crosses cut in the side of the cave.

Swire  59

Thomson  136

Tindall 211

WL Oban 1936/7 88

W L Oban  92

 

NURSLING, CAVE OF THE see SPAR CAVE

 

OARS CAVE                NGR NG 60 0 542                 Landranger 24                       Isle of Raasay, off Skye

BC 50 reprinted from Dr Johnson's Journal of a Tour of the Hebrides, 1888

Chapman  56, 272

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 14.

Parker  47

Rogers 129, 131

 

*OBAN, CAVES OF                               NGR NM 860 300       1" OS 46,52                               Argyllshire

see: DISTILLERY CAVE; DRUIMARGIE CAVE; DUNOLLIER CAVE; GASWORKS CAVE; MACARTHUR CAVE; MACKAY CAVE;

Anderson, J, 1895 Notice of a Cave Recently discovered at Oban. PSAS 24 211-30

Anderson, J, 1898 Notes on the Contents of a small cave or rock-shelter at Druin-Vargie, Oban and of three shell mounds on Oronsay. PSAS 32 298-313, figs

Beaumont  15

Breuil, H, 1922 Observations on the pre-neolithic industries of Scotland.  PSAS 56 261-281, figs

Glas SS Jl 1 (4) reprinted BC 52 61

Keith, A, 1915 The Antiquity of Man.  xx & 519, illus.  Williams & Norgate, London.  59, 512

Lacaille  plate 8, 199-211, 214, 225, 243-244, and table 5 opp 240

Murray 1968 140

Parker  4

Pollard  183, 193, 201

Saville, Alan & Ywonne Hallén 1994 The `Obanian Iron Age': human remains from the Oban cave sites, Argyll, Scotland Antiquity 68 (261) 715-723

Statistical Account 1791-99  11 126.  refers to unidentified bone caves at Oban

Turner, W, 1871 On human and animal bones and flints from a cave at Oban.  Rep Brit Assoc.  (41) Trans Sect 160-161

Turner, W, 1895 On human and animal bones found in caves at Oban, Argyllshire.  PSAS 29 410-438

Whittow 202

Wickham-Jones  48, 71, 72, 98, 117

 

OCKLE POT see MACLIAN'S CAVE

 

ODIN'S CAVE                                        NGR NM 603 207       Landranger 49                                     Mull

aka Lord Lovat's Cave

AA  211

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Hannan  174

Haswell-Smith 79

MacDonald  14, 38, 55

MacLean  33 reprinted 13 13

MacNab  26

Macnab 1997 87

Statistical Account 1845 7 279

Thomson  136

WL Oban 1936/7 88

W L Oban

 

OIR, UAMH AN [1]                                NGR NG 371 720        Landranger 23                      Kilmuir, Skye

BC 34 65

Cooper 23-24

Cooper 1989 23-24

Gordon 1929  167-168

Gordon 1950  102

MacCulloch 1927a 44, 87 reprinted BC 29 9

Martin  151 reprinted BC 8 2-3

RHAS 1969; RHAS 1971

Swire  60

 

OIR, UAMH AN [2]                                NGR NG 561 338        Landranger 32              Greshornish, Skye

Swire 80

 

OIR, UAMH AN [3]                                NGR NG 281 401        Landranger 23                     Harlosh, Skye

Anderson  251-251

BC 13 42 Boswell's visit; 29 9 reprint of MacCulloch 1927a; 34 60; 50 37

Chapman  67, 318

Cullingford  1951 16

Demster 122

Humble  60, 109, 122

MacCulloch 1927a  87

Martin  151, reprinted BC 8 2-3 mentions The Golden Cave of Sleat seven miles in length (Harlosh?)

Mason, Edmund J 1977  Caves and Caving in Britain 94

RHAS 1969; RHAS 1971

Swire  80, 135, 167

Tindall 183

W L Oban  134

 

OIR, UAMH AN [4]                                NGR NG 400 200        Landranger 32                      Coolins, Skye

MacCulloch 1927 a 147-148

Swire  23

 

OIR, UAMH AN [5]                    NGR NB 7425 7335      Landranger 19                 Opinan, Wester Ross.

Chadwick, Steve 1992 Poolewe to Gruinard, Selected Walks and Caves with Historical Narrative. p 13

Polson, Alexander 1926 Our Highland Folklore Heritage.  George Souter, Dingwall. 88-89

WL Oban 1936/7 103

 

OIR, UAMH AN [6]                    NGR NF 7 0 05              Landranger 32                                             Barra

Haswell-Smith 177

Tindell 165

 

OLD CRINANN CAVE see CRINAN FERRY CAVE

OLD FOX HOLE see GLEN CRERAN CAVES

 

OLD WOMEN'S CAVE see ST KILDA, CAVES OF

 

*ORKNEY, CAVES OF                          NGR HY 700 400        1" OS 5,6,7                                     Orkney

see also GENTLEMAN'S CAVE in Caves of Northern Britain

Johnson's Cave: BC 14 78 from Tudor

General references:

Glas SS Jl 1 (2) sea cave and general

Gunn, J 1943, Gloup of Deerness, 77

Gunn, J 1943, Gloup near Halcro Head largest on island, South Ronaldsay, 170

Laughlan 72-73 150

Mackintosh, Fiona 1992 The Conservation and Recreational Value of Sea Caves in Orkney.  Institute of Offshore Engineering, Herriot-Watt University.  Halcro Head 6 caves.  Deerness 4 caves.  No NGRs.

Marwick, E W, 1970 Cave Hunting in Orkney.  Scot Mag (66) 40-41, illus

May & Hanson  West Coast of Orkney. 81-86, map, photo.  Useful work as the map shows the location of the caves which unfortunately are not named.

Miller 1897 443-445  Johnstone's Cave.  Ship wrecked sailor survives for 4 days in a cave.

Murray, Eleanor, Dalkin, Matt, Fortune, Frank and Begg, Karren 1999 Orkney, Area summaries. Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sector 2.  Coast and seas of the United Kingdom - MNCR series.  Joint Nature Conservation Committee. 29, 44, 45, 46, 67, 69, 81, 83.

Ramna Geo: BC 14 80 from Tudor

Ritchie 194-195

Shearer, John, Groundwater W, and MacKay J D, 1966 The New Orkney Book.  Nelson, London. 104.105 illus.  The Hole o' Rowe, Sandwick, 5 miles north of Stromness, Mainland.  NGR HY  22  12  Landranger

Steers 1969 200 Sule Stack, refers to a blow-hole

HOY

Bailey, Patrick 1971 Orkney [The Island Series]. David & Charles, Newton Abbot.  214-215 Dwarfie Stone

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 37

Gunn, J 1932 Orkney / The Magnetic North.  Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd. London etc. 184-186

Gunn, J 1943, Dwarfie Stone, 185

Laughlan 72-73 Dwarfie Stone of Hoy

Lovelock  106 Braebistor on Hoy:

Martin 364 Dwarfie Stone.

Miller 1897  470-475  Dwarfie Stone of Hoy.

Muirhead 1947 422 Dwarfie Stone

Simpson 1968 53 Dwarfie Stone

 

MAINLAND

Cuween Hill                                                          NGR HY 36 3 128             Landranger

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 37.  A chambered cairn.

Knowe of Unstan or Onstan  NGR HY 28 2 117

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 38.  Chambered cairn

Wideford   NGR HY 40 9 121    Landranger

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 39  A chambered cairn.

 

Papa Westray

Holm of Papa Westray   NGR HY 50 9 518    Landranger

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 39.  A chambered cairn

 

ROUSAY

Blackhammer Chambered Cairn                     NGR HY 41 4 276             Explorer 6

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 34

Gunn, J 1943,  photo Sinian's Cave on Rousay. 151

Knowes of Yarso  NGR HY 404 279

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 38.  Cairn

Midhowe, Chambered Cairn   NGR HY 373 304

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 39-40

 

Taversoe Tuick  NGR HY 426 276

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 36.  A chambered cairn

 

 

SANDAY

QUOYNESS CIARN

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 38

 

STROMA; Bigland 2  14 (from Bryce's Map - Scottish Gazetteer)

STRONSAY  Tindall 114 sea caves in the two southern headlands of Burghhead and Rothiesholm

 

ORKNEYMAN'S CAVE                        NGR HU 513 359        1" OS 4                                  near Lerwick

see SHETLAND, CAVES OF    in see Caves of Northern Britain

 

ORONSAY, ISLE OF see SKYE.  There are four Oronsay and two Orsay in Scotland see COLONSAY

 

OSSIAN'S CAVE [1]                NGR NR 946 523         Explorer 361                          Cock of Arran, Arran

Anon 2005 The Scottish Rights of Way and Access Society.  18

Birlinn 1998 172-3 Ossian's Cave, Arran

Haswell-Smith 11, 13

Two sign posts at Lochranza

 

OSSIAN'S CAVE [2]                         NGR NN 153 563    Landranger 41               Aonach Dubh, Glen Coe

[see Appin Guide]

AA  175

Anon ND [pre 1971] Glencoe and Dalness.  The National Trust for Scotland, Edinburgh.  9, 41, 42, 56.

Clough, I, 1969 Guide to Winter Climbs, Ben Nevis & Glen Coe.  Worsley, Cicerone Press.  39

Donaldson  306

Frere, Richard 1982  With Brutus on Bidean.  Scots Mag 117 (4) 405-415, 2 cave photos.

Glas SS Jl 1 (4) associations with St Kenneth

Gordon 1948 338

Gordon 1949 198

Hall  46

Lovelock  106

MacCulloch, Donald B 1948 end ed [1st ed was 1939] Romantic Lochaber.  Edinburgh, Moray Press. 27-28

Mais  41

McOwan, Rennie 1989 The Ossian Affair.  Scots Mag 130 (6) March.  620-626, 5 photos.

Murray 1968 168-169

Parker  47

Piehler, H A 1934, [revised 9 times] 1967 Scotland for everyman.  148

Pyatt 1960  196

Thomson  128

WL Oban 1936/7 72

W L Oban  64

 

OSSIAN'S CAVE [3]                         NGR NO 005 415    Landranger 54                                         Dunkeld

Anon ND [early 1970s?] The Hermitage Forest Nature Trail, Inver by Dunkeld, Perthshire.  National Trust for Scotland.

Anon 2000 The Hermitage.  National Trust for Scotland.

Buxbaum, Tim 1989  Scottish Garden Buildings / from Food to Folly.  Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh.  147-148, illus.

Headley 65

McOwan, Rennie 1989 The Ossian Affair.  Scots Mag 130 (6) March.  620-626, 5 photos.

Mackay, Sheila 2001 Early Scottish Gardens.  A Writer's Odyssey.  198

Smith, Roger 1994 Highland Perthshire.  Edinburgh, HMSO  Walk 12

 

OTTERS' CAVE                                     NGR NM 266 236       Landranger 48                          Argyllshire

 

OTTER HOLE see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

 

OUCHTRIEMAKAIN CAVE                NGR NW 995 542       1" OS 79                                   Portpatrick

Agnew, Sir Andrew of Lochnair & David Dunbar  1850 Description of the Sheriffdon of Wigtown"

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 301

Cullingford, 1962 303

Dick  343, reprinted BC 36 39 & 43 47

Gregory, J W, et al 1930 PSAS 64 247-264

Holmes p 51

Jones  14

Leitch, D see Gregory, J W

Macleod 257-8

PSAS 17 200

Sloan  22-23

Steers, J A 1973 The Coastline of Scotland. Cambridge, University Press.  112

Symson's Description of Galloway 179  not seen

Walker, J Russel 1883 "Holy Wells" in Scotland. PSAS 17  152-208

Whittow, J B 1977 Geology and Scenery in Scotland. London, Penguin Books. 63

Wood, J M 1911 Witchcraft and Superstitious Record in the South-Western District of Scotland.  Maxwell. [quoted by Holmes]

 

OWL CAVE see COIRE MULROONEY, CAVES OF

 

*OUTER HEBRIDES, CAVES OF     NGR NB 200 100   Landranger  8, 13, 18, 22, 31

HARRIS see ULLAVAL, CAVE OF

Beaver, Ruth & Dipper, Frances 2002 Sealochs in the Outer Hebrides.  Area summaries.  Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sector 14.  Coast and seas of the United Kingdom - MNCR series.  Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

 

LEWIS

Martin 8

Buchanan 30, 32,

Stat Acc 1791-99 19 254

General References

Baxter 460 The Shag is abundant in the caves of the Outer Hebrides.  524 full of wild doves, 527 Rock Doves in caves.

Beaver, Ruth & Dipper, Frances 202 Sealochs in the Outer Hebrides.  Area summaries.  Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sector 14.  Coast and seas of the United Kingdom - MNCR series.  Joint Nature Conservation Committee. 113, location maps. Creag Mhurchaidh, Loch Seaforth, North Harris.  Sublittoral Cave NGR NB 2 3  03   Landranger    

Buchanan 30, 32

Craven Pothole Club Jl 5 (4) 214-216

Haswell-Smith 90 cave or gloup at NGR NM 27 6 415 which leads from a hollow to the western shore, with rough man-made steps leading into it.  [Lunga]

Lloyd-Jones 95-96 sea caves on Isle of Lewis - no locations. 133 Lunga, one of the Treshnish Isles.  Caves used as a bivouac.

Martin  8  Lewis

Martin c1695  Lewis "There are many caves on the coast of this island ...

Murray  231

Redfern  19

Statistical Account 1791-99 19 254   Stornoway  "Not far from the farm of Gress, there is a large cave, ....

Steers 296 caves of Sula Sgeir, 297 caves on North Rona

Thompson, F, 1968  Harris & Lewis: Outer Hebrides  184, David & Charles, Newton Abbot.  Sulasgeir

Williamson  51 Mingulay.

 

PABAY MÓR, CAVES OF               NGR NB 10 38        Landranger 13      west of Great Bernera, Lewis

Haswell-Smith 255 "There are many rocky caverns on Pabay and a natural stone arch in the north-west where the sea sucks and blows through a passage penetrating the hillside before it reaches an inland pool NGR NB 104 386.  This is the formation is called a `Gloup' in the Northern Isles.  256 location map 6 caves.  NB 105 386 NB 105 384 NB 095 383 NB 096 380

 

PABBAY NATURAL ARCH            NGR NL 60 87        Landranger 33                             Outer Hebrides

Tindall 168

 

PALMALLET CAVES                      NGR NX 483 422    1" OS 80                                    Sorbie, Galloway

Two caves which are walled and arched by solid rock.  One is 120 feet long, 100 feet high and 36 feet wide.  The other is funnel shaped 120 feet long, 40 feet high and 15 feet wide.

Statistical Account 1845 4 23

 

PAPER CAVE                                          NGR NS 135 895        Landranger 56                          Argyllshire

BC 29 19 reprint of National Forest Guide

Glas SS Jl 1 (4) cave on Meall Breac

Hall  43, 128, 136, 150

Murray 1968 38-39

Scots Mag  NS  101 (2) 208 May 1974

Thomson  270

 

PEDEN'S CAVE                             NGR NS 4880 2360   Explorer 327                        Mauchline, Ayrshire

Robertson, James 1996 Scottish Ghost Stories.  Warner Books.  31 a cache of arms hidden in a cave.  [Muirkirk, Ayrshire?]  also mentions Alexander Peden.

Simpson, Robert, 1865 History of Sanquhar.  A new edition, Glasgow; Thomas Murray & Son, 13-14, reprinted Subterranea Britannica Bull (31) Winter 2000 17.

Statistical Account 1845 5 159

 

PENKILL CASTLE CAVE            NGR NX 234 985        1" OS 72                                   Girvan, Ayrshire

Atkinson  67

 

PETERHEAD, CAVES OF               NGR 137 423           1" OS 31                     Peterhead, Aberdeenshire

In the town of Boddom at Peterhead are six caves between the town and the southern boundary of the parish.  Some of them are very high and run in within the land for 60 yards; one of them is immediately below the town , some of the houses are above the arch.  In the caves are vast number of pigeons and cormorants confidently reside.

Statistical Account 1791-95 16 551

 

PETTICO WICK HARBOUR CAVE      NGR NT 907 4 6907    Landranger 67                   St Aub's Head

 

PERTH EARTH HOUSE                  NGR 15 23               Landranger Perth

A souterrain found during the building of a new road in 1904 on the northern side of the Tay, on the road to Dundee.

Hutcheson, Alexander 1916 Early Underground Dwellings in Scotland.  Proc Trans Dundee Naturalists' Society 1 (2) 33-51 S

Hutchinson  2 854-855 refers to two souterrains.

 

PETTICOWICK HARBOUR CAVE          NGR NT 9074 6907 Landranger 67                              St Abbs

ERT 18

 

PHIOBAIVE, UAHM                        NGR NR 415 985    Landranger 60                                               Mull

 

PHRIONNA, UAMH A [1]       NGR NF 8335 3130 Landranger 22                  Glen Coradale, South Uist

Frere, Richard 1981 Away from the world / Richard Frere and his dog Brutus explore the wild east side of South Uist.  Scots Mag 115 (5) Aug 470-477, illus, map.  Mentions two sites for a Prince Charlie's Cave.

Gordon 1950 262

Harris, Dan 2004 Caves on North and South Uist.  GSG Bul 4 Ser 2 (2)10

MacGregor 1937 21

McLaren 155 refers to this as a "grass-cutter's cave" and the stay as 3 days.

Nicholas  156

 

PHRIONNA, UAMH A [2]       NGR NG 80 9 273      Landranger 24                  Balmacara, Argyllshire

BC 34 66

Gordon 1949 62, reprinted BC 29 5. 

Redfern 85-86

Swire 1966 reprinted BC 46 75

 

PICT'S CAVE

Near Cluny's Cave

Drummond, Robert, J, 1947 All Around Scotland.  Edinburgh London.  The Ettrick Press, Ltd. 75

 

PIGEONS CAVE see

EIGG, CAVES OF THE ISLE OF; GIGHA, ISLE OF; CROMARTY SUTORS, CAVES OF

 

PIGEONS' CAVE                                    NGR NM 263 232       Landranger 48                          Argyllshire

 

PIOBAIREAN, UAMH AN                    NGR NG 190 538        Landranger 23                    Boreraig, Skye

Gordon, S 1929  115-116

MacGregor 1937 166

 

PIPER'S CAVE - General

Barnett, T Radcliffe, 1946, Piper's Cave at Boreraig or Galtrigal, 41

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 299-300

Delaney 303

Dixon's Gairloch not seen

Fraser, Duncan 1976 Highland Perthshire. Standard Press, Montrose. 101 refers to a Piper's Cave  in Angus, south of Lunan Bay and another in the West Highlands called Uaimp`t' Hoirle, 8 miles up the River Nevis.  The sound of his pibroch was heard at Kinloch, ten miles away.  103 refers to Piper's caves at Schiehallion and at Balnagard.

Harper's Rambles in Galloway 261  not seen

MacBridge  33, reprinted BC 13 13

Mason, Edmund J 1977  Caves and Caving in Britain 94

 

see also COLONSAY. DIPPEN HEAD CAVE; FORBIDDEN CAVE; MACKINNON'S CAVE [1]; OIR, UAMH AN most of these are associated with pipers; PIOBAIREAN, UAMH AN

 

PIPER'S CAVE [1] see MACCOITIR'S CAVE

 

PIPER'S CAVE [2]                      NGR NR 730 190          Explorer 356               Campbeltown, Argyllshire

BB (154) 4

BC 14 78 reprint of 1944 `expedition'

Bede 1861 1 200-201

Campbeltown Courier, April, May 1944

Campbeltown Guide ND [1971?] Mearns Publications, Aberdeen  27

Cullingford 1951 16

Daily Mail  5 May 1944

GSG 4 (1) 29-31 S; 4 (2) 13

Jones  5

Mason, Edmund J 1977  Caves and Caving in Britain 94

Murray 1968 110

News Chronicle 12 May 1944

Picturesque Campbeltown, Southend and Machrihanish (Guide c 1930).  Pub Campbeltown Advertising & Development Committee 20

 

PIPER'S CAVE [3]        NGR NR 67 1 077     Explorer 356                          Southend, Kintyre, Argyllshire

BB (154) 4

Bede  175-176

Bede 1861 1 113-114

GSG 4 (1) 28, 31 S; 4 (2) 13-14

White 1873  49

Wilson, Barbara Kerr, 1954 The Piper of Keil, from Scottish Folk-Tales and Legends.  Oxford University Press reprinted England, A W, 1973 Caves an Anthology.  Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh 120-123

 

PIPER'S CAVE [4]                                  NGR NM 154 575       Landranger 46                       Island of Coll

Sutherland  99

 

PIPER'S CAVE [5]                                  NGR NL 900 400        Landranger 46                    Island of Tiree

Sutherland  135-136

 

PIPER'S CAVE [6] Harlosh, see OIR, UAMH AN [3]

 

PIPER'S CAVE [7]                NGR NX 8900 5460  Explorer 313                              Kirkcudbrightshire

BB (154) 5

Crockett, S R, ND [1920]  The Raiders.  Dent & Sons.

Dick reprinted BC 9 9-10

GSG 5 22-23 S

Holmes 47-49

Oldham, Tony 2005  The Mines of South Western Scotland, p 26.

MacCulloch, Rev A 1800 [in] Statistical Account, Wigtown 1841, Kirkcudbright 1845.

Macleod 132

McTaggart, John 1824  The Gallovididian Encylopedia. London.

M'Diarmid's Handbook of Colvend and Southwick 1895 reprinted BC 36 59.  NGR NX 870 533 approx, cave near Port-o-warren, accessible at low tide if you wade.  Refers also to a Piper's Cave and Brandy Cove.

Sloan  73-74, reprinted by Dick  58, reprinted BC 36 34

Little, Rev J, 1796 The Statistical Account reprinted Dick 58, reprinted BC 36 38

Southwick.  "Coves or Caves.- There are a number of these along the "wild shores of cavened [sic] Colvend".  The principal of these is called Piper's cove, from a legend that a piper undertook to explore it.  He carried his pipes with him, and continued to play under ground till he reached Barnbarrach, about four miles distant from its mouth.  The sound then ceased, and nothing was ever again of the unfortunate minstrel.  It is found, however, to be only 120 yards in length.  There is a well in the middle 22 feet deep. There are a number of fissure along the shore, Close by the Piper's cove, already mention, there is a rude natural arch, about 40 feet in length, called the Needle's Eye.  Another arch, bearing the same name, and lying more to the eastward, is more regularly formed but not so high".

 

PIPER'S CAVE [8]                                  NGR NM 444 424       Landranger 48                Mull, Argyllshire

Mull & Iona  49

 

PIPER'S CAVE [9]                            vcNGR NN 63 19        Landranger 57                                Ben Vorlich

Gordon 1948 53

 

PIPER'S CAVE [10]                             NGR NX 890 0 5460          Explorer 313               Kirkcudbrightshire

Holmes 47-49

Oldham, Tony 2005  The Mines of South Western Scotland, p 26.

MacCulloch, Rev A 1800 [in] Statistical Account, Wigtown 1841, Kirkcudbright 1845.

Macleod 132

McTaggart, John 1824  The Gallovididian Encylopedia. London.

 

PIRNMILL CAVE                            NGR NR 874 449    Explorer 361                                                Arran

 

PIT CAVE see SLUIC, UAMH

 

PITCUR EARTH-HOUSE                NGR NO 253 374    Landranger Couper Angus, Perthshire

This souterrain lies about and a quarter mile south-west of Couper Angus in a small fenced enclosure at the edge of an arable field on the north side of the A 923, and is in private ownership.  The still roofed chamber can be reached through the tunnels, which surrounded the central house, which has now disappeared.  The present owners are the Trustees for William Neil Graham Menzies.  Julian Neil Llewellen Palmer of Hallyburton, Coupar Angus, Blairgowrie, Perthshire controls the site.  Scheduled Monument 3571

GSG Ser 3 5 (5) 14

 

PLUNDERAIN, UAMH NA             NGR NN 202 038    1" OS 53                     Lochgoilhead, Argyllshire

Salvona, J 1984 Uamh na Plunderain.  BC 92 12 S

Statistical Account 1791-99 3 166

Statistical Account 1845 7  703

 

POLACHAR CAVES      NGR NG 912 918     Landranger 19      at Sand of Udrigle. Laide, Wester Ross.

Chadwick, Steve 1992 Poolewe to Gruinard, Selected Walks and Caves with Historical Narrative. p 13 Uamh na Pollachar

Dixon's "Guide to Gairloch"  1886

Anon 2003 Slow Down in north west Scotland, p 15 Duncan Matheson was the last baby to be baptised there.

 

POL EOGHAINN, UAMH see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

 

POLLIWILLINE CAVES                NGR NR 745 100        1" OS 65                     Polliwillinwe, Argyllshire

CC 26 Dec 1885

 

POOL CAVE see A'PHUILL, UAMH

POOL CAVE see ASSYNT, CAVES OF

 

PORT A'BHUAILTEIR ROCK SHELTER       NGR NR 6940 8190  1" OS 58                          Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  19  No 112 KL

 

PORT AN SGADAN ROCK SHELTER      NGR NR 7208 8603  1" OS 52                                Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  18

 

PORT BEALACH NAN GALL LOWER ROCK SHELTER          NR 7143 8559   1" OS 52     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

PORT BEALACH NAN GALL UPPER ROCK SHELTER            NR 7147 8563   1" OS 52     Knapdale

 

PORT CEANN AN T-SALAINN ROCK SHELTER   NGR NR 7335 7530 1" OS 58                 Knapdale

RCAHMS 1992, 53-61, no 20

Tolan-Smith  18

 

PORT CEANN AN T-SALAINN NORTH BOULDER CAVE     NGR NR 7350 7550  1" OS 58                                                                                                                                                                     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

PORT CEANN AN T-SALAINN SOUTH BOULDER CAVE      NGR NR 734 6 7542    1" OS 58                                                                                                                                                                     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21-22

 

PORT NAN LONG                           NGR                         Landranger North Uist

Macaulay, Susan 2006 A new souterrain in North Uist.  Scottish Archaeological News (52) Winter 3.  At Port Nan Long.

 

PORT SGAILE CAVE                      NGR NG 489 196    Landranger 32                                              Skye

 

PORTNACROISH POT       NGR NM 92 5 473             Landranger 49                           Appin, Argyllshire

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

 

PORT NA MNA MAIRBHE ROCK SHELTER   NGR NR 7026 8343    1" OS 58                    Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

PORT NAN SÈ UAMH        NGR NN 05 0 006                1" OS 53                          Loch Fyne, Argyllshire

 [= Bay of six caves]

Campbell & Sandeman 7, 19

Statistical Account 1791-1799 3 165 lead mine at the head of Loch-fine

 

PORT RIGH CAVE                      cNGR NR 659 519      1" OS 58                      Gigha Island, Argyllshire

Mercer 68

Tolan-Smith  8

 

PORT UAMH BRIDE                      NGR NM 405 295   Landranger 38                                                         MULL

 

PORTENCROSS CAVES                 NGR NS 178 501    Landranger 63               West Kilbride, Ayrshire

MacNab, P A. 1998 The Importance of Portencross.  Scots Mag  148 Oct (10) 402-406.  Mentions a shallow cave below the Three Sisters where evidence has been found of a people (strand-loopers) who live far back in pre-history.

 

POST CAVE                                  c NGR NM 670 120     1" OS 52                                   Garvellach, Jura

Mercer 52, 58

Tolan-Smith  8

 

PRAIL CASTLE CAVES                  NGR NO 697 464    Landranger  54                                           Angus

Personal communication Colin McLeod 4 July 2005.

Gibson, Colin ND [c1956-59] Summer on Tayside.  A Dundee Museum and Art Gallery Publication.  24

 

PREACHERS ROCK

WL Oban 1936/7  67

 

PREACHING CAVES                            NGR NR 900 267        Explorer 361                   Kilpatrick, Arran

Barnett, T Radcliffe, 1946, Preaching Caves, Chapter 20

M'Arthur  85

MacBride  31-32

Martin  219

Statistical Account 1845 5 55-56

Steers 102

 

PRESS CAVE                                    NGR NT 667 999    Landranger 59                                   Isle of May

 

PRIEST'S ISLAND see EILEAN A'CHLEIRICH, CAVES OF

 

PRIMROSE CAVE see COIRE MULROONEY, CAVES OF

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE see also CLUNY'S CAVE, MACLEAOD'S CAVE, PHRIONNSA, UAMH A

Humble, B H 1949 Davie Knows a Howff.  Scots Mag 51 (4) July 276-280, 2 photos.  277 Prince Charlie's Caves [general].

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [1]     NGR NM 69 0 842             Landranger 40         Arisaig, South Morar

AA  107, 215

Donaldson, M E M, 1927 Wandering in the Western Highlands & Islands, 3rd ed.  reprinted BC 32 27

Gordon 1949 154

Grindley, Dick 2001 Prince Charlie's Cave - A genuine article?  GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 6

Hall  96, 116

Jones  8

Linklater 104 and illus 105, 106

MacCulloch, Donald B 1948 end ed [1st ed was 1939] Romantic Lochaber.  Edinburgh, Moray Press.  213

MacGregor  208-209

Nicholas  185 also refers to a cave near Borrowdale House, which was burnt to the ground after Culloden

Hutcheson, Alexander 1916 Early Underground Dwellings in Scotland.  Proc Trans Dundee Naturalists' Society 1 (2) 35

Murray 1968 238

Redfern  85

W L Oban  118

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [2]     NGR NM 800 850   Landranger 40                                 South Morar

AA  210

Blaikie, W B 1897 The itinerary of Prince Charles Edward Stuart from his landing in Scotland, July 1745, to his departure in September 1746.  Scottish History Society, Edinburgh.

Donaldson 89

MacCulloch, Donald B 1948 end ed [1st ed was 1939] Romantic Lochaber.  Edinburgh, Moray Press. 207

MacGregor  209, 222

Mitchell  80

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [3]     NGR NG 517 482    Landranger 32                                Portree, Skye

Anderson  271

BC 34 63-64; 56  45

Blacks  4, 6-7 illus

Black's 1873 505-506 illus

Chapman  290

Clark, Mike 2005 Lucky Break.  Diver, incorporating Underwater World.  50 (12) December 37-40 illus.

Cooper 167 + engraving.

Cooper 1989 107-108 + engraving.

Eyre-Todd  266-271

Eyre-Todd 1931 318

Geikie 36

Henderson, T F & Watt, F 1907  Scotland Today.  Methuen & Co, London. 317

Haswell-Smith location map

Humble  25

MacCulloch  124-125, 176

Martin 151

Muirhead 1947 383

McLaren, M 1972 Bonnie Prince Charlie.  224, illus.  Robert Hale, London.  illus between 128 & 129

Parker  44

Redfern  86

Redfern, R A 1967  Prince Charlie's Cave.  Country Life.  141 (3659) 935, illus

RHAS 1969; RHAS 1971

Sillar  30

Simpson  51

Swire   30 reprinted BC 34 57

Thompson, Francis 1978 A Scottish Bestiary / The lore and Literature of Scottish Beasts.  Molendinar Press, Glasgow.  34

Thomson  180-181

Welcome Magazine 1883 Stalactite Cave, Isle of Skye. [engraving, looks like a copy of Antiparos Cave]

WL Oban 1936/7 100, 126

W L Oban  101, 145

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [4]    NGR NG 516 124   Landranger 32              Loch Scavaig, Elgol, Skye

Statistical Account 1791-99  16 227

Anderson  238

BC 56 45

Demster 65

Donaldson, M E M, 1927 Wandering in the Western Highlands and Islands 3rd ed.  reprinted BC 32 27-28

Donaldson 125 refers to this as MacKinnon's Cave, Elgol

Gordon 1949 124

Hall  119

Humble  117

MacCulloch 1927a  303

Macpherson  38, 54

Mais  104

Nicholas  180

Parker  44

Redfern  86

RHAS 1969; RHAS 1971

Simpson  78

Swire  226, 230-231

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [5]       NGR NG 23 3 700     Landranger 23                Vaternish Point, Skye

Nicholas  168

Swire  63

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [6]       NGR NN 49 9 683         Landranger 42            Alderburn, Ben Alder

Anderson 1863 308-309

Gordon 1948 70 Taileachd was murdered in this cave, 162-165 refers to this as Cluny's Cage.

Nicholas  199-200 refers to this site as Cluny's Cave

Scots Mag 1966 Sept  525-531; 1966 Oct  2-10; 1973 June  225-234

Steggall, J E A.  MA. Trin Coll Cam.  Professor of Mathematics in St Andrews University at University College, Dundee.  1906  Picturesque Perthshire.  The Shire Series.  Edited by  A H Millar, FSA Scot. 86.

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [7]           NGR NH 138 155        Landranger 34         Arisaig, South Morar

AA  189                                                                                                                                                                    Glenmoristen / Glen Moristen

Anon 1897 "Bonnie Prince Charlie".  His Cave in Glenmoriston.  The Sketch July 21, 1897.  

Barnett  119

BC 55 81-82

Forster, Margaret, 1973 The Rash Adventurer; The Rise and Fall of Charles Edward Stuart.  331, illus, map.  Sekar & Warburg, London.  135

Linklater Chapter 13 [no page No]

MacGregor  135

Mais  208

McLaron  163

Mitchell 1988 Scotland's Mountains before the Mountaineers.  Luath Press Ltd, Edinburgh.  116-117

Motoring 248

Nicholas  190,192

Owen, W, 1973  The Lost Cave.  Scots Mag NS 99 (3) 225-234

Pyatt  194

Thomson  171

Weir, T, 1967 In search of Prince Charlie's Cave.  Country Life 142 (3683) 794-795, illus

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [8]        NGR NN 64 5 943        Landranger 35            Drumgask, Inverness

AA  144-145

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [9]       NGR NF 82 6 532    Landranger 22        Benbecula, Outer Hebrides

Anderson  173 said it is a hut

Haswell-Smith  194

Murray  153, 207

Nicholas  158

Redfern 86

W L Oban  105

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [10]   NGR NN 183 893     Landranger 41        Loch Arkaig, Glean Cia-aig

MacCulloch, Donald B 1948 end ed [1st ed was 1939] Romantic Lochaber.  Edinburgh, Moray Press. 127-128

Murray 1968 224

Nicholas  195-196

Thomson  115

WL Oban 1936/7 123

W L Oban  120

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [11]         NGR NG 37 3 648        Landranger 40                     Kilbride, Skye

Gordon 1929 153-154

Macpherson 51

 

PRINCE CHARLIE'S CAVE [12]        NGR NM 67 0 920     Landranger 40             Morar, North Morar

Gordon 1929 153-154           Macpherson  51

 

PROSPECT HILLCANAL TUNNEL    NGR NS 880 791-NS 885 782          Landranger          Edinburgh

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 34

 

PULPIT ROCK                      NGR NN 32 5 136                Landranger 56                                 Loch Lomond

Scots Mag 97 (4) July 1972 390-392, photo.

Weir, Tom  1993 June Congratulations!  Scots Mag 138 (6) 624-629

 

 

QUEEN CHARLOTTE'S COVE     NGR NO 020 439   Landranger 52           Dunkeld, North Perthshire

BB 1 (6) 3 Lady Charlotte hid here in 1704

GSG [1] (2) 2-3

 

QUEEN MARGARET'S CAVE                          see St Margaret's Cave.

Scotsman 15/8/1906

 

QUEEN MARY'S GROTTO see COLONEL NAIRNE'S GROTTO

Fleming, D Hay 1924 [one of many]  Handbook to St Andrews.  J & G Ines, St Andrews.  52

 

*RAASAY, CAVES OF see: FISSURE CAVES, OARS CAVE                        Landranger 24

Baxter  Shag found in Sgathlan Caves along the north-west coast.

Davidson, Charles F 1937 The Geology of the Island of Raasay [in] Proc University of Durham Phil Soc. 9 Pt 5 May 1937 25?-259.  259 Vertical fissures penetrate Inferior Oolite to the south of Dùn Cana and to the east of the Beinn na Lice fault.  One of the narrower chasms is 150 feet deep and others may be deeper.

Descent (109) 16

Geikie 36

Gordon 1949 119 MacLeod of Raasay hid in a cave.

Gordon 1950  133-134 MacLeod of Raasay hiding in a cave.

Lloyd-Jones 180-181 Raasay, sea caves of.  One is opposite Portree on Skye.  Another is a through trip.

Rogers 128 & 135  "... where Martin says fowls were caught by lighting fire in the mouth of it.  Malcolm remembers this.  But it is not now practised".   122  sea cave, northern end of Raasay.  129  inhabited caves.

Martin 163 caves on the west side which serve to lodge several families.

Martin c1695  [second part of the book] 214 caves on the west side which serve to lodge several families

 

RAFFERTY'S CAVE see JEANIE BARRIE'S CAVE

RAITTS CAVE see MHÓR, AN UAIMH

RANALD, CLAN see MACDONALDS' CAVE

 

RANA HOLE

Stephen, Kenneth 2006 Underground Treasures.   Scots Mag 165 (5) 468

 

RARSAIDH, UAMH                     NGR NM 805 119          Landranger 33                      Arnisdale, Kintail

Log Entry Vol 27 No 090903

 

RASCHOILLE CAVE                       NGR NM 855 289  1" OS 52                                Glenshellach, Oban

Campbell 1986  19, 21

Connock, K. 1984 Oban, Glenshellach (Kilmore and Kilbride parish) ossuary cave. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1984: 24.

Connock, K. 1985 Raschoille Cave, Oban. Interim Report. Lorn Archaeological and Historical Society.

Connock, K. 1985 Rescue excavation of the ossuary cave at Oban. Scottish Archaeological Gazette 8: 4-6.

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 11.  Scheduled Monument 5494

Pollard, A. 1990 Down through the ages: a review of the Oban Cave deposits. Scottish Archaeological Review 7: 58-74.

Pollard  184

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3

Saville & Hallén  716

Tolan-Smith  6

Wickham-Jones  72, 73 photo

 

RAITTS CAVE see  MHÓR, AN UAIMH

 

RATHVEN CAVES                           NGR NJ 435 665     Landranger 28                     Rathven, Banffshire

Statistical Account 1791-99 13 427

 

REAY, CAVES OF                            NGR NC 968 648 village              Explorer 449                    Caithness

Statistical Account 1791-99  7 573

Statistical Account 1845 15 84-85"The deep and unknown extent of the fissure of Polaghloup, half a mile west of the church, has been frequently admired".

Statistical Account 1845 15 13 sea caves at Borrowston NGR ND 010 695

Statistical Account 1845 15 14 in Ben Rhad, Reay.  A robbers cave [Ben Ratha? cave marked at NGR NC 9556 6198]

 

RED COVE                                  NGR NR 6883 4296      1" OS 65                                                   Kintyre

Marked on Explorer 356.  Excavated before 1869. 

New Statistical Account  1845 7 385.

RCAHMS 1971 2: Kintyre.



RED PASS CAVE           NGR NN 058 560]        1" OS 46                              Sgurr Dhearg, Duror, Appin

Donaldson  323 a mention

 

RED ROB'S CAVE                           NGR NM 415 676   Landranger 47                                               Mull

Named after a pirate and a cattle thief who lived in a large cave on the shore under Arndnamurchan Point

Sutherland 55

 

RED ROCKS, CAVE OF THE         NGR NJ 965 028     Landranger 54               Troup Head, Banffshire

O'Brian 10

 

REEKIE LINN CAVES                    NGR NO 255 536    Landranger 53                 Alyth, Rattray

Buchanan 19

Laughlan 1982 51-52

 

REINDEER CAVE                           NGR NC 268 170         1 OS                      Inchnadamph, Sutherland

This is one of the Creag nan Uamh Bone Caves.  See Caves of Assynt for full details.

Callander, J.G., Cree, J.E. & Ritchie, J. 1927 Preliminary report on caves containing Palaeolithic relics, near Inchnadamph, Sutherland. PSAS 61 169-172.

Cree, J.E. 1927 Palaeolithic man in Scotland. Antiquity 1: 218-221.

Denison, Simon 1994 The hunt for Palaeolithic Scotland.  Brit Arch News 13 6-7

Gleed-Owen, C. (1998) Quaternary Herpetofaunas of the British Isles: Taxonomic Descriptions, Palaeoenvironmental Reconstructions and Biostratigraphic Implications. PhD Thesis, University of Bristol.

Gleed-Owen, C. 1999 Age of the Creag nan Uamh caves 'frog-earth' (Assynt, North-West Scotland) and its relationship to climate and deposits elsewhere. Quaternary Newsletter 87: 1-14.

Hedges, R.E.M. et al. 1993 Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 16. Archaeometry 35: 147-167.

Hedges, R.E.M. 1998 Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 26. Archaeometry 40: 437-455.

Lawson, T.J. 1981 The 1926-7 excavations of the Creag nan Uamh bone caves, near Inchnadamph, Sutherland. PSAS 111 7-20.

Lawson, T.J. 1995 An analysis of sediments in caves in the Assynt area, NW Scotland. Cave and Karst Science 22: 23-30.

Lawson, T. & Bonsall, C. 1986 The Palaeolithic in Scotland: a reconsideration of evidence from Reindeer Cave, Assynt. In Collcutt, S.N. (ed) The Palaeolithic of Britain and its Nearest Neighbours: Recent Trends. Department of Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield, pp. 85-89.

Lawson, Tim and Clive Bonsall 1986 Early settlement in Scotland: the evidence from Reindeer Cave, Assynt.  Quaternary News 49 1-7

Lawson, T.J. & Young, I. 1997 Bone caves. GSG 4: 26-36.

Mitchell  161

Murray, N.A. et al. 1993 Further radiocarbon determinations on reindeer remains of Middle and Late Devonian age from the Creag nan Uamh Caves, Assynt, NW Scotland. Quaternary Newsletter 70: 1-10.

Peach, B.N. & Horne, J. 1917 The bone-cave in the valley of Allt nan Uamh (Burn of the Caves), near Inchnadamph, Assynt, Sutherland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 37: 327-348.

Whittow 305

 

RENNIBISTER EARTH-HOUSE            NGR NY 397 127        Landranger                  Kirkwall, Orkney

Four miles west of Kirkwall, along the A 965 a signpost directs you into the car-[park.  Do not park in the farmyard.  On 12 November 1929, a threshing machine collapsed the roof of the chamber exposing the souterrain below.  Access to the souterrain at Rennibister Farm can now be gained by a ladder from above, although a narrow entrance tunnel originally lead to the chamber from a well-like cavity now covered with a modern hatch.  The oval chamber has a corbelled roof supported by four stone pillars.  This monument was also used as a burial chamber for the remains of six adults and twelve children.  Scheduled Monument 90245

GSG Ser 3 5 (5) 14

 

REOICH, UAMH MHEI SAIN       NGR NN 20 0 040    1" OS 53                     Lochgoilhead, Argyllshire

Statistical Account 1791-1799 3 165-167

 

RHUINTALEN CAVE                            cNGR NR 505 830      1" OS 57                                               Jura

Statistical Account refers to this cave as a corpach [cf Corpach Caves]

Tolan-Smith  8

 

RHUM or RUM, CAVES OF                 NGR NM 370 990       1" OS 33                                            Rhum

Haswell-Smith  location map, 1 cave,

Martin  273 "abundance of caves".

 

RIGG SEA CAVE                             NGR NG 522 563    Landranger 23                                              Skye

 

RIGH, UAMH AN                      NGR NN 49 5 201            Landranger 57             Balquhidder, Perthshire

 

RIGH, UAMH AN                      NGR NG 8544 4375        Explorer 429                                          Kishorn

Descent (182) 23

GSG Ser 4 2 (3) 16-18, location map, survey.

 

ROADSIDE CAVE                           NGR NG 660 8 1984                     Landranger 32                         Skye

 

ROBERT THE BRUCE see BRUCE'S CAVE

 

ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON'S CAVE     NGR NS 835 975    Landranger 57         Darn Glen, Stirling

McOwan, Rennie 2005 Discovering Dumyat / tracing the footsteps of Robert Louis Stevenson.  Scots Magazine 163 (3) 289-294, illus.

McOwan, Rennie 2004The Cradle of Kidnapped.  Scots Mag 164 (12) Dec 602-609

 

ROB ROY'S CAVE see GILDEROY'S CAVE

 

ROB ROY'S CAVE                                 NGR NM 338 029       Landranger 56                           Inversnaid

AA  189, 242

Anon 1873 Rob Roy's Cave, Loch Lomond.  The Illustrated London News Sept 5, 217.

Aitken, Robert 3rd ed 1990 The West Highland Way.  Edinburgh, Countryside Commission for Scotland.  HMSO.  90, photo.

Anon 1840 Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction.  36 (1029) Oct 24.  illus 265, (Shaw 304)

BC 34 54

Beauchamp, Elizabeth 1986 [third ed, first ed 1978] The Braes O'Balquidder.  A history and guide for the visitor.  Glasgow, Heatherbank Press.  114 Rob Roy's Cave with waterfall covering the entrance.

Bede 1863 172, 189, 220 (Rob Roy's Prison)

Black's 1873 250-251

Bowman, 39.

CRG Trans 3 (2) 115

Fleming, Maurice, 1995 The Ghost o'Mause and other tales and traditions of East Perthshire. With a forward by Sir William Macphersson of Cluny.  Edinburgh, The Mercat Press.  81

Gordon 1948 33-34

Hawkins, Philip 2002 Rob Roy - A Writer's Hero.  Scots Mag Oct 373

House, J, (ed) 1962  Rob Roy Country, Loch Lomond and the Trossachs by Colin Macgregor.  Seeing Scotland (3)  32, illus.  Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh

Humble, B H 1949 Davie Knows a Howff.  Scots Mag 51 (4) July 276-280, 2 photos.  277

Jones  13

Jones, J, 1960 Rob Roy's Cave.  BB (148) 5-8

Mais  182

McOwan, Rennie 2006 Rob Roy's Cave.  Scots Mag 165 (1) July 2006 38-42, illus.

Mason, Edmund J 1977  Caves and Caving in Britain 105-106

Muirhead  212

Muirhead 1947 140, 212

Murray 1968 20

Salvona, Jim 2006  Rob Roy's Cave. GSG Ser 4 3 (1) 43.  [suggest that it may be quite extensive, he gives an NGR 335 101]

Scots Mag 1971 Mar 608S

Shaw 62 Items 304-305

Staniforth, R H A, 1972  Scotland, Rob Roy's Cave BC 59 54

Stevenson, David 2004  The Hunt for Rob Roy.  John Donaldson Publishers.  £16.99

Thomson  227, 231-232,

Wordsworth  92, 224, 225, Plate 68

WL Oban 1936/7 66

 

ROÌR, UAMH GEO NAN see ST KILDA, CAVES OF

 

RONA, aka NORTH RONA                  NGR NB 810 350        1" OS 8                              Outer Hebrides

see also Outer Hebrides

Atkinson, R, 1949 Island Going reprinted in BC 29 7  Stoc a Phriosain & Poll Heallir

Darling, F Fraser, 1939 A Naturalist on Rona.  137 pp, 28 plates. map.  Clarendon Press, Oxford.  47 & 48 Tunnel Cave, and caves passim 88, 126, 130

Darling 236 Tunnel Cave, 237 Sgeildige Geo, two sea caves and Geodha Blatha Mor [a sea cave], 238, 306 map.

Haswell-Smith 271 location map, 1 cave.  NGR HW 81 4  328  Landranger 8

Steers 297 caves on North Rona.

Stewart, Malcolm 1933 Ronay: North Rona.  reprinted BC 8 6 and 13 14 Sgildige Cave & Geodha Stoth

Williams, Terry 2004 Reflections on Rona.  Scots Mag March 258-262  Church Cave.

Williamson  104, 113

 

RONA, CAVES OF THE ISLE OF        NGR NG 63 0 600        1" OS 25                                              Skye

Haswell-Smith  137 location map showing Church Cave.  130 Church Cave description.

Lethbridge, T C 1957  Gogmagog; The Buried Treasure  reprinted BC 30 70-71 Uamh na Gaisgeach

Monroe, Dean, 1549 [?] A Description of the Western Isles (vide Lethbridge) [also refers to North Rona]

Williams, Terry 2004 Reflections on Rona.  Scots Mag March 258-262  Church Cave.

 

ROPA, UAMH see LARGIEBAAN CAVES

 

ROSEMARKIE CAVES          NGR NH 745 0 595    Landranger 27      Rosemarkie, Ross and Cromarty

Drummond, Robert, J, 1947 All Around Scotland.  Edinburgh London.  The Ettrick Press, Ltd.  108

Marshal;, Elizabeth 1973 [revised ed pub 1986]  The Black Isle a portrait of the past.  79

Statistical Account 1791-99 11 334

Willis, Douglas P, 1989 Discovering The Black Isle.  John Donald Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh.  17, 56,

 

ROSLIN CASTLE CAVE         NGR NT 27 5 628                 Landranger 66               Roslin, East Lothian

or Rosslyn.

Grant, Will ND [late 1940s] Rosslyn / the Chapel, Castle and Scenic Lore.  Dysart & Rosslyn Estates, Kirkcaldy.  73, 74, 93

Grant, Will 1947 Rosslyn / the Chapel, Castle and Scenic Lore.  Macniven and Wallace, Edinburgh.  82

McCallum, Alex., 1912 Midlothian / Cambridge County Geographies.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 105

Morton, H V, 1933 [1st published 1929] Methuen & Co Ltd, London.  68

 

ROTHESAY CASTLE                     NGR NS 08 8 645                   Landranger                                         xxx

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 35.  A prison pit.

 

ROUSAY, CAVES OF                       NGR HY 40 30        Explorer 6                         n-e Mainland, Orkney

Haswell-Smith 318 location map, 2 caves.

 

ROWANTREE CAVE                      NGR NG 6601 1899        Landranger 32                                      Skye

 

RUAIRIDH, UAMH MHIC             NGR NR 875 695    1" OS            East Tarbert

aka MacRoy's Cave.  A small rock shelter overlooking Loch Fyne.

Tolan-Smith  9

 

RUBBISH TIP CAVE          NGR NC 442 656        Explorer 446                                 Tràigh Allt Caailgeag

 

RUBHA DUBH CAVE                      NGR NM 569 216   Landranger 48                                               Mull

 

RUBHA NA H-AIRDE DROIGHNICHE FISSURE CAVES       NR 7326 8834     1" OS 52

Tolan-Smith  23                                                                                                                                        Knapdale

 

RUBHA NA H-UAMHA                   NGR NG 350 373    Landranger 32                                                      

 

RUBHA NA TUTH BOULDER CAVE      NGR NR 737 5 7550    1" OS 58                                  Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

RUBH AN DUNAIN CAVE             NGR NG 398 162    Landranger 32              near Glenn Brittle, Skye

BC 56 45

Childe, V Gordan, 1935  The Prehistory of Scotland.  Kegan Paul, Trubner & Co Ltd, London

Cullingford 1962  298

The Irish Naturalists' Jl 7 (4) Dec 1938 108-109

Jackson 108, 109

Jones 9

Lacaille  299

Lübke  36

PSAS 1932 66 [excavation by W Lindsey Scot]

RHAS 1969; RHAS 1971

Scott, W Lindsey, 1934 Excavation of the Rudh' an Dunain Cave, Skye.  PSAS 68 200-233, illus, plan

Sillar  76

Yoxon, Paul 199x The Various Uses of a cave on Skye.  Subterranea Britannia.

 

SACRED CAVE                                vcNGR NG 75 60    Landranger 24              Shieldaig, Loch Torridon

aka An Uaimh Shianta. 

Gordon 1949 58  To the south there is a cave used to store whisky.

 

SAILEAN NA H-AIRDHE ROCK SHELTER    NR 7014 8283     1" OS 58                                Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  22

 

 

ST ABB'S HARBOUR CAVE       NGR NT 92 0 673       Landranger 67                               St Aub's Head

 

ST ABB'S HEAD CAVES             NGR NT 9080 6950   Landranger 67           see EYEMOUTH CAVES

 

ST ADRIAN'S CAVE see CAIPLE CAVE

 

ST ANDREW'S SUBTERRANEAN PASSAGES     NGR NO 51 3 169     Landranger 59        St Andrews

aka Mortimer's Hole.  These are man-made passage beneath the castle at St Andrews.  They were dug during the siege of 1546-1547 as a mine and a counter mine.  They were filled in, but reopened again in the 19th century as a tourist attraction.  Now open to the public with electric lighting.

Cook, Helen Nov 1978 Haunted St Andrews.  Scot Mag 110 (2) 148-155 refers to subterranean passages under the town of St Andrews, and the piper who disappeared in the cave in West Cliff.

Cook, Helen 1983 A haunting of  ghosts / and an unsolved mystery of St Andrews.  David Winter & Son Ltd, Dundee. 27-32 illus, refers to subterranean passages under the town of St Andrews, and the piper who disappeared in the cave in West Cliff.

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 35

Cruden, Stewart 1951 St Andrews Castle, Fife.  Edinburgh, HMSO. Fig 4 survey, photo facing 10, description 11-12.

Geddie, John 1927 The Fringes of Fife / New and Enlarged Edition, Illus by Arthur Wall and Louis Weirter.  145

Linskill, W T, ND [1970s] twelfth edition. St Andrews Ghost Stories.  J & G Innes Ltd, St Andrews. 9-14 refers to subterranean passages under the town of St Andrews.  58-60 the piper who disappeared in the cave in West Cliff.

Millar, A H, 1895 Fife: Pictorial and historical.  Its people, burghs, castles and mansion.  Westwood, Cupar.  2 vols. Vol 1 12-13 illus.

Scott-Moncrieff  62

Scott-Moncrieff, Lesley 1963 Scotland's Eastern Coast.  Oliver & Boyd. Edinburgh & London.  62

Wilson 136-143 subterranean passages under the town of St Andrews, and the piper who disappeared in the cave in West Cliff.

 

ST BALDRED'S CAVE see SEACLIFF CAVE

 

ST BERNARD'S CAVE                  NGR NT 260 730 (town)    Landranger 66                            Edinburgh

The Scotsman 17 April 1950

Cumberland Hill's Historic Memorials and Reminiscences of Stockbridge 2nd ed

 

ST CIARAN'S CAVE see ST KIERAN'S CAVE

ST COLUMBA'S CAVE [1] see ST MOLOIS CAVE

ST CORMAC'S CAVE see FEAR, UAMH NA

 

ST COLUMBA'S CAVE [2]          NGR NR 7513 7679       Explorer 358                       Ellary, Argyllshire

Atkinson 1985 101

BC 54 9 reprint of Shell Guide to Britain  306

Campbell, Marion ND (1960) St Columba's Cave: A Guide Book, Published privately.

Campbell & Sandeman  7, plate 7

Carmichael, Alasdair Feb 1972 Marion Campbell of Kilberry.  Scots Mag.  480-491, illus.

DGNHAS 20 50

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Hannan  114

Log Entry 28 (190304) describes some of the other rock shelters

Murray 1968 94-96

Parker  46

PSAS 2 522

PSAS 130 7-9  [Obituary] Marion Campbell of Kilberry by Ian Fisher.  She excavated at St Columba's Cave and was the founder and editor of The Kish (Jl Mid Argyll Soc).

RCAHMS 1992  200-201, plate 94

Reeves, W (ed) 1988 Life of St Columba.  Dyfed.  not seen

Rixson 35

Skene, W F, 1887 Celtic Scotland: A History of Ancient Alban Vol II, David Douglas, Edinburgh  85-86

Statistical Account 1846  263

Tennant, Charles, 1987 Columba's Secret Cave.  Scots Mag.  September. 586 589 map 4 photos.

Tolan-Smith  8, 15, 25-72, illus, maps etc.

Weir, Tom 1996 A wood for the trees.  Scots Magazine 145 (5) 528-533

White, Capt T P 1875 Archæological Sketches in Scotland.  Knapdale and Gigha.  Plate XV St Columb's [sic] Cave, 56-57

Yeoman  75  A good account of the Saint's life.

 

ST COLUMBA'S CAVE [3]          NGR NR 7513 7679       1" OS 58                              Ellary, Argyllshire

aka the Small Cave.

Campbell & Sandeman 7

RCAHMS1988  201  No 94

 

ST FERGUS, CAVE OF                    NGR NO 388 470    Landranger 54                               Glamis, Angus

Explorer 380

http://www.bath.ac.uk/~prsrlp/kernunos/scotland/wellglam.htm    accessed 20/05/2005

Illsley, William Allen 1977 The County of Angus.  The Third Statistical Account of Scotland.  The Herald Press, Arbroath.  346

 

ST FILLAN'S CAVE                         NGR NO 550 025    Landranger 59          Pittenweem, East Fifeshire

AA  237

Anon ND St Fillan's Cave, Pittenweem.  4 pp broadsheet

Anon Dec 2003 St Fillan's Cave, Pittenweem, Fife, Welcome.  4 pp broadsheet handed out when visiting the cave.

Anon ND [2006?] Royal Burgh of Pittenweem.  A4 brochure folder up to cA5

Anon 1976 What to see in East Fife / Twelve trails for walks or drives.  Standing Council of East Fife Preservation Societies.  No page numbers.

Beautiful Britain 2 858, illus

Cook, Helen 1983 A haunting of  ghosts / and an unsolved mystery of St Andrews.  David Winter & Son Ltd, Dundee.  37-38

Edinburgh Evening News 18 Feb 1952

Fenwick, Hubert, June 1970  The town of the cave.  Scots Mag 93 (3) 210-216

Fraser, Duncan 1974 Discovering East Scotland.  271.  The Standard Press, Montrose.  229

Fraser, Duncan, 1982 Historic Fife. Melven Press, Perth.  53-55, illus.

Gifford, John 1988 Fife.  Penguin Books, London. 347

Glasgow Herald 4 Aug 1955

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Gray, Tom, Spring/Summer 1999 Coastal Caves: A Record of Fife Ancestry. Forthsight [N/L of the Forth Estuary Forum] (3) 8

Hutchinson  2 858  Photo by Valentine & Sons.

Lamont-Brown, Raymond 1988 Discovering Fife.  John Donald Publishers Ltd. Edinburgh. 161

Lang 1951 170

Low, Leonard 2006 The Weem Witch 128pp.  London and Edinburgh, Steve Savage Publishers Ltd.  A recent account of the Pittenweem witch trials of the early 18th century, including the imprisonment of one of the witches in St Fillan's Cave.

PSAS 17 190-191

Robertson 170

Scots Mag 1970 June 210-216

Scott-Moncrief  63

Scott-Moncrieff, Lesley 1963 Scotland's Eastern Coast.  Oliver & Boyd. Edinburgh & London.  63

Statistical Account 1845 9 986

Sutherland, Ian, April 1998  Our Pictish Past / Ian Sutherland traces the history and heritage of the Picts in Fife.  Scots Mag 148 (4) 377-381

Trinidad Guardian, Port of Sain, 12 Nov 1950

Weekly Scotsman 8 Feb 1947       Yeoman  90

Yuill 28-29

 

ST GEORGE'S CAVE see NAOMH SEORAS, UAMH NAN

 

ST GERARDINE'S CAVE         NGR NJ 239 705 approx     Landranger 28                           Lossiemouth

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 300

Riddell MSSS XI, twelfth page from end  not seen

Stuart's Sculptured Stones not seen

 

ST KIERAN'S CAVE                       NGR NR 765 170    1" OS 65                     Campbeltown, Argyllshire

aka Achinhoan Head Cave 11

AA  126

Bede  1861 1  191-192

Birlinn 1998 185 St Kerran's Cave, Kintyre

Bord, J & C 1985 Sacred Waters / Holy Wells & Water Lore in Britain and Ireland. 51

Jl British Arch Assoc NS 29 1923 248ff

Brown, E, 1866 The Raised Beaches of Cantyre.  Geol Mag Ser 1 3 139-141

Campbeltown Courier 10 April 1926

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Gordon 1949 350

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 11.  Scheduled Monument 3716

Hull, E, 1866 The Raised Beaches of Cantyre.  Geol Mag Ser 1 3 5-10, illus

Kintyre Collection, MS 133 Campbeltown Museum

Lacaille, A D 1925  Some ancient crosses in Dumbartonshire and adjoining counties.  PSAS 59 143

Leitch & Tolan-Smith 122

Martin 1984  125

Muirhead 1947 158

Murray 1968 109

PSAS 2 522

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3

RCAHMS 1971 Argyll 1  Kintyre 145-7, figs, 146-148 S, plates 48A-C

Rixson 31, 35

Shell Guide to Britain  124 reprinted BC 54 9

Wickham-Jones, C R 2001 The Landscape of Scotland / A Hidden History  Tempus, Stroud.  191-193 photos

White, T P 1873 Archaeological Sketches in Scotland, District of Kintyre.  Blackwood.  Edinburgh & London  104 plates 12, 13

 

*ST KILDA, CAVES OF                  1" OS 17                  by Martin Mills

(1) Patey, Tom.  'One Man's Mountains', Victor Gollanez Ltd., (London 1971) p 14.

(2) Barrington, Richard M, 'The Ascent of Stack-na-Biorrach' (The Pointed Stack of St Kilda) Alpine Jl T]_ (200) 199 May 1913.

(3) Cockburn, A.M.  The Geology of St Kilda. Trans Roy. Edinb. 58 512,549-550 (1936).

(4) Steel, Tom. 'The Life and Death of St Kilda.  National Trust for Scotland (Edinburgh 1965) p24.

(5) Redfern, R. Climbing on St Kilda. Mountain Craft (63) 25(Spring 1964).                 .

(6) Willliamson, K & Boyd, J Worton.  A Mosaic of Islands. Oliver & Boyd (Edinburgh & London 1965) p l36,142, 156,

(7) Staniforth, R.H.A.-,  Holiday on Hirta. The Climber .6. (12) 7  December 1968. ,

(8) Staniforth, R H A  Kilda Caves. Speleologist 2 (16) 7 Dec 68.

(9) Seton, George. St Kilda Past and Present,  Wm Blackwood & Sons.(Edinburgh & London 1878 ), p 56, 70, 258, 283, 303.

(10) Thompson, F. St Kilda and other Hebridean Outliers. David & Charles, (Newton Abbot) 1970), p l9, 20, 22, 30, 31, 33, 52, 59, 103.

(11) 6" OS maps (1928 edition).

(12) 6" OS maps sheets NA 10NW, NE, SW,& SE.(1970 ed).NA 00 SE & part NA 10 SW (1970 ed);  and parts of sheets NF 09 NE & NF  19 NW,   Inset part of NF 19 NW  (1970 ed).

first published GSG 5 (1) by M T Mills, January 1972 revised for Caves of Scotland February 1974

 

MORE ON CAVES OF ST. KILDA  By M. T. Mills

(10) Brown, H, 1985.  On the Edge of Nowhere, Climber & Rambler 24 (7), p 35 (July)

(11) Buchan, Rev, A, 1752, A Description of St Kilda, Edinburgh. p 21, 36, 45.

(12) Cockburn, A. M. 1936. The Geology of St. Kilda, Trans. Roy, Soc. Edinb,.58, p.512, 549-550.

(13) Heathcote, E. (1900)  A Night in an Ocean Cave. World Wide Magazine. 5  pt 25  p.95-96.  (April).

(14) Heathcote, N, 1900. St. Kilda. London, Longmans, Green & Co, republished 1985, Edinburgh, Rowll Press. p 21, 53-54, (64) 102, 105, 107, 110-116,132, 197-198, end map,

(15) Kearton, R. 1897  With Nature and a Camera.  Republished 1978 as "A Camera on St. Kilda (1897)". Inverness, Melven Press, p 5, 54-55, 96-98.

(16) MacGregor, A. A. 1931. A Last Voyage to St Kilda. London, Cassell & Co. Ltd. p142-145, opp p.148, 182-183, 200-201, 26l.

(17) ibid. 1969. The Farthest Hebrides.  London, Michael Joseph. p 117, 118, 182

(18) Maclean, C. 1977  Island on the Edge of the World.  Edinburgh, Canongate Publishing Ltd.  p 50, 60,

(19) McOwan, R. .1979, Allan Aitken's Last Voyage.  The Scots Magazine, New Series 111 (4), p 355 (July).

(20) Martin, M. 1753.  4th Edn.  A Voyage to St, Kilda.  Republished 1970.  Edinburgh, James Thin, The Mercat Press, p 14.

(21) Maynard, A, 1972. St. Kilda; The Farthest Station West. Scotland's Mag 68 (8) p 9 (August).

(22) Miner-Williams, W.M. 1979. Uamh nan Cruimhean (Cave of Worms), St. Kilda.  CDG N/L (53) p 9 & opp  9. (October 1979).

(23) Redfern, R.A. 1966,  Rambles in the Hebrides.  London, Robert Hale.  p 88, 175, 176.

(24) Sands, J. 1878. Out of the World; or, Life in St. Kilda. Edinburgh, Maclachen & Stewart. p 19.

(25) Seton, G.  1878. St. Kilda Past and Present, Edinburgh & London, Wm. Blackwood & Sons. p 56, 70, 2,58, 283, 303.

(26) Simpson, W.D. 1967.  Portrait of Skye and the Outer Hebrides.  London, Robert Hale, p 174.

(27) Small, A, ed  1979.  A St. Kilda Handbook.  National Trust for Scotland,  p 15, 80, 84-86.

(28) Staniforth, R.H.A. 1971. Casual Comment.  British Caver. 55  p 78,79 (January).

(29) Williamson, K. & Boyd, J.M, 1960, St. Kilda Summer. London, Hutchinson.  p 25, 27, 28-29, 36, 49-50, 53, 93, 98-99, 100, 108, 117, 154, 172, 193,194, 195, end map.  Part reprinted in British Caver 33  pt, 2, p l3 (1960) & p 6 (1965).

(30) ibid. 1963,  A Mosaic of Islands.  Edinburgh & London, Oliver & Boyd.  p  136, 142, 156.

 

References not mentioned in the text:

Anon 2003 Revised Nomination of St Kilda for inclusion in the World Heritage Site List.  Crown Copyright. 8, 42, 43, 44, 45, 49, 70, 74.  Also available on CD-rom.  See website.

Boyd, J Morton and Boyd Ian L 1990 The New Naturalist The Hebrides. 95

Clark, Mike 2005 Lucky Break.  Diver, incorporating Underwater World.  50 (12) December 37-40 illus.

Haswell-Smith 261-266 Hirta and Dun, 266-268 Soay, 268 270 Boreray.

Howson, C M, and Picton, B E, 1985 A sublittoral survey of St Kilda.  NCC CSD Report 595.  24.  Even in calm summer conditions some swell can be felt as deep as 30 m1;  Rubha Bhrengadal, Sgarbh Stac Arch, Stac am Plastair 3; Skerry, Under Peak Caves 4; Levenish Tunnel Cave, 5; A unique feature of St Kilda is the number of tunnels and caves, particularly at depth  10.

http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/environment/rnsk-00.asp    accessed 24/06/2005  Revised Nomination of St Kilda for inclusion in the World Heritage Site List.

Know 1787 p 35 Description of St Kilda by Rev Mr Macaulay. p 36 describes "two remarkable large caves" and how the Highlanders take cormorants and pigeons.

MacTaggart, Fiona 1999 St Kilda (Hirta) SSSI (Part II: Geomorphology.  Earth Science Site Documentation Series. Geological Conservation Review Interest.  SNH.  1, 51,53, 58, 64, fig 25f, 75, 77, 88,

Mathieson, John 1928 The Antiquities of the St Kilda Group of Islands.  PSAS 62 123-132, illus.

May & Hanson. 61-68, 2 photos, 3 maps.

Mitchell  147 Caves of Dun.

Ridley, Gordon 1983 2nd ed A Diver's Guide to St Kilda.  Glasgow, Published by the author.  48, many surveys, diagrams.  16 Village Bay Tunnel, 17 Geo Leibli Cave, NE Face of Dun, 18 Dun Cave, NE Face of Dun, 19 E of N entrance to Dun Arch, 20 Dun Arch tunnels, An Fhaing and An Fhaing Geo tunnels, 21 Geo an Eireanach, 23 Gob a'Ghaill Cave, Soay Cave, 24 Am Plastair Caves, 25 Thompson's Cave, 26 Kokelaar's Cave, 27 Stac Biorach Tunnel, Soay Stac Arch, 28 Hardship Cave, 29 Leacan an Eitheir Cave, Geo Oscar, Geo an t-Samh, 30 Bradastac Caves, Geo na Mol, Geo a'Bhroige, Rubha Ghill Caves, Geo na Muirbhuaile, 31 Lenenish Caves, Levenish Tunnel, 34 Rubha Bhrengadal Cave, 36 Geo na Tarnanach, Geo naLeachan Moire, 38 Sgarbhstac Submarine Arch, 39 Am Biran Cave, 41 Geo Lee, 44 Whale Rock Tunnel, Flannan Isles.  Nb Geo means cave on St Kilda.

Ritchie, Graham and Mary Harman  ND Exploring Scotland's Heritage / Argyll and the Western Isles.  Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland.  HMSO, Edinburgh 37 refers to a souterrain.

Scots Mag 97 (6) 513 Sept 1972.

Steers 294-296

Steers 1969 196-197

 

ST LEONARD'S GROTTO see COLONEL NAINE'S GROTTO

 

ST MARGARET'S CAVE                      NGR NT 087 877        Landranger  65                       Dunfermline

Anon 1993 The Year of Saint Margaret.  A Record of Events held in Dunfermline in 1993 to commemorate the 900th anniversary of the death in 1093 of Margaret, Queen and Saint.28 pp, illus.

Baine's View 1790  not seen

Chamler's History of Dunfermline 1 89  not seen

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 293-297, 3 figs.  St Margaret's Cave

Cook, Helen 1983 A haunting of  ghosts / and an unsolved mystery of St Andrews.  David Winter & Son Ltd, Dundee. 73-74  refers to underground passages under the ruined palace of Dunfermline.

Henderson 18xx Annals of Dunfermline App D. not seen

Macpherson, Stewart M.  Minister Emeritus, Dunfermline Abbey.  1992  Saint Margaret, Queen of Scotland.  The Forth Naturalist and Historian.  15 77-85

Muirhead 1947 255

PSAS 2 522

Royal Burgh of Dunfermline - two brochures which mention the cave

Websearch 5.10.05:  St Margaret's Cave  - many hits.

Westwood, John 1948 That portion of Scotland / which lies around Dunfermline and stretches westwards to Kincardine-on-Forth.  43

Yuill 28 refers to this cave as Pittencrieff Glen "Caves", Dunfermline.

Yuill 29 calls this cave St Margaret's Well, Dunfermline.  and quotes: Ballingwall W 1872 The Shore of Fife. 47 engraving and The  Scotsman 15.8.1906

 

ST MARTIN'S CAVE                            NGR NM 260 227       Landranger 48                          Argyllshire

 

ST MEDAN'S CAVE & CHAPEL   NGR NX 14 4 316      1" OS 79                 Kirkmaiden, Wigtownshire

References:

AA  145

Atkinson  143

Dick  330-301, illus 332, refers to the chapel as St Medana

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

GSG Ser 3 5 (5) 14  Scheduled Monument 2000

Macleod 271

Maxwell, Gavin 1965 The House of Elrig.  London, Longmans.  26 Chapel of St Medans, 27 nearby caves.

Maxwell, H E, 1886 Notice of the excavation of St Medan's Cave & Chapel.  PSAS 20 76-90

Maxwell, H E, 1889 Additional Note (see Trotter 1889) AHCAC 6 27-30

M'Diarmid, H E, ND Sketches from Nature ... mentioned in BC 36 58

Muir, T S, 1885 Ecclesialogical Notes on some of the Islands of Scotland.  David Douglas, Edinburgh

PSAS 17 195-197, 203

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland 1912 Fourth Report and Inventory of Monuments and Constructions in Galloway, I, County of Wigtown. RCAHMS, Edinburgh.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland 1985 The Archaeological Sites and Monuments of West Rhins, Wigtown District, Dumfries and Galloway Region. RCAHMS, Edinburgh.

Maxwell, Gavin 1965 1st ed The House of Elrig.  Longmans.  26-27

Shell Guide to Britain  321 reprinted BC 54 9

Temperley  238

Trotter, R. & Maxwell, H.E. 1886 Notice of the excavation of St Medan's Cave and Chapel, Kirkmaiden, Wigtownshire. PSAS 20: 76-86.

Trotter, R, 1889 Notice of the excavation of St Medan's Cave and Chapel, Kirkmaiden, Wigtown.  Archaeological & Historical Collections relating to Ayrshire & Galloway 6 17-26

Walker, J Russel 1883 "Holy Wells" in Scotland. PSAS 17  152-208

 

ST MOLIOUS CAVE                      NGR NS 05 5 301          Explorer 361                       Holy Island, Arran

or St Molios

AA  205

The Antiquary 1909

Balfour, J A, 1909 The ecclesiastic remains on Holy Isle, Arran.  147-157, illus.

Birlinn 1998 178-9 S Maolios's Cave

Blacks  432

Brown, Calvin, November 2000 An island of calm.  Scots Mag 153 (5) 457-460.

Downie  36-39, 82

Eyre-Todd  314

Eyre & Todd 1931 357

Gardener  99

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Gordon 1949 374-376

Hall 1912 50-51

Hall, T S, 1947 Tramping in Arran, 3rd ed.  Falkirk  112, illus.  39, 41

Hanley, Cliff, ND [1950?] Arran - A Tourist Guide.  36, illus.  John Menzies & Co, Glasgow 16

Haswell-Smith 8, 9.

Holmes, W K 1965 Scots Mag 466-470

Hutchinson  1  263.

Kempe 1988 226

MacBride  10-11

MacGregor 1972 149

Mackie 128

Mackinlay, J M, 1899  "In oceano desertum" - Celtic anchorites and their island retreats.  PSAS 33 129-133

M'Arthur  87-88

McLellan  93, 94, 103, 104, 106, 184

Mitchell, Sir Arthur 1897 James Robertson's Tour through some of the Western Islands, etc of Scotland in 1768.  PSAS 32 18

Muirhead  153

PSAS 2 522

Simpson J Y 1866 On ancient sculptings of cup and concentric rings etc.  PSAS 6 appendix 1-146

Thomson  299

Tindall 257

Wilson, D, 1883 Holy Island, and the runic inscriptions of St Molio's Cave, County of Bute.  PSAS NS 5 45-46

Wilson, Sir Daniel 18xx  Prehistorical Annals of Scotland.  2 279-81 not seen

 

ST MONAN'S CAVE             NGR NX 519 012     Landranger 59                           St Andrew's, Fifeshire

Geddie, John 1927 The Fringes of Fife / New and Enlarged Edition, Illus by Arthur Wall and Louis Weirter.  145

Millar, A H, 1895 Fife: Pictorial and historical.  Its people, burghs, castles and mansion.  Westwood, Cupar.  2 vols. Vol 1 12-13 illus.

Scott-Moncrief  62

Scott-Moncrieff, Lesley 1963 Scotland's Eastern Coast.  Oliver & Boyd. Edinburgh & London.  62

 

ST NINIAN'S CAVE           NGR NX 42 2 369           1" OS 80                            Glasserton, Wigtownshire

AA 26, 174, 191

Barnett, T Radcliffe, 1946, St Ninian's Cave, 139

Blake  172

Black's Picturesque Tourist of Scotland 1873. 157

Brechin, Bishop Forbes of, 1874 The Historians of Scotland.  5 143, 286

Dick  241-243, illus 242

Dick reprinted BC 9 10 & 36 34

Drummond, Robert, J, 1947 All Around Scotland.  Edinburgh London.  The Ettrick Press, Ltd.  42

Fleming, Maurice 1996 In Search of the Holy Trail.  Scots Mag 495-497, photo.

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 12.  Scheduled Monument 90268

Hingley, Marjorie 1996 Maxwell Country - a naturalist's view. 16

Johnston, C N, 1882 Notices of crosses found in St Ninian's Cave. PSAS NS 5 317-322, figs

Kempe 1988 223

Lang, Marshall, B, 1929 The Seven Ages of an East Lothian Parish. 28. pub R Grant, Edinburgh

Mackie  61-3 & plate.

Macleod 226

Mason, Edmund J 1977  Caves and Caving in Britain 108

Maxwell, H E 1885 St Ninian's Cave, Glasserton. Archaeological & Historical Collections relating to Ayrshire & Galloway 6 1-8, 10 plates, S.

Maxwell, Sir Herbert  Eustace 1885 Notice of the excavation of St Ninian's Cave.  PSAS 19 82-96, figs, illus

Maxwell, H E, 1887 Notice of further excavation of St Ninian's Cave. PSAS 21 137-141 figs.

Maxwell, H E 1896 A History of Dumfries & Galloway.  W Blackwood & Sons.  Edinburgh & London. 26

Muirhead 1947 192

PSAS 2 522, 525; 10 476

Radford, C A R, 1949-50 St Ninian's Cave.  Dumfries & Galloway NH&AS Ser III (28) 96

Radford, C A R, & Donaldson, G, 1952 Whithorn & Kirkmaiden, Wigtown.  HMSO Edinburgh. 8, 36, illus

Ritchie 45

Sedgwick, Shelia 1997 Preaching Pioneers /  ... the lives of St Ninian and St Columba in this anniversary year.  Scots Mag 146 (6) 592 595, illus.

Simpson 1968 107

Sloan  217

Symson, A, 1884 A large description of Galloway.

Toovey ND Lives of Saints.  London.  131, 132

Weir, Tom 1969 Scots Mag 144 description

Yeoman  41-42, plate 43, 123

 

ST REGULAS CAVE see ST RULE'S CAVE

 

ST RINGAN'S (NINIAN) CAVE   NGR NX 719 572  1" OS 74                 Kircormack, Kircudbrightshire

Coles, F R 1911 Notice of rock-hewn caves in the valley of the Esk and other parts of Scotland.  PSAS 45 297-299, S

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Kempe 1988 223

 

ST RULE'S CAVE                        NGR NO 51 0 170           Landranger 59                 St Andrews, Fifeshire

Anon 1983 Fife Coastal Walk / Walk No 12 Guardbridgee to St Andrews.  Wemyss Environmental Education Centre.  no page nos, Walk No 8 photo.

Anon 2003 A sense of place- discovering St Andrews.  St Andrews Preservation Trust leaflet for St Andrews Week describes St Leonard's Grotto in the grounds of St Leonard's School.

BC 34 55

Fleming, D Hay 1924 [one of many]  Handbook to St Andrews.  J & G Ines, St Andrews.  88-89 illus.

Fleming, D Hay 1973 Guide to St Andrews.  J & G Ines, St Andrews.  41

Kempe 1988 237

Muirhead 1947 270

Old Stat Ac 13

The Gentleman's Magazine part 2 1865

Robertson 7

Scott, Sir Walter 19xx  Marmion [a novel refers to St Rule's Cave, not seen]

Silver, Section 1

Glasgow Herald 4 August 1955         Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

PSAS 2 522

Wilson 160-162

Yuill 26 check NGR NO 51 5 168

 

ST SERF'S CAVE see DYSART CAVE

 

SAMUEL'S CAVE                  NGR NN 16 8 688            Landranger 41          Glen Nevis, Inverness-shire

BC 7 15 reprint of Ward Lock's Guide

BC 34 66 reputed to be a covenanters' refuge

Thornber, Norman, et al 1953 Britain Underground, Dalesman Publishing Co and Blandford Press.  246, maps.  235

GSG 4 (3) 5, 14, S

Jones  8

MacCulloch, Donald B 1948 end ed [1st ed was 1939] Romantic Lochaber.  Edinburgh, Moray Press. 86

Statistical Account 1791-99  8 420-422.   Detailed description of Uaigh-'t'Hoirle or Samuel's Cave, together with another story of a missing piper.

WL Oban 1936/7 117  

W L Oban 114

Yorkshire Ramblers' Club Jl 7 (25) 279

 

SANADALE CAVE                           NGR NR 817 452    1" OS 58                                               Carradale

CC Jan 1875

 

SANDA ISLAND, CAVES OF         cNGR NR 73 0 050       Explorer  356                                       Kintyre

Haswell-Smith 6, shows 3 caves, see Explorer 356.  Ditto Sheep Island and Glunimore Island.

Steers 94  Lower Old Red Sandstone.  Caves are common.

 

SAND CAVE                         NGR 685 490       1" OS 25                                     Applecross, Wester Ross

Barnett, T Radcliffe, 1946,  Sand, 142

Log Entry Vol 27  No 090903

Finlayson, B, Wickham-Jones & Hardy K, 1999  Scotland's First Settlers.  Data Structure Report.  Centre for Field Archaeology,  Edinburgh

GSG Ser 3 5 (4) 25-26

 

SANEGMOR CAVE                         NGR                         Landranger near Loch Druinard

Birlinn 1998 212-213

 

SANDS OF NIG CAVE                    NGR NJ 956 015     1" OS 40                                                Aberdeen

Statistical Account 1791-99  13 21.  Sands of Nigg.  Over looking the Murray Firth a number of natural caves so spacious that they could hold 500 men.

 

SARSGRUM, CAVES OF                NGR NC 379 643    Explorer 446                                         Sutherland

Christopher, N S J, & W H, Little, 1968 Some Further Observations in Scotland.  CRG N/L (110) 14-15

 

SAWNEY BEANE'S CAVE              NGR NX 615 447    1" OS 80                                                 Galloway

A "Google" search for Sawney Bean produced 5200 hits.  I only looked at the first 50.

Andrew, Ken 1994 Nov, Letter to the editor.  Scots Mag. 464-465

Atkinson 49-50

Crockett, S R 1896 The Grey Man.  This novel was one of the first books to associate this cave with Ballantrae.

Daily Mail [Scottish edition] August 6, pp 44-45, illus.   Centre page colour spread on Sawney Bean.  Not sure if it appeared in the English editions.

Gracie, James 1994  The Gruesome Tale of Sawney Bean;  The Scots Magazine, Sept. p 268-272

Gribble, Leonard 1972 More Famous Historical Mysteries.  152 pp  Frederick Muller Ltd.  pp 18-32  Sawney Bean's Secret Clan.  A good readable account.

Glas SS Jl April 1978 6-8 S

Holmes p 139 suggests that it is a legend used as anti Scottish-propaganda.

Horan, Martin 1990  Scottish Executions Assassinations and Murders.  90 pp Chambers.  pp 69-73 The Bestial Beans / Sawney Bean and the Bean Family.  Précis of Grimble.

Hamilton, Judy 1999 Scottish Murders.  Edinburgh, Lomond Books. [not seen]

Hutcheson, Alexander 1919 Early Underground Dwellings in Scotland.   35 Proc & Trans Dundee Nat Soc 1 Part II, 35

Jane, Natalie,  2003 Cave, Grave and Catacombs: Secrets from Beneath the Earth.  Australia, Prior. [not seen]

Lawson,   Places of Interest about Girvan. [not seen]

Mackay, John 2004 The Cannibal Family of Sawney Bean and stories of south-west Scotland.  Glasgow, Lang Syne Publishers, Ltd  1-6, illus.

Macleod 243 barbecues should be held on the shore, 262

McWhirter, N & R 1973 Guinness Book of Records 195

Merrill 94

Personal communication, John Pickin 6 May 2005.

Prest, Thomas Preskett 1846 [?] Sawney Bean; the Man-Eater of Midlothian [from Holmes p 22]

Roughead, William 1934  Rogues Walk Here.  Cassell & Co Ltd.  pp 75-  The Monster of Ballantrae; or the last of the ogres.  p 76  Puts the cave at Bennane Head.  p 80 Cannot trace the story further back than the 18th century.  facing page 80 [engraving - copied] Sawney Bean at the Entrance of his cave.   p 81 [précis copied]  A General History of the lives and Activities of the most Famous Highwaymen, Murders, Street-Robbers, etc.  To which is added a genuine Account of the Voyages and Plunders of the most Noted Pirates, Interspersed with several Remarkable Trials of the most Notorious Malefactors, and the Sessions House in the Old Bailey London.  Adorned with the Effigies, and other material Transactions of the most remarkable Offenders, engraved on Copper Plate by Capt Charles Johnson.  London 1734 and Birmingham 1742.

Sayers, Dorothy L (ed) 1977 Human and Inhuman Stories.  New York, Manor Books. [not seen]

Sloan J M  1908 Galloway 311 pp 24 col plates 18 B&W p 151 Sawney Beane's Cave

Stewart, Paul 2005 True Tales of Terror in the Caves of the World, Cave Books, Dayton, Ohio. 13-17

Stewart, Paul 2005  Sawney Beane Cave by Paul Stewart. Speleo Digest 2001 National Speleological Society 400-401 [originally published in] The Northeastern Caver 32 (3)

Tatt, Harry 1990   The Ballard of Sawney Bain [sic] 471 pp Polygon, Edinburgh.  To expand the story of Sawney Bean into a 400 page historical novel is a marvel.  I am glad that I did not have time to read it.

Temperley 288-293, this is the best account of Sawney Bean to date, and is based on Historical and Traditionally Tales. Connected with the South of Scotland - better known as `Nicholson's Tales (1843).

Weir, Tom 1998 Land, Sea and Ayrshire.  Scots Mag 148 (6) 643-648, two colour photos.

Welsh, Helen 2004 Cannibals! a story of Sawney Bean.  Dunfermline, Gallus Publications.  69 pp illus.  Ten year old Alex thinks his problems are bad enough when he is sent to a children's home at Ballantrae.  But then he finds himself being bullied because he shares the same name as a notorious cannibal of the seventeenth century.  Is he really descended from cannibals?  Alex enlists the help of Malkie, a scary looking fourteen year old, to search for the truth and clear his name.

Wilkinson, G T ed. 1963 The Newgate Calendar 16-19

 

SCALCH'S CAVE                                   NGR NJ 999 677         Landranger 30                        Fraserburgh

aka Sealch's Cave

AA  167

Muirhead 1947 322

Statistical Account 1791-99   6 10  Under Kinnaird's Head is a cave 100 feet long.

Statistical Account 1845 12 251 ditto

 

SCARBA, CAVES OF                       NGR NM 70 04       Explorer 355                                    north of Jura

Haswell-Smith 52 location map lists 15 sea caves, including Uamh nan Deargan, Uamh Ghillean and Uamh nan Calman.

 

SCARF CAVES                              NGR NG 511 427      Landranger 23                  South of Portree, Skye

Chapman  60, 276

Dipper, F A & Johnston C M 2005 Marine Nature Conservation Review Sectors 15 and 3.  Sealochs in north-west Scotland: area summaries.  Peterborough, Joint Nature Conservation Committee.  (Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom.  MNRC Series.), 135, 136, 138.

MacCulloch 1927a 2

Martin  151 reprinted BC 8 2-3

RHAS 1969, RHAS 1971

Sillar  57

 

SCARP, CAVES OF                          NGR NA 98 15        Landranger west of Lewis

Haswell-Smith 237 location map 2 caves.

 

SCHICHALLION see CAVES OF SCHICHALLION by Peter  Dowswell

Dowswell, Peter, 1980 The Caves of Schichallion.  [pub] Grampian Speleological Group as The Limestone Caves of Scotland 4.54, numerous survey, location maps etc.

 

SCOOR CAVE                           cNGR NM 415 183        Landranger 48             Carsaig, Innismore, Mull

RCAHMS 1980  10, 166-7

Tolan-Smith 7

 

SCOTLAND STREET TUNNEL   NGR NT 255 738-NT 255 755   Landranger                         Edinburgh

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 33

 

SCOTTISH PARLIAMENT, Tunnels below the site   NGR NT 269 739  Landranger               Edinburgh

Crae, John 2001 Caves, Cairns, Tunnels, Passages and Pits, Part 2 GSG Ser 4 1 (1) 33

 

SCOUT CAVE                                   NGR NT 955 5 6339                      Landranger 67                Eyemouth

 

SCOTSMAN'S CAVE see ALBANNAICH, UAMH AN

 

SCULPTOR'S CAVE          NGR NJ 175 707         Landranger 28                  Covesea, Elgin, Morayshire

AA  217

Allen, J. R. & Anderson, J. 1903 The Early Christian Monuments of Scotland. Edinburgh.

Anon 2007 Light shed on ancient shrine to children.  Courier12 Jan 2007.  Sculptor's Cave.  In 1979 Mr Shepperd found the skeletal remains of 6 children.

BC 17 46

Benton, S. 1931 The excavation of the Sculptor's Cave, Covesea, Morayshire. PSAS 65: 177-216, fig, illus S.  (207 extract from Prof Lewis's detailed report on the bones.  207-208 report on the animal bones by R M Neill.  208-216 report on the specimens of bronze from Scotland.

Cullingford 1962 298-299

Edwards, K J & Ralston, I 1976  New dating and environmental evidence from Burghead, Moray. PSAS 109  202-210

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

GSG Ser 5 5 (5) March 2001 11.  Scheduled Monument 4220

The Irish Naturalists' Jl 7 (4) Dec 1938.  111

Jackson 111

Jones  11

The Mirror 1840 Fossil Cave in Morayshire (discovery)

Omand, Donald 1976 The Moray Book.  Paul Harris Publishing, Edinburgh.  15, 107-108, 109119-120, 121-122.

Piggott, S, 1962 The Prehistoric People of Scotland.  165, illus.  Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.  115, 116, 117, 151

Price, G 1997 Cave Conservation Handbook.  Caves Scheduled as Ancient Monuments (SAMs) 14-3

Ritchie 135

Robertson, A.S. 1970 Roman finds from non-Roman sites in Scotland. Britannia 1: 198-226.

Shepherd, I & A 1979 Sculptor's Cave, Covesea - Occupational/Ritual Site [in] Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1979 14-15.  [pub] Council of Scottish Archaeology Edinburgh.

Shepherd, I.&.G. 1983 Pictish settlement problems in N.E. Scotland. In Chapman, J.C. & Mytum, H. C. (eds) Settlement in Northern Britain 1000 BC - AD 1000. British Archaeological Reports, British Series 118. B.A.R., Oxford, pp. 327-356.

Small, A 1969  Burghead [in] Scottish Archaeological Forum 1 61-68

Sutherland, E 1994 In search of the Picts.  Constable, London.  105, 232

Wainwright see Piggott

Zemhmeke, Eric 1990 Covesea Caving - A Step into the Past, translated from the German by Uwe Strauss.  BC 110 1-22 S

Zemhmeke, Eric 1990 Covesea Caving - The Final Episode, translated from the German by Uwe Strauss.  BC 111 13-15

 

SEA CAVE               NGR NG 752 165         Landranger 24                                       Sound of Sleat, Skye

Jermy, A Clive 1994 The Distribution of Gametophyte of the Killarney Bristle-Fern Trichomanes speciosum  in North-West Scotland with notes on its Ecology.  Prepared for Ro Scott, Scottish Natural Heritage.

 

SEACLIFF CAVE                        NGR NT 60 4 845          Landranger 67        North Berwick, East Lothian

The Antiquary 1909

BC 77 39

Corrie et al 1875 PSAS 10 476ff

Cree, J, 1909 PSAS NS 43 243-268

Cullingford 1962 301

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Jones  7

Layard, Nina Frances. 1933 Evidence of human sacrifice in Seacliff Cave, Scotland. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia 7: 399-401.

Jackson, J.W. 1962 Archaeology and Palaeontology. In Cullingford, C.H.D. (ed.) British Caving. London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, pp. 252-346.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (1924) Eighth Report with Inventory of Monuments and Constructions in the County of East Lothian. RCAHMS, Edinburgh.

Sligo, George 1832 [or 1833] (paper read 9 April 1832, no further details known) PSAS 8 372

Sligo, George. 1857 Notes on an ancient cave, and etc., discovered at Aldham, now called Seacliff, in East Lothian, in 1831. Archaeologia Scot. 4: 356.

Stuart, Dr J, ND Sculptured Stones of Scotland 2 appendix to preface xiii, 87ff

Yeoman  50

 

SEAFIELD CAVE                NGR NT 27 7 880             Landranger 66                  near Kirkcaldy, Fifeshire

BC 32 30-31

Jeffreys, Alan 2006 Seafield Cave, Kinghorn, Fife.  GSG Ser 4 2 (5) 52-54 S

Statistical Account 1845 9 801.  East of Kinghorn a sea cave.

Yuill 29

 

SEAL CAVE see ST KILDA, CAVES OF

 

SEALS' CAVE                                         NGR NB 490 410        1" OS 56               Gress, Lewis, Hebrides

AA  182

Anderson 1863 267

BC 46 75

Swire 1966

 

SGURR A CHOINNICH                  NGR                         Landranger Lochgoilhead

Some fissures on Sgurr a'Choinnich some of  which need 20 m of ladder.

GSG Ser 4 2 (5) 4

 

SGURR NA H-UAMHA                   NGR NG 475 240    Landranger 32                                      Eyemouth

 

SHAG CAVE                                     NGR NT 651 995    Landranger 59                                  Isle Of May

 

SHAPINSAY, CAVES OF      NGR HY 50 18      Landranger 6         north east of Kirkwall

Haswell-Smith 301 location map 3 caves

 

SHELTER STONE CAVE          NGR NO 0015 0155      Landranger 36                 Loch Avon, Cairngorm

marked on Landranger 36 as Shelter Stone.  aka Clach Dhian.

Brown, Dave and Mitchell, Ian 1987 Mountain Days and Bothy Nights.  Luath Press Ltd, Barr, Ayrshire. 65, illus 66.

Gordon 1948 333-338

Humble, B H 1949 Davie Knows a Howff.  Scots Mag 51 (4) July 276-280, 2 photos. 277 Shelter Stone of Loch Avon, as described in Sir Thomas Dick Lauder's book, "The Wolf of Badenoch".

Humble, B H, Nov 1960 The Shelter Stone.  Scots Mag 74 (2) 134-137

Lauder, Sir Thomas Dick, The Wolf of Badenoch

McOwan, Rennie Jan 1985 Beneath the Shelter Stone.  Scots Mag 122 (4) 420-428, illus, map.

McOwan, Rennie 2001 Sleeping Rough.  The Scots Magazine 154 (3) 250

Piehler, H A 1934, [revised 9 times] 1967 Scotland for everyman.  127

Statistical Account 1791-99  13 131  under Abernethy and Kinchardine, Inverness.  "At the foot of the Cairngorin, is Loch Aven from whence the river of the same name emerges.  At the end of this loch, surrounded by vast mountains, is a large natural cave sufficient to hold a number of men from snow, rain or wind".

Tewnion, Alex, 1948 [many subsequent editions] Cairngorms Guide.  Scottish Youth Hostel Association. 30 and photo28.

 

SHELTER STONE [1] ROCK SHELTER       NGR NR 781 5 7775          1" OS 58                      Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  18

 

SHELTER STONE [2] ROCK SHELTER       NGR NR 752 3 7788          1" OS 58                      Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  18, illus 6

 

SHELTER STONE [3] ROCK SHELTER     NGR NR 7526 7825           1" OS 58                      Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  18

 

SHELTER STONE [4] ROCK SHELTER       NR 7578 7801    1" OS 58                                     Knapdale

Tolan-Smith  21

 

SHEPHERD, CAVE OF THE            NGR NG 480 200      Landranger 32                  Loch Coruisk, Skye

Swire 24

 

SHEPHERD'S CAVE                       NGR GR 037 041    Landranger

Watson, Angus 1995 The Ochils / Placenames, History, Tradition.  Perth and Kinross District Libraries. 125

*SHETLAND ISLAND, CAVES OF THE     NGR HU 16 0 610      Landranger  1, 2, 3, 4            Shetland

General References

Anon 1976 Shetland / Localities of Geological and Geomorphological Importance.  Geology and Physiography Section, Nature Conservancy Council. Newbury, Berkshire.  Numerous cave noted with NGRs.

Bigland 2 39

Dunn, R 1837 The Ornithologist's Guide to Orkney and Shetland.  Published privately, Hull.

Geikie 71

Glas SS Jl 1 (2)

Lowe, J A, 1879 A Tour through some of the Islands of Orkney and Shetland.  Kirkwall.

May & Hanson 68-72, map showing caves, 2 photos.  Villians of Hamnavoe, Shetland.

Steers 285-289

 

BRESSAY

Howson, Christine 1999 Shetland / Area summaries.  Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sector 1. JNCC.  Coast and seas of the United Kingdom.  96, Fig 13.1

                Pennington, Mike et al 2004 The Birds of Shetland.  Christopher Helm, London.  318 Rock Dove in caves.

 

                ORKNEYMAN'S CAVE

                AA  250  reprints Muirhead p 425 and calls it a "stalactite Cave of the Bard" noted for it's echoes.

                Bridge, T E, 1937 Adventures Under Ground.  212, illus.  T Nelson & Sons, London  49

                Cowie, R, 1871 Shetland: Description and History. reprinted BC 8 1 ; 29 6-7

                Hartwig, G, 1875 The Subterranean World 143 reprinted 32 19-20

                Haswell-Smith 353 location map, 345

                Hibberts, Dr 1822 Description of the Shetland Islands.  reprinted BC 13 12

                Howson, Christine 1999 Shetland / Area summaries.  Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sector 1. JNCC.  Coast and seas of the United Kingdom.  98-99

                Laughlan 33-34

                MacDiarmid  73-74

                Naylor, Robert N & Naylor J N 1916 From John O'Groats to Land's End or 1372 miles on foot.  A book of day and chronicles of adventure by two pedestrians on tour.  Caxton Publishing Co, London.  7-8.  Many years ago an Orkneyman was pursued by a press-gang, but escaped by sailing into the cave with his boat.  He took refuge on the rocky ledges inside, but in his haste he forgot to secure his boat, and the ground swell of the sea washed it out of the cave.  To make matters worse, a storm came on, and there he remained a prisoner in the cave for two days; but as soon as the storm abated he plunged into the water, swam to a small rock outside, and thence climbed to the top of the cliff  and so escaped.  Since that event it has been known as the Orkneyman's Cave.  The entrance is 50 feet square, but inside it doubles in size.....  It is possible to sail into it with a boat and lose sight of daylight altogether.  [Unlikely TO]                                                       

            Statistical Account 1845 15 7-8  Sea caves and a natural arch called the Giant's Leg.

 

FETLAR

Haswell-Smith  390 location map 3 caves, 391 a cave at Stack of Billaclett in which trolls lived.  392 Kirn of Gula, a blow-hole where fishermen took refuge in the 18th century when the press gangs called.  HU 641 944 Landranger 1

                Howson, Christine 1999 Shetland / Area summaries.  Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sector 1. JNCC.  Coast and seas of the United Kingdom.  40, Fig 39,

 

FOULA

Hibbert 316 Liorafield Cave

Haswell-Smith 348 location map 2 caves  NGR HT 95 40 Landranger 4

Howson, Christine 1999 Shetland / Area summaries.  Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sector 1. JNCC.  Coast and seas of the United Kingdom.   244-245,

MacTaggart, Fiona 1999 Foula SSSI.  Earth Science Site Documentation Series. Geological Conservation Review Interest.  SNH.  35, 37, 42, 49, 52, 57,

May & Hanson 76-80, with map showing all the caves.  Unfortunately the caves are not named.

Steers 290-291

Tudor reprinted BC 14 78

 

HASCOSAY

Haswell-Smith 393 location map, 1 cave.  394 cave at Skulia Geo (Old Norse - Hiding Hole Inlet).

 

HOUSAY or WEST ISLE

Haswell-Smith 380 location map, 1 cave.

 

LAMBA

Haswell-Smith 386 location map, 1 cave.

 

MAINLAND

 

HOLE OF GEUDA                               NGR HU 24 0 839             Landranger 3                            Easha Ness

Anon 1976 Shetland / Localities of Geological and Geomorphological Importance.  Int Rep NC 158K.  NCC, Newbury. 29 fig 28.  Hole of Gueda [sic]

HOLES OF SCRAADA        NGR HU 21 2 795      Landranger 3                 St Magnus Bay, Easha Ness

aka Holes of Scradda

AA   250

Anon 1976 Shetland / Localities of Geological and Geomorphological Importance.  Int Rep NC 158K.  NCC, Newbury.  Fig 27, 29.  Holes of Scradda

Anon ND [1996?] Orkney and Shetland / A landscape fashioned by geology.  SNH, BGS. 20.

Geikie 70

Glas SS Jl 1 (2) 24

GSG 5 (3) 11

Hibbert 268

Hibbert, Dr, 1822 Description of the Shetland Islands, Edinburgh reprinted by MacDiarmid  75-76

Muirhead

Muirhead 1947 426

 

KNAB, CAVE OF THE, Lerwick

 

ROENESS CAVES NGR HU 322 425  Landranger 4  Mainland

Hibbert 248, 255 sea caves

 

SMUGGLERS' CAVE, Lerwick

Discovered when a lorry sank into it in 1952.  In the main street, now filled in.

Glasgow Evening News 20 Feb 1952

Glas SS Jl 1 (4)

Weekly Scotsman 21 Feb 1952

 

SKELDA NESS  NGR HU 30 5 415  marked cave on Landranger 4  Mainland

Hibbert 225  " ...

 

SLOT CAVE, at Ollinsgarth  NGR HU 44 5 308                       Landranger 4

 

VILLIANS OF URE                             NGR HU 22 0 800             Landranger 3

 

VILLIANS OF HAMNAVOE            NGR HU 240 810 to 242 840                      Landranger 3

Anon 1976 Shetland / Localities of Geological and Geomorphological Importance.  Int Rep NC 158K.  NCC, Newbury. 29, fig 28

MacTaggart, Fiona 1999 Villians of Hamnavoe and Esha Ness Coast SSSIs.  Earth Science Site Documentation Series. Geological Conservation Review Interest.  SNH.  39, 54, 61.